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I 



THE 

SET FORTH BY THE COMMAND OF 

POPE GREGORY XIIL, 
Itrti lEe&tseii 6g % Stutfjorttg of 

POPE URBAN VIII. 

Translated out of Latin into English, by G. K., of the Society of 
Jesus, and printed at St. Omer's by Thomas Geubels, A. D. 1667, 
and now re-edited, the original idiom being preserved, but the 
Orthography being made conformable to the present time, 

BY 

WILLIAM NUGENT SKELLY, ESQ. 




3Lonti0n : 

THOMAS RICHARDSON AND SON, 

172, FLEET STREET ; 9, CAPEL STREET DUBLIN ; AND DERBY. 



ft 



%\x epistle 

TO THE CATHOLIC READER 

CONCERNING THE GREAT BENEFIT OF READING THE 
MARTYROLOGT. 



Courteous Reader, 

S. John, in the two last chapters of his my 8« 
tical book, commonly called his Apocalypse, or 
Revelation, makes mention of a glorious city, 
which he calls the New Jerusalem, which he says 
he saw coming down out of heaven from God, 
and the angel that showed him this city, told 
him it was the spouse of the Lamb. (chap. xxi. 
ver. 9.) So as none can doubt, but that by this 
city is mystically represented the Church mili- 
tant upon earth, which came down from heaven 
from Almighty God, and which alone is the true 
spouse of Christ, the Lamb of God. Amongst 
other things which the apostolical prophet saw in 
this city, was a tree of life, which, he says, 
brought forth twelve kinds of fruits, correspond- 
ing to the twelve months of the year, and the 
leaves of it were the health of nations, (xxii. 2.) 
Lignum vitw, afferens fructus duodecim, per menses 



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AN EPISTLE TO THE READER. 



singulos reddens fructum suum, et folia ligni ad sani- 
tatem gentium. A fit emblem, methinks this is of 
the Roman Martyrology or Calendar of Saints ; a 
true tree of life, whose fruits whosoever eats and 
solidly digests, shall undoubtedly live for ever. 
Lignum vitce afferent fructus duodecim ; a tree of 
life, which brings forth twelve spiritual fruits to 
all that devoutly and attentively read it, only the 
dissimilitude betwixt our tree of life and that 
which the holy apostle saw, will stand in this, 
that ours brings forth every day all the twelve 
months of the year twelve several and distinct 
fruits ; that also of S. John brought forth twelve 
different fruits answerable to the months of the 
year, but only each month one. Et folia ligni ad 
sanitatem gentium. Not a leaf of this holy Martyr- 
ology, this true tree of life, but is, if rightly 
applied, eternal health to all countries and 
people. 

I confess to one that cursorily or merely out of 
curiosity shall read not one leaf alone of this 
little book, but every leaf of it from the begin- 
ning to the end, (however others may esteem it a 
tree of life in the midst of the Paradise of God,) 
to him it will seem like the vine in the winter 
season, a fruitless, sapless stick, a barren, dry 
story. But one that shall leisurely and devoutly, 
with some short reflection, read but only so much 
as corresponds to any one day in the year, that is 
one page of it ? will easily gather twelve spiritual 
fruits, or more, from those few lines devoutly 



AN EPISTLE TO THE READER. 



D 



read, and leisurely ruminated by him. I will 
point out some few of them, 

Take for example the first day of January; the 
same, or something better, or equivalent may be 
said of every day in the year. First of all, then, 
from the first period, the Circumcision of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, &c. I infer, nothing is more 
equitable and congruous, than that I should very 
early consecrate myself wholly to the love and 
service of my Lord and Saviour Jesus, though it 
cost me pain and difficulty, seeing He for my 
sake, not yet full eight days old, would endure 
both the ignominy and dolour of a bloody cir- 
cumcision. Secondly, Reading in the next place 
how S. Almachus, with a Christian confidence, 
sharply reprehended the superstitious worshippers 
of blockish idols, although it cost him his life, I 
reflect how much rather am I obliged to cast 
away all human respects, when God Almighty 
requires I should, either by word or deed, bear 
witness against the unchristian behaviour of those 
with whom I live and converse, though it cost me 
a frown or less friendly look. Amicus Socrates, 
amicus Plato, sed magi samica Veritas. This man is 
my friend, and the other is my friend too, but 
there is something dearer to me than either of 
them both, the truth of God and the law of God. 
Thirdly, I go on and read how thirty holy sol- 
diers suffered martyrdom under the emperor Lio- 
clesian; and here I am confounded that a com- 
pany of rude soldiers should be willing even to 
die for Christ, and that I, after all my brags of 



6 AN EPISTLE TO THE READER. 

my noble birth and civil education, can hardly 
persuade myself to live as becomes a good Catho- 
lic, for the sake of the same Christ. But fourthly, 
Reading further, and meeting with S. Martina 
with the triumphant palm of martyrdom in her 
hand, and this obtained by suffering divers kinds 
of torments, methinks I am wholly abashed and 
ashamed. What! can a tender, delicate virgin 
courageously look death and a thousand torments 
in the face for Christ, retaining nothing of her 
feeble sex but the very name, and I, effeminate 
man, womanishly tremble and screech out at 
every difficulty that occurs in the service of the 
same Christ ? Hereafter, in like occasions, I will 
think I hear the great apostle from heaven admon- 
ishing me and all pusillanimous Christians, Non- 
dum usque ad sanguinem restitistis. For shame, do 
not fly back in the way of virtue for such a petty 
difficulty as this Nondum usque ad sanguinem, &c. 
You have not yet resisted unto blood. This is 
not, with St. Martina, by unheard-of torments to 
die for God. Fifthly, Reading forwards, I meet 
with S. Concordius, first beaten with clubs, then 
racked upon the torture Equuleus, and afterwards 
almost famished in prison, and finally ending his 
life by the sword. I infer hence, that so long as 
I am in this world, until I come happily to go to 
rest in our Lord, I am to expect nothing but suf- 
fering after suffering, temptation after tempta- 
tion, and one labour after another ; and happy 
sufferings, temptations, and labours, if I can pass 
through them all to the glory and honour of 



AX EPISTLE TO THE READER. 



7 



Christ! It was S. Concordius's glory that he 
was cudgelled, racked, imprisoned, and finally 
killed for Christ : and it will be mine if this day, 
or this week, or this month I overcome, not one 
difficulty alone, but this, and that, and the other 
difficulty in the practice of virtue for the same 
Christ. Nor must I soothe myself up with a vain 
hope, that when this difficulty is past, I shall 
never meet with more; but I must always be 
expecting new and fresh difficulties and tempta- 
tions, all which, by the assistance of God's grace, 
I must vanquish courageously, if I ever hope to 
be crowned gloriously. Sixthly, In the commem- 
oration of S. Magnus, finding no particular signi- 
fication of his torments, but only in general that 
he was a martyr, I will make this reflection: 
although I be not conscious to myself of any 
extraordinary mortifications and austerities, I 
will not for this cast away my hopes of life ever- 
lasting : can it but with truth be said of me that 
I lived and died a good virtuous Catholic, this is 
a sufficient title to heaven. But reading on fur- 
ther, and meeting with a long list of mere confes- 
sors, who though they were denied the happy pri- 
vilege of dying for God, yet did they not for this 
fall short of the crown of eternal life. I will, 
seventhly, gather hence for my comfort, I may be 
a true heir of the kingdom of heaven, provided 
that I have faithfully laboured in that state of 
life in which God has placed me, although I have 
uot been so happy to suffer either death, or 
wounds, or blows for Christ. Eighthly, From 



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AN EPISTLE TO THE READER. 



the honourable commemoration of S. Odilo, abbot 
of Cluni, singularly taken notice of for giving 
occasion to the Catholic Church to depute the 
next day after the feast of All Saints, to the 
relief of all faithful souls departed, I infer — if I 
desire to be of happy, and not of accursed me- 
mory to posterity, I must be far from being the 
first beginner of an impious or less Christian 
practice in the place where I live, but I must 
rather endeavour to be the first author of some 
particular pious practice conformable to the gene- 
ral doctrine and practice of God's Church. For 
example, can I make it as common in every Ca- 
tholic family, as it is in every religious community, 
devoutly every day to read the holy Martyrology, 
I shall deserve of all posterity never to be named 
without a benediction. Many other fruits, which 
to avoid tediousness I omit, the devout reader 
will easily gather by reading what is proper to 
every day in this little book ; and this, if he read 
it only by way of a spiritual lesson for his own 
instruction. But if he read it, as methinks it 
ought to be read, and as the Church seems to 
read it, when she makes it every day part of the 
Divine Office, not only to inform himself of his 
duty, but also to honour God and His saints by it, 
each day's reading will not only be an excellent 
spiritual lecture, but also an incomparable hymn 
of the praises of God and His saints. For how 
can we honour the saints more, or praise them 
higher, than by every day devoutly commemora- 
ting their indefatigable labours and painful suf- 



AN EPISTLE TO THE READER. 



9 



ferings, their holy lives and happy deaths for 
God? Neither can we easily praise God better 
than by joyfully remembering the heroical deeds 
and sufferings of His saints for Him, in which, 
although to their honour as instruments, they did 
co-operate, yet He by His holy grace was the 
prime actor and author of all. Whence we may 
draw another motive to incite us to the daily 
devout reading of the holy Martyrology : to wit, 
that hereby praising God and His saints every 
day, we shall not a little engage both God Him- 
self and all the saints of each day, in a special 
manner to assist us both the present day and also 
on the day we shall come to die. I conclude all 
with what I find m the brief of His Holiness Gre- 
gory XIIL concerning the reading of the Martyr- 
ology ; in which the pious Pope having commem- 
orated the three great ends of reading this sacred 
book, to wit, God's glory and the honour of His 
saints, and the edification of those that read it, 
supposing the constant practice of those who keep 
choir, he counsels the reading of the same to all 
who recite the Divine Office even privately, in the 
following words : Quod quidem magnopere cupere- 
mus ut omnes facere vellent : which that all would 
do [that is, read the holy Martyrology] we most 
earnestly desire. Nay, and the more efficaciously 
to induce every one to so holy a practice, he per- 
mits: Hdbet sanctorum Innocentice, &c. The com- 
memoration of the innocency, charity, fortitude, 
and other virtues of saints, has a strange stimu- 
lating virtue, by which we are then most of all 



10 



AN EPISTLE TO THE READER, 



incited and moved, when by having their exam- 
ples proposed unto us, we come to acknowledge 
our own slothfulness ; and begin to think how far 
short we come of their perfections and praises. 
In fine, every one's experience who shall every 
day devoutly read what corresponds to each day 
in the holy Martyrology, will prove all, and much 
more than what has been said, to be most true. 
Only I desire the reader should take notice, that 
the clause in the end of the Martyrology, to whose 
prayers and merits we humbly commend ourselves, is 
not in the Latin, but finding it in the former edi- 
tion, and it being in substance what the Church 
uses every day after the reading of the Martyr- 
ology in the choir, to wit, Sancta Maria, &c. 
Holy Mary and all the saints, be pleased to inter- 
cede for us to our Lord, I thought good to let it 
alone, and put it in a different character. The 
Rubrics, as proper only to the choir, I have left 
out. Farewell, devout reader, and remember me 
in thy holy prayers to God and His saints. 



11 



THE MOVEABLE FEASTS 

Could not be put in the Martyrology, for that they are 
changed every year, wherefore they are put in this place, 
to the end they may be read immediately after the naming 
of the day of the month and moon, and before the Martyro- 
logy of that day, upon which they are to be celebrated. 

On Saturday before Septuagesima Sunday. 

The Sunday called Septuagesima, on which the 
Church ceases to say the canticle of our Lord, 
Alleluia, until Easter. 

On Tuesday after Quinquagesima Sunday. 

Ash^- Wednesday, and the beginning of the 
most holy fast of Lent. 

On Saturday before Palm- Sunday. 

Palm-Sunday, when our Lord Jesus Christ, 
according to the prophecy of Zachary, entered 
into Jerusalem, sitting upon the foal of an ass, 
the people coming out to meet Him with boughs 
of Palm. 

On Wednesday in Holy Week. 

The supper of our Lord, when Christ Jesus, the 
day before he was crucified for our salvation, 
delivered to His disciples the mysteries of His 
Body and Blood to be celebrated. 



12 



THE MOVEABLE FEASTS. 



On Easter-day, before the reading of the day of the 
Month. 

On this day -which our Lord has made, is the 
Solemnity of Solemnities, and our Easter: tho 
Resurrection of our Saviour Jesus Christ accord- 
ing to the flesh. 

And afterwards is read the day of the month, and 
the Martyrology of the day following. 

On the Ere of the Ascension. 

Upon Mount Olivet, the Ascension of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

On the Eve of Pentecost, or Whit- Sunday. 

The day of Pentecost, when the Holy Ghost 
came upon tho disciples in the form of fiery 
tongues at Jerusalem. 

On Saturday within the Octave of Pentecost. 

The Feast of tho Most Holy and Undivided 
Trinity. 

On Wednesday after the Octave of Pentecost. 

The Feast of the most Sacred Body of Christ, 
Instituted by Urban IV. 



THE 

Roman jHartKoloijp; 

ACCOMMODATED TO EVERT DAY IN THE YEAR, ACCORDING 
TO THE NEW ACCOUNT OF THE CALENDAR. 



A The First Day. 

The Circumcision of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
and the Octavo of His Nativity. At Rome, of 
S. AlmaHius, martvr, who, bv the command t 
Ahpius, governor of the city, for sajing, "Thil ifl 
tho octavo of our Lord's birth, give over jour 
superstitious worshipping of idols, and afrfftaifl 
from jour andeaD Bacrifmes," was killed l»j the 
gladiators or t « : 1 • ♦ r - at -harp. At Km.- al-«». in 
the way called Appia, the crowning with martyr- 
dom of thirty holy soldiers, under Dioclesian tho 
emperor. Moreover at Koine, of S. M irtina. vir- 
gin, who, under Alexander the emperor, having 
endured divers kinds of torments, at length 
obtained the triumphant palm of martyrdom by 
the sword. Her feast notwithstanding, by the 
order of Urban VHX, ifl kept upon the thirtieth 



14 



JANUARY. 



of this month. At Spoletum, of S. Concordius, 
priest and martyr, who under Antoninus the 
emperor, being first beaten with clubs, then put 
upon the rack called Equuleus, afterwards almost 
famished in prison, and there, comforted by an 
angel, finally ended his life by the sword. The 
same day of S, Magnus, martyr. At Csesarea in 
Cappadocia, the deposition of S. Basil, bishop, 
whose chief feast is kept upon the fourteenth of 
June, on which day he was ordained bishop. In 
Africa of S. Fulgentius, bishop of Ruspa,* who 
in the persecution of the Vandals suffered much 
for the Catholic faith, and for his great learning, 
by the Arians was banished into the isle of 
Sardinia; but afterward permitted to return to 
his bishopric, renowned for his life and preaching, 
made a holy end. In the territory of Lyons, in 
the monastery of S. Claude upon the Mount 
Jura,f of S. Eugendus, abbot, whose life was emi- 
nent for virtues and miracles. At Souvigny^ of 
S. Odilo, abbot of Cluni, who first commanded 
that the commemoration of all souls should be 
kept in his monasteries the next day after the 
feast of All Saints : which custom was afterwards 
received and approved by the whole Church. At 
Alexandria the deposition of S. Euphrosina, vir- 
gin, who in her monastery was renowned for the 
virtue of abstinence, and miracles. 

H And in other places, of many other holy 
martyrs, and confessors, and holy virgins, 

* Now called Alpliaques. fJurense. JSilviriiac. 



JANUARY. 



15 



To ivhose prayers and merits we humbly commend 
ourselves. I£. Thanks be to God. 

In this manner the reading of the Martyrology is always 
to end. 



B The Second Day, 

The octave of S. Stephen the protomartyr. At 
Rome, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, 
who contemning the edict made by Dioclesian the 
emperor, commanding, that such as had any 
sacred books should deliver them up, made 
choice rather to deliver their bodies to the execu- 
tioners, than to give holy things to dogs. At 
Antioch, the passion of Blessed Isidore, bishop. 
At Pomis, in Pontus, of three holy brethren, 
Argeus, Narcissus, and Marcellinus, a youth who, 
being taken among the new soldiers, and refusing 
to serve, was, under Licinius the emperor, beaten 
almost to death, and for a long time starved in 
prison, at last drowned in the sea, finished his 
martyrdom ; but his two brethren were beheaded. 
At Milan, of S. Martinian, bishop. At Nitria, in 
Egypt, of blessed Isidore, bishop and confessor. 
The same day, of S. Siridon, bishop. In Thebais 
of S. Macarius of Alexandria, abbot. 



C The Third Bay. 

The octave of S. John, the apostle and evange- 
list. At Rome, in the way called Appia, the 
tirth-day of S. Anterus, Pope, who suffered under 



1C 



JANUARY* 



Julius Maximinus, and was buried in the church- 
yard of Callistus. The same day, of S. Peter, 
who at Aulane was crucified. In Hellespont, of 
the holy martyrs Cirinus, Primus, and Theogenes. 
At Csesarea in Cappadocia, of S. Gordius, a cen- 
turion, in whose praise is extant an excellent ora- 
tion made by 8. Basil the Great, upon his festival 
day. In Cilicia, of the holy martyrs Zosimus, 
Athanasius, a notary, Theopemptus, and Theonas^ 
who suffered a famous martyrdom in the persecu- 
tion of Dioclesian. At Padua, of S. Daniel, mar- 
tyr. At Vienna in France, of S. Florence, 
bishop, who in the time of Gallienus the emperor 
was banished, and there ended his martyrdom. 
At Paris, of S. Genevieve, virgin, who, consecra- 
ted to Christ by S. German, bishop of Auxerre,* 
was famous for her wonderful virtues, and mira- 
cles. 



D The Fourth Day. 

The octave of the holy Innocents. In Candia,t 
the birth-day of S. Titus, who by $. Paul the 
apostle was ordained bishop of that place ; where, 
after he had faithfully performed his office of 
preaching, he made a holy end, and was buried 
in the church where by the blessed apostle he 
had been made bishop. At Rome, of the holy 
martyrs Priscus, priest, and Priscillian, clerk, 
and of Benedicta, a religious woman, who in the 
reign of the most wicked Julian were martyred 

* Autisiodorum. f Creta. 



JANUARY. 



17 



by the sword. Also at Rome, of blessed Dafrosa, 
wife to S. Flavian, martyr, who after the killing 
of her husband, being first banished, was lastly 
under the said prince beheaded. At Bolonia, of 
the Saints Hermes, Aggaeus, and Caius, martyrs, 
who suffered under Maximian the emperor. At 
Adrumetum,* in Africa, the commemoration of S- 
Manilus, martyr, who in the persecution of Seve- 
rus the emperor, being by Scapula, a most cruel 
judge, condemned to be devoured of beasts, re- 
ceived a crown of martyrdom. Moreover, in 
Africa, of the most famous martyrs Aquilinus, 
Geminus, Eugenius, Marcian, Quinctus, Theodo- 
tus, and Triphon. At Langres,t of S. Gregory, 
bishop, famous for miracles. At Rheims in 
France, of S. Rigobertus, bishop and confessor. 



E The Fifth Day. 

The vigil of the Epiphany of our Lord. At 
Rome, of S. Telesphorus, Pope, who under Anto- 
ninus Pius, after many labours obtained a glori- 
ous martyrdom for the confession of Christ. In 
Egypt, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, 
who in the persecution of Dioclesian were killed 
in Thebais by divers kinds of torments. At 
Antioch, of S. Simeon, monk, who lived many 
years standing on a pillar, and was thence sur- 
named Stylites, whose life and conversation was 
wonderful. In England, of S. Edward, king, 

* Now called Mahometa. t Lingonai. 

2 



18 



JANUARY. 



* renowned for the virtue of chastity and grace of 
miracles. At Alexandria, of S. Syncletica, whose 
famous acts S. Athanasius hath left written. At 
Rome, of S. ^Emilianse, virgin, aunt to S. Gre- 
gory, pope, who being called unto God by her 
sister Tharsilla, before departed, went this day to 
our Lord. The same day, of S. Apollinaris, vir- 
gin. 

F The Sixth Bay. 

The Epiphany of our Lord. In the territory of 
Eheims, the Passion of S. Macra, virgin, who in 
the persecution of Dioclesian, by the command of 
Rictionarus, governor, having been cast headlong 
into the fire, and receiving no hurt, had her 
breasts cut off, and afterwards afflicted with a 
loathsome imprisonment, having been also rolled 
up and down upon sharp potsherds and burning 
coals, in prayer departed to our Lord. In Africa, 
the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who in 
the persecution of Severus, tied to a stake, were 
consumed with fire. At Rennes* in France, of S. 
Melanius, bishop and confessor, who after innu- 
merable signs of his virtues, having his eyes con- 
tinually fixed upon heaven, gloriously departed 
out of this world. At Florence, of S. Andrew 
Corsini, of Florence, a Carmelite, bishop of Fie- 
soli, whom famous for miracles, Urban VIII. can- 
onized for a saint. At Gerisf in Egypt, of S. 
Nilammon, anchoret, who whilst he was carrying 
* Khadones f Gera. 



JANUARY. 



19 



to a bishopric against his will, in prayer gave up 
his soul to God. 



G The Seventh Day. 

The bringing back of the Child Jesus out of 
Egjpt. The same day, the birthday of blessed 
Lucian, priest of the Church of Antioch, and 
martyr, who, famous for learning and eloquence, 
suffered at Nicomedia for the confession of Christ, 
in the persecution of Galerius Maxirnianus, and 
was buried at Helenopolis in Bithynia, whose 
praises are written by S. John Chrysostom. At 
Antioch, of S. Clerus, deacon, who for the glory 
of his confession being seven times tortured, and 
pined long in prison, at last beheaded, ended his 
martyrdom. In the city of Heraclea, of the holy 
martyrs Felix and Januarius. The same day, of 
S. Julian, martyr. In Denmark,* of S. Canutus, 
king and martyr. At Pavia,t of S. Crispin 
bishop and confessor. In Dacia, of S. Nicetas, 
bishop, who by preaching the Gospel of Christ, 
made mild and meek fierce and barbarous na- 
tions. In Egypt, of S. Theodorus, monk, who 
was famous for holiness of life in the time of Con- 
stantine the Great, of whom S. Athanasius mak- 
eth mention in the life of S. Antony. At Barce- 
lona,;); of S. Raymundus of Pentafort, of the order 
of preachers, famous for sanctity aud learning. 

* Dania. f Papia. t Barciaona. 



20 



JANUARY. 



A The Eighth Bay. 

At Beauvais* in France, of the holy martyrs* 
Lucian, priest, Maximian, and Julian, of which 
the two last were by the persecutors killed with a 
sword; but blessed Lucian, who came with S. 
Dennis into France, after a great slaughter of his 
companions, not fearing with a stout voice still to 
confess the name of Christ, at last received the 
same sentence of death with the former. Also of 
S. Eugenian, martyr. In Lybia, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Theophilus, deacon, and Helladius, who hav- 
ing been first most cruelly torn, and then galled 
with sharp potsherds, at last thrown into the fire, 
rendered up their souls to God. At Hierapolis in 
Asia, of S. Apollinaris, bishop, who under Marcus 
Antoninus Verus, was famous for sanctity and 
learning. At Naples, in Campania, the birth-day 
of S. Severin, bishop, brother to blessed Victori- 
nus, martyr, who after the working of many mira- 
cles, full of holiness went to rest. At Pavia,t of 
S. Maximus, bishop and confessor. At Metz,t of 
S. Patiens, bishop. The same day in Bavary,§ of 
S. Severin, abbot, who propagated the Gospel in 
that nation, and is called the apostle of the B ava- 
il an s : his body being by divine power brought to 
Mont-feltro,|| near Naples, was afterwards from 
thence translated to the monastery of S. Severin. 

* Bellouacum, f Papia. + Metro. § Norici. 
1] Lucullaimm. 



JANUARY. 



21 



B The Ninth Day. 

At Antiocli, under Dioclesian and Maximian, 
the birth-day of S. Julian, martyr, and Basilissa, 
virgin, his wife, who with her husband having 
kept virginity, ended her days in peace ; but 
Julian (after many priests and ministers of the 
Church of Christ, who for the cruelty of persecu- 
tion had fled unto them, had been burned) by the 
command of Marcian the president having been 
diversly tormented, received sentence of death: 
with whom also Antony, a priest, and Anastatius, 
(whom raised from death, Julian had made par- 
taker of the grace of Christ), and Celsus, a child, 
with his mother Marcianilla, and seven brethren, 
and many others, did suffer. In Mauritania Csesa- 
riensis, of S. Marciana, virgin, who, devoured by 
beasts, accomplished her martyrdom. At Smyr- 
na, of the holy martyrs, Vitalis, Revocatus, and 
Fortunatus. In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Epictetus, Jucundus, Secundus, Vitalis, Felix, 
and seven others. At Sebaste in Armenia, of S. 
Peter, bishop, brother to S. Basil the Great. At 
Ancona, of S. Marcellinus, bishop, who (as S. 
Gregory writeth), miraculously delivered that 
city from burning. 



C The Tenth Day. 

In Cyprus, of blessed Nicanor, one of the seven 
first deacons, who, admirable for his faith and 
virtue, was most gloriously crowned. At Rome, 



22 



JANUARY. 



of S. Agatho, pope, who, famous for holiness and 
learning, died a natural death. At Milan, of S. 
John, surnarned the Good, bishop and confessor. 
In Thebais, the birth-day of S. Paul, the first 
hermit, who, from the sixteenth year of his age 
until an hundred and thirteen, led a solitary life 
in the wilderness ; whose soul S. Antony saw car- 
ried up to heaven by angels amidst the choirs of 
apostles and prophets, but his feast is kept the 
fifteenth of this month. At Constantinople, of S. 
Marc i an, priest. 

D The Eleventh Bay. 

At Rome, the birth-day of S. Hyginus, pope, 
who in the persecution of Antoninus the emperor, 
gloriously accomplished his martyrdom. In Africa 
of blessed Salvius, martyr, of whose feast S. Au- 
gustin made a sermon to the people of Carthage. 
At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Peter, Seve- 
rus, and Leucius. At Fermi in Picenum,* of S. 
Alexander, bishop and martyr. At Amiens, of S. 
Salvius, bishop and martyr. At Brindisi,t of S. 
Leucius, bishop and confessor. In Cappadocia, 
in a village called Marissa, of S. Theodosius, 
abbot, who having suffered much for the Catholic 
faith, died at last a natural death. In Thebais, 
of S. Pal asm on, abbot, master to S. Pachomius. 
At Suppentonia, near the mount Soractes,t of S. 
Anastasius, monk, and his companions, who, 

* Marc-Ancona. f Brundisiura. 

X Monte de San Silvestro. 



JANUARY. 



23 



called by a voice from heaven, went unto cur 
Lord. At Pavia, of S. Honorata, virgin. 



E The Twelfth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Tatiana, martyr, who under 
Alexander the emperor, being first torn with iron 
hooks and combs, then thrown unto beasts, and 
cast into the fire, but receiving no harm, was at 
last beheaded. In Achaia, of S. Satyrus, martyr, 
who as he passed before an idol, and blowing 
upon it, signed himself in the forehead with the 
cross, forthwith the idol fell to the ground; for 
which cause he was beheaded. The same day, of 
S. Arcadius, martyr, famous for his noble extrac- 
tion, and miracles. In Africa, of the martyrdom 
of Zoticus, Rigatus, Modestus, Castulus, and of 
forty soldiers. At Constantinople, of the Saints 
Tygrius, priest, and Eutropius, reader, who suf- 
fered in the days of Arcadius the emperor. At 
Tinoli,* of S. Zoticus, martyr. At Ephesus, the 
passion of forty-and-two holy monks, who for the 
worship of holy images, under Constantinus Co- 
pronymus, having been most cruelly tormented, 
accomplished their martyrdom. At Ravenna, of 
S. John, bishop and confessor. At Verona, of S. 
Probus, bishop. In England, of S. Benedict, 
abbot and confessor, 



24 



JANUARY. 



F The Thirteenth Bay. 

The octave of the Epiphany of our Lord. At 
Rome, in the way called Lanicana, of forty holy 
soldiers, who for the confession of the true faith, 
under Gallienus, emperor, deserved to be crowned 
with martyrdom. In Sardinia, of S. Potitus, 
martyr, who having suffered much under Antoni- 
nus, emperor, and G-elasius, president, at last 
finished his martyrdom by the sword. At Singi- 
donum,* in the upper Misia, of the holy martyrs 
Hermylus and Stratonicus, who under Licinius 
the emperor, after cruel torments were drowned 
in the river Ister. At Corduba, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Gumesindus, priest, and Serni-deus, monk. 
At Poytiers,t in France, the birth-day of S. Hila- 
rius, bishop and confessor, who for constantly 
defending the Catholic faith being banished four 
years into Phrygia, amongst other miracles raised 
a dead man to life, but his feast is kept the day 
following. At Csesarea m Cappadocia, of S. 
Leontius, bishop, who under Licinius did valiantly 
withstand the Gentiles, and under Constantine, 
the Arians. At Trevers, of S. Agritius, bishop. 
In the monastery of Versy,J of S. Viventius, 
confessor. At Amasea, in Pontus, of S. Gla- 
phyra, virgin. 

G The Fourteenth Bay. 

At Nola in Campania, the birth-day of S. Felix, 
priest, who, as S. Paulinus, bishop, writes, after 

* Now called Semender. f Pictavium. X Versiacum. 



JANUARY. 



25 



many torments being cast into prison by the per- 
secutors, and laid bound hand and foot upon 
snail-shells and potsherds, was in the night loosed 
and delivered by an angel; and the persecution 
ceasing, after he had by his holy example of life 
and doctrine converted many to the faith of 
Christ, famous for miracles, ended his days in 
peace. In Jewry, of S. Malachias, prophet. In 
Mount Sina, of thirty-eight holy monks, slain by 
the Saracens for the faith of Christ. In Egypt, 
in the country of Raithy, of forty-three holy 
monks, who for the Christian relrgion were killed 
by the Blemines. At Milan, of S. Dattus, bishop 
and confessor, of whom S. Gregory, pope, inaketh 
mention. In Africa, of S. Euphrasius, bishop. 
In Syria, of S. Julian of Saba, the elder, who in 
the time of Valens the Emperor, by virtue of 
miracles, restored again the Catholic faith at 
Antioch, there almost extinguished. At Neo- 
csasarea, in Pontus, of S. Macrina, disciple of S. 
Gregory Thaumaturgus, and grandmother to S. 
Basil, who brought him up in the Christian faith. 



A The Fifteenth Day. 

In the territory of Angiers,* of S. Maurus, 
abbot, disciple of S. Benet, who being instructed 
by him from his infancy, how much he profited 
by his discipline, amongst other things which he 
did while he was with him, his walking upon the 
water, declared: (a strange thing, and not used 
* Andegavum. 



26 



JANUARY. 



since the time of S. Peter.) Being sent thence 
by S. Benet into France, after he had there 
erected a famous monastery, of which he was 
abbot forty years, glorious for miracles, he rested 
in peace. In Jewry, of the holy prophets Abacuc 
and Michseas, whose bodies were found by divine 
revelation in the days of Theodosius the elder. 
At Anagnia, of S. Secundina, virgin and martyr, 
who suffered under Decius the emperor. At Car- 
alis* in Sardinia, of S. Ephisius, martyr, who in 
the persecution of Dioclesian, under Flavian, 
judge, after many torments overcome by divine 
help, at last beheaded, went victoriously to hea- 
ven. At Nola, in Campania, of S. Maximus, 
bishop. At Auvergne,t in France, of S. Bonitus, 
bishop and confessor. In Egypt, of S. Macarius, 
abbot, disciple to S. Antony, very famous for his 
life and miracles. Moreover, of blessed Isidore, 
renowned for holiness of life, faith, and miracles. 
At Rome, of S. John Calibita, who living for a 
time in a corner of his father's house unknown, 
and afterwards in a little cottage in the island ot 
Tibur, in his death made known to his parents, 
famous for miracles, was buried in the same 
place, where afterwards was erected a church in 
his honour. 

B The Sixteenth Day, 

At Rome, in the way called Salaria, the birth- 
day of S. Marcellus, pope and martyr, who for 
* Now called Caller. f Clermont in Auvergne. 



JANUARY. 



27 



confession of the Catholic faith, by the command 
of Maxentius the Tyrant, was first beaten with 
clubs, and then appointed to serve beasts with 
a public guard set over him, in which servile 
office, apparelled in hair-cloth, he ended his life. 
At Morocco, in Africa, the passion of the holy 
martyrs of the order of the Minorites, Berardus, 
Petrus, Acursius, Adjutus, and Otto. At Aries,* 
of S. Honoratus, bishop and confessor, whose life 
was famous for learning and miracles. At Uder- 
zo, of S. Titian, bishop and confessor. At Rhi- 
nocolura, in Egypt, of S. Melas, bishop, who 
under Valens the emperor, suffering banishment, 
with other afflictions, for the Catholic faith, died 
in peace. At Fondi, in Campania, of S. Hono- 
ratus, abbot, of whom S. Gregory, pope, makes 
mention. In the monastery of Peronne, of S. Fur- 
sey, confessor. At Rome, of S. Priscilla, who 
devoted herself and her goods to the service of 
the martyrs. 

C The Seventeenth Bay. 

In Thebais, of S. Antony, abbot, who being 
father of many monks, was very famous for his 
life and miracles; of whose acts S. Athanasius 
has written a worthy treatise. His sacred body 
being found by divine revelation in the days of Jus- 
tinian the emperor, and brought to iUexandria, 
was there buried in the church of S. John Baptist. 
At Langres,t of the Saints Speusippus, Eleusip- 
* Arelate, t LingonaD. 



28 



JANUARY. 



pus, and Meleusippus, all born at a birth, who 
together with their grandmother Leonilla were 
martyred in the days of Marcus Aurelius the em- 
peror. At Rome, the invention of the holy mar- 
tyrs Diodorus, priest, Marian, deacon, and their 
companions, who in the time of S. Stephen, pope, 
whilst they celebrated the feast of the martyrs, 
in a sand-pit, the entrance of the cave being 
stopped by the persecutors, and the vault over 
broken down upon them, obtained the crown of 
martyrdom. At Bourges,* the deposition of S. 
Sulpicius, bishop, surnamed Pius, whose life and 
precious death is commended by glorious mira- 
cles. At Rome, in the monastery of S. Andrew, 
of the holy monks Antony, Merulus, and John, of 
whom. S. Gregory, pope, makes mention. 



D The Eighteenth Day. 

The Chair of S. Peter the apostle, wherein he 
first sat at Rome. There also, the passion of S. 
Prisca, virgin and martyr, who under Claudius 
the emperor, after many torments, received the 
ciwn of martyrdom. In Pontus, the birth-day 
of the holy martyrs Moseus and Ammonius, sol- 
diers, who being condemned to dig in the metal 
mines, at last were burned. There also, of S. 
Athenogenes, an ancient divine, who when he 
was to be burned, sung joyfully a hymn, which he 
left in writing to his disciples. At Tours, t in 
* Bitunese. f Turones. 



JANUARY 



29 



Franco, of S. Volusian, bishop, who, taken by the 
Goths, in banishment gave up his soul to God, 
There also, of S. Leobardus, anchoret, a man of 
wonderful abstinence and humility. In Brittany, 
of S. Deicolus, abbot, disciple to S. Columban. 
At Navocomum, of S. Liberata, virgin. 



E The Nineteenth Bay. 

At Rome, in the way called Cornelia, of the 
holy martyrs Maris, and Martha his wife, and of 
their children Audifax and Abachum, noble Per- 
sians, who in the time of Claudius the emperor 
came to Rome for devotion : after they had been 
beaten with cudgels, racked, tormented by fire, 
torn with iron hooks, and their hands cut off, 
Martha was at last killed in the place called 
Nympha, and the others beheaded, and their 
bodies burnt. At Smyrna, the birth-day of bless- 
ed Germanicus, martyr, who in the flower of his 
youth, under Marcus Antoninus and Lucius Aure- 
lius condemned to the beasts, by the force of 
God's grace, without all fear, provoked of his own 
accord the beast prepared to devour him ; and so 
torn and ground with his teeth, deserved to be 
incorporated into the true bread of Life, Christ 
Jesus, for whom he died. In Africa, of the holy 
martyrs Paulus Gerontius, Januarius, Saturninus, 
Successus, Julius, Catus, Pia, and Germana. At 
Spoletum, the passion of S. Pontian, martyr, who 
in the time of Antoninus the emperor, after he 



30 



JANUARY. 



had been cruelly whipped, by the command of 
Fabian, judge, was compelled to walk upon hot 
burning coals barefoot; wherewith receiving no 
harm, was then tormented upon the rack called 
Equideus, and with iron hooks ; and after all this, 
being cast into prison, where he was comforted by 
an angel, thrown also unto the lions, and tormen- 
ted with boiling lead, was finally beheaded. At 
Lodi, of S. Bassian, bishop and confessor, who 
together with S. Ambrose, valiantly resisted the 
heretics. 

F The Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, the birth-day of S. Fabian, pope, 
who suffered martyrdom in the time of Decius, 
and was buried in the church-yard of Callistus. 
There also, at the place called Catacumbse, of S. 
Sebastian, martyr, who under Dioclesian, empe- 
ror, being chief commander of the first band of 
soldiers, was, for professing the christian faith, 
commanded to be bound in the midst of the 
field, and shot with arrows by the soldiers, and 
finally to be beaten with clubs until he died. At 
Nice, in Bithynia, of S. Neophytus, martyr, who 
being but fifteen years of age, was first cruelly 
whipped, then cast into a burning furnace, thrown 
also unto the beasts, and yet receiving no hurt, 
still constantly professing the faith of Christ, was 
finally beheaded, At Csesena, of S. Maurus, 
bishop, renowned for his virtues and miracles. 
In Palestine, the birth-day of S. Euthymius, 



JANUARY. 



31 



abbot, who in the time of Mareian the emperor 
was famous in the Church for zeal of Catholic dis- 
cipline, and power of working miracles. 



G- The One-and- Twentieth Bay. 

At Rome, the passion of S. Agnes, virgin, who 
under Sjmphronius, Governor of the city, was 
cast into the fire, but it being extinguished by 
the virtue of her prayers, she died by the sword, 
of whom S. Jerom writes thus : The life of Agnes 
is in a special manner praised throughout all the 
churches by the pens and tongues of all nations, 
who overcame both her age and the tyrant, and 
consecrated her title of chastity by martyrdom. 
At Athens, the birth-day of S. Publius, bishop, 
who after S. Denis the Areopagite, governed most 
laudably the Church of Athens, and renowned for 
learning and virtue, for the testimony of Christ 
received a glorious crown. At Tarragona in 
Spain, of the holy martyrs Fructuosus, bishop, 
Augurius and Eulogius, deacons, who in the days 
of Gallienus, were first cast into prison, then 
thrown into the fire, their fetters being burnt, 
stretching out their arms in form of a cross, in 
prayer accomplished their martyrdom; upon 
whose feast S. Augustin made a sermon to the 
people. At Trois,* of S. Patroclus, martyr, who 
under Aurelian the emperor, deserved the crown 
of martyrdom. In France, in the monastery of 
Ewe,t of S. Meinardus, hermit, who was killed by 
* Trecae. f Augium. 



32 JANUARY. 

thieves, At Pavia, of S. Epipkanius, bishop and 
confessor. 



A The Two-and- Twentieth Day, 

At Valentia, in Arragon of Spain, of S. Vincent, 
deacon and martyr, who under Dacian, the most 
wicked president, after he had suffered imprison- 
ment, hunger, the torture Equuleus, disjointing of 
his members, hot fiery plates, a burning gridiron, 
and other torments, went triumphantly to heaven, 
there to receive the reward of his martyrdom: 
whose glorious passion Prudentius has elegantly 
set down in verse, and S. Augustin and S. Leo 
the pope do exceedingly commend it. At Rome, 
at the waters called Salvise, of S. Anastasius, a 
Persian monk, who after many torments, of im- 
prisonment, stripes, and fetters, which he suffered 
at Csesarea in Palestine, was by Chosroes, king of 
Persia, grievously afflicted, and at last beheaded ; 
having sent before him to martyrdom threescore 
and ten, his companions, who were drowned in a 
river. His head was afterwards brought to Rome, 
together with his venerable picture, at the sight 
of which devils were driven away, and diseases 
cured, as the acts of the second council of Nice 
do testify. At Ambrun,* in France, of the holy 
martyrs Vincent, Orontius, and Victor, who in 
the persecution of Dioclesian were crowned with 
martyrdom. At Novaria, of S. Gaudentius, 
* Ebredunum. 



JANUARY. 



33 



bishop and confessor. At Sora, of S. Dominic, 
abbot, famous for miracles. 



B The Three-arid- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Emerentiana, virgin and mar- 
tyr, who as yet but a catechumen, or unbaptized, 
praying at the sepulchre of S. Agnes, (whose 
foster-sister she had been,) was stoned to death 
by the Gentiles. At Philippi in Macedonia, of S. 
Parmenas, one of the seven first deacons, who 
through the grace of God, faithfully fulfilling the 
offi.ce of preaching committed to his charge, under 
Trajan obtained the glory of martyrdom. At 
Cassarea in Mauritania, of the holy martyrs Seve- 
rian, and Aquila his wife, consumed by fire. At 
Anthios, a city in Egypt, of S. Asclas, martyr, 
who after divers torments, being thrown headlong 
into a river, gave up his precious soul to God. 
At Ancyra in Galatia, of S. Clement, bishop, who 
oftentimes tormented, at length accomplished his 
martyrdom under Dioclesian. In the same place, 
of S. Agathangelus, who suffered the same day 
under Lucius, president. At Alexandria, of S. 
John, surnamed Eleemosynarius, bishop of the 
same city, very famous for his works of mercy to 
the poor. At Toledo,* of S. Ildefonsus, bishop, 
who for his singular integrity of life, and defend- 
ing the virginity of the Mother of God against 
certain heretics that impugned the same, re- 
* Toletum. 



34 



JANUARY. 



ceived of her a most pure white vestment; and 
finally, famous for holiness, was called unto hea- 
ven. In the province of Valeria, of S. Martyrius> 
monk, of whom S. Gregory the pope makes 

mention. 



C The Four -and- Twentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Timothy, disciple to S. 
Paul the Apostle, who by him ordained bishop of 
Ephesus, after many conflicts for Christ, as he 
one day reprehended such as offered sacrifice to 
Diana, was stoned, and a little after went to rest 
in our Lord. At Antioch, of S. Babylas, bishop, 
who in the persecution of Decius, having greatly 
glorified God by his frequent sufferings and tor- 
ments, ended his life gloriously in chains of iron, 
with which he commanded his body to be buried. 
There are said to have suffered with him three 
children, Urban, Prilidian, and Epolonius, whom 
he had instructed in the faith of Christ. At Neo- 
cesaraea, of the holy martyrs Mardonius, Muso- 
nius, Eugenius, and Metellus, who being all 
burned, their relics were thrown into the river. 
At Fuligno,* of S. Felician, who, created bishop 
of the same city by pope Victor, after many 
labours sustained, in his decrepit old age, under 
Decius, was crowned with martyrdom. More- 
over, of the holy martyrs Thyrsus and Prolectus. 
At Bolonia, of S. Zamas, the first bishop of that 
city, who, consecrated by S. Denis, pope of Rome, 
* Fulginium. 



JANUARY. 



35 



did greatly propagate the faith of Christ in those 
parts. Also of blessed Suranus, abbot, who in 
the time of the Lombards was famous for sanc- 
tity. 



D The Five-and- Twentieth Bay. 

The Conversion of S. Paul the Apostle, which 
happened the second year after our Saviour's 
ascension. At Damascus, the birth. day of S. 
Ananias, that baptized the same apostle ; who, 
having preached the Gospel at Damascus, Eleu- 
therople, and in other places, under Licinius, 
judge, scourged and torn with knives, and finally 
stoned to death, accomplished his martyrdom. 
At Antioch, of the holy martyrs Juventinus and 
Maximinus, martyred under Julian the Apostate : 
on whose birth-day S. John Chrysostom made a 
sermon to the people. At Auvergne,* of the SS. 
Projectus, bishop, and Marinus, a man of God, 
who suffered by the Governors of that city. 
Moreover, of the holy martyrs Donatus, Sabinus, 
and Agapis. At Tomis in Scythia, of S. Bretan- 
nion, bishop, who for his wonderful sanctity and 
zeal of the Catholic faith, under Valens the 
Arian, emperor, whom he stoutly resisted, was 
renowned in the Church of Christ. At Arras,t 
in France, of S. Poppo, abbot, famous for mi- 
racles. 

* Arvernum, now called Clermont. f Attrebatum. 



38 



JANUARY, 



E The Six -and- Twentieth Bay. 

At Smyrna, the birth-day of S. Polycarp, disci- 
ple to S. John the apostle, who being by him 
made bishop of that city, was primate of all Asia : 
he was afterwards, under Marcus Antoninus and 
Lucius Aurelius Commodius (the proconsul sit- 
ting in judgment, and all the people crying out 
against him in the amphitheatre), cast into the 
fire, but nothing hurt thereby, thrust through 
with a sword, received the crown of martyrdom. 
With whom also twelve others, coming from Phi- 
ladelphia, ended their lives by martyrdom in the 
same city. At Hippo-regius, in Africa, of the 
Saints Theogenes, bishop, and thirty-six others, 
who in the persecution of Valerian, contemning 
temporal death, obtained the crown of eternal 
life. At Bethlehem-Judea, the departure of S. 
Paula, widow, mother to S. Eustochium, virgin of 
Christ, who, descended of the noble blood of sena- 
tors, forsaking the world, and distributing her 
goods to the poor, retired herself to the crib* of 
our Lord, where, adorned with many virtues, and 
crowned with a long martyrdom, she passed to 
the kingdom of heaven ; whose life, full of won- 
derful virtues, is written by S. Jerom, In the 
territory of Paris, of S. Bathildes, Queen, re- 
nowned for holiness of life and miracles. 



* Praosepe Domini. 



JANUARY. 37 

i 

F The Seven-and-Ticentieih Day, 

At Constantinople, of S. John, bishop, (for his 
golden vein of eloquence surnamed Chrysostom), 
who by his preaching and exemplary life, much 
advanced the Christian religion ; and after many 
labours ended his life in banishment. His holy 
body upon this day was brought to Constanti- 
nople, under Theodosius the Younger, and after- 
wards thence translated to Rome, was placed in 
the church of the Prince of the Apostles. At 
Sora, of S. Julian, martyr, who being appre- 
hended in the persecution of Antoninus, for that 
an idolatrous temple fell to the ground whilst he 
was tortured, received the crown of martyrdom 
by having his head cut off. In Africa, of S. 
Avitus, martyr. There also of the holy martyrs 
Datius, Reatrius, and their companions, who suf- 
fered in the persecution of the Vandals. More- 
over, of the Saints Dativus, Julian, Vincent, and 
twenty-seven others, martyrs. At Rome, of S. 
Vitalian, pope. At Mans,* the deposition of 
S. Julian, the first bishop of that city, who was 
sent thither by S. Peter to preach the Gospel. 
In the monastery of Bobacum, of S. Marius, 
abbot. 



G The Eight-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, the second feast of S. Agnes. There 
also, of S. Flavian, martyr, who suffered under 
Dioclesian. At Apollonia, of the holy martyrs 
* Cenomauura. 



38 



JANUARY. 



Thyrsus, Leucius, and Callinicus, who in the 
days of Decius the emperor, having all three en- 
dured divers torments, Thyrsus and Callinicus 
being beheaded, and Leucius, called by a voice 
from heaven, giving up the ghost, they all accom- 
plished their martyrdom. In Thebais, of the holy 
martyrs Leonides and his companions, who ob- 
tained the palm of martyrdom under Dioclesian. 
At Alexandria, the commemoration of many holy 
martyrs, who by the sanction of Syrianus, an 
Arian captain, whilst they were at mass in the 
church, were this day diversely put to death. 
Also of S. Cyril, bishop of that city, who most va- 
liantly defending the Catholic faith, famous for 
his learning and sanctity, rested in peace. At 
Saragossa,* of S. Valerius, bishop. At Cuenca,+ 
in Spain, the birth-day of S. Julian, bishop, who 
bestowing the goods of his Church upon the poor, 
and in apostolical manner getting his living by 
the labour of his hands, famous for miracles, 
rested in peace. In the monastery of Rheims, 
the deposition of S. John, priest, a man of God. 
In Palestine, of S. James, hermit, who for that he 
had fallen from his faith, lay secretly a long time 
in a sepulchre doing penance, and famous for mi- 
racles, went unto our Lord. 



A The Nine- and- Twentieth Day. 
At Barcelona in Spain, of S. Peter Nolasco, 
confessor, founder of the Order of Blessed Marv 
of Reward for the Redeeming of Captives, famous 
* Caesar-augusta. f Concha. 



JANUARY. 



39 



for his virtues and miracles. At Rome, in the 
way called Nomentana, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Papias and Maurus, soldiers, who under 
Dioclesian the emperor, at their first confession of 
Christ, by the command of Laodicius, governor of 
the city, had their mouths bruised with stones, 
and so cast into prison, were after beaten with 
clubs, and lastly scourged with leaden whips, 
until they gave up the ghost. At Perugia, of S. 
Constantius, bishop and martyr, who under Mar- 
cus Aurelius, emperor, for defence of the faith, 
together with his companions, received the crown 
of martyrdom. At Edessa, in Syria, of the holy 
martyrs Sarbelius, and Barbea his sister, who, 
baptized by blessed Barsimaeus, bishop, were 
under Lisias, governor, in the persecution of Tra- 
jan, crowned with martyrdom. In the territory 
of Trois,* of S. Sabinian, martyr, who by the 
command of Aurelian the emperor was beheaded 
for the faith of Christ. At Milan, of S. Aquili- 
nus, priest, who, thrust through the throat with a 
sword by the Arians, was crowned with martyr- 
dom. At Trevers, the deposition of blessed Vale- 
rius, bishop, disciple to S. Peter the apostle. At 
Bourges,t of S. Sulpicius Severus, bishop, scholar 
to S. Martin, greatly renowned for his virtues and 
learning. 

B The Thirtieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Martina, virgin, who under the 
emperor Alexander having endured divers kinds 
* Tricassinum. + Bituricaa. 



10 



JANUARY. 



of torments, at last had her head cut off, upon 
the first of this month. Her feast, notwithstand- 
ing, by the ordination of Urban the Eighth, is 
transferred to this day. At Antioch the passion 
of S. Hippolytus, priest, who was for a time de- 
ceived with the schism of Novatus, but by the 
grace of Christ repenting, he returned to the unity 
of the Church; for which, and in which after- 
wards he suffered a glorious martyrdom. He 
being asked by those of his faction which was the 
truer sect, having execrated the doctrine of No- 
vatus, affirming that faith ought to be held 
which the chair of Peter kept, he offered himself 
to death. In Africa, the passion of the holy mar- 
tyrs Felician, Philappian, and an hundred and 
twenty others. At Edessa in Syria, of S. Barsi- 
maeus, bishop, who having converted many Gen- 
tiles to the faith, and sent them before to be 
crowned, he followed them under Trajan, with a 
palm of martyrdom. There also of S. Barsen, 
bishop, famous for the grace of curing diseases, 
who, banished into the furthest parts of that 
country for the Catholic faith, by Valens the 
Arian, emperor, there ended his days. Moreover, 
of S. Alexander, who, apprehended in the perse- 
cution of Decius, venerable for his gravity and 
years, and glorious for his reiterated confession, 
whilst the executioners were tormenting him, 
gave up the ghost. At Jerusalem, the birth-day 
of S. Matthias, bishop, of whom wonderful things 
and acts of a great faith are recounted: who 
under Adrian having endured much for Christ, 



JANUARY. 



41 



at length ended his days in peace. At Rome, of 
S. Felix, pope, who laboured much for the Catho- 
lic faith. At Pavia, of S. Armentarius, bishop 
and confessor. In the monastery of Maubeuge,* 
in Hainault, of S. Aldegund, virgin, in the time 
of king Dagobert. At Milan, of S. Savina, a 
most pious woman, who as she prayed at the 
tomb of the holy martyrs Nabor and Felix, de- 
parted to our Lord. 



C The One-and-TJiirtielh Day. 

At Rome, in the way Portuensis, of the holy 
martyrs Cyrus and John, who after many tor- 
ments endured for the confession of Christ, were 
beheaded. At Alexandria, the birth-day of S. 
Metran, martyr, who under Decius the emperor, 
refusing to utter certain blasphemous words, had 
by the Pagans his body all bruised with cudgels, 
and his face and eyes pierced with sharp reeds, 
and after many like torments being thrust out of 
the city, was finally stoned to death. There also, 
of the holy martyrs Saturninus, Thirsus, and 
Victor. In the same city, of the holy martyrs 
Tharsicius, Zoticus, Cyriacus, and their compa- 
nions. At Gizicumf in Hellespont, of S. Tri- 
phenes, martyr, who having overcome divers tor- 
ments, at last killed by a bull, deserved the 
palm of martyrdom. At Modena, of S. Geini- 
nian, bishop, renowned for miracles. In the pro- 
vince of Milan, of S. Julius, priest and confessor** 
* Malbodium. f Now called Callipolis- 



42 



FEBRUARY. 



in the days of Theodosius the emperor. At Rome, 
of S. Marcella, widow, whose worthy praises S. 
Jerom has left written. The same day, the 
Translation of S. Mark the Evangelist, whose 
body, at the taking of Alexandria in Egypt by 
the barbarians, was brought thence to Venice, 
and there most honourably placed in the chief 
church, dedicated in his honour. 



D The First Dmj. 

The birth-day of S. Ignatius, bishop and mar- 
tyr, who was the third after S. Peter the apostle 
that governed the Church of Antioch ; and in the 
persecution of Trajan condemned to the beasts, 
was by his command sent bound to Rome, where, 
in the presence of the whole senate, he was first 
most cruelly tormented, and then cast unto the 
lions, was torn to pieces in their teeth, and so be- 
came a sacrifice unto Christ. At Smyrna, of S. 
Pionius, priest and martyr, who after divers apo- 
logies written for the Christian faith, after the 
loathsomeness of a stinking prison, where by his 
exhortations he encouraged many of his brethren 
to suffer martyrdom, many ways tormented, stuck 
with nails, and laid upon a hot burning fire, made 
a happy end for Christ ; with whom also suffered 



FEBRUARY. 



43 



fifteen others. At Ravenna, of S. Severus, bishop, 
who for his great merits was elected bj the sign 
of a Dove. In France, at Trou, of S. Paul, 
bishop, whose life was glorious for virtues, and 
whose precious death is commended by miracles. 
The same day, of S. Ephrem, deacon of the 
church of Edessa, who after many labours endured 
for the faith of Christ, renowned for sanctity and 
learning, under Valens, emperor, went to rest in 
our Lord. In Scotland, of S. Brigide, virgin, who 
touching the wood of an altar, in testimony of her 
virginity, the same forthwith became green. 



E The Second Day, 

The Purification of the Blessed Virgin Alary, 
called by the Greeks Hypapante, or the Meeting 
of our Lord. At Rome, in the way called Salaria, 
the passion oi S. Apronian, notary, who being yet 
a Gentile, whilst he brought S. Sisinius out of 
prison to present him before Laodicius the gover- 
nor, hearing this voice from heaven, "Come, ye 
blessed of my Father, possess the kingdom which 
is prepared for you from the beginning of the 
world," believing, was baptized, and after re- 
ceived sentence of death for the confession of our 
Lord. Moreover at Rome, of the holy martyrs 
Fortunatus, Felician, Firmus and Candidus, At 
Csesarea in Palestine, of S. Cornelius, centurion, 
whom S. Peter the Apostle baptized, and ordained 
bishop of that city. At Orleans, of S. Flosculus, 
bishop. At Canterbury in England, the birth-day 



44 



FEBRUARY. 



of S. Laurence, bishop, who next after S. Augus- 
tan, governed that Church, and converted the 
king himself to the faith. 



F The Third Day. 

At Sebaste in Armenia, the passion of S. Blase, 
bishop and martyr, who after he had wrought 
many miracles, under Agricolaus, president, being 
cruelly whipped and hanged up by the hands, 
and his flesh all torn with iron combs, cast also 
into a loathsome prison, and plunged into a lake, 
out of which he came sound and whole, by the 
command of the same judge, together with two 
boys, was finally beheaded. But before him 
seven women gathering up the drops of blood 
which ran down from his body whilst he was tor- 
tured, being deprehended to be Christians, after 
cruel torments died by the sword. In Africa, of 
S. Celerinus, deacon, who, kept in prison nine- 
teen days, loaded with fetters, irons, and other- 
wise tormented, made a glorious confession of 
Christ ; and with an invincible courage overcom- 
ing his enemy, showed unto others the way of 
conquering. Also of the holy martyrs Laurenti- 
nus, his uncle by the father's side, and Ignatius, 
his uncle on the mother's side, and Celerina, his 
grandmother, who were all crowned with martyr- 
dom before him ; of whose renowned praises there 
is extant an epistle written by S. Cyprian. There 
also, of the holy martyrs Felix, Symphronius, 



FEBRUARY. 



45 



Hippolitus, and his companions. In the town of 
Vaping, of the Saints Tigides and Remedius, 
bishops. At Lyons, of the Saints Lupicinus and 
Felix, also bishops. The same day, of S. Ans« 
charius, bishop of Bremen, who converted the 
Swedes and Danes to the faith of Christ. 



G The Fourth Day, 

At Rome, of S. Eutychius, martyr, who having 
endured a glorious martyrdom, was buried in the 
church-yard of Callistus, whose sepulchre S. Da- 
masus, pope, adorned with verses. At Fossan- 
bruno,* of the holy martyrs Aquilinus, Geminus, 
Gelasius, Magnus, and Donatus. At Themue in 
Egypt, the passion of blessed Philoeus, bishop of 
the same city, and of Philoromus, a Colonel, who 
in the persecution of Dioclesian, when by no per- 
suasion of kindred and friends they could be with- 
drawn from offering their necks to the sword, 
they both deserved of our Lord triumphant palms : 
with whom innumerable multitudes of Christians 
in that city, following the example of their pastor, 
were crowned with martyrdom. The same day, 
of S. Rembertus, bishop of Bremen. At Trois,t 
of S. Aventin, confessor. At Pelusium, in Egypt, 
of S. Isidore, monk, renowned for his merits and 
learning. The same day, of S. Gilbert, confessor. 



* Forum Sempronii, 



f Trecsc. 



46 



FEBRUARY. 



A The Fifth Day. 

At Catana in Sicily, the birth-day of S. Aga- 
tha, virgin and martyr, who in the days of Decius 
the emperor, under Quinctian, judge, after buffets 
and imprisonment, after the torment Equuleus 
and rackings, cutting off her breasts, and rolling 
up and down upon potsherds and hot coals, at 
last in prison, whilst she was praying to God, 
accomplished her martyrdom. In Pontus, the 
commemoration of many holy martyrs, of which 
some in the persecution of Maximian, scalded 
with burning hot lead, others pricked under the 
nails with sharp reeds, and vexed with many 
cruel torments often iterated, deserved of our 
Lord palms and crowns, by their glorious passion. 
At Alexandria, of S. Isidore, martyr, who in the 
persecution of Decius was beheaded by Numerian, 
general of the army, for the faith of Christ. At 
Vienna, of blessed Avitus, bishop and confessor, 
by whose faith, industry, and admirable learning, 
France was defended from the infection of the 
Arian heresy. At Brixen,* of the holy bishops 
Genvin and Albin, whose lives were renowned for 
miracles. At Japan, the birth-day of the blessed 
martyrs, Paul, John, and James, of the Society of 
Jesus. They suffered under Taicosanna. 



FEBRUARY. 



47 



B The Sixth Day. 

At Csesarea in Cappadocia, the birth-day of S. 
Dorothy, virgin and martyr, who under Sapricius, 
president of that province, first racked upon the 
torture Equuleus, and afterwards cruelly beaten 
with the twigs of palms, was at last beheaded ; by 
whose martyrdom Theophilus, a student, was 
converted to the faith of Christ, and forthwith 
most cruelly tortured, ended his life by the 
sword. The same day, of the holy martyrs Sa- 
turninus, Theophilus, and Revocata. A.t Emessa,* 
in Phoenicia, of S. Silvan, bishop, who after he 
had governed the bishopric of that city for forty 
years, was with two others cast unto the beasts, 
under Maximian, emperor, and so torn in pieces 
received the palm of martyrdom. At Auvergne 
in France, of S. Antholian, martyr. The same 
day, of the holy bishops Vedastus and Amandus, 
whose lives and deaths were glorious for mira- 
cles ; of whom the former governed the Church 
of Arras, t and the latter of Mas trick. J At Bo- 
lonia, of S. Guarinus, bishop and cardinal of Pi- 
lastrina,§ renowned for sanctity of life. 



C The SeventJi Day. 

Of S. Romualdus, abbot, founder of the monks 

of the order of Camaldula, whose birth-day is 

celebrated upon the nineteenth of June. At Lon- 

* Now called Hamza, f Attrebatum. £ Traiectunu 
§ Prasiieste, 



48 



FEBRUARY 



don* in England, the birth-day of S. Augulus, 
bishop, who ending his life by martyrdom, de- 
served to receive an eternal reward. In Phrygia, 
of S. Adaucus, martyr, an Italian of noble ex- 
traction, who advanced to all degrees of honour 
by the emperors, whilst he was yet treasurer, was 
crowned with martyrdom for the defence of his 
faith. Also of many holy martyrs, inhabitants of 
one city, and disciples of the same Adaucus, who 
being all Christians, and persisting constant in 
the confession of the faith, were by Galerius 
Maximian the emperor consumed with fire. At 
Heraclea, of S. Theodore, a captain, who under 
Licinius the emperor, after many torments being 
beheaded, went victoriously to heaven. In Egypt, 
of S. Moyses, a venerable bishop, who first led a 
solitary life in the desert, and afterward, at the 
intercession of Mauvia, queen of the Saracens, 
created bishop, converted the greatest part of 
that wild and barbarous people to the faith, and 
glorious for merits, he rested in peace. At Luca, 
in Tuscia, the deposition of S. Richard, king of 
the English. At Bolonia, of S. Juliana, widow. 



D The Eighth Bay. 

At Rome, of the hoiy martyrs Paulus, Lucius, 
and Cyriacus. In the Lesser Armenia, the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Denis, iEmilian, and Se- 
bastian. At Alexandria, the passion of S. Coin- 

* Augusta in Britannia. 



FEBRUARY. 



49 



tha, martyr, under the emperor Decius, whom the 
Paynims leading to the idols, urged her to adore 
them, which she with detestation refusing to do, 
they tied her by the feet, and dragging her 
through the streets of the city, in a horrid man- 
ner tore her in pieces. At Constantinople, the 
birth-day of the holy martyrs, monks of the mo- 
nastery of Dius, who, bringing the letters of S. 
Felix, pope, against Acacius, for defence of the 
Catholic faith, were most barbarously killed. In 
Persia, the commemoration of the holy martyrs, 
who under Gabades, kin 2^ of the Persians, were 
for the Christian faith, by divers kinds of tor- 
ments, put to death. At Pavia,* of S. Juventius, 
bishop, who greatly laboured in preaching the 
gospel. At Milan, the deposition of S. Honora- 
tus, bishop and confessor. At Verdun,t in 
France, of S. Paul, bishop, renowned for mira- 
cles. 



E TJie Ninth Day. 

At Alexandria, the birth day of S. Apollonia, 
virgin, whose teeth were all first struck out by 
the persecutors under Decius, then having pre- 
pared and kindled a fire, they threatened to burn 
her alive, unless she would pronouLce with them 
certain blasphemous words ; she, deliberating a 
little time within herself, on the sudden broke 



Papia. 



f Virodunura. 

4 



50 



FEBRUARY. 



out of the hands of the wicked wretches, and 
burning interiorly with a greater flame of the 
Holy Ghost, of her own accord leaped into the 
fire which they had prepared, insomuch that even 
the cruel persecutors themselves were struck with 
a dreadful terror to see that there was found a 
woman who was more ready to accept of death 
than they were to inflict it. At Rome, the pas- 
sion of the holy martyrs Alexander, and eight- 
and-thirty others, crowned at the same time. At 
Soly in Cyprus, of the holy martyrs Ammonius 
and Alexander. At Antioch, of S. Nicephorus, 
martyr, who under Valerian, emperor, with loss 
of his head gained the crown of martyrdom. In 
Africa, in a village called Lemiens, of the holy 
martyrs Primus and Donatus, deacons, who de- 
fending an altar in the church, were killed by the 
Donatists. In the monastery of Fontanelle, of S. 
Ansbert, bishop of Rouen.* At Canosaf in Apulia, 
of S. Sabin, bishop and confessor. 



F The Tenth Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs, Zoticus, Ire- 
nsous, Hyacinthus, and Amantius. There also, 
in the way Lavicana, of ten holy soldiers, mar- 
tyrs. Moreover, in the way called Appia, of S. 
Soteres, virgin and martyr, who, descended of 
noble extraction, as S. Ambrose writes, con- 
temned, for the love of Christ, the honourable 



Hotomagum. 



t Canusium. 



FEBRUARY. 



51 



titles and honours of her parents, and being com- 
manded to offer sacrifice, she refusing, was long 
and cruelly buffeted; and when she had over- 
come many other torments, by the sword she 
went joyfully to her Spouse. At Campania, of S. 
Silvan, bishop and confessor. At Male-vallis,* in 
the territory of Sens,t of S. William, hermit. At 
Monte-Cassino, of S. Scholastica, virgin, sister to 
S. Benet, abbot, who saw her soul at her depar- 
ture fly up to heaven in likeness of a dove. In 
the territory of Rouen, of S. Austreberta, virgin, 
renowned for miracles. 



G The Eleventh Day. 

Lv Africa, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Saturninus, priest, Dativus, Felix, Ampelius, and 
their companions, who being assembled to cele- 
brate and assist at mass, according to their cus- 
tom, were in the persecution of Dioclesian appre- 
hended by the soldiers, and suffered under the 
proconsul Anolinus. In Numidia, the commemo- 
ration of many holy martyrs, who, apprehended 
in the same persecution, and refusing to deliver 
up the Holy Scriptures, according to the edict of 
the emperor, were put to most cruel torments, 
and finally slain. At Adrianople, of the holy 
martyrs Lucius, bishop, and his companions, who, 
having suffered many things from the Arians 
under Constantius, ended his martyrdom in pri- 
* Stalnibulum Rhodis. + Senones. 



52 



FEBRUARY. 



son ; but the rest, being the chief persons of the 
city, when they refused to admit of the Arians 
condemned in the Council of Sardica, were sen- 
tenced to death by Count Philagrius. At Lyons, 
of S. Desiderius, bishop of Vienna, and martyr. 
At Ravenna, of S. Calocerus, bishop and confes- 
sor. At Milan, of S. Lazarus, bishop. At Capua, 
of S. Castrensis, bishop. In the village Landon,* 
of S. Severin, abbot of the monastery of Agav- 
num,f by whose prayers the devout king Clodo- 
veus was delivered from a long sickness. In 
Egypt, of S. Jonas, monk, renowned for miracles. 



A The Twelfth Day. 

At Barcelona in Spain, of S. Eulalia, virgin, 
who in the time of Dioclesian the emperor, hav- 
ing suffered the torture Equuleus, iron hooks, and 
fire, at last crucified, received the glorious crown 
of martyrdom. In Africa, of S. Damian, a soldier 
and martyr. At Carthage, of the holy martyrs 
Modestus and Julian. At Beneventum, of S. 
Modestus, deacon and martyr. At Alexandria, 
of the holy infants Modestus and Ammonius. At 
Antioch, of S. Meletius, bishop, who having often 
suffered banishment for the Catholic faith, went 
finally to our Lord at Constantinople ; whose re- 
nowned virtues S. John Chrysostom and Gregory 
Nissen have worthily set forth. At Constantino- 
ple, of S. Antony, bishop, in the time of Leo the 

* Nantonhmi, f Now called 3. Maurice, 



FEBRUARY. 



53 



sixth, emperor. At Verona, of S. Gaudentius, 
bishop and confessor. 



B The Thirteenth Bay. 

At Antioch, the birth-day of S. Agabus, pro- 
phet, of whom S. Luke maketh mention in the 
Acts of the Apostles. At Ravenna, of the holy 
saints Fusca, virgin, and Maura, her nurse, who 
in the days of Decius the emperor, having suf- 
fered many things under Quinctian, president, 
thrust through with a sword accomplished their 
martyrdom. At Meletine, in Armenia, of S. Poli- 
enctus, martyr, who in the persecution of the 
same Decius, after many torments gained the 
crown of martyrdom. At Lyons, of S. Julian, 
martyr. At Todi,* of S. Benignus, martyr. At 
Rome, of S. Gregory, pope, the second of that name, 
who with great courage opposed himself against 
the impiety of Leo Isauricus, and sent S. Boni- 
face to preach the Gospel in Germany. At An- 
giers,t the deposition of S. Lucinius, bishop, a 
man of admirable sanctity. At Lyons, of S. Ste- 
phen, bishop and confessor. At Riete,J of S. 
Stephen, abbot, a man of wonderful patience, at 
whose death the holy angels were present, and 
seen by all that were present, as S. Gregory, 
pope, relates. The birth-day of S. Catherine de 
Ricci, a noble Florentine. 

Tudertum. f Andegavum. £ Reate. 



54 



FEBRUARY. 



C The Fourteenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way Flaminia, the birth-day 
of blessed Valentine, priest and martyr, who after 
he had restored many sick persons to their health, 
and instructed the ignorant in the faith of Christ, 
was beaten with clubs, and beheaded under Clau- 
dius, emperor. Also at Rome, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Vitalis, Felicula, and Zeno. At Teramo,* of 
S. Valentine, bishop and martyr, who cruelly 
whipped, and then committed to prison, would not 
relent, was about midnight drawn thence, and by 
the command of Placidus, governor of that city, 
beheaded. There also, of the holy martyrs Pro- 
culus, Ephebus, and Apollinius, who praying by 
night at the body of S. Valentine, by the com- 
mand of Leontius, sometimes senator, were appre- 
hended and put to the sword. At Alexandria, of 
the holy martyrs Bassus, Antonius, and Protoli- 
cus, who were drowned in the sea. Also of the 
holy martyrs Cyrion, priest, Bassian, lector, Aga- 
tho, exorcist, and Moyses, who all consumed with 
fire, departed to heaven. There also, of the 
Saints Denis and Ammonius, who were beheaded. 
At Ravenna, of S. Eleuchadius, bishop and con- 
fessor. In Bithynia, of S. Auxentius, abbot. At 
Sorrento,t of S. Antoninus, abbot, who when the 
monastery of Monte-Cassino was destroyed by the 
Lombards, retired himself into the wilderness 
near adjoining, and there, renowned for holiness 
of life, went to rest in our Lord : whose body is 
* Tnteramna. + Surrentum, 



FEBRUARY, 



55 



daily glorified by miracles, especially in deliver- 
ing of possessed persons. 



D The Fifteenth Day. 

At Brescia,* the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Faustinus and Jovita, who under Adrian, emperor, 
after many famous combats suffered for the faith 
of Christ, obtained the crown of martyrdom. At 
Rome, of S. Crato, martyr, who with his wife and 
whole family being baptized by S. Valentine, 
bishop, shortly after together with them ended his 
life by martyrdom. At Teramo,t of S. Agapes, 
virgin and martyr. Also the birth- day of the holy 
martyrs Saturninus, Castulus, Magnus, and Lu- 
cius. At Vaison,J in France, of S. Quinidius, 
bishop, whose death how precious it was in the 
sight of our Lord many miracles do testify. At 
Capua, of S. Decorosus, bishop and confessor. 
In the province of Valeria, of S. Severus, priest, 
who by his tears revived a dead man, as S. Gre- 
gory writes. At Antioch, of S. Joseph, deacon. 
At Auvergne, of S. Georgia, virgin. 



E The Sixteenth Day. 

The birth-day of blessed Onesimus, concerning 
whom S. Paul writes to Philemon, whom also he 
ordained bishop of Ephesus after S. Timothy, and 
committed unto him the preaching of the word ot 
* Brixia. f Interamna. t Vasione, 



56 



FEBRUAKY, 



God. He being brought prisoner to Rome, and 
stoned to death for the faith of Christ, was first 
buried there, afterward his body was translated 
to the place where he had been bishop. At 
Cuma,* in Campania, the translation of S. Juli- 
ana, virgin and martyr, who at Nicomedia under 
Maximian, emperor, was first most cruelly beaten 
by her own father Africanus, then many ways 
tormented by Evilasius the governor, (whom she 
had refused to marry), and afterwards was cast 
into prison, where she openly encountered with 
the devil ; at last, having overcome both burning 
fire and boiling water, accomplished her martyr- 
dom by being beheaded. In Egypt, of S. Julian, 
martyr, with five thousand more. At Csesarea in 
Palestine, of the holy martyrs Elias, Jeremias, 
Isaias, Samuel, and Daniel, Egyptians, who hav- 
ing of their own accord served the confessors of 
Christ that were condemned to dig in the metal- 
mines of Cilicia, and returning thence, being ap- 
prehended, and cruelly tormented by Pirmilian, 
president, were under Galerius Maximian, empe- 
ror, at last beheaded. After whom also S. Por- 
phyry, servant of Pamphilus the martyr, and S. 
Seleucus, a Cappadocian, who had often over- 
come in divers combats, again tormented; the 
one by fire, the other by the sword, received the 
crown of martyrdom. At Brescia,! of S. Faus- 
tinus, bishop and confessor. 



* Cumae, 



t Brixia. 



FEBRUARY. 



57 



F The Seventeenth Day. 

At Rome, the passion of S. Faustinus, whom 
four-and-forty others followed to the crown of 
martyrdom. In Persia, the birth-day of S. Poly- 
chronius, bishop of Babylon, who in the persecu- 
tion of Decius having his mouth all bruised with 
stones, stretching out his hands, and lifting up 
his eyes to heaven, gave up his soul to God. At 
Concordia, of the holy martyrs Donatus, Secun- 
dian, and Romulus, together with fourscore and 
six others, all partakers of the same crown. At 
Csesarea in Palestine, of S, Theodulus, an old 
man, of the family of Firmilian the president, 
who, moved with the example of the martyrs, was 
for his constant profession of Christ fastened to a 
cross, and so by a noble triumph deserved the 
palm of martyrdom. There also, of S. Julian, a 
Cappadocian, who for kissing the bodies of the 
martyrs, was accused for a Christian, and being 
brought before the judge, was commanded to be 
burnt with a slow fire. In the territory of Ter- 
van,* of S. Silvin, bishop of Tolosa. In Scotland, 
of S. Fintan, priest and confessor. 



G The Eighteenth Day. 

At Jerusalem, the birth-day of S. Simeon, 
bishop and martyr, who by tradition is said to 

* Tarvanum. 



58 



FEBRUARY 



have been the son of Cleophas, and kinsman to 
our Saviour according to the flesh. He was 
created bishop of Jerusalem next after S. James, 
the brother of our Lord, and in the persecution of 
Trajan having endured many torments, finished 
his martyrdom; all that were present, and the 
judge himself, admiring how a man of sixscore 
years of age could with such fortitude and con- 
stancy endure the torment of the cross. At 
Ostia, of the holy martyrs Maximus and Claudius, 
brothers, and PraBpedigna, wife to Claudius, with 
her two sons, Alexander and Cutias, who being 
nobly born, were by the command of Dioclesian 
apprehended, and sent into banishment; after- 
wards burnt with fire, they offered up to our Lord 
the most sweet sacrifice of martyrdom. Their 
holy relics being cast into a river, were found 
afterward by the Christians, and buried near to 
the same city. In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Lucius, Sylvan, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, 
Fructolus, and Maximus. At Constantinople, of 
S. Flavian, bishop, who for constantly defending 
the Catholic faith at Ephesus, by the faction of 
wicked Dioscorus kicked and buffeted, and cast 
into banishment, there within three davs he 
ended his life. At Toledo, of S. Helladius, 
bishop and confessor. 



A The Nineteenth Day. 

At Rome, the birth-day of S. Gabin, priest and 
martyr, brother to blessed Caius, pope, who hav- 



FEBRUARY, 



59 



ing been a long time afflicted in prison by Diocle- 
sian, obtained the joys of heaven by a precious 
death. In Africa, of the holy martyrs Pnblius, 
Julian, Marcellus, and others. In Palestine, the 
commemoration of the holy monks, and other 
martyrs, who for the faith of Christ were barbar- 
ously slain by the Saracens, under their captain 
Alemundarus. At Jerusalem, of S. Zambdas, 
bishop. At Soli, of S. Auxibius, bishop. At 
Beneventum, of S. Barbatus, bishop, who, re- 
nowned for holiness of life, converted the Lom- 
bards and their captain to Christ. At Milan, of 
S. Mansuetus, bishop and confessor. 



B The Ticentieth Day. 

At Tyrus, in Phoenicia, the commemoration of 
the blessed martyrs, whose number only God 
knows, who under Dioclesian the emperor, were 
by Veturius, general of the army, killed by divers 
kinds of torments which succeeded one another: 
first they had their bodies all torn with whips, 
then they were cast unto divers kinds of beasts to 
be devoured, but being preserved by divine power 
from all hurt, lastly, by the fury of fire and sword, 
they accomplished their martyrdom. This glori- 
ous company was encouraged to this conquest by 
Tyrannio, Silvan, Peleus, and Nilus, bishops, and 
Zenobius, priest, who together with them by a 
happy combat obtained the palm of Martyrdom. 
In the island of Cyprus, of the holy martyrs 



60 



FEBRUARY. 



Pothanius and Nemesius. At Constantinople, of 
S. Eleutherius, bishop and martyr. In Persia, the 
birth-day of S. Sadoth, bishop, and of an hundred 
and twenty-eight others, who under Sapor, king 
of the Persians, for refusing to adore the sun, by 
cruel deaths purchased to themselves glorious 
crowns. At Catana in Sicily, of S. Leo, bishop, 
who was renowned for virtues and miracles. The 
same day, of S. Eucherius, bishop of Orleans, 
who the more he was slandered by envious 
tongues, the more famous he became by miracles. 
At Tournay, in Flanders, of S. Eleutherius, 
bishop and confessor. 



C The One-and- Twentieth Bay. 

In Sicily, the birthday of seventy-nine holy 
martyrs, who under Dioclesian by divers kinds of 
torments deserved to receive the crown of their 
confession. At Mahometta,* in Africa, of the 
holy martyrs Verulus, Secundinus, Syricius, Felix, 
Servulus, Saturninus, Fortunatus, and sixteen 
others, who in the persecution of the Vandals, 
were crowned with martyrdom for confession of 
the Catholic faith. At Scythopolis,t in Palestine, 
of S. Severian, bishop and martyr. At Damas- 
cus, of S. Peter, surnamed Mavimenus, who for 
saying to certain Arabians that came to visit him, 
being sick, ' ' Whosoever doth not embrace the 
Christian Catholic faith is damned, as is your 
false prophet, Mahomet/' was by them killed. 

* Adrumetum. + Now called Bethsan. 



FEBRUARY. 



Gl 



At Ravenna, of S. Maximian, bishop and confes- 
sor. At Metz,* of S. Felix, bishop. At Brescia,t 
of S. Paterius, bishop. 



D The Tico-and- Twentieth Day 

At Antioch, the Chair of S, Peter the Apostle, 
where the disciples of Christ were first of all 
called Christians. At Hierapolis,J in Phrygia, of 
blessed Papias, bishop of that city, disciple of S. 
John the Apostle, and condisciple of S. Poly carp. 
At Salamina,§ in Cyprus, of S. Aristio, who, as 
the aforesaid Papias witnesses, was one of the 
seventy-two disciples of Christ. In Arabia, the 
commemoration of many holy martyrs, who were 
most barbarously killed under Galerius Maxi- 
milian, emperor. At Alexandria, of S. Abilius, 
bishop, w T ho being the second bishop of the 
same city after S. Mark, discharged his func- 
tion with great renown for his virtue. At 
Vienna, of S. Paschasius, bishop, a man of great 
learning and holiness. 



E The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

In the leap-year is omitted the Vigil of S. Matthias, 
Apostle, because it is transferred to the next day, which is 
the 24th. 

The Vigil of S. Matthias, Apostle. At Sir- 
mium, of S. Sirenus, monk and martyr, who 



* Metse. f Brixia. X Now called Halepo, 
§ Now Famagosta. 



62 



FEBRUARY. 



being apprehended by the command of Maximian 
the emperor, confessing himself to be a Christian, 
was beheaded. There also, the birth-day of 
seventy-two holy martyrs, who consummating the 
combat of their martyrdom in the same city, ob- 
tained an everlasting kingdom. At Rome, of S. 
Polycarp, priest, who, together with S. Sebastian, 
converted many to the faith of Christ, and by his 
exhortation brought them to the glory of martyr- 
dom. In the city of Astroga,* of S. Martha, vir- 
gin and martyr, who suffered under Decius, empe- 
ror, and Paternus, proconsul. At Constantino- 
ple, of S. Lazarus, monk, who for painting holy 
images, was put to cruel torments by the com- 
mand of Theophilus, emperor, surnamed Icono- 
clasta;t his hand was burnt with an hot iron, 
but being after miraculously cured, he painted 
anew such images as were defaced, and at last 
died a natural death. At Brescia, of S. Felix, 
bishop. At Seville,! in Spain, of S. Florence, 
confessor. At Todi,§ of S. Romana, virgin, who, 
baptized by S. Sylvester, pope, led a heavenly 
life in caves and dens, and was renowned for the 
glory of miracles. In England, of S. Milburge, 
virgin, daughter to the king of the Mercians. 
And in other places, of many other, &c. 

* Austrica. + Image-breaker. J Hispalis. 
§ Tudertum. 



FEERUARY. 



63 



If In the leap-year, the four-and-twentieth Day of Feb- 
ruary, and in the same manner the Moon, is to be read 
twice, to wit, both upon the 24th and 25th day. Upon the 
first day, that is, upon the 24th, is read as follows. Upon 
the 24th of February, and such a day of the moon. And 
then, the Vigil of S. Matthias, Apostle. Also the comme- 
moration of many holy martyrs, and confessors, and holy 
virgins. R. Thanks be to God. Upon the second day, that 
is, upon the 25th. On the five-and-twentieth of February, 
and of the Moon. In Jewry, &c, as in the following 
lesson. 

F The Four-and-Twentieth Bay, (or 25.) 

In Jewry, the birth-day of S. Matthias, Apos- 
tle, who after the Ascension of our Lord, being by 
the Apostles chosen by lot in the place of Judas 
the traitor, for preaching of the Gospel suffered 
martyrdom. At Rome, of S. Primitiva, martyr. 
At Csesarea in Cappadocia, of S. Sergius, martyr, 
whose renowned acts are yet extant. In Africa, 
of the holy martyrs Montanus, Lucius, Julian, 
Victorious, Flavian, and their companions, who 
were disciples of S. Cyprian, and under Valerian 
the emperor accomplished their martyrdom. At 
Rouen,* the passion of S. Prsetextatus, bishop 
and martyr. At Trevers, of S. Modestus, bishop 
and confessor. In England, of S. Ethelbert, king 
of Kent, whom S. Augustin, bishop of the Eng- 
lish, converted to the faith of Christ. At Jerusa- 
lem, the first finding of the head of the precursor 
of our Lord. 



* Rhotomagum. 



G4 



FEBRUARY. 



G The Five-and- Twentieth Day. (or 26. j 

In Egypt, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Victorinus, Victor, Nicephorus, Claudian, Diosco- 
rus, Serapion, and Papias, under Numerian the 
emperor. The two first having constantly en- 
dured exquisite torments, were beheaded for the 
confession of their faith. Nicephorus, after he 
had overcome burning gridirons and the fire, was 
by little and little cut in pieces. Claudian and 
Dioscorus were burned ; but Serapion and Papias 
were beheaded." In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Donatus, Justus, Herena, and their companions. 
At Rome the birth-day of S. Felix, pope, the 
third of that name, great grandfather to S. Gre- 
gory the Great, who writes of him, that he 
appearing to S. Tharsilla, his neice, called her to 
the kingdom of heaven. At Constantinople, of S. 
Tarasius, bishop, a man of great learning and 
holiness, to whom is extant an epistle written by 
pope Adrian the first, in the defence of holy 
images. At Nazianzum, of S. Csesarius, brother 
to S. Gregory surname d the Divine, whom the 
same Gregory, as he testifies, saw amongst the 
troops of the blessed. 



A The Six-and- Twentieth Day. (or 21.) 

At Pergen in Pamphylia, the birth-day of S. 
Nestor, bishop, who in the persecution of Decius, 
praying night and day for preservation of the 



I 

FEBRUARY. 65 

flock of Christ, being apprehended, and with a 
wonderful freedom and alacrity confessing the 
name of our Lord, was by the command of Pollio, 
president, most cruelly racked on the torture 
Equuleus ; and still constantly affirming that he 
would never forsake Christ, crucified on a cross, 
went victoriously to heaven. There also, the pas- 
sion of the Saints Papias, Diodorus, Conon, and 
Claudian, who were all martyred before S. Nestor, 
Moreover, of the holy martyrs Fortunatus, Felix, 
and seven-and-twenty others. At Alexandria, of 
S. Alexander, bishop, a renowned old man, who 
after S. Peter, bishop of that city, did cast out of 
his church Arius the priest, infected, and con- 
vinced of heresy, and afterward, together with 
three hundred and eighteen Fathers, condemned 
him in the Nicene council. At Bolonia, of S. 
Faustinian, bishop, who by his preaching did 
greatly strengthen and increase that Church, 
which had been sore afflicted by the persecution 
of Dioclesian. At Gaza, in Palestine, of S. Por- 
phyry, bishop, who in the days of Arcadius the 
emperor, overthrew the temple and idol Marnas ; 
and after many sufferings went to rest in our 
Lord. At Florence, of S. Andrew, bishop and 
confessor. In the territory of Archi, of S. Victor, 
confessor, whose praises are written by S. Ber- 
nard. 



5 



66 



FEBRUARY. 



B The Seven-and- Twentieth Day. for 28.) 

At Rome, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Alexander, Abundius, Antigonus, and Fortunatus. 
At Alexandria, the passion of S. Julian, martyr, 
who being so tormented with the gout, that he 
could neither go nor stand, was, with two of his 
servants that carried him in a chair, presented 
before the judge, whereof the one denied his 
faith, the other, called Eunus, together with 
Julian, persevering in the confession of Christ, 
they were both set upon camels, and commanded 
to be whipped round about the city, and finally, 
in presence of all the people, to be burned. There 
also, of S. Besas, a soldier, who for rebuking those 
that insolently abused the aforesaid martyrs, was 
brought before the judge, and constantly pleading 
for the faith, was beheaded. At Seville,* in 
Spain, the birth-day of S. Leander, bishop of that 
city, who by his preaching and industry, and by 
help of their own king, Reccaredus, converted the 
West-Goths from the Arian heresy to the Cath- 
olic faith. At Constantinople, of the holy con- 
fessor S. Basil, and Procopius, who in the time of 
Leo, emperor, nobly contested for the worship of 
holy images. At Lyons, of S. Baldomer, a man 
of God, whose sepulchre is renowned for frequent 
miracles. 



* Hispalis. 



FEBRUARY. 



or 



C The EigH-and- Twentieth Day. (or 29. ) 

At Rome, the birth-day of SS. Macarius, Rufi- 
nus, Justus, and Theophilus, martyrs. At Alex- 
andria, the passion of the Saints Cserealis, Pupu- 
lus, Caius, and Serapion. There also, the com- 
memoration of the holy priests, deacons, and very 
many others, who in the days of Valerian the 
emperor, in the time of a great plague, willingly 
gave their lives, by serving such as were infected ; 
whom the pious faith of devout people has been 
wont to reverence as martyrs. In the territory 
of Lyons, in the mountains of S. Claude,* the de- 
position of S. Romanus, abbot, who there first led 
a solitary life, and, famous for sanctity and mira- 
cles, became afterward the Father of many 
monks. At Pavia, the translation of the body of 
S. Augustin, bishop, out of the island of Sardinia, 
by the help of Luitprandus, king of the Lom- 
bards. 

* Locis Jurensibus. 



68 



D The First Day. 

At Rome, of two hundred and threescore holy 
martyrs, who for the name of Christ were by the 
command of Claudius the emperor condemned first 
to dig sand without the gate called Salaria, and 
afterwards to be shot to death with arrows by the 
soldiers in the amphitheatre. Also the birth-day 
of the holy martyrs Leo, Donatus, Abundantius, 
Nicephorus, and nine others. At Marseille,* of 
the holy martyrs Hermes and Adrian. At Heli- 
ople, of S. Eudocia, martyr, who in the persecu- 
tion of Trajan being baptized by Theodotus, 
bishop, and fortified against her combat, was by 
the command of Vincent, president, beheaded, 
and so received the crown of martyrdom. The 
same day of S. Antonina, martyr, who in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian, for deriding the gods of 
the Paynims, after divers torments, being shut up 
in a vessel, was drowned in a lake by the city of 
Cea. At Werdt, of S. Swibert, bishop, who in 
the time of pope Sergius preached the gospel in 
Friesland, Holland, and in other parts of Ger- 
many. At Angers,! of S. Albin, bishop and con- 
fessor, a man renowned for virtue and holiness. 
At Mans, J of S. Siviard, abbot. At Perugia, the 

* Massilia. f Andegavum. % Cenomam. 



MARCH. 



G9 



translation of S. Herculan, bishop and martyr, 
who was beheaded by the command of Totilas, 
king of the Goths, whose body (as S. Gregory, 
pope, writes) upon the fortieth day after his be- 
heading, was found so joined to the head, and so 
whole, as if it had never been touched by the 
sword. 

E The Second Day, 

At Rome, in the way called Latina, of the holy 
martyrs Jovinus and Basileus, who suffered under 
Valerian and Gallienus, emperors. Also at Rome? 
of many holy martyrs, who under Alexander, em- 
peror, and Ulpian, judge, having been long tor- 
mented, at last received sentence of death. At 
Porto,* of the holy martyrs Paulus, Heraclius, 
Secundilla, and Januaria. At Caesarea in Cappa- 
docia, of the holy martyrs Lucius, bishop, Absolon, 
and Lorgius. In Campania, the commemoration 
of fourscore holy martyrs, who for that they 
would neither eat flesh which had been offered up 
to idols, nor adore the head of a goat, were by the 
Lombards most cruelly killed. At Rome, of S. 
Simplicius, pope and confessor. In England, of 
S. Chad, bishop of the Mercians and Northum- 
bers,t whose renowned virtues are recorded by 
Bede. 



* Portus Romanus. 



f Lindisfarne. 



70 



MARCH. 



F The Third Day. 

At Csesarea in Palestine, of the holy martyrs 
Marinus, a soldier, and Asterius, a senator, the 
former of whom in the persecution of Valerian 
being accused by his fellow-soldiers for a Chris- 
tian, and examined by the judge, with a loud 
voice confessing the same, with loss of his head 
purchased the crown of martyrdom. Whose body 
when Asterius, wrapping it in his own garment, 
took upon his shoulders to carry it away, he 
received the same honour which he had given to 
the martyr, himself immediately becoming a mar- 
tyr. In Spain, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Emeterius and Chelidonius, who being soldiers 
in the camp at Leon* in Galicia, a storm of perse- 
cution arising, for the confession of Christ they 
went to Calahorra,t and there after many tor- 
ments were crowned with martyrdom. The same 
day, the passion of the Saints Felix, Luciolus, 
Fortunatus, Marcias, and their companions. More- 
over, of the holy soldiers Cleonicus, Eutropius, 
and Basiliseus, who in the persecution of Maxi- 
mian, under Asclepiades, president, happily tri- 
umphed by the death of the cross. At Brescia,J 
of S. Titian, bishop and confessor. At Bamberge, 
of S. Cunegundes, empress, wife to Henry the 
First, emperor, who by his consent preserving her 
virginity, enriched with the merits of good works, 
ended her blessed days, and after her death was 
renowned for miracles. 

* Legio. + Calasurris. X Brixia. 



MARCH. 



71 



G The Fourth Day. 

At Vilna in Lithuania, of blessed Casimir, son 
to king Casimir, whom Leo the Tenth, bishop of 
Rome, canonized for a saint. At Rome, in the 
way called Appia, the birth-day of S. Lucius, pope 
and martyr, who being first sent into banishment 
for the faith of Christ in the persecution of Vale- 
rian, and afterward by God's providence permit- 
ted to return again to his church, when he had 
greatly laboured against the Novatians, by loss of 
his head accomplished his martyrdom; whom S. 
Cyprian has highly commended. At Rome, also 
in the same place, of nine hundred holy martyrs, 
who were buried in the church-yard at S. Cecily's. 
The same day, of S. Caius, a courtier, drowned in 
the sea, and of twenty-seven others. At Nicome- 
dia, of S. Adrian, martyr, together with three-and- 
twenty others, who under Dioclesian, emperor, by 
having their thighs broken, accomplished their 
martyrdom ; but S. Adrian's memory is chiefly 
celebrated upon the tenth of September, when 
his body was translated to Rome. Moreover, the 
passion of the Saints Archelaus, Cyril, and Pho- 
tius. At Chersonesus, the passion of the holy 
bishops Basil, Eugenius, Agathodore, Elpidius, 
Aetherius, Capito, Ephraem, Nestor, and Ar- 
cadius. 



A The Fifth Day. 

At Antioch, the birth-day of S. Phocas, mar- 
tyr, who after many injuries which he suffered for 



72 



MAECH. 



the name of our Redeemer, how gloriously he tri- 
umphed over the old serpent, is even until this 
day declared to the world by a miracle, which is, 
that if any one be bitten of a serpent, as soon as 
with a firm faith he touches the gate of this mar- 
tyr's church, the force of the venom vanishing, he 
is immediately cured. At Csesarea in Palestine, 
of S. Adrian, martyr, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, for the faith of Christ, by command of 
Firmilian, president, being first cast unto a lion, 
afterwards slain by the sword, received the crown 
of martyrdom. The same day, the passion of the 
Saints Eusebius, a courtier, and nine other mar- 
tyrs. At Csesarea in Palestine, of S. Theophilus, 
bishop, who under Severus, emperor, was greatly 
renowned for wisdom and holiness of life. More- 
over, in Palestine, upon the river Jordan, of S. 
Gerasimus, anchoret, who flourished in the time 
of Zeno the emperor. At Naples, the birth-day 
of S. John Joseph of the Cross. 



B The Sixth Day. 

At Nicomedia, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Victor and Victorinus, who, together with 
Claudian, and Bassa his wife, endured many tor- 
ments for three whole years, and shut up in pri- 
son, there ended their lives. At Tortona,* of S. 
Marcian, bishop and martyr, who under Trajan 
killed for the glory of Christ, obtained a crown. 
* Terdona. 



MARCH. 



73 



At Constantinople, of S. Evagrius, who, chosen 
bishop by the Catholic party in the days of Va- 
lens the emperor, being by him sent into banish- 
ment, went unto our Lord. In Cyprus, of S. 
Conon, martyr, who under Decius the emperor 
having his feet stuck with nails, commanded to 
run before a chariot, falling upon his knees, in 
prayer gave up the ghost. Moreover, the passion 
of forty-two holy martyrs, who apprehended in 
Amorium, and brought into Syria, there, after 
a glorious combat, as conquerors received the 
palm of martyrdom. At Bolonia, of S. Basil, 
bishop, who, consecrated by S. Sylvester, pope, 
did both by word and example most holily govern 
the church committed to his charge. 



C The Seventh Day. 

In the monastery called Fossa-Nova, near unto 
Terracina, of S. Thomas of Aquin, confessor and 
doctor, of the Order of Preachers, renowned for 
his noble extraction, holiness of life, and know- 
ledge in divinity. At Tuburbum in Mauritania, 
the birth-day of the holy martyrs Perpetua and 
Felicitas, the last of whom (as S. Augustin re- 
cords,) being great with child, and her execution, 
according to the laws, deferred until she was de- 
livered, whilst she was in travail she grieved, 
being cast unto the wild beasts, she rejoiced. 
There suffered also with them Revocatus, Satur- 
ninus, and Secundulus, of which the last died in 



74 



MARCH. 



prison, but the two others, under Severus the 
emperor, were cast unto the beasts. At Csesarea 
in Palestine, the passion of S. Eubulus, who being 
companion to S. Adrian, two days after him, first 
torn by the lions, and then slain by the sword, 
was the last that received the crown of martyr- 
dom in that city. At Nicomedia, of S. Theophi- 
lus, bishop, who sent into banishment for the 
worship of holy images, there ended his life. At 
Pelusium, in Egypt, of S. Paul, bishop, who for 
the same cause died also in banishment. At 
Brescia,* of S. Gaudiosus, bishop and confessor. 
In Thebais, of S. Paul, surnamed the Simple. 



D The Eighth Day. 

At AnthioSjt a city in Egypt, the birth-day of 
the holy martyrs Philemon and Apollonius, dea- 
cons, who apprehended and brought before the 
judge, for that they constantly refused to sacrifice 
unto idols, having their heels bored through, 
were in a horrid manner dragged through the 
city, and at last beheaded, accomplished their 
martyrdom. There also, the passion of the Saints 
Arian, president, Theoticus, and three others, 
whom the judge commanded to be drowned in 
the sea, but their bodies were brought to the 
shore by dolphins. At Nicomedia, of S. Quinc- 
tilis, bishop and martyr. At Carthage, of S. 
Pontius, deacon to S. Cyprian, bishop, who en- 
* Brixia. f Antinoum. 



MARCH. 



75 



during banishment with him, even to his dying 
day, left written a notable work of his life and 
passion, and continually glorifying God in his 
own sufferings, deserved the crown of life. More- 
over, in Africa, of the Saints Cyril, bishop, Roga- 
tus, Felix, and another Rogatus ; also of Beata, 
Herenia, Felicitas, Urban, Silvan, and Mamillus. 
At Toledo in Spain, the deposition of S. Julian, 
bishop and confessor, renowned for his sanctity 
and learning. In England, of S. Felix, bishop, 
who converted the East-Angles to the faith. 



E The Ninth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Francisca, widow, renowned for 
her noble extraction, holiness of life, and grace of 
miracles. At Nyssa, the deposition of S. Gre- 
gory, bishop, brother to S. Basil the Great, 
greatly renowned for his life and learning, who 
for defending the Catholic faith, under Valens the 
Arian, emperor, was driven out of the city. At 
Barcelona in Spain, of S. Pacian, bishop, who 
famous for life and grace in preaching, died in 
extreme old age, in the time of Theodosius the 
emperor. In Moravia, of the holy bishops Cyril 
and Methodius, who converted to the faith of 
Christ many countries, together with their kings, 
in those parts. At Bologna, of S, Catharine, vir- 
gin, of the order of S. Clare, famous for holiness 
of life, whose body is there greatly honoured. 



78 



MARCH. 



F TJie Tenth Bay. 

At Sebaste, in Armenia, the festivity of forty 
holy soldiers of Cappadocia, who in the time of 
Licinius the emperor, under Agricolaus, presi- 
dent, after chains and most filthy prisons, after 
having their faces beaten with stones, they were 
commanded to stand stark naked in the open air, 
in a frozen lake, in the coldest time of winter, 
where their bodies were chapped and broken with 
the vehemence of the frost, and at last by the 
breaking of their thighs they accomplished their 
martyrdom. The more noble amongst them were 
Cyrion and Candidus : S. Basil and other Fathers 
have celebrated in their writings the super-emi- 
nent glory of them all. Their feast was hereto- 
fore kept as upon yesterday, but by order of 
Innocent the Tenth, it is of late kept to-day, by 
reason of S. Francisca Romana put in their place. 
At Apamea, in Phrygia, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Caius and Alexander, who in the perse- 
cution of Marcus Antoninus, and Lucius Verus, 
were crowned with a glorious martyrdom, as 
writes Apollinaris, bishop of Hierapolis, in his 
book against the Cataphryges, heretics. In Per- 
sia, the passion of two-and-forty holy martyrs. 
At Corinth, of the holy martyrs Codratus, Denis, 
Cyprian, Anectus, Paul and Crescens, who in the 
persecution of Decius and Valerian, under Jason, 
president were beheaded. In Africa, of S. Vic- 



m Aitcn. 



77 



tor, martyr, on whose feast S. Augustin made a 
sermon to the people. At Jerusalem, of S. Ma- 
carius, bishop and confessor, by whose persuasion 
the holy places there were purged by Constantine 
and Helena, and adorned with sacred and goodly 
churches. At Paris, the deposition of S. Drocto- 
vseus, abbot, disciple to S. German, bishop. In 
the monastery of Bobio, of S. Attalas, abbot, re- 
nowned for miracles. 



G The Eleventh Dai/. 

At Carthage, of the holy martyrs Heraclius 
and Zozimus. At Alexandria, the passion of the 
Saints Candidus, Pipirion, and twenty others. 
At Laodicea in Syria, of the holy martyrs Trophi- 
mus and Thalus, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, after many and cruel torments, obtained 
crowns of glory. At Antioch, the commemora- 
tion of many holy martyrs, whereof some by the 
command of Maximian the emperor, were broiled 
upon hot gridirons, not to kill them, but to put 
them to a long torment: others, afflicted with 
other most cruel torments, received the trium- 
phant palm of martyrdom. Also of the Saints 
Gorgonius and Firmus. At Cordova,* of S. Eulo- 
gius, priest, who in the persecution of the Sara- 
cens deserved to be joined to the martyrs of that 
city, whose glorious combats for the faith he had 



Corduba. 



78 



MARCH. 



emulated by writing of them. At Sardis, of S. 
Euthynaius, bishop, who for the worship of holy 
images was by the emperor Michael the Icono- 
clast* banished, and under Theophilus, emperor, 
accomplished his martyrdom. At Jerusalem, of 
S. Sophronius, bishop. At Milan, of S. Benet, 
bishop. In the territory of Amiens, f of S. Fir- 
rnin, abbot. At Carthage, of S. Constantine, con- 
fessor. At Babucum in Campania,! of S. Peter, 
confessor, renowned for miracles. 



A The Twelfth Bay. 

At Rome, of S. Gregory, pope, and famous doc- 
tor of the Church, who for his renowned acts, and 
for converting the English to the faith of Christ, 
is surnamed the Great, and called the apostle of 
the English. Also at Rome, of S. Mamillian, 
martyr. At Nicomedia, the passion of S. Peter, 
martyr, who being chamberlain to Dioclesian the 
emperor, for complaining freely of the too cruel 
torments of the martyrs, was by the emperor's 
command first hanged up from the ground, torn 
for a long time together with whips, then salt and 
vinegar poured into his wounds, was at last 
broiled upon a gridiron with a soft fire, and so 
became the true heir of S. Peter's faith and 
name. There also, of the Saints Egdunius, priest, 
and seven others, who one by one upon divers 
days were strangled, for the greater terror of 

* Image-breaker. f Ambianum. % Hermici. 



MARCH. 



79 



those which remained. At Constantinople, of S. 
Theophanes, who of a very rich man becoming a 
poor monk, was by the wicked emperor Leo Arme- 
nus, for the worship of holy images, kept two years 
in prison, and thence banished into Samo-thracia, 
where, worn out with miseries, he ended his life, 
and was famous for many miracles. At Capua, 
of S. Bernard, bishop and confessor. 



B The Thirteenth Day. 

At Nicomedia, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Macedonius, and Patricia, his wife, and 
Modesta their daughter. At Nice, of the holy 
martyrs Theuseta, and Horres, his son, Theodora, 
Nimphadora, Marcus, and Arabia, who all were 
burned for Christ. At Hermople, in Egypt, of S. 
Sabin, martyr, who after many sufferings, at last 
drowned in a river, finished his martyrdom. In 
Persia, of S. Christina, virgin and martyr. At 
Cordova,* of the Saints Rudericus, priest, and 
Salomon, martyrs. At Constantinople, of S. 
Nicephorus, bishop, who being a zealous defender 
of his forefathers' traditions, opposed himself with 
great courage for the worship of holy images, 
against Leo Armenus, the Iconoclast,! by whom 
being banished, enduring a long martyrdom for 
fourteen years, he went unto our Lord. At Ca- 
merino, of S. Ansovinus, bishop and confessor. 
In Thebais, the deposition of S. Euphrasia, vir- 
gin. 

* Cor duba. + 1 mage- breaker. 



MARCH. 



C The Fourteenth Bay. 

At Rome, the birth-day of seven-and-forty holy 
martyrs, who were baptized by S. Peter the apos- 
tle, whilst together with his fellow-apostle S. 
Paul he was for nine months kept in the prison 
called Mamertine : they all for the most devout 
confession of their faith died by the sword of 
Nero. In Africa, of the holy martyrs Peter and 
Aphrodisius, who in the persecution of the Van- 
dals received the crown of martyrdom. At 
Carrha,* in Mesopotamia, of S. Eutychius, a 
senator, and his companions, who by Evelid, king 
of Arabia, were killed for the confession of their 
faith. In the province of Valeria, of two holy 
monks, whom the Lombards hanged upon a tree, 
who there, though dead, were heard to sing, even 
of their enemies. In the same persecution also, a 
deacon of the Church of the Marsians was be- 
headed for his confession of the faith. At Hal- 
berstat, in Germany, the departure out of this life 
of S. Mathildis, queen, mother to Otho the em- 
peror, first of that name, renowned for humility 
and patience. 



D The Fifteenth Day. 

At Caesarea in Cappadocia, the passion of $. 
Longinus, a soldier, who is said to be the same 
that pierced our Lord's side with a spear. The 
* Now called Oft a. 



MARCH. 



81 



same day, the birth-day of S. Aristobulus, disci- 
ple of the apostles, who having ended the course 
of his preaching, finished his martyrdom. At 
Thessalonica, of S. Matrona, servant to a certain 
Jewish woman, who secretly worshipping Christ, 
and stealing every day privately to the church to 
pray, at length taken by her mistress, and many 
ways afflicted, was finally with great cudgels 
beaten to death, giving up her pure soul to God 
in the confession of Christ. The same day, of S. 
Menignus, a dyer, who suffered under Decius. 
In Egypt, of S. Nicander, martyr, who as he was 
diligently seeking for the relics of holy martyrs, 
deserved to be made a martyr himself, under Dio- 
clesian the emperor. At Cordova,* of S. Leocri- 
tia, virgin and martyr. At Rome, the birth-day 
of S. Zachary, pope, who with great vigilance 
governed the Church of God, and renowned for his 
merits rested in peace. At Riete,t of S. Probus, 
bishop, at whose death Juvenal and Eleutherius, 
martyrs, were present. At Rome, of S. Specio- 
sus, monk, whose soul his brother saw carried up 
to heaven. 



E The Sixteenth Bay. 

At Rome, the passion of S. Cyriacus, deacon 
who after the maceration of a long imprisonment, 
had melted pitch poured upon him, and stretched 

* Corduba, f Reate, 

6 



82 



MARCH. 



upon a rack, drawn out also with cords made of 
sinews, and beaten with clubs, was at last, toge- 
ther with Largus and Smaragdus, and twenty 
others, by the command of Maximian beheaded. 
But their festivity is kept upon the eighth of 
August, on which day their bodies were taken up 
by pope Marcellus, and honourably entombed. 
At Aquileia, the birth-day of S. Hilary, bishop, 
and Tatian, deacon, who under Numerian, empe- 
ror, and Beronius, president, having been cruelly 
racked and otherwise tormented, together with 
Felix, Largus, and Denis, finished their martyr- 
dom. In Lycaonia, of S. Papas, martyr, who for 
the faith of Christ was whipped, torn with iron 
hooks, and forced to go in shoes stuck full of 
nails, and lastly, tied to a tree, went to our Lord ; 
whereby that tree, which before was barren, be- 
came fruitful. At Axar,* in Cilicia, of S. Julian, 
martyr, who having been a long time tormented 
under Marcian the president, was at last sewed 
up in a sack with serpents, and cast into the sea. 
At Ravenna, of S. Agapitus, bishop and confessor. 
At Cullen, of S. Heribert, bishop, renowned for 
sanctity. At Auvergne,t the deposition of S. 
Patrick, bishop. In Syria, of S. Abraham, her- 
mit, whose famous acts are written by S. Ephrem, 
deacon. 



* Anazarimm, 



f Arvernum. 



MARCH. 



83 



F The Seventeenth Day. 

In Ireland, the birth-day of S. Patrick, bishop 
and confessor, who first preached Christ in that 
nation, and was famous for extraordinary mira- 
cles and virtues. At Jerusalem, of S. Joseph of 
Arimathea, a senator of noble extraction, and dis- 
ciple of our Lord, who taking down His body 
from the cross, buried it in his own new sepul- 
chre. At Rome, of the Saints Alexander and 
Theodorus, martyrs. At Alexandria, the com- 
memoration of many holy martyrs, who being 
laid hold on by the worshippers of Serapis, for 
that they constantly refused to adore the idol, 
were barbarously killed in the days of Theodosius 
the emperor ; who being advertised thereof, forth- 
with gave command that the temple of Serapis 
should be destroyed. At Constantinople, of S. 
Paul, martyr, who under Constantine Coprony- 
mus, for that he defended the worship of holy 
images, was burned. At Chaalon,* in France, 
of S. Agricola, bishop. At Nivelle,t in Brabant, 
of S. Gertrude, virgin, who descended of noble 
parentage, despising the world, and spending all 
her life in the exercise of all sorts of pious works, 
deserved to have Christ for her spouse in heaven. 



G The Eighteenth Day. 

At Csesarea in Palestine, the birth-day of S. 
Alexander, who coming out of Cappadocia from 
Cabilo. + Nivigella, 



84 



MARCH. 



his own city, where he was bishop, to visit the 
holy places at Jerusalem, (Narcissus, bishop of 
that city, being an old man) took upon him by 
divine revelation the charge of that Church ; but 
afterwards, when he was now venerable for his 
grey hairs, in the persecution of Decius, being 
sent to Csesarea, and shut up in prison for the 
confession of Christ, he accomplished his martyr- 
dom. At Ausburge,* of S. Narcissus, bishop, 
who first preaching the Gospel in Rhsetia, then 
going into Spain, having converted many to the 
faith of Christ at Girona, here in the persecution 
of Dioclesian, together with Felix, deacon, he re- 
ceived the palm of Martyrdom. At Nicomedia, 
of ten thousand holy martyrs, who for the confes- 
sion of Christ were put to death by the sword. 
Also of the holy martyrs Trophimus and Eucar- 
pius. In England, of S. Edward, king, who 
killed by the treachery of his step-mother, was re- 
nowned for many miracles. At Jerusalem, of S. 
Cyril, bishop, who having suffered many injuries 
from the Arians for the faith, and been often- 
times driven out of his church, at length, famous 
for sanctity of life, died in peace : of whose un- 
spotted faith a General Council, writing to Dama- 
sus, gives an honourable testimony. At Luca, in 
Tuscany, the birth-day of S. Frigidian, bishop 
renowned for miracles, whose festivity is chiefly 
kept upon the eighteenth of November, when his 
body was translated. At Mantua, of S. Anselm, 
bishop and confessor. 



* Augusta Rksetorum. 



f Gerunda. 



MARCH. 



85 



A The Nineteenth Day. 

In Jewry, the birth-day of S. Joseph, spouse of 
the most Blessed Virgin Mary. At Serrento,* of 
the holy martyrs Quinctus, Quinctilla, Quartilla, 
and Mark, with nine others, At Mcomedia, of S. 
Pancharius, a Roman, who under Dioclesian being 
beheaded, received the crown of martyrdom. 
The same day, of the Saints Apollonius and Leon- 
tius, bishops. At Gaunt, of the Saints Landoald, 
priest, a Roman, and Amantius, deacon, who sent 
to preach the Gospel by S. Martin, pope, became 
renowned for miracles after their death. At the 
city of Pinna, f the birth-day of S. John, a man of 
great holiness, who coming out of Syria into Italy, 
erecting there a monastery, became father of 
many servants of God : and when he had governed 
the same four-and-forty years, renowned for holi- 
ness, rested in peace. 



B The Twentieth Day. 

In Jewry, of S. Joachim, father of the most 
Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of God. In 
Asia, the birth-day of S. Archippus, companion 
of S. Paul the Apostle, of whom he makes men- 
tion in his Epistle to Philemon, and to the Colos- 
sians. In Syria, of the holy martyrs Paul, Cyril, 
Eugenius, and four others. The same day, of 

* Surrentum. f Cittadi Penna, 



86 



MARCH. 



the Saints Photina, a Samaritan, Joseph and Vic- 
tor, her sons, and also of Sebastian, a captain, 
Anatolius, Photius, Photides, Parasceves, and 
Cyriaca, sisters, who all suffered martyrdom for 
the confession of Christ. At Amisus, in Paphla- 
gonia, of seven holy women, Alexandra, Claudia, 
Euphrasia, Matrona, Juliana, Euphemia, and 
Theodosia, who were slain for the confession of 
their faith ; and Derphuta and her sister followed 
them. At Apollonia, of S. Nicetas, bishop, who 
sent into banishment for the worship of holy 
images, gave up his soul. In the monastery of 
Fontanelle, of S. Wulfran, bishop of Sens,* who 
resigning his bishopric, renowned for miracles, 
there ended his days. In England, the deposition 
of S. Cuthbert, bishop of Lindisfarne, who even 
from his childhood to his dying day, was re- 
nowned for his holy works and miracles. At 
Siena, in Tuscany, of Blessed Ambrose, of the 
order of S. Dominick, famous for sanctity of life, 
preaching, and miracles. 



C The One-and-Fwentieth Day. 

At Mount-Cassin, the birth-day of S. Benet, 
abbot, who restored monastical discipline in the 
West, almost decayed, and wonderfully propaga- 
ted the same : whose life, renowned for sanctity 
and miracles, S. Gregory, pope, has written. At 
Alexandria, the commemoration of the holy mar- 
* Sen ones. 



MARCH 



87 



tyrs, who under Constantius the emperor, and Phi- 
lagrius, governor, were slain in the Church upon 
Good-Friday, by the Arians and Gentiles break- 
ing in upon them. The same day, of the holy 
martyrs Philemon and Domninus. At Catana, of 
S. Birillus, who, created bishop by S. Peter, hav- 
ing converted many Gentiles to the faith, in a 
good old age rested in peace. At Alexandria, of 
blessed Serapion, anchoret, and bishop of Thmuis, 
a man of great virtue ; who banished by the fury 
of the Arians, went unto our Lord. In the terri- 
tory of Lyons, of S. Lupicin, abbot, whose life 
was renowned for sanctity and miracles. 



D The Two-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Narbonne in France, the birth-day of S. 
Paul, bishop, disciple of the Apostles, who is held 
by tradition to have been Sergius Paulus the pro- 
consul, whom S. Paul the Apostle baptized, and 
left at Narbonne when he went into Spain ; where 
being made bishop, and carefully performing the 
office of preaching, famous for miracles he went 
unto our Lord. At Terracina, of S. Epaphrodi- 
tus, disciple of the Apostles, who was ordained 
bishop of that city by S. Peter the Apostle. In 
Africa, of the holy martyrs Saturninus, and nine 
others. The same day, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Callinica and Basilissa. At Ancyra, of 
S. Basil, priest and martyr, who having suffered 
most grievous torments under Julian the apostate, 



88 



MARCH. 



gave up his soul to God. At Carthage, of S. Oc- 
tavian, archdeacon, and of many thousand mar- 
tyrs, who were killed by the Vandals for the 
Catholic faith. There also, of S. Deogratias, 
bishop of Carthage, who redeemed many of that 
city, made captives by the Vandals, and famous 
for other pious works went to rest in our Lord. 
At Osmo,* in Marc-Ancona,t of S. Benvenutus, 
bishop. In Sweden, of S. Catharine, virgin, 
daughter to S. Brigit. At Rome, of S. Lea, 
widow, whose virtues and death S. Jerom relates. 



E The Three-and-Tiventieth Day. 

In Africa, of the holy martyrs Victorian, pro- 
consul of Carthage, and of two brothers of Aqua- 
regia: also of Frumentius, and of another Fru- 
mentius, both merchants, who in the persecution 
of the Vandals, (as writes Vistor of Africa, bishop,) 
under Hunnericus the Arian, king, having been 
most cruelly tormented for their constancy in the 
Catholic faith, were gloriously crowned. More- 
over, in Africa, of S. Fidelis, martyr. There 
also, of S, Felix, and twenty others. At Csesa- 
rea in Palestine, of the holy martyrs Nicon, and 
ninety-nine others. Moreover, the crowning of 
the holy martyrs Domitius, Pelagia, Aquila, 
Eparebius, and Theodosia. At Antioch, of S. 
Theodulus, priest. At Csesarea, of S. Julian, 
confessor. In Campania, of S. Benet, monk, who 

* Auximum* + Picenum, 



MARCH. 



89 



being shut up within a burning furnace by the 
Goths, the next day was found without any hurt. 



F The Four-and- Twentieth Day, 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Mark and Timo- 
thy, who under Antoninus the emperor were 
crowned with martyrdom. There also, of S. 
Epigmenius, priest, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, under Turpius, judge, being beheaded, 
accomplished his martyrdom. Moreover, at Rome, 
the passion of blessed Pigmenius, priest, who under 
Julian the apostate, for the faith of Christ, was 
cast headlong into the river Tiber, and drowned. 
At Csesarea in Palestine, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Timolaus, Denis, Pausides, Romu- 
lus, Alexander, and of another Alexander, Aga- 
pius, and another Denys, who in the persecution 
of Dioclesian, under Urban, president, being be- 
headed, deserved the crown of eternal life. In 
Mauritania, the birth-day of the Saints Romulus 
and Secundus, brothers, who suffered for the faith 
of Christ. At Trent,* the passion of S. Simeon, 
a child, most cruelly murdered by the Jews, who 
afterwards was renowned for many miracles. At 
Sinnadis, in Phrygia, of S. Agapitus, bishop. At 
Brescia, of S. Latinus, bishop. In Syria, of S. 
Seleucus, confessor. 

* Trident urn. 



90 



MARCH. 



Gr The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

The Annunciation of the most blessed Virgin 
Mary, Mother of God. At Rome, of S. Quirinus, 
martyr, who under Claudius the emperor, after 
the loss of his goods, most loathsome imprison- 
ment, and the torment of many stripes, was be- 
headed, and cast into the river Tiber ; whom 
the Christians finding in the island of Lycaonia, 
buried in the church-yard of Pontian. There 
also, of two hundred threescore and two holy 
martyrs. At Sirmium, the passion of S. Irenseus, 
bishop and martyr, who in the time of Maximian, 
emperor, under Probus, president, after most bit - 
ter torments, and affliction of many days' impri- 
sonment, was at last beheaded. At Nicomedia, 
of S. Dula, maid-servant to a certain soldier, who 
slain for defence of her chastity, deserved the 
crown of martyrdom. At Jerusalem, the com- 
memoration of the holy Thief, who confessing 
Christ upon the cross, deserved to hear from Him 
these words : "This day thou shalt be with me in 
Paradise." At Laodicea, of S. Pelagius, bishop, 
who in the time of Valens having suffered banish- 
ment, and other afflictions for the Catholic faith, 
went to rest in our Lord. At Pistorium, of the 
holy confessors Barontius and Desiderius. In 
Antri, a little island upon the river Leyre,* of 
S. Hemeland, abbot, whose glorious conversation 
of life is greatly commended by the fame of mi- 
racles, 

* Ligeris. 



MARCH. 



91 



A The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Lavicana, of S. 
Castulus, martyr, Master* of the withdrawing 
rooms in Dioclesian's palace, and a harbourer of 
saints ; who being thrice hanged up by the hands, 
and thrice examined by the persecutors, persever- 
ing in the confession of our Lord, was thrown 
into a pit, and, overwhelmed with a great mass 
of sand cast upon him, was crowned with martyr- 
dom. There also, the crowning of the holy mar- 
tyrs Peter, Marcian, Jovinus, Thecla, Cassian, 
and others. At Pentapolis, in Lybia, the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Theodore, bishop, Iren- 
seus, deacon, Serapion and Ammonius, lectors. 
At Sirmium, of the holy martyrs Montanus, 
priest, and Maxima, who for the faith of Christ 
were drowned in a river. Moreover, of the holy 
martyrs Quadratus, Theodosius, Emmanuel, and 
forty others. At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs 
Eutychius, and others, who in the time of Con- 
stantius, under George, the Arian bishop, for de- 
fence of the Catholic faith, were beheaded. The 
same day, of S. Ludgerus, bishop of Munster,t 
who preached the Gospel of Christ to the Saxons. 
At Saragossa,t in Spain, of S. Braulius, bishop 
and confessor. At Trevers, of S. Felix, bishop. 



* Zetarius 



+ Monasterium. 



X Csesar-augusta. 



92 



MARCH. 



B The Seven-and- Twentieth Day, 

At Drizipara, in Pannonia, of S. Alexander, a 
soldier, who under Maximian, emperor, after he 
had overcome many torments for Christ, and 
wrought many miracles, by having his head cut 
off accomplished his martyrdom. The same day, 
of the Saints Philetus, a senator, Lydia his wife, 
and Macedo and Theoprepides, their children: 
also of Amphilochius, a captain, and Cronidas, a 
notary, who were all killed for confessing of 
Christ. In Persia, of the holy martyrs Zanitas, 
Lazarus, Merotas, Narses, and five others, who 
under Sapor, king of Persia, cruelly killed, de- 
served the palm of martyrdom. At Saltzburg,* 
of S. Rupertus, bishop and confessor, who won- 
derfully propagated the gospel in Bavaria and 
Styria.t In Egypt, of S. John, hermit, a man of 
great holiness, who, amongst other signs of his 
virtues, was replenished with the spirit of pro- 
phecy, and foretold Theodosius the emperor of his 
victories against the tyrants Maximus and Eu- 
genius. 

C The Eight-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Caesarea in Palestine, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Priscus, Malcus, and Alexander, 
who in the persecution of Valerian, dwelling in 
the suburbs of the city, and seeing that celestial 
* Salis-burgum. f Noricum. 



MARCH. 



93 



crowns of martyrdom were offered to such as had 
the courage to accept thereof, inflamed with an 
heavenly ardour of faith, went of their own 
accord to the judge, and rebuked him for his 
cruel shedding of the blood of Saints; whom 
he caused presently to be cast unto the beasts, 
for the name of Christ. At Tharsus in Cilicia, of 
the holy martyrs Castor and Dorotheus. Also of 
the Saints Philetus and his companions, who were 
martyred under Adrian the emperor. In Africa, 
of the holy martyrs Rogatus, Successus, and six- 
teen others. At Rome, of S. Xystus, pope, the 
third of that name, and confessor. At Nursia, of 
S. Speus, abbot, a man of wonderful patience, 
whose soul at his departure out of this life, was 
see i by all the monks to fly up to heaven in form 
of a dove. At Chaalon* in France, the deposi- 
tion of blessed Guntramnus, king of that nation, 
who giving himself wholly to the exercise of 
piety, and contemning the vanities of the world, 
distributed his treasures to churches and the 
poor. 



D The Nine-and-Twentieth Day. 

In Persia, of the holy martyrs Jonas and Bara- 
chisius, under Sapor, king of Persia, of whom 
Jonas, pressed in a vice until his bones were bro- 
ken, was divided in the midst ; the other, having 
his mouth filled with burning pitch, was stifled. 



* Cabilone. 



94 



MARCH. 



At Heliople, near Mount Libanus, of S. Cyrii, 
deacon and martyr, whose belly was ripped open, 
and his liver plucked out, which the heathens 
most brutishly devoured, under Julian the apos- 
tate. At Nicomedia, the passion of the holy mar- 
tyrs Pastor, Vistorinus, and their companions. 
In Africa, of the holy confessors Armogastes, an 
earl, Masculas, a Master of Interludes, and Satu- 
rus, steward of the king's house, who in the per- 
secution of the Vandals, under Geisericus the 
Arian king, having endured many and grievous 
torments and reproaches for the confession of the 
truth, finished the course of their glorious com- 
bat. At Aste,* of S. Secundus, martyr. In the 
monastery Luxovium, the deposition of S. Eusta- 
sius, abbot, disciple of S. Columban, who was 
father of almost six hundred monks, and famous 
for holiness of life, was also renowned for mira- 
cles. 



E The Thirtieth Day. 

At Rome, In the way Appia, the passion of S. 
Quirinus, tribune, who having pope Alexander 
prisoner in his house, was by him, with all his 
family, baptized ; and under Adrian the emperor, 
being delivered up to Aurelian, judge, persever- 
ing in his confession of the faith, after the cut- 
ting out of his tongue, racking upon the torture 
Equuleus, and the cutting off of his hands and 

* Asta Pompeia. 



MARCH. 



95 



feet, he finished the combat of his martyrdom by 
the sword. At Thessalonica, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Domninus, Victor, and their compa- 
nions. At Constantinople, the commemoration of 
many holy martyrs, who, being of the Catholic 
communion, were in the time of Constantius the 
emperor, by Macedonius, the arch-heretic, killed 
by divers unheard-of torments : for amongst 
others, they pressed Christian women's breasts 
between the covers of chests, and so cut them off, 
and after seared them with a hot iron. At Sen- 
lis,* the deposition of S. Regulus, bishop of 
Arles.f At Orleans,^ in France, of S. Pastor, 
bishop. At Syracusa, of S. Zozimus, bishop and 
confessor. In Mount Sina, of S. John Climacus, 
abbot. At Aquino,§ of S. Clinius, confessor. 



F The One-and- Thirtieth Day. 

At Thecue, in Palestine, of S. Amos, prophet, 
who was often whipped by Amasias the priest, 
and by his own son Ozias thrust through the tem- 
ples with an iron bar, and after this carried half 
alive into his country, there gave up the ghost, 
and was buried with his ancestors. In Africa, of 
the holy martyrs Theodulus, Anesius, Felix, Cor- 
nelia, and their companions. In Persia, of S. 
Benjamin, deacon, who for that he would not 
cease to preach the word of God, was under king 

* Sylvanectum. + Arelatum. £Aurelianuin. 
§ Aquinum. 



96 



APRIL. 



Isdegerdes pricked under the nails with sharp 
reeds, and finally, having a thorny stake thrust 
through his body, accomplished his martyrdom. 
At Rome, of S. Balbina, virgin, daughter to S. 
Quirinus, martyr, who, baptized by S. Alexander 
the pope, after she had happily ended the course 
of this life, was buried near to her father, in the 
way called Appia. 



G The First Day. 

At Rome, the passion of S. Theodora, sister to 
the famous martyr Hermes, who suffering martyr- 
dom under Adrian the emperor, by Aurelian, 
judge, was buried near to her brother, in the way 
called Salaria, not far from the city. The same 
day, of S. Venantius, bishop and martyr. In 
Egypt, of the holy martyrs Victor and Stephen. 
In Armenia, of the holy martyrs Quinctian and 
Irenseus. At Constantinople, of S. Macarius, 
confessor, who under Leo the emperor, for the de- 
fence of holy images, ended his life in banish- 
ment. At Grenoble,* of S. Hugh, bishop, who 
lived many years a solitary life in the wilderness, 
and renowned for miracles, went unto our Lord. 
At Amiens,t of S. Vallericus, abbot, whose sepul- 
chre is honoured with frequent miracles. 



* Gratianopolis. 



f Ambianum. 



APRIL. 



97 



A The Second Day. 

Of S. Francis of Paula, the founder of the 
Drder of the Minims, who, renowned for virtue and 
miracles, was canonized for a Saint by pope Leo 
the Tenth. At Caesarea in Palestine, the birth- 
day of S. Amphian, martyr, who in the persecu- 
tion of Galerius Maximian, reproving the presi- 
dent Urban for sacrificing unto idols, was barbar- 
ously slashed with knives, and most cruelly tor- 
mented by having his feet wrapped in flax, dipped 
in oil, set on fire, and was at last drowned in the 
sea, and so through fire and water passed to an 
everlasting repose. There also, the passion of S. 
Theodosia, a virgin of Tyrus, who in the same 
persecution, for openly saluting the holy confes- 
sors as they stood at the bar, and craving of them 
to be remembered when they should come before 
our Lord, apprehended by the soldiers, and 
brought before Urban the president, having her 
sides and breasts by his command torn to her 
very entrails, was finally cast into the sea. At 
Lyons,* of S. Nicetius, bishop of the same city, 
renowned for sanctity and miracles. At Como,t 
of S. Abundius, bishop and confessor. At Lan- 
gres,J of S. Urban, bishop. In Palestine, the de- 
position of S. Mary the Egyptian, surnamed the 
Sinner. 

* Lugdunum. f Comum. % Lingones. 

7 



98 



APRIL. 



B The Third Day. 

At Taormina,* in Sicily, of S. Pancratius, 
bishop, who with the blood of martyrdom sealed 
the Gospel of Christ, which he had there preached, 
being sent thither by S. Peter the apostle. At 
Tomis, in Scythia, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Evagrius and Benignus. At Thessalonica, 
the passion of the holy virgins Agape and Chio - 
nia, under Dioclesian the emperor, who for the 
confession of Christ were first starved in prison, 
and afterwards cast into the fire, but untouched 
of the flame, there in prayer gave up their souls 
to God. At Tyrus, of S. Ulpian, martyr, who in 
the persecution of Maximian Galerius, being 
sewed up in a sack, together with a serpent and a 
dog, was drowned in the sea. In the monastery 
of Meditz in the East, of S. Nicetas, abbot, who 
for the worship of holy images suffered much 
under Leo Armenus. In England, of S. Richard, 
bishop of Chichester, renowned for holiness and 
miracles. There also, of S. Burgundosora, ab- 
bess and virgin. 



C The Fourth Day. 

At Thessalonica, of the holy martyrs Agatho- 
pus, deacon, and Tbeodulus, lector, who under 
Maximian the emperor, and Faustin, president, 
* Tauromenium. 



APRIL. 



99 



for the confession of the Christian faith, having a 
great stone tied about their necks, were drowned 
in the sea. At Milan, the deposition of S. Am- 
brose, bishop and confessor, by whose endeavours, 
amongst other monuments of his learning and 
miracles, all Italy almost was converted to the 
Catholic faith, in the time of the Arian heresy. 
At Seville,* in Spain, of S. Isidore, bishop, fa- 
mous for holiness of life and learning ; who for 
his zeal of the Catholic faith, and observation of 
ecclesiastical discipline, was a great ornament 
unto Spain. At Constantinople, of S. Plato, 
monk, who with invincible courage opposed him- 
self many years against heretics, breakers of holy 
images. In Palestine, of S. Zozimus, anchoret, 
who buried the body of S. Mary the Egyptian. 



D The Fifth Day. 

At Thessalonica, of S. Irenes, virgin, who for 
hiding holy books contrary to the edict of Diocle- 
sian, after she had suffered imprisonment, was 
shot with an arrow, and burned by the command 
of Dulcetius, president, under whom also her sis- 
ters Agape and Chionia had been martyred be- 
fore. In the island of Lesbos,f the passion of 
five holy martyrs. The same day, of S. Zeno, 
martyr, who having his skin plucked off, daubed 
all over with pitch, was so cast into the fire. In 
Africa, the passion of the holy martyrs, who in 

* Hispalis. f Now called Metelin. 



100 



APRIL. 



the persecution of Geisericus, the Arian king, 
were killed in the church upon Easter-day; 
amongst whom the lector, as he sung alleluia at 
the desk, was shot through the throat with an 
arrow. At Vannes,* in Little Brittany, of S. 
Vincent, confessor, surnamed Ferrerius, of the 
order of Preachers, who, powerful both in words 
and deeds, converted many thousands of infidels 
to Christ. 



E The Sixth Day, 

At Rome, the birth-day of S. Sixtus, pope and 
martyr, who in the days of Adrian the emperor 
governing the Church, at last willingly suffered 
a temporal death to gain Christ, under Antoninus 
Pius. In Macedonia, of the holy martyrs Timo- 
thy and Diogenes. In Persia, of six-score holy 
martyrs. At Scalona,t the passion of S. Plato- 
nides, and two other holy martyrs. At Carthage, 
of S. Marcellinus, martyr, who for defending the 
Catholic faith was slain by the heretics. At 
Rome, of S. Celestine, pope, who condemned Nes- 
torius, bishop of Constantinople, and made Pela- 
gius fly. By whose authority also the holy Gen- 
eral Council of Ephesus was celebrated, against 
the said Nestorius. In Ireland, of S. Celsus, 
bishop, predecessor to S. Malachy. In Denmark, 
of S. William, abbot, renowned for his life and 
miracles. 



* Yenetise. 



f Ascalon. 



APRIL. 



101 



The Seventh Day. 

In Africa, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Epiphanius, bishop, Donatus, Rufinus, and thir- 
teen others. At Synope, in Pontns, of two hun- 
dred holy martyrs. In Cilicia, of $. Calliopius, 
martyr, who under Maximus, governor, after < 
other torments, being crucified with his head 
downward, was crowned with a noble martyrdom. 
At Nicomedia, of S. Cyriacus, and ten other mar- 
tyrs. At Alexandria, of S. Peleusius, priest and 
martyr. At Rome, of S. Hegisippus, who, living 
near to the Apostles' time, came to Rome to pope 
Anicetas, and there remained until pope Eleuthe- 
rius, and wrote in a simple style the history of the 
Church, from the passion of Christ unto his days, 
imitating therein the simplicity of their lives, by 
the plainness of his style. At Verona, of S. Sa- 
turninus, bishop and confessor. In Syria, of S. 
Aphraates, anchoret, who in the time of Valens 
defended the Catholic faith against the Arians 
by the power of miracles. 



G The Eighth Day. 

At Alexandria, of S. iEdesius, martyr, brother 
to S. Appian, who for that, under Maximian Ga- 
lerius, emperor, he openly reprehended a wicked 
judge for delivering over to corruptors of chasti- 
ty virgins consecrated to God, being apprehended 



102 



APRIL. 



by the soldiers, and put to most cruel torments, 
was finally for Christ our Lord drowned in the 
sea. In Africa, of the holy martyrs Januarius, 
Maxima, and Macaria. At Carthage, of S. Con- 
cessa, martyr. The same day, the commemora- 
tion of the Saints Herodion, Asyncritus, and 
Phlegon, of whom S. Paul makes mention in his 
epistle to the Romans. At Corinth, of S. Denys, 
bishop, who by his learning and grace in preach- 
ing, not only instructed the people of his own 
city and diocese, but by his letters instructed also 
the bishops of other provinces and cities ; and he 
so greatly honoured the bishops of Rome, that he 
was accustomed to read their letters publicly 
upon Sundays in the church. He lived with re- 
nown in the days of Marcus Antoninus Verus, 
and Lucius Aurelius Commodus. At Tours,* of 
S. Perpetuus, bishop, a man of wonderful holi- 
ness. At Fiorentino.t in Campania, of S. Re- 
demptus, bishop, of whom S. Gregory, pope, 
makes mention. At Como, of S„ Amantius, 
bishop and confessor. 



A The Ninth Day. 

At Antioch, of S. Prochorus, who was one of 
the seven first deacons, and renowned for faith 
and miracles, received the crown of martyrdom. 
At Rome, the birth-day of the holy martyrs De- 
metrius, Concessus, Hilary, and their companions. 
* Turones. f Ferentinum, 



APRIL. 



103 



At Sirmium, the passion of seven holy virgins 
and martyrs, who all together with the price of 
their blood bought themselves life everlasting. 
At CsGsarea in Cappadocia, of S. Eupsychius, 
martyr, who for overthrowing the temple of For- 
tune, under Julian the Apostate accomplished his 
martyrdom. In Africa, of the holy Massylitan 
martyrs, upon whose birth-day S. Augustin made 
a sermon. At Amida,* in Mesopotamia, of S. Aca- 
tius, bishop, who to redeem captives, melted and 
sold even the holy vessels of his Church. At 
Roan,t of S. Hugh, bishop and confessor. In the 
city of Die,t of S. Marcellus, bishop, famous for 
miracles. In Jewry, of S. Mary Cleophas, sister 
to the most Holy Mary, the Mother of God. At 
Rome, the translation of the body of S. Monica, 
mother to S. Augustin, bishop, which under pope 
Martin the Fifth was brought from Ostia unto the 
city, and there most honourably entombed in the 
church of the same S. Augustin. 



B The Tenth Day. 

Of Ezechiel the prophet, who by the judge of 
the people of Israel, for that he rebuked him for 
worshipping of idols, was slain in Babylon, and 
buried in the sepulchre of Sem and Arphaxad, 
the progenitors of Abraham, whereunto many 
were wont to resort, there to make their prayers. 

* Now called Emet. f Rhotomagus. 

t Ci vitas Diensis, five Dia Augusta. 



104 



APRIL. 



At Rome, the birth-day of many holy martyrs 
baptized by S. Alexander, pope, whilst he was in 
prison; who being all put into an old rotten ship, 
were by the command of Aurelian, governor, 
carried into the deep sea, and there, with stones 
tied to their necks, were drowned. At Alexan- 
dria, of the holy martyrs Apollonius, priest, and 
live others, who in the persecution of Maximinus, 
were drowned in the sea. In Africa, of the holy 
martyrs Terentius, African, Pompey, and their 
companions, who under Decius the emperor, and 
Fortunian, governor, having been whipped, racked, 
and diversely tormented, at last beheaded, accom- 
plished their maityrdom. The same day, of S. 
Macarius, bishop of Antioch, renowned for his 
virtues and miracles. 



C The Eleventh Day. 

At Rome, of S. Leo, pope and confessor, who 
for his renowned virtue and merits is surnamed 
the Great. In his days was celebrated the holy 
Council of Chalcedon, in which, by his legates, he 
condemned Eutyches, and confirmed the decrees 
of the said Council by his authority ; and after he 
had written many learned books, and decreed 
many things for the good of the universal church 
and flock of Christ, he departed this life in peace. 
At Pergamus, in Asia, of S. Antipas, a faithful 
witness, of whom S. John makes mention in his 
Apocalypse; who under Domitian the emperor 



APRIL. 



105 



being shut up in a hot burning ox of brass, ac- 
complished his martyrdom. At Salona, in Dal- 
matia, of the holy martyrs Domnion, bishop, and 
eight soldiers. At G-ortina, in Candia,* of S, 
Philip, bishop, renowned both for his life and 
learning, who in the days of Marcus Antoninus 
Verus, and Lucius Aurelius Commodus, governing 
the Church committed to his charge, defended the 
same against the fury of the Gentiles, and deceit- 
ful practices of the heretics. At Nicomedia, of S. 
Eustorgius, priest. At Spoleto, of S. Isaac, 
monk and confessor, whose virtues are mentioned 
by S. Gregory, pope. At Gaza, in Palestine, of 
S. Basanuphius, anchoret, in the days of Justi- 
nian the emperor. 



D The Twelfth Day. 

At Verona, the passion of S. Zeno, bishop, who 
amidst the storms of persecution, governed that 
church with great constancy, and in the days of 
Gallienus was crowned with martyrdom. In Cap- 
padocia, of S. Sabas, a Goth, who under Valens 
the emperor, Athanaricus, king of the Goths, per- 
secuting the Christians, after cruel torments was 
cast into a river. At which time also (as S. Au- 
gustin witnesseth,) many of the orthodox Goths 
were crowned with martyrdom. At Braga,t in 
Portugal, of S. Victor, martyr, who being yet but 
a catechumen, refusing to worship an idol, and 
* Creta. f Bracarum. 



106 



APRIL, 



with great constancy confessing Jesus Christ, 
after many torments being beheaded, was bapti- 
zed in his own blood. At Fermo, in Marc-An- 
cona,* of S. Vissia, virgin and martyr. At Rome, 
in the way called Aurelia, the birth-day of S. 
Julius, pope, who having greatly laboured in de- 
fence of the Catholic faith against the Arians, and 
done many notable things, renowned for holiness, 
rested in peace. At the town of Vaping,f of S. 
Constantine, bishop and confessor. At Pavia, of 
S. Damian, bishop. 



E The Thirteenth Day. 

At Seville, in Spain, of S. Hermenegild, son of 
Leovigild, an Arian, king of the West-Goths, who 
being cast into prison for confession of the Cath- 
olic faith, and refusing to communicate at Easter 
at the hands of an Arian bishop, by the command 
of his faithless father was beheaded, and so, for 
the loss of a temporal kingdom, entered into a 
heavenly, both a king and martyr. At Perga- 
mus, in Asia, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Carpus, bishop of Thyatira, Papylus, deacon, and 
Agathonica, his sister, a most holy woman ; also 
of Agathodorus, their servant, and of many others, 
who after divers torments for the confession of 
the faith, were crowned with martyrdom in the 
persecution of Marcus Antoninus Verus, and Lu- 
cius Aurelius Commodus. In which persecution 
♦Picenum. f In France. 



APRIL. 



10? 



also at Rome suffered that famous man, Justin 
the Philosopher, who after he had offered up to 
the aforesaid emperors his second Apology for the 
defence of our religion, and there by way of dis- 
putation had stoutly defended the same, being 
accused to be a Christian, by the deceitful means 
of Crescens, the Cynic philosopher, (whose wick- 
ed life and manners he had rebuked,) in recom- 
pense of his faithful confession received the re- 
ward of martyrdom. The same day, the passion 
of the Saints Maximus, Quinctilian, and Dadas, 
in the persecution of Dioclesian. At Ravenna, 
of S. Ursus, bishop and confessor. 



F TJie Fourteenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Appia, the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Tiburtius, Valerian, and 
Maximus, under Alexander the emperor, and Al- 
machius, governor ; of whom the two first being 
converted unto Christ by the exhortation of S. 
Cecily, and baptized by S. Urban, pope, were for 
the confession of the faith beaten with clubs, and 
afterward beheaded. But Maximus, being one of 
the governor's chamber, moved with their con- 
stancy, and confirmed by an angel which appear- 
ed unto him, believing in Christ, was so long 
beaten with whips of lead until he gave up the 
ghost. At Teramo,* of S. Proculus, bishop and 
martyr. Also of S. Domnina, virgin and martyr, 

* Interamna. 



108 



ArpjL. 



together with other virgins, her companions. At 
Alexandria, of S. Thomaides, martyr. The same 
day, of S. Ardalion, a stage-player, who whilst 
upon the stage he scoffed at the holy ceremonies 
of Christians, being changed upon a sudden, ap- 
proved the same not only in words, but also with 
the testimony of his blood. At Lyons, of S. Lam- 
bert, bishop and confessor. At Alexandria, of S. 
Fronto, abbot, renowned for holiness of life and 
miracles. At Rome, of S. Abundius, mansioner 
of the church of S. Peter. 



G The Fifteenth Day. 

At Rome, of the Saints Basilissa, and Anasta- 
sia, women of a noble extraction, and disciples of 
the Apostles, who persisting constant in the con- 
fession of the faith, under Nero the emperor, hav- 
ing first their tongues and feet cut off, at last be- 
headed, obtained the crown of martyrdom. The 
same day, of the holy martyrs Maro, Eutyches, 
and Victorinus, who together with S. Flavia 
Domitilla, for the confession of Christ being first 
banished into the island Pontia, and afterward 
recalled thence under Nerva the emperor, after 
that they had converted many to the faith of 
Christ, were in the persecution of Trajan, by the 
command of Valerian the judge, put to death by 
divers kinds of torments. In Persia, of the holy 
martyrs Maximus and Olimpiades, who under 
Decius the emperor were beaten with clubs, and 



APRIL. 



109 



whips of lead, and at last their heads were bruised 
with clubs until they gave up the ghost. At Pio- 
rentino,* in Campania, of S. Eutychius, martyr. 
At Myra, in Lycia, of S. Crescens, who accom- 
plished his martyrdom by fire. Also of the holy 
martyrs Theodorus and Pausilippus, who suffered 
under Adrian the emperor. 



A The Sixteenth Day. 

At Corinth, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Callistus, Charisius, and seven others, who all 
were drowned in the sea. At Saragossa,t in 
Spain, the birth-day of eighteen holy martyrs, 
Optatus, Lupercus, Successus, Martial, Urban, 
Julia, Quintilian, Publius, Fronto, Felix, Cseci- 
lian, Eventius, Primitivus, Apodemius, and four 
others, who are said to have been called Satur- 
nini : all these, under Dacian, president of Spain, 
were together put to divers torments, and slain ; 
whose renowned martyrdom Prudentius has set 
forth in verse. There also, of S. Encratis, virgin 
and martyr, who after her body all torn, her 
breast cut off, and her liver plucked out, yet re- 
maining alive, was shut up in -prison until her 
wounded body putrefied. In the same city, of the 
Saints Caius and Crementius, who persisting firm 
the second time in the confession of the faith, 
drank finally of the cup of martyrdom. There 
also of S. Lambert, martyr. At Palentia, of S. 

* Ferentinum in Hernicis. + Csesar- Augusta. 



110 



APRIL. 



Turibius, bishop of Astorga,* who by the help of 
S. Leo, pope, drove the heresy of the Priscillian- 
ists quite out of Spain, and famous for miracles 
rested in peace. At Braga,t in Portugal, of S. 
Fructuosus, bishop. The same day, of S. Pater- 
nus, bishop of Avranches.J At Valencene, in 
the Lower Germany, of S. Drogo, confessor. 



B The Seventeenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Anicetus, pope and martyr, 
who in the persecution of Marcus Aurelius Anto- 
ninus, and Lucius Verus, received the palm of 
martyrdom. In Africa, the birth-day of S. Map- 
palicus, martyr, who [as S. Cyprian writes in his 
epistle to the martyrs and confessors] with many 
others was crowned with martyrdom. There also, 
of the holy martyrs Fortunatus and Marcian. 
At Antioch, of the holy martyrs Peter, deacon, 
and Hermogenes, his servant. At Cordova, of 
the holy martyrs Elias, priest, Paul and Isidore, 
monks. At Vienna, of S. Pantagathus, bishop. 
At Tortona,§ of S. Innocent, bishop and confes- 
sor. At Citeaux,|| in Burgundy, of S. Stephen, 
abbot, who was the first that inhabited the Cis- 
tercian desert, and joyfully received S. Bernard 
with his companions, when they came thither. 

* Asturica. f Bracarum. J Abrinca. 

§ Terdona. U Cistertiuir. 



APRIL, 



111 



C The Eighteenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Apollonius, a senator, who 
under the emperor Commodus, and Perennius, go- 
vernor, being betrayed by his own servant to be a 
Christian, was commanded to give an account of 
his faith, which he did in a learned book by him 
written, and read in the Senate, yet nevertheless 
he was by the sentence of the same Senate behead- 
ed. At Messina, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Eleutherius, bishop of Sclavonia, and Anthia, 
his mother, who under Adrian, emperor, overcame 
a bed of glowing iron, a gridiron, and a frying-pan 
full of boiling oil, pitch, and rosin, was cast more- 
over unto the lions, but being nothing hurt by 
them, at last, together with his mother, had his 
throat cut. There also, of S. Corebus, governor, 
who, converted to the faith by S. Eleutherius, was 
slain by the sword. At Brescia, of S. Calocerus, 
martyr, who being converted to Christ by SS. 
Faustinus and Jovita, under the same Adrian ac- 
complished the glorious combat of his confession. 
At Cordova,* of S. Perfectus, priest and martyr, 
who was killed by the Moors for inveighing 
against the sect of Mahomet. At Milan, of S. 
Galdin, bishop, who having preached a sermon 
against the heretics, at the end thereof gave up 
his soul to God. 



* Corduba. 



112 



APRIL. 



D The Nineteenth Day. 

The birth-day of S, Timon, one of the first 
seven deacons: who was first preacher at Berea, 
afterwards propagating the Gospel, he came at 
last to Corinth, where, being cast into the fire by 
the Jews and Gentiles, as it is recorded, but 
nothing hurt thereby, at last crucified on a cross, 
accomplished his martyrdom. At Melitine, in 
Armenia, of the holy martyrs Hermogenes, Caius, 
Expeditus, Aristonicus, Rufus, and Galata, all 
crowned on one day. At Colibre,* in Catalonia, 
the passion of S. Vincent, martyr. The same day, 
of the holy martyrs Socrates and Denys, who 
were thrust through with lances. At Jerusalem, 
of S. Paphnutius, martyr. At Canterbury, in 
England, of S. Elphegus, bishop and martyr. At 
Antioch, in Pisidia, of S. George, bishop, who for 
the worship of holy images died in banishment. 
At Rome, of S. Leo, pope, the ninth of that name, 
renowned for holiness of life and miracles. In 
the monastery of Lob,f of S. Ursmar, bishop. At 
Florence, of S. Crescent, confessor, disciple to S. 
Zenobius, bishop. 



E The Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Sulpitius and 
Servilian, who, being converted to the faith of 
Christ by the discourse and miracles of S. Domi- 

* Caucoiiberis. t Laubium. 



APRIL, 



113 



tilla, virgin, for refusing to sacrifice to the idols, 
in the persecution of Trajan, were by Anian, go- 
vernor of the city, beheaded. The same day. of 
the holy martyrs, Victor, Zoticus, Zeno, Acindi- 
nus, Cesareus, Severian, Chrysophorus, Theonas, 
and Antoninus, who having been divers ways 
tried, under Dioclesian accomplished their mar- 
tyrdom. At Tomis, in Scythia, of S. Theotimus, 
bishop, who for his great holiness and miracles 
was reverenced even of the very barbarians and 
infidels. At Ambrun,* in France, of S. Marcelli- 
nus, the first bishop of that city, who being in- 
spired by God, came out of Africa into France 
with his holy companions Vincent and Domninus 
and by preaching and wonderful miracles, for 
which he is renowned to this very day, he conver- 
ted the greatest part of the inhabitants of the 
Alps near the sea-coast to the faith of Christ. 
At Auxerre,t of S. Marcian, priest. The same 
day, of S. Theodore, confessor, [who of the rough 
hairy garment which he used to wear, was sur- 
named Trichinas,] renowned for many miracles, 
especially against the devils ; out of whose body 
there issues an ointment which restores health to 
the sick. At Mount Polician.f of S. Agnes, vir- 
gin, of the order of S. Dominick, famous for 
miracles. 

* Ebredunum. + Antisiodorum, J Mons Politianus. 



8 



114 



APRIL. 



F The One-and- Twentieth Day. 

In Persia, the birth-day of S. Simeon, bishop of 
Seleucia and Ctesiphon, who by the command of 
Sapor, king of the Persians, being apprehended, 
loaded with irons, and presented before the un- 
just tribunals, for refusing to adore the sun, and 
professing freely and constantly the name of 
Jesus Christ, was, together with an hundred 
others, (amongst whom some were bishops, some 
priests, and others of divers orders of the clergy,) 
first a long while starved in prison, and after- 
ward, when Usthazanes, the king's tutor, [who 
had a little before fallen from the faith, and had 
been reduced to penance by S. Simeon,] had con- 
stantly endured martyrdom, the next day, which 
was the anniversary of our Lord's Passion, all the 
rest being put to the sword before his face, whom 
he stoutly exhorted to constancy, was himself also 
at last beheaded. Moreover, there suffered with 
him Abedechalas and Ananias, worthy men, and 
his priests; Pusicius also, master of the king's 
artificers, who for encouraging Ananias, that 
began somewhat to stagger, bored through the 
neck about the gristle-bone, and his tongue drawn 
thereout, died a most cruel death; after whom 
also his daughter, a sacred virgin, was killed. At 
Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Arator, priest, 
Fortunatus, Felix, Silvius, and Vitalis, who died 
in prison. Also of the Saints Apollo, Isacius, and 
Orotates, who suffered under Dioclesian. At Can- 



APRIL. 



115 



terbury, in England, of S. Anselm, bishop, fa- 
mous for his sanctity and learning. At Antioch, 
of S. Anastasius of Sina, bishop. 



Gr The Tivo-and- Twentieth Day, 

At Rome, in the way called Appia, the birth- 
day of S. Soter, pope and martyr. There also, of 
S. Cams, pope, who under Dioclesian the emperor 
was crowned with martyrdom. At Smyrna, of 
the Saints Apelles and Lucius, of the first disci- 
ples of Christ. The same day, of many holy mar- 
tyrs, who the next year after the death of S. Si- 
meon, upon the anniversary of the commemora- 
tion of our Lord's passion, over all Persia, under 
Sapor, king, were put to death by the sword for 
the name of Christ. In which persecution also 
suffered Azades, an eunuch, dearly beloved of the 
king ; Milles, a bishop, renowned for his sanctity 
and miracles ; Acepsimas, a bishop also, with his 
priest, James ; also Aithalas and Joseph, priests, 
Azadan and Abdiesus, deacons, with many others 
of the clergy; Mareas also, and Bicor, bishops, 
with twenty other bishops, and almost two hun- 
dred and fifty of the clergy; and many monks 
also, and sacred virgins, amongst whom was Tar- 
bula, the sister of S. Simeon, with her waiting- 
maid, who tied unto stakes, sawed in pieces, 
were most cruelly killed. Also in Persia, of the 
Saints Parmenius, Helimenas, and Chrysotelus, 
priests, Lucas and Mucius, deacons, whose trium- 



116 



APRIL. 



pliant martyrdom is written in the passion of the 
Saints Abdon and Sennen. At Alexandria, the 
birth-day of S. Leonides, martyr, who suffered 
under Severus. At Lyons,* of S. Epipodius, who 
in the persecution of Antoninus Verus, together 
with Alexander his companion, being apprehend- 
ed and put to many cruel torments, finally be- 
headed, accomplished his martyrdom. At Sens,f 
of S. Leo, bishop and confessor. At Anastasio- 
ple, of S. Theodore, bishop, renowned for mira- 
cles. 



A The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. George, martyr, whose glo- 
rious martyrdom the Church of God honours 
amongst the crowns of other martyrs. At Va- 
lence, in Prance, the passion of the holy martyrs 
Felix, priest, Fortunatus and Achilleus, deacons ; 
who sent thither by S. Irenseus, bishop of Lyons, 
to preach the word of God, after they had con- 
verted the greatest part of that city to the faith 
of Christ, being cast into prison by Cornelius the 
captain, and sore whipped, having also their 
thighs broken upon the wheel, and choked with 
smoke whilst they were racked upon the torture 
Uquuleus, at last died by the sword. In Prussia, 
the birth-day of S. Adalbert, bishop of Prague, 
and martyr, who preached the Gospel to the Po- 
lonians and Hungarians. At Milan, of S. Maro- 

* Lugdunum. f Senonse, 



APRIL 



117 



lus, bishop and confessor. At Toul,* in Lorraine, 
of S. Gerard, bishop of the same city. 



B The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Sabas, a captain, who being ac- 
cused for visiting the Christians in prison, and 
freely before the judge confessing Christ, was by 
the command of the same judge first burned with 
torches, and then cast into a caldron of boiling 
pitch, wherein when he received no hurt, three- 
score and ten men by that miracle were conver- 
ted, who all remaining constant in their faith, 
died by the sword : and lastly himself, drowned 
in a river, accomplished his martyrdom. At 
Lyons, in France, the birth-day of S. Alexander, 
martyr, who in the persecution of Antoninus 
Verus, after long imprisonment, was so cruelly 
torn with whips, that the flesh beaten from his 
ribs, his bowels were opened, and his inward parts 
seen ; then crucified on a cross, he yielded up his 
blessed soul. There suffered with him thirty- 
four others, whose memories are kept upon other 
days. The same day, of the holy martyrs Euse- 
bius, Neon, Leontius, Longinus, and four others, 
who in the persecution of Dioclesian, after cruel 
torments, were beheaded. In England, the depo- 
sition of S. Mellitus, bishop, who being sent thi- 
ther by S. Gregory, pope, converted the East- 
Saxons and their king to the faith. At Colibre,t 

* Tullum, f Illiberis. 



118 



APRIL. 



in Spam, of S. Gregory, bishop and confessor. 
At Brescia, of S. Honorius, bishop. In Ireland, 
of S. Egbert, priest and monk, a man of wonder- 
ful humility and continency. At Rheims, of the 
holy virgins Bona and Doda. 



C The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Alexandria, the birth-day of S. Mark, evan- 
gelist, the disciple and interpreter of S. Peter, 
who writing his gospel at the request of the Chris- 
tians at Rome, took it with him, and went into 
Egypt ; where, first preaching Christ at Alexan- 
dria, he founded that Church ; and afterward ap- 
prehended for the faith of Christ, bound with 
cords, and dragged upon stones, endured great 
torments ; then being shut up in prison, where he 
was comforted by the vision of an angel, and also 
by an apparition of our Lord, was finally called to 
the kingdom of heaven, in the eighth year of 
Nero. At Rome, in the church of S. Peter, the 
Celebrity of the Greater Litanies. At Syracosa,* 
of the holy martyrs Evodius, Hermogenes, and 
Callistus. At Antioch, of S. Stephen, bishop and 
martyr, who, many ways afflicted by the heretics 
that impugned the Council of Chalcedon, was cast 
headlong into the river Orontes, in the time of Zeno 
the emperor. There also, of the Saints Philo and 
Agathopus, deacons. At Alexandria, of S. Anian, 
bishop, disciple to S. Mark, and his successor in 
* Syracusae. 



APRIL. 



119 



that bishopric, who, greatly renowned for his vir- 
tues, rested in our Lord. At Lob,* the birth-day 
of S. Ermin, bishop and confessor. 



D The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, the birth-daj of S. Cletus, pope, who, 
second after the apostle S. Peter, governed the 
Church, and was crowned with martyrdom in the 
persecution of Domitian. There also, of S. Mar- 
cellinus, pope and martyr, who under Maximian 
was beheaded for the faith of Christ, together 
with Claudius, Cyrinus, and Antoninus ; at which 
time the persecution was so great, that in the 
space of a month seventeen thousand Christians 
were crowned with martyrdom. At Amasea, in 
Pontus, of S. Basil, bishop and martyr, who 
under Licinius, emperor, accomplished a glorious 
martyrdom. His body being cast into the sea, 
and by revelation of an angel found out by Elpi- 
diphorus, was very honourably entombed. At 
Braga,t in Portugal, of S. Peter, martyr, and 
first bishop of that city. At Vienna, of S. Cla- 
rence, bishop and confessor. At Verona, of S. 
Lucidius, bishop. In the monastery of Centula, 
of S. Richarius, priest and confessor. At Troys,! 
of S. Exuperantia, virgin. 



* Laubium. f Eracarus. 



% Trecse. 



120 



APRIL. 



E The Seven-and-Twentieth Bay, 

At Nicomedia, the birth-day of S, Anthimus, 
bishop and martyr, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, for the confession of Christ being behead- 
ed, obtained the glory of martyrdom ; whom in a 
manner his whole flock following, the judge com- 
manded some to be beheaded, others to be 
burned, and others to be put into little boats, and 
drowned in the sea. At Tarsus, in Cilicia, of the 
Saints Castor and Stephen, martyrs. At Rome,, 
the deposition of S. Anastasius, pope, a man of 
most rich poverty, and apostolical vigilance; 
whom, as S. Jerom writes, Rome deserved not to 
have long, that the Head of the world might not 
be cut off under such a bishop ; for shortly after 
his death Rome was taken and sacked by the 
Goths. At Bolonia, of S. Tertullian, bishop and 
confessor. At Brescia,* of S. Theophilus, bishop. 
At Constantinople, of S. John, abbot, who under 
Leo Isauricus, greatly laboured for the worship of 
holy images. 



F The Eight-and- Twentieth Bay. 

Ar Ravenna, the birth-day of S. Vitalis, mar- 
tyr, father to the Saints Gervase and Protase, 
who for taking away and decently burying the 
body of S. Ursicin, being apprehended by Paulin 

* Brixia. 



APRIL. 



121 



the consul, after he had endured the rack of 
Fqauleus, was let down into a deep pit, and there 
overwhelmed with earth and stones, bj such a 
martyrdom went unto Christ. At Milan, of S. 
Valeria, martyr, wife to S. Vitalis. At Atino,* of 
S. Mark, who, ordained bishop by S. Peter the 
apostle, first preached the Gospel to the people! of 
Italy bordering upon the Sabins, and in the per- 
secution of Domitian, under Maximus, president, 
received the crown of martyrdom. At Alexan- 
dria, the passion of S. Theodora, virgin, who for 
refusing to sacrifice unto idols, being carried to 
the stews, a certain Christian called Didymus 
suddenly changing apparel with her, through the 
wonderful favour of God delivered her ; but after- 
ward in the persecution of Dioclesian, under Eus- 
trasius, president, they being both beheaded to- 
gether, together they received the crown of mar- 
tyrdom. The same day, of the Saints Aphrodi- 
sius, Caralippus, Agapius, and Eusebius, martyrs. 
In Pannonia, of S. Pollio, martyr, under Diocle- 
sian the emperor. At Prusa, in Bithynia, of the 
holy martyrs Patrick, bishop, Acatius, Menander, 
and Polyenus. At Tarazona,J in Spain, of S. 
Prudentius, bishop and confessor. At Pentina,§ 
in Abbruzzo,|| of S. Pamphilus, bishop of Valua, 
famous for his charity to the poor, and gift of mi- 
racles, whose body lies buried at Sulmona. 

* Atina. + iEquicolse. $ Turiaso. 

§ Corsinium. || Peligni. 



122 



APRIL, 



G- The Nine-mid- Twentieth Day. 

At Milan, of S. Peter, martyr, of the order of 
preachers, who was slain by the heretics for the 
Catholic faith. At Paphos, in Cyprus, of S. Ty- 
chicus, disciple to Saint Paul the Apostle, whom 
the same Apostle in his epistles calls most dear 
brother, faithful minister, and his fellow-servant 
in our Lord. At Cirtha, in Numidia, the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Agapius, and Secundi- 
nus, bishops, who after a long banishment in the 
said city, in the persecution of Valerian, in which 
the fury of tho Gentiles raged most to the trial of 
the faith of the just, were from the high degree of 
priesthood advanced to the glory of martyrdom. 
There suffered in their company iEmilian, a sol- 
dier, Tertulla, and Antonia, sacred virgins, and a 
certain woman, with her two twins. The same 
day, of seven holy Thieves, who being converted 
to Christ by S. Jason, did purchase by martyr- 
dom life everlasting. At Brescia, of S. Paulin, 
bishop and confessor. In the monastery of 
Cluni,* of S. Hugh, abbot. In the monastery of 
Molesmes,t of S. Robert, the first abbot of Cis- 
terce. 



A The Thirtieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Catharine of Sienna, virgin, of 
the order of S. Dominic, renowned for her life and 

* Cluniacum. f Molismum. 



APRIL. 



123 



miracles, whom Pius the Second added to the roll 
of virgin saints. At Lambesa, in Numidia, the 
birth-day of the holy martyrs Marian, lector, and 
James, deacon; the former of whom having al- 
ready overcome divers afflictions for the confes- 
sion of Christ, in the persecution of Decius, was 
the second time apprehended, together with his 
most worthy companion, and after most cruel and 
exquisite torments, having been twice comforted 
by divine revelations, they both at last, with 
many others, died by the sword. At Saints,* of 
S. Eutropius, bishop and martyr, who being or- 
dained bishop by S. Clement, pope, and sent into 
France, after he had there long preached the 
Gospel, being bruised in the head, for the testi- 
mony of Christ, died victoriously. At Cordova,t 
of the holy martyrs Amator, priest, Peter, monk, 
and Lewis. At Novara, of S. Laurence, priest, 
and certain children, martyrs, of whom he had 
charge for their education. At Alexandria, of 
the holy martyrs Aphrodisius, priest, and thirty 
others. At Ephesus, of S. Maximus, martyr, who 
was crowned in the persecution of Decius. At 
Fermo, in Marc-Ancona,J of S. Sophia, virgin and 
martyr. At Naples, in Campania, of S. Severus, 
bishop, who among other miracles raised a dead 
man out of his grave for a time, to convince of 
falsehood a lying creditor of a certain widow and 
orphans. At Evorea, in Epyrus, of S. Donatus, 
bishop, who was renowned for his singular sanc- 
tity in the time of Theodosius the emperor. At 

* Santones. f Corduba, t Picenum. 



124 



MAT. 



London, in England, of S. Erconwald, bishop, who 
was famous for many miracles. 



B The First Day. 

The birth-day of the blessed Apostles Philip 
and James ; of whom S. Philip, after he had con- 
verted almost all Scythia to the faith of Christ, 
at Hierapolis, a city in Asia, being fastened to a 
cross, and overwhelmed with stones, made a glo- 
rious end. But S. James, who is also called the 
brother of our Lord, and was the first bishop of 
Jerusalem, being thrown down from a pinnacle of 
the temple, and his thighs broken, wounded also 
in the head with a dyer's staff, gave up the ghost, 
and was buried near unto the temple. In Egypt, 
of S. Jeremy, prophet, who, being stoned by the 
people, died at Taphnas, and was there buried ; 
at whose sepulchre, as S. Epiphanius writes, the 
faithful were wont to say their prayers, and tak- 
ing dust from thence, did therewith heal the bit- 
ing of serpents. In France, in the territory of 
Viviers,* of S. Andeolus, subdeacon, who with 
others being sent out of the East into France by 
S. Polycarp, to preach the word of God, was 
under Severus the emperor, first beaten with 
thorny cudgels, and then having his head divided 

* Vivaria. 



MAY. 



125 



into four parts, with a wooden sword, in the form 
of a cross, accomplished his martyrdom. At 
Huesca,* in Spain, of the holy martyrs Orentius 
and Patientia. At Sedune, in France, the pas- 
sion of S. Sigismund, king of the Burgundians, 
who. drowned in a well, was afterwards renowned 
for miracles. At Auxerre,f of S. Amator, bishop 
and confessor. At Auch,J of S. Orientius, bishop. 
In England, of the Saints Asaph, bishop, and 
Walburge, virgin. At Bergamo, of S. Grata, 
widow. 



C The Second Day. 

At Alexandria, the birth-day of Saint Athana- 
sius, bishop of the same city, much renowned for 
his sanctity and learning, against whom though 
all the world almost conspired, he notwithstand- 
ing stoutly defended the Catholic faith, from the 
time of Constantine unto Valens, against both 
emperors, governors, and innumerable Arian bi- 
shops, by whom many deceitful practices to en- 
trap him were contrived, so that he was forced to 
fly into most parts of the world, but could be safe 
nowhere : at last he returned to his own church, 
and there, after many afflictions, and crowns of 
patience, the six-and-fortieth year of his priest- 
hood, he departed to our Lord, in the time of 
Valentinian and Valens, emperors. At Rome, of 
the holy martyrs Saturninus, Neopolus, German, 

* Osca, f Antisiodorum. £ Auscium. 



126 



MAY. 



and Celestine, who after many afflictions endured, 
being cast into prison, there made an holy end. 
Moreover, of the holy martyrs Exuperius, and 
Loes, his wife, Cyriacus, and Theodulus, their 
children, who suffered under Adrian the emperor. 
At Seville, of S. Felix, deacon and martyr. The 
same day, of S. Vindemial, bishop and martyr, 
who, together with the holy bishops Eugenius and 
Longinus, resisting the Arians both by doctrine 
and miracles, by the command of Hunnericus f 
king, was beheaded. At Avila,* in Spain, of S. 
Secundus, bishop, of whom also mention is made 
afterwards on the fifteenth day of May, together 
with others. At Florence, of S. Antoninus, bi- 
shop, of the order of preachers, famous for his 
holiness of life and learning. 



D The Third Day. 

At Jerusalem, the Invention of the most holy 
Cross of our Lord, under Constantine the empe- 
ror. At Rome, in the way called Numentana, 
the passion of the holy martyrs Alexander, pope, 
Eventius and Theodulus, priests, of whom Alex- 
ander, under Adrian the emperor, and Aurelian, 
judge, after he had endured imprisonment, fet- 
ters, the torture Uquuleus, iron claws, and fire, 
was pricked with sharp steels in every part of his 
body, and so killed ; but Eventius and Theodulus, 
after long imprisonment, having been tormented 

* Abula. 



MAY. 



127 



by fire, were finally beheaded. At Xarni,* of S. 
Juvenal, bishop and confessor. At Constantino- 
ple, of the holy martyrs Alexander, a soldier, and 
Antonina, a virgin, who in the persecution of 
Maximian, under Festus, president, being con- 
demned to the stews, was by Alexander secretly 
delivered thence, by changing apparel with her, 
and remaining there in her place ; but she being 
taken again, they were both together cruelly tor- 
mented: and lastly, having their hands cut off, 
and being cast into the fire, after a noble combat 
endured for the confession of Christ, they both 
received the crown of martyrdom. In Thebais, of 
the holy martyrs Timothy, and Maura his wife ; 
whom Arian the governor, after many torments 
commanded to be crucified on a cross, on which 
hanging nine days alive, and encouraging each 
other in their faith, they accomplished their mar- 
tyrdom. At Aphrodisia, in Caria,t of the holy 
martyrs Diodorus and Rodopian, who in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian were stoned by their own 
citizens. 



E The Fourth Day. 

At Ostia, in the mouth of the river Tiber, the 
birth-day of S. Monica, mother to S. Augustine, 
who has left written her admirable life, in the 
ninth book of his confessions. At the metal-mines 
of Phennes, in Palestine, the birth-day of S. Sil- 
* Nariria. f Asia Minor. 



128 



MAY. 



van, bishop of Gaza, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, by the command of Galerius Maximian 
Csesar, with many others of his clergy, received 
the crown of martyrdom. There also, of nine- 
and-thirty other martyrs, who being condemned 
to the mines, after searing with hot burning irons, 
and other torments, were all together beheaded. 
At Jerusalem, of S. Cyriacus, bishop, who as he 
was visiting the holy places, was killed under Ju- 
lian the Apostate. In Umbria, of S. Porphyry, 
martyr, who having been grievously tortured, and 
afflicted with divers torments, hanged up by one 
arm three days together, and kept two years in 
prison, at last was burned by Priscillian, presi- 
dent, for the confession of Christ. At Laussen,* 
in the Duchy of Styria, of S. Florian, martyr, 
who under Dioclesian, emperor, by the command 
of Aquilin, governor, with a great stone tied 
about his neck, was thrown headlong into the 
river Anisus. At Tarsus, of S. Pelagia, virgin, 
who under Dioclesian, being shut up in a hot 
burning ox of brass, accomplished her martyrdom. 
At Cullen, of S. Paulin, martyr. At Milan, of S. 
Venerius, bishop, whose virtues are commemora- 
ted by S. John Chrysostom, in a letter which he 
wrote unto him. In the territory of Perigueux,t 
of S. Sacerdos, bishop of Limoges.J At Auxerre,§ 
of S. Curcodomus, deacon. 

* Latiriacum Noricorum. f Petragoricum. 

£ Lemovicura. § Antisiodorum. 



MAY. 



129 



F The Fifth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Crescentiana, martyr. There 
also, of S. Silvan, martyr. At Alexandria, of S. 
Euthymius, deacon, who died in prison for Christ. 
At Thessalonica, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Ireneus, Peregrin, and Irenes, who were 
burned. At Auxerre,* the passion of S. Jovinian, 
lector. At Leocata, in Sicily, of S. Angelus, 
priest, of the order of Carmelites, who was slain 
by the heretics for defending the Catholic faith. 
At Jerusalem, of S. Maximus, bishop and confes- 
sor, under Maximian Galerius Csesar, who having 
one of his eyes plucked out, and one of his feet 
seared with a hot iron, was condemned to the 
metal mines. At Edessa, in Syria, of S. Eulo- 
gius, bishop and confessor. At Arles,t in France, 
of S. Hilary, bishop, renowned for his sanctity and 
learning. At Vienna, of S. Nicetius, bishop, 
venerable for holiness of life. At Bolonia, of S. 
Theodore, bishop, renowned for merits. The 
same day, of S. Sacerdos, bishop of Sigvenza.J 
At Milan, of S. Geruntius, bishop. There also, 
the conversion of S. Augustine, bishop and doc- 
tor of the church, whom S. Ambrose, bishop, 
taught the truth of the Catholic faith, and bap- 
tized on this day. 

* Antisiodorum. f Arelatum. £ Saguntia. 



9 



130 



MAY. 



G The Sixth Day. 

At Rome, of S. John before the gate called 
Latina, who, by the command of Domitian, 
brought prisoner from Ephesus to Rome, and 
there by sentence of the senate, before the same 
gate, being put into a vessel of boiling oil, came 
out more pure and vigorous than he went in. At 
Antioch, of S. Evodius, who, as S. Ignatius writes 
to the Antiochians, being created the first bishop 
of that city by S. Peter the Apostle, ended his 
life by a glorious martyrdom. At Gyrene, of S. 
Lucius, bishop, of whom S. Luke makes mention 
in the Acts of the Apostles. In Africa, of the 
holy martyrs Heliodore and Venustus, with three- 
score and fifteen others. In Cyprus, of S. Theo- 
dotus, bishop of Cyrinia, who having suffered 
most grievously under Licinius the emperor, at 
length, when the church was in peace, gave up 
his soul to God. At Damasco, the birth- day of S. 
John Damascene, renowned for his sanctity and 
learning, who constantly opposed himself, both by 
word and writing, against Leo Isauricus, in de- 
fence of holy images; for which cause having 
his right hand cut off by the command of the said 
emperor, and devoutly commending himself to 
our blessed Lady before an image of hers, which 
he had defended, forthwith received the same 
again sound and whole. At Carra, in Mesopo- 
tamia, of S. Protogenes, bishop. In England, of 
S Eadbert, bishop of Lindisfarne, famous for hi3 



MAY. 



131 



learning and piety. At Rome, of S. Benedicta, 
virgin. At Salerno, the translation of S. Mat- 
thew, apostle, whose holy body being brought out 
of Ethiopia to divers other countries, was at last 
translated to that city, and there with great hon- 
our placed in a church dedicated in his name. 



A The Seventh Day. 

At Cracow,* in Polonia, the birth-day of S. 
Stanislaus, bishop and martyr, who was slain by 
the impious king Boleslas. At Tarracina, in 
Campania, the birth-day of S. Flavia Domitilla, 
virgin and martyr, neice to Flavius Clemens, the 
consuL who, consecrated to God by S. Clement, 
pope, was in the persecution of Domitian, for the 
testimony of Christ, sent into banishment into 
the island Pontia, with many others, where she 
endured a long martyrdom ; but being afterward 
brought back to Tarracina, after she had by her 
doctrine and miracles converted many to the 
faith of Christ, was at last, together with her vir- 
gins Euphrosina and Theodora, with whom she 
dwelt, burned in her own house by command of 
the judge, and so accomplished the course of her 
glorious martyrdom: she is also commemorated 
together with the holy martyrs Nereus and 
Achilleus upon the twelfth of May. The same 
day, of S. Juvenal, martyr. At Nicomedia, of the 
holy martyrs Flavius, Augustus, and Augustin, 

* Cracovia. 



132 



MAY. 



brothers. There also, of S. Quadratus, martyr, 
who in the persecution of Decius having been 
often tortured, was at last beheaded. At Rome, 
of S. Benedict, pope and confessor. At York, in 
England, of S. John, bishop, famous for holiness 
of life and miracles. At Pavia, of S. Peter, 
bishop. At Rome, the translation of the body of 
S. Stephen the protomartyr, which in the time of 
Pelagius, pope, was brought from Constantinople 
to Rome, and laid in the sepulchre of S. Lau- 
rence, in the field Verano, and is there still hon- 
oured with great concourse of devout people. 



B The Eighth Bay. 

In the Mount Garganus, the apparition of S. 
Michael the archangel. At Milan, the birth-day 
of S. Victor, martyr, by nation a Moor, who in 
his tender years being made a Christian, and 
afterwards a soldier in the emperor's camp, when 
Maxiraian would have compelled him to sacrifice 
unto idols, persevering courageously in the con- 
fession of our Lord, was first grievously beaten 
with clubs, but by the protection of God felt no 
pain, and afterwards had melted lead poured upon 
him, but receiving no hurt thereby, at last by 
loss of his head ended his glorious martyrdom. 
At Constantinople, of S. Acathius, a centurion, 
who in the persecution of Dioclesian and Maxi- 
mian, being accused by Firmus the tribune for a 
Christian, and cruelly tortured by Bibian the 



MAY. 



133 



judge at Perinthus, was at Constantinople finally 
by Flaccinus, proconsul, beheaded ; whose body 
being by divine power brought unto the shore of 
Scyllacium, is there kept with very great honour. 
At Vienna, of S. Deuys, bishop and confessor. 
At Auxerre,* of S. Helladius, bishop. In the 
territory of Bezanson,t of S. Peter, bishop. In 
Scotland, of S. Wiro, bishop. 



C The Ninth Bay. 

At Nazianzum, the birth-day of S. Gregory, 
bishop, for his singular knowledge in divinity sur- 
named The Divine ; who restored the Catholic 
faith decayed at Constantinople, and suppressed 
divers heresies then arising. At Rome, of S. 
Hernias, of whom S. Paul the Apostle makes 
mention in his epistle to the Romans ; who wor- 
thily offering himself up, and being made an ac- 
ceptable sacrifice to God, adorned with virtues, 
obtained an heavenly crown. In Persia, of three 
hundred and ten holy martyrs. At Caglio,J in 
the way called Flaminia, the passion of S. Ge- 
rontius, bishop of Cervia.§ In the castle of 
Vindisch,|| the deposition of S. Beatus, confessor. 
At Constantinople, the translation of the holy 
bodies of S. Andrew, apostle, and S. Luke, evan- 
gelist, out of Achaia ; and of S. Timothy, disci- 
ple to S. Paul the apostle, from Ephesus ; but the 

* Antisiodorum, f Bisuntium. J Gallium. 
§ Ficode. j| Vindecinum 



134 



MAY. 



body of S. Andrew being a long time after 
brought to Amalfi. is there by the concourse of 
devout people greatly honoured : out of whose se- 
pulchre flows a liquor continually, very sovereign 
for curing diseases. Moreover, at Rome, the 
translation of S. Jerom, priest and doctor of the 
church, from Bethlehem Judea to the church of 
S. Mary, called Ad Prasepe. At Bari,* in Apu- 
lia, the translation also of S. Nicolas, bishop, 
from Myra, a city in Lycia. 



D The Tenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Latina, the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Gordian and Epimachus ; 
of whom the former, in the time of Julian the 
apostate, being long beaten with leaden whips, 
for the confession of the name of Christ, was at 
last beheaded ; whose body was in the night by 
the Christians buried in the same way in a grotto, 
into which the relics of S. Epimachus, martyr, 
had been a little before translated from Alexan- 
dria, where for the faith of Christ he had accom- 
plished his martyrdom. In the land of Hus, of S. 
Job, prophet, a man of wonderful patience. At 
Rome, of S. Calepodius, priest and martyr, who 
being beheaded by Alexander the emperor, his 
body was drawn through the city, and cast into 
the river Tiber; which being afterward found, 
was by pope Callistus buried. In this persecution 
* Barium. 



MAY. 



135 



there suffered also Palmatius, a consul, together 
with his wife and children, and forty-two others 
of both sexes, of his household : Simplicius also, a 
senator, with his wife, and threescore and eight 
of his family ; Felix also, with his wife Blanda : 
all whose heads were set upon divers gates of the 
city, for a terror to the Christians. Moreover, at 
Rome, in the way called Latina, near to a place 
called Centumaulse, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Quartus and Quinctus, whose bodies were 
translated to Capua. At Lentini,* in Sicily, of 
the holy martyrs Alphius, Philadelphus, and Cy- 
rinus. At Smyrna, of S. Dioscorides, martyr. 
At Taranto,t of S. Cataldus, bishop, renowned for 
miracles. At Milan, the invention of the holy 
bodies of Nazarius and Celsus, martyrs, by S. 
Ambrose, bishop ; who finding the body of S. Na- 
zarius freshly bleeding, translated the same to 
the church of the apostles, together with the body 
of S. Celsus, a boy, whom the same Nazarius had 
brought up, who in the persecution of Nero, toge- 
ther with Nazarius, was beheaded by Anolinus, 
the eight-and-twentieth day of July, upon which 
day the feast of their martyrdom is kept. At 
Madrid, of S. Isidore, a husbandman, whom, fa- 
mous for miracles, Gregory the Fifteenth canon- 
ized for a saint, together with the Saints Ignatius, 
Francis, Teresa, and Philip. 



Leontinum. 



f Tarentum, 



136 



MAY. 



E The Eleventh Bay. 

At Rome, in the way called Salaria, the birth- 
day of S. Anthimus, priest, who after he had 
wrought many miracles, and preached the Gospel 
of Christ, was in the persecution of Dioclesian 
thrown headlong into the river Tiber, but taken 
out by an angel, and carried into his own oratory, 
afterwards beheaded, went victoriously to heaven. 
The same day, of S. Evellius, martyr, who being 
one of the household of Nero, by seeing the mar- 
tyrdom of S. Torpes, believed in Christ; for 
whom also he was beheaded. Also at Rome, of 
the holy martyrs Maximus, Bassus, and Fabius, 
who under Dioclesian were slain in the way call- 
ed Salaria. At Camerino, of the holy martyrs 
Anastasius, and his companions, who in the per- 
secution of Decius, under Antiochus, governor, 
were killed. At Osmo,* in Marc-Ancona, of the 
holy martyrs Sisinius, deacon, Diocletius and Flo- 
rentius, disciples of S. Anthimus, priest, who 
under Dioclesian being stoned to death, accom- 
plished their martyrdom. At Varennes, of S 
Gangulphus, martyr. At Vienna, of S. Mamer- 
tus, bishop, who to pacify the wrath of God, first 
instituted in that city the solemn Litanies, three 
days before the Ascension of our Lord ; which 
custom the universal Church afterwards received 
and approved. At Sauvigny,t the deposition of 
S. Maiolus, abbot of Cluni ; renowned for his holy 
merits. At San-Severino,J in Marc-Ancona, of S. 

* Auximuin. t Sylviniacum. J Septempeda. 



MAT. 



137 



Illuminatus, confessor. At Naples, the birth-day 
of S. Francis Girolaruo, of the Society of J esus, 
renowned for miracles. 



F The Twelfth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Ardeatina, of the 
holy martyrs Nereus and Achilleus, brothers, who 
together with Flavia Domitilla, whose eunuchs 
they were, having endured a long banishment for 
Christ in the island Pontia, were afterwards 
cruelly whipped : and Minutius Rufus, who had 
been consul, endeavouring by the torment Equu- 
lens and fire, to compel them to offer sacrifice, 
and they saying they were baptized by the apostle 
S. Peter, and might by no means sacrifice to 
idols, finally they were beheaded. Their sacred 
relics, together with the relics of Flavia Domitilla, 
were as upon yesterday, by the command of pope 
Clement the Eighth, solemnly translated out of 
the diacony or sacristy of S. Adrian, into their 
own ancient title now repaired, where they had 
been kept of old. There also, in the way called 
Aurelia, of S. Pancratius, martyr, who being but 
fourteen years old, under Dioclesian beheaded, 
accomplished his martyrdom. Moreover, at 
Rome, of S. Denys, uncle to the same S. Pancra- 
tius. In Sicily, of S. Philip, surnamed Argyrion, 
who being sent into that island by the bishop of 
Rome, converted a great part thereof to Christ, 
whose holiness is chiefly manifested by delivering 



138 



MAY. 



of possessed persons. At Salamina, in Cyprus, of 
S. Epiphanius, bishop, who greatly excelling in 
divers kinds of learning, and knowledge in the 
holy Scriptures, was renowned for the holiness of 
his life, zeal of the Catholic faith, liberality to 
the poor, and power of working miracles. At 
Constantinople, of S. German, bishop, famous for 
his virtues and learning, who with great freedom 
and confidence reprehended Leo Isauricus for 
publishing an edict against holy images. At Tre- 
vers, of S. Modoaldus, bishop. In the city of Cal- 
ciata, of S. Dominick, confessor. 



G The Thirteenth Day. 

At Rome, the dedication of the church of S. 
Mary, called Ad Martyres, which having some- 
times been an idolatrous temple of all the gods, 
named Pantheon, pope Boniface the Fourth, after 
it was cleansed, consecrated it to the honour of 
the Blessed and ever Virgin Mary, and of all 
martyrs, in the time of Phocas the emperor. At 
Constantinople, of S. Mucius, .priest and martyr, 
who under Dioclesian the emperor, and Laodicius, 
proconsul, having first at Amphipolis endured 
many torments for the confession of Christ, after- 
wards brought as far as Constantinople, was there 
beheaded. At Heraclea, of S. Gliceria, martyr, a 
Roman by birth, who suffered under Antoninus, 
emperor, and Sabinus, president. At Alexan- 
dria, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, 



MAY. 



139 



who for the Catholic faith were killed by the 
Arians, in the church of Theonas. At Maes- 
tricht,* of S. Servace, bishop of Tungres, whose 
sepulchre, in testimony of his great holiness, 
when in the winter time all places round about it 
were covered with snow, was never touched there- 
with, until by the citizens' industry a goodly 
church was built over it. In Palestine, of S. 
John, surnamed Silentiarius. 



A The Fourteenth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Boniface, martyr, who 
under Dioclesian and Maximian suffered at Thar- 
sus in Cilicia ; but afterwards translated to Rome, 
was buried in the way called Latina. In France, 
of S. Pontius, martyr, who by his preaching and in- 
dustry, having converted the two Philips, emperors, 
to the faith of Christ, under the emperors Vale- 
rian and Gallienus obtained the palm of martyr- 
dom. In Syria, of the holy martyrs Victor and 
Cerona, under Antoninus, emperor; of whom 
Victor, being put to divers cruel torments by Se- 
bastian the judge, when Corona (a soldiers wife,) 
with a loud voice highly commended him for his 
constant suffering, affirming that she saw two 
crowns falling from heaven, one for Victor, and 
another for herself, she was tied to the boughs of 
trees, and torn in pieces by the violent flying 
back thereof; but Victor was beheaded. In Sar- 
* Trajectum, 



140 



MAY. 



dinia, of the holy martyrs Justa, Justina, and 
Henedina. At Rome, of S, Paschalis, pope, who 
took up many bodies of holy martyrs out of caves, 
and honourably placed them in divers churches. 
At Ferento,* in Tuscany, of S. Boniface, bishop, 
who, as S. Gregory, pope, testifies, even from his 
childhood was renowned for sanctity and mira- 
cles. At Naples, in Campania, of S. Pomponius, 
bishop. In Egypt, of S. Pachomius, abbot, who 
erected many monasteries there, and wrote a rule 
for his monks, which was dictated unto him by an 
angel. 



B The Fifteenth Day. 

In Spain, of the Saints Torquatus, Ctesiphon, 
Secundus, Judaletius, Csecilius, Hesychius, and 
Euphrasius, who were all ordained bishops at 
Rome by the holy apostles, and sent into Spain 
to preach the word of God, and after they had 
preached the Gospel to divers cities, and subjuga- 
ted innumerable multitudes to the faith of Christ, 
they rested in our Lord, in divers places of the 
same province ; as Torquatus at Guadix,t Ctesi- 
phon at Viergo,J Secundus at Avila,§ Judaletius 
at Bera,|| Csecilius at Colibre,1f Hesychius at 
Cartagena,** and Euphrasius at Andugar.tt At 
Evora,^ in Portugal, of S. Mancius, martyr. In 

* Ferentum. f Accum. J V ergium. § Abula. 
|| Urcura. *H Illiberum. ** Carteia. 
ft IUiturgum. %% Ebora. 



MAY. 



141 



the island of Chio, the birth-day of S. Isiodore, 
martyr, in whose church there is a well, where- 
into it is recorded that he was cast, the water of 
which being often drunk, heals the sick. At 
Lamsacum, in Hellespont, the passion of the 
Saints Peter, Andrew, Paul, and Dionysia. At 
Terranova,* in Sardinia, of S. Simplicius, bishop 
and martyr, who in the persecution of Dioclesian, 
under Barbarus, governor, being thrust through 
with a lance, accomplished his martyrdom. At 
Auvergne, of the holy martyrs Cassius, Victori- 
nus, Maximus, and their companions. In Bra- 
bant, of S. Dympna, virgin and martyr, daughter 
to a king of Ireland, who for the faith of Christ, 
and preserving of her virginity, was by her own 
father's command beheaded. 



C The Sixteenth Day. 

At Eugubio,t of S. Ubald, bishop, renowned for 
miracles. In Isauria, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Aquilin and Victorian. At Auxerre,J 
the passion of S. Peregrine, the first bishop of 
that city, who being sent into France with others 
of the clergy by S. Sixtus, pope, after he had 
there preached the Gospel of Christ, condemned 
to die, deserved the crown of martyrdom. At 
Uzalis, in Africa, of the holy martyrs Felix and 
Gennadius. In Palestine, the passion of the holy 
monks slain by the Saracens at Laura, in the mo- 
* Fausina. f Eugubium. t Antisiodorum. 



142 



MAY. 



nastery of S. Sabas. In Persia, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Audas, bishop, seven priests, nine deacons, 
and seven virgins, who under King Isdegerdes 
enduring divers kinds of torments, accomplished 
a most renowned martyrdom, At Amiens, in 
France, of S. Honoratus, bishop. At Mans,* of 
S. Domnolus, bishop. At Troys,t of S. Fidolus, 
confessor. In Scotland, of S. Brendan, abbot. 
At Frivoli,J of S. Maxima, virgin, who, adorned 
with many virtues, rested in our Lord. At 
Prague, in Bohemia, the birth-day of S. John 
Nepomucenus, martyr, who after many trials, and 
undergoing various sufferings, was cast into the 
river Moldau, and thus received the crown of 
martyrdom. 



D The Seventeenth Day, 

At Pisa, in Tuscany, of S. Torpes, martyr, who 
being a chief officer under Nero, and one of those, 
whom S. Paul the Apostle, writing from Rome to 
the Philippians, mentions, saying: "All the saints 
salute you, especially those that are of the house 
of Caesar :" was for the faith of Christ, by the 
command of Satellicus, buffeted, most cruelly 
whipped, and cast unto the beasts to be devoured, 
by whom being nothing hurt, at last beheaded, 
accomplished his martyrdom upon the nine-and- 
twentieth day of April, but his feast is kept on 
this day, for the translation of his body. In 
* Cenomanum. fTrecse. % Forum Julij. 



HAY. 



143 



Africa, of S. Restituta, virgin and martyr, who in 
the time of Valerian the emperor, being many 
ways tormented by Proculus, judge, was at last 
put into a little ship filled with pitch and tow, 
which set on fire, the flame thereof turning upon 
those that kindled the same, she in prayer gave 
up her soul to God. Her body, together with the 
said ship, being miraculously brought to the is- 
land of Evaria, near Naples, was of the Christians 
received with great reverence ; and afterwards 
Constantine the Great caused a goodly church to 
be built in Naples in her honour. At Noyon,* 
of the holy martyrs Heradius, Paul, and Aquilin, 
with two others. At Chalcedou. of the holy mar- 
tyrs Solochan, and his fellow-soldiers, under 
Maximian, emperor. At Alexandria, of the holy 
martyrs Adrio, Victor, and Basilla. At "Wirtz- 
burge,t of S, Bruno, bishop and confessor. 



E The Eighteenth Day. 

In Egypt, of S. Dioscorus, lector, who by the 
president of that country, being diversly and 
most cruelly tormented, by plucking off his nails, 
and scorching his sides with torches, [but the tor- 
mentors being terrified by the brightness of an 
heavenly light, fell to the ground,] at last, burned 
with fiery plates, accomplished his martyrdom. 
At Camerino, in Umbria, of S. Venant, martyr, 
who being but fifteen years of age, was under 

Noviodunum, f Herbipolis, 



144 



MAY. 



Decius the emperor, and Antiochus, president, 
together with ten others, beheaded. At Spoleto, 
of S. Felix, bishop, who under Maximian, empe- 
ror, obtained the palm of martyrdom. In Egypt, 
of S. Potamon, bishop, who being first a confes- 
sor, under Maximian Galerius, was after in the 
time of Constantius, emperor, by Philagrius, the 
Arian president, crowned with martyrdom. At 
Ancyra, in Galatia, of S. Theodotus, martyr : also 
of the saints Thecusa, his aunt, Alexandria, Clau- 
dia, Faina, Euphrasia, Matrona, and Julitta, vir- 
gins, who being first brutishly sent unto the 
stews by the president, but preserved from in- 
famy by the power of God, having stones tied to 
their necks, were drowned in a lake ; whose 
relics when Theodotus had gathered together and 
honourably interred, being apprehended by the 
said president, and most cruelly tormented, at 
last beheaded, received the crown of martyrdom. 
At Opslo,* in Sweden, of S. Ericus, king and 
martyr. At Rome, of B. Felix, confessor, of the 
order of the Minorites Capuchins of S, Francis, 
who in the same city with a wonderful humility, 
and great edification of all the people, begged 
from door "to door forty years for the sustenance 
of the said religious, at length, famous for virtues 
and miracles, he died there in our Lord. 



* Upsalum. 



MAY. 



145 



F The Nineteenth Day, 

At Rome, of S. Pudentiana, virgin, who after 
she had passed through innumerable combats, 
after she had most honourably buried the bodies 
of many holy martyrs, and distributed all her 
goods to the poor for the love of Christ, went at 
length from earth to heaven. There also, of S. 
Pudens, a senator, father to the said virgin, who 
being clothed with Christ in baptism by the apos- 
tles, preserved his innocent garment unspotted 
until he received the crown of life. Moreover, at 
Rome, in the way called Appia, the birth-day of 
the Saints Calocerus and Parthenius, eunuchs ; 
of whom the former, being chief chamberlain to 
the wife of Decius the emperor, and the other 
also a principal officer, for refusing to sacrifice 
unto idols, were by the said Decius put to death. 
At Nicomedia, of S. Philoterus, martyr, son to 
Pacian the proconsul, who after many afflictions 
under Dioclesian the emperor, received the crown 
of martyrdom. There also, of six holy virgins 
and martyrs, of whom the chiefest was Cyriaca, 
who freely rebuking Maximian the tyrant for his 
impiety, being most cruelly beaten and torn, was 
finally burnt. The same day, of Saint Peter de 
Morono, who of an anchoret was created pope, 
and called Celestine the Fifth, but resigning his 
dignity, he betook himself again to a contempla- 
tive life in the wilderness, where, renowned for 
virtues and miracles, he went unto our Lord. At 
10 



148 



MAY, 



Canterbury, of S. Dunstan, bishop. In Little 
Brittany, of S. Ivo, priest and confessor, who for 
the love of Christ defended the causes of orphans, 
widows, and the poor. 



G The Twentieth Day. 

At Aquila, in Abbruzzo,* of S. Bernardine of 
Sienna, of the order of the Minorites, who by his 
preaching and example greatly illustrated Italy. 
At Rome, in the way called Salaria, the birth-day 
of S. Basilla, virgin, who descended of a royal 
lineage, and betrothed to a most noble person, 
for refusing his marriage was by him accused 
unto Gallienus the emperor to be a Christian ; of 
whom it was decreed, that either she should take 
him for her husband, or die by the sword; which 
when she refused to do, saying that she was 
already espoused to the King of kings, she was 
thrust through with a sword. At Nismes,t in 
France, of S. Bandelius, martyr, who for refusing 
to sacrifice unto idols, and persisting constant in 
the faith of Christ, after he had been cruelly 
whipped and otherwise tormented, by a precious 
death obtained the palm of martyrdom. At 
Edessa, in Syria, of the holy martyrs Thalalaeus, 
Asterius, Alexander, and their companions, who 
suffered under Numerian, emperor. In Thebais, 
of S. Aquila, martyr, who was cruelly torn with 
iron combs for Christ. At Bourges,J in France, 
* la Vestinis. f Nemausus. X Bituricse. 



MAY. 



147 



of S. Austregisilus, bishop and confessor. At 
Brescia, of S. Anastasius, bishop. At Pavia, of 
S. Theodore, bishop. At Rome, of S. Plautilla, 
a consul's wife, and mother to Blessed Flavia 
Domitilla, who, baptized bj S. Peter the apostle, 
renowned for all kinds of virtues, rested in peace. 



A The One-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Csesarea,* in Africa, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Timothy, Polius, and Eutychius, 
deacons, who for preaching the word of God in 
those parts, deserved to be crowned together with 
martyrdom. At Csesarea in Cappadocia, the 
birth-day of the holy martyrs Polieuctus, Victo- 
rius, and Donatus. At Cordova, of S. Secundi- 
nus, martyr. The same day, of the holy martyrs 
Synesius and Theopompus. At Csesarea Philippi, 
the birth-day of the holy martyrs Nicostratus and 
Antiochus, tribunes, with other soldiers. The 
same day, of S. Valens, bishop, who with three 
children was put to death. At Alexandria, the 
commemoration of the holy martyrs Secundus, 
priest, and others, who in the festival days of 
Pentecost, under Constantius the emperor, were 
commanded to be cruelly killed by George, the 
Arian bishop. Also of the holy bishops and 
priests, who, banished by the Arians, deserved to 
be made partakers of the glory of confessors. At 
Nizza,t in France, of S. Hospitius, confessor, 

* Mauritania Canadensis. t Nicia. 



118 



MAY. 



renowned for the virtue of abstinence, and spirit 
of prophecy. 



B The Two-and-Twentieih Day, 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Faustin, Timo- 
thy, and Venustus. In Africa, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Castus, and iEmilius, who finished their mar- 
tyrdom by the fire. These men, as S. Cyprian 
writes, yielding in the first assault, by the help 
of our Lord became conquerors in the second, 
and more strong than the fire itself, who before 
had yielded to the fire. In Corsica, of S. Julia, 
virgin, who by the death of the cross obtained the 
crown of martyrdom. At Comana, in Pontus, of 
S. Basiliscus, martyr, who under Maximian, em- 
peror, and Agrippa, president, being compelled to 
put on iron shoes, stuck full of hot fiery nails, 
besides the enduring of many other torments, at 
last beheaded, and ca>st into a river, obtained the 
glory of martyrdom. In Spain, of S. Quiteria, 
virgin and martyr. At Ravenna, of S. Marcian, 
bishop and confessor. In the territory of 
Auxerre,* of S. Romanus, abbot, who served S. 
Benet in his cave, and after going into France, 
having there erected a monastery, and left many 
disciples and followers of his virtues, went to rest 
in our Lord. At Aquin, of S. Fulk, confessor. 
At Auxerre, of $. Helena, virgin. 

* Antisiodorum. 



MAY. 



149 



C The Three-and- Twentieth Bay. 

At Langres,* in France, the passion of S. 
Desiderius, bishop, who seeing his flock vexed by 
the army of the Vandals, went to their king to 
entreat for them, who commanding him forthwith 
to have his throat cut, he willingly stretched 
forth his neck, in behalf of the sheep committed 
to his charge, and so by the sword went unto 
Christ. There suffered also with him many 
others of his flock, which lie buried in the same 
city. In Spain, of the holy martyrs Epitacius, 
bishop, and Basil. In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Quinctian, Lucius, and Julian, who, suffering in 
the persecution of the Vandals, deserved eternal 
crowns. In Cappadocia, the commemoration of 
the holy martyrs, who in the persecution of Maxi- 
mian G-alerius, having their thighs broken, were 
killed. Also of others, who at the same time in 
Mesopotamia, hanged up by the feet, with their 
heads downward, stifled with smoke, and consum- 
ed with a slow fire, accomplished their martyr- 
dom. In the territory of Lyons, of S. Desiderius, 
bishop of Vienne, who, stoned to death by the 
command of king Theodoricus, was crowned a 
martyr. At Synnada, in Phrygia, of S. Michael, 
bishop. The same day, of S. Mercurialis, bishop. 
At Naples, in Campania, of S, Euphebius, bishop. 
At Nursia, of the Saints Eutychius and Floren- 
this, monks, of whom S. Gregory, pope, makes 
mention. 

* Lingonee, 



150 



MAY. 



D The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Antioch, the birth-day of S. Manahen, fos- 
ter-brother to Herod the tetrarch, doctor and 
prophet under the grace of the new Testament, 
who lies buried in the same city. Also of S. 
Joane, wife to Chusas, Herod's steward, of whom 
S. Luke the evangelist makes mention. At 
Porto,* the birth-day of S. Vincent, martyr. At 
Brescia,t of S. Afra, martyr, who suffered under 
Adrian the emperor. At Nantes,J in the Lesser 
Brittany, of the blessed martyrs Donatian and 
Rogatian, brothers, who under Dioclesian, empe- 
ror, for the confession of their faith, being first 
cast into prison, then racked upon the torture 
Equuleus, and cut with knives, afterwards thrust 
through with a lance, were lastly beheaded. In 
Istria, of the holy martyrs Zoellus, Servilius, 
Felix, Silvan, and Diocles. The same day, of the 
holy martyrs Meletius, a captain, and two hun- 
dred and fifty-two of his companions, who by 
divers kinds of death accomplished their martyr- 
dom. Also of the holy martyrs Susanna, Marci- 
ana, and Palladia, wives to certain of the afore- 
said soldiers, who with their little children were 
all broken in pieces. At Milan, of S. Robustian, 
martyr. In the monastery of Lyrina, of S. Vin_ 
cent, priest, renowned for his learning and sanc- 
tity. At Bolonia, the translation of S. Dominick, 
confessor, in the time of pope Gregory the Ninth, • 

* Portus Romanus. f Brixia. $ Nannetes, 



MAY. 



151 



E The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Numentana, the 
birth-day of S. Urban, pope and martyr, by 
whose exhortations and doctrine, many [amongst 
whom were Tiburtius and Valerian] received the 
faith of Christ, and suffered martrydom for the 
same. He himself also, in the persecution of 
Alexander Severus, having endured much for the 
church of God, at last beheaded, obtained the 
crown of martyrdom. At Dorostorum,* in Mysia, 
the birth-day of the holy martyrs Passicrates, 
Valention, and two others, crowned together. At 
Milan, of S. Denys, bishop, who by Constantius 
the Arian emperor banished into Cappadocia for 
the Catholic faith, there gave up his soul to God, 
nearer the title of a martyr than of a confessor. 
His holy body was sent to S. Ambrose at Milan, 
by Aurelius, bishop, and by the assistance of S. 
Basil the Great, as is recorded. At Rome, of S. 
Boniface, pope, the fourth of that name, who 
dedicated the temple of all the gods, called Pan- 
theon, to the honour of our Blessed Lady at the 
Martyrs. At Salerno, the deposition of blessed 
pope Gregory the Seventh, an earnest protector 
and defender of the church's liberty. At Flo- 
rence, the birth-day of S. Zenobius, bishop of the 
same city, renowned for holiness of life and mira- 
cles. In England, of S. Aldhelm, bishop of Sher- 
borne.t In the territory of Troys,t of S. Leo, 

* Now called Busia. f Schireburgum. £ Tricassium* 



152 



MAY. 



confessor. At Assisi, in Umbria, the translation 
of S. Francis, confessor, in the time of pope Gre- 
gory the Ninth. At Yerula, in Campania,* the 
translation of S. Mary, mother to S. James, whose 
holy body is honoured with very many miracles. 
At Florence, of B. Magdalen, virgin, of the order 
of the Carmelites, famous for her life and sanc- 
tity. 



F The Six-and- Twentieth Bay. 

At Rome, of S. Philip Neri, founder of the con- 
gregation of the Oratorians, renowned for the 
gift of virginal purity and prophecy. Also at 
Rome, of S. Eleutherius, pope and martyr, who 
converted many of the Roman nobility to the 
faith of Christ, and sent the Saints Damian and 
Fugatius into Brittany, who baptized king Lucius 
with his queen, and almost all his people. More- 
over at Rome, of the holy martyrs Simitrius, 
priest, and two-and-twenty others, who suffered 
under Antoninus Pius. At Athens, the birth-day 
of S. Quadratus, disciple of the Apostles, who by 
his faith and industry gathering together the 
church, dispersed through fear of persecution, 
under Adrian the emperor, offered up unto him 
in defence of the Christian religion a very profita- 
ble book, and worthy the doctrine of the apostles. 
At Vienna, of So Zachary, bishop and martyr, 
who suffered under Trajan. In Africa, of S. 

* Hernici. 



MAY. 



153 



Quadratus, martyr, upon whose feast S. Augustin 
made a sermon. At Todi,* the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Felicissimus, Heraclius, and Pauli- 
nas. In the territory of Auxerre,t the passion of 
S. Priscus, martyr, with a great number more of 
Christians. At Canterbury, in England, of S. 
Augustin, bishop, who being sent thither, toge- 
ther with others, by S. Gregory, pope, preached 
the Gospel of Christ to the English nation ; and 
there, renowned for virtues and miracles, went to 
rest in our Lord. 



G The Seven-and-Tiuentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. John, pope and martyr, 
who by Theodoricus, an Arian king of Italy, 
being called to Ravenna, after long starving in 
prison for the orthodox faith, there ended his life. 
At Dorostorum, in Mysia, the passion of S. Julius, 
who having been an ancient soldier, aud by li- 
cense having given over the wars, was in the time 
of Alexander the emperor, apprehended by the 
officers, and presented before Maximus the presi- 
dent, in whose presence detesting the idols, and 
constantly professing the name of Christ, received 
the sentence of death. At Sora, of S. Restituta, 
virgin and martyr, who under Aurelian, emperor, 
and Agathius, proconsul, in a combat for her 
faith overcoming the violence of the devil, the 
flatteries of her kindred, and the cruelty of her 
* Tudertum. + AntisioGorum. 



154 



MAY. 



tormentors, was at last, together with other 
Christians, beheaded, and crowned with martyr- 
dom. In the territory of Arras,* of S, Ranulph, 
martyr. At Orange,! in France, of S. Eutropius, 
bishop, famous for his virtues and miracles. The 
same day, the deposition of Venerable Bede, 
priest, very renowned for his sanctity and learn- 
ing, 



A The Eight-and- Twentieth Day, 

In Sardinia, of the holy martyrs iEmilius, 
Felix, Priamus, and Lucian, who for Christ were 
crowned with martyrdom. At Chartres,J in 
France, of S. Caraunus, martyr, who under Domi- 
tian the emperor, by loss of his head obtained the 
crown of martyrdom. At Corinth, of S. Helconi 
des, martyr, who being first under Gordian, em- 
peror, and Perennius, president, afflicted many 
ways, and then again tormented by Justin his 
successor, but delivered by an angel ; having also 
her breasts cut off, cast unto the beasts, and 
tried by the fire, was at last beheaded, and so ac- 
complished her martyrdom. Also the passion of 
the Saints Crescens, Dioscorides, Paul, and Hel- 
ladius. At Thecuis, in Palestine, of the holy 
monks, martyrs, who were killed by the Saracens, 
in the days of Theodosius the Younger; whose 
sacred relics the inhabitants gathering together, 
kept them with great veneration and reverence 
* Atrebatum. + Arausia. $ Carnotum. 



MAY. 



155 



At Paris, of S. German, bishop and confessor, 
whose holiness of life and miracles how great 
they were, Fortunatus, bishop, has left written. 
At Milan, of S. Senator, bishop, very renowned 
for his virtues and learning. At Urgella, in 
Spain, in Tarraconia, of S. Justus, bishop. At 
Florence, of S. Podius, bishop and confessor. 



B The Nim-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Aurelia, the birth- 
day of S. Restitutus, martyr. At Iconium,* a 
city in Isauria, the passion of the Saints Conon, 
and his son of twelve years old, who under Aure- 
lian, emperor, being broiled upon a gridiron, and 
oil poured upon them, racked upon the torture 
JSquuleus, and burned with fire, at last, having 
their hands all bruised to pieces with a mallet, 
gave up the ghost. The same day, the birth-day 
of the holy martyrs Sisinnius, Martyrius, and 
Alexander, who in the days of Honorius the em- 
peror, as Paulinus writes in the life of S. Am- 
brose, through the persecution of the Gentiles 
obtained the crown of martyrdom in the country 
of Anaunia. At C sesarea Philippi, of the holy 
martyrs Theodosia, mother to S, Procopius, mar- 
tyr, and twelve other noble matrons, who in the 
persecution of Dioclesian were beheaded. In 
Umbria, the passion of a thousand five hundred 
and twenty-five holy martyrs. At Trevers, of S. 
* Now called Cogne. 



156 



MAY. 



Maximinus, bishop and confessor, who very hon- 
ourably entertained S. Athanasius in his exile, 
in the persecution of the Arians. At Verona, of 
S. Maximus, bishop. At Arcano, in Latium, of 
S. Eleutherius, confessor. 



C The Thirtieth Bay. 

At Rome, in the way called Aurelia, the birth- 
day of S. Felix, pope and martyr, who under 
Aurelian, emperor, was crowned with martyrdom. 
At Torre,* in Sardinia, of the holy martyrs Gabi- 
nus and Crispulus. At Antioch, of the Saints 
Sycus and Palatin, who for the name of Christ 
endured many torments. At Ravenna, of S. 
Exuperantius, bishop and confessor. At Pavia, 
of S. Anactasius, bishop. At Caesarea in Cappa- 
docia, of the Saints Basil and Emmelia his wife, 
father and mother to S. Basil the Great ; who in 
the days of Galerius Maximian being banished, 
inhabited the deserts of Pontus ; and the persecu- 
tion ceasing, leaving their children heirs of their 
virtues, rested in peace. 



D The One-and- Thirtieth Bay. 

At Rome, of S. Petronilla, virgin, daughter to 
S. Peter the Apostle, who contemning the mar- 
riage of Flaccus, a nobleman, taking three days 
* Turres. 



JUNE. 



157 



to deliberate, in the meanwhile attending to 
prayer and fasting, the third day, after she had 
received the holy Sacrament of Christ's body, 
gave up the ghost. At Aquileia, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Cantius and Cantian, brothers, and Cantia- 
nilla, their sister, who, descended of the noble 
family of Anicius, under Dioclesian and Maxi- 
mian, emperors, for constant profession of the 
Christian faith, together with their schoolmaster 
Protus, were beheaded. At Torre,* in Sardinia, 
of S. Crescentian, martyr. At Comana, in Pon- 
tus, of S. Hermias, soldier, who under Antoninus, 
emperor, being miraculously delivered from many 
and most cruel torments, converted the execu- 
tioner to Christ, and made him partaker of the 
same crown of martyrdom, which notwithstanding 
himself first obtained by the loss of his head. At 
Verona, of S. Lupicin, bishop. At Rome, of S. 
Paschasius, deacon and confessor, of whom S. 
Gregory, pope, makes mention. 



E The First Day. 

At "Rome, of S. Juventius, martyr. At Csesa- 
rea, in Palestine, of S. Pamphilus, priest and mar- 
tyr, a man of great holiness and learning, and 
very liberal to the poor, who in the persecution of 

* Turres. 



158 



JUNE. 



Galerius Maximian, being first tormented under 
Urban, president, and cast into prison, and after- 
wards again tormented under Firmilian for the 
faith of Christ, together with others, accomplished 
his martyrdom. There suffered also at the same 
time Valens, a deacon, and Paul, with nine others, 
whose memories are celebrated upon other days. 
At Austum,* of the Saints Reverian, bishop, and 
Paul, priest, with ten others, who under Aurelian, 
emperor, were crowned with martyrdom. In 
Cappadocia, of S. Thespesius, martyr, who under 
Alexander the emperor, and Simplicius, governor, 
after other torments was beheaded. In Egypt, of 
the holy martyrs Ischyrion, a captain, and of 
five other soldiers, who under Dioclesian the em- 
peror, were in different manners put to death for 
the faith of Christ. Moreover, of S. Firmus, 
martyr, who in the persecution of Maximian was 
sore whipped, beaten with stones, and finally be- 
headed. At Perugia, of the holy martyrs Felin 
and Gratinian, soldiers, who under Decius divers- 
ly tormented, by a glorious death received the 
crown of martyrdom. At Bolonia, of S. Proculus, 
martyr, who suffered under Maximian, emperor. 
At Ameria,t of S. Secundus, martyr, who under 
Dioclesian cast into the river Tiber, accomplished 
his martyrdom. At Castello,J in Umbria, of S. 
Crescentian, a Roman soldier, crowned a martyr 
under the same emperor. In Umbria, of S. For- 
tunatus, priest, renowned for his virtues and mi- 
racles. In the monastery of Lyrina, of S. Capra- 



* Augustodunum. + Olim Amenia. $ Typhernum. 



JUNE. 



159 



sius, abbot. At Trevers, of S. Simeon, monk, 
who was canonized for a saint by pope Benedict 
the Ninth. 



F The Second Day, 

At Rome, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Marcellin, priest, and Peter, exorcist, who in- 
structed in prison many in the faith, under Dio- 
de sian, after cruel chains, and very many tor- 
ments, were by the command of Serenus, judge, 
beheaded, in the place which was then called the 
Black Forest,* but afterward in honour of the 
Saints changing its name, was called the White 
Forest.f Their bodies were buried in a cave 
near to S. Tiburtius, and afterwards S. Damasus, 
pope, adorned their tomb with verses. In Cam- 
pania, of S. Erasmus, bishop and martyr, who 
under Dioclesian the emperor, was first beaten 
with leaden whips, and then grievously bruised 
with cudgels, had also rosin, brimstone, lead, 
pitch, wax, and oil poured upon him, and nothing 
hurt thereby, was afterward at Mola,$ under 
Maximian, again put to many and most cruel tor- 
ments, but still preserved by God for the confir- 
mation of others in their faith, at last called by 
our Lord, famous for his martyrdom, made a holy 
end. His body was afterwards translated unto 
Cajeta. At Lyons, § of the holy martyrs Photi- 
nus, bishop, Sanctus, deacon, Vetius, Epagathus, 

*Sylva Nigra. fSylva Candida. jFormise. §Lugdimum. 



160 



JUNE 



Maturus, Ponticus, Biblis, Attalus, Alexander, and 
Blandina, with many others, whose glorious and 
frequent combats, in the time of Marcus Aure- 
lius Antoninus, and Lucius Verus, are written in 
a letter of the church of Lyons to the churches of 
Asia and Phrygia: amongst whom S. Blandina, 
weaker than the rest in sex and body, and of a 
meaner condition, having endured more long and 
grievous torments, and still remaining constant, 
slain at last by the sword, followed the rest whom 
she had exhorted to the palm of martyrdom. At 
Rome, of S. Eugenius, pope and confessor. 



G The Third Bay. 

At Arezzo,* in Tuscany, of the holy martyrs 
Pergentin and Laurentin, brothers, who in the 
persecution of Decius, under Tiburtius, president, 
being yet but children, after cruel torments 
endured, and many miracles wrought, died by the 
sword. At Constantinople, of the holy martyrs 
Lucillian, and four children, Claudius, Hypatius, 
Paul, and Denys; of whom Lucillian, having 
been of an idolatrous priest made a Christian, 
after divers torments was cast into a burning fur- 
nace, together with his companions, which being 
miraculously extinguished by a shower of rain, 
they all remained without harm : and lastly, he 
being nailed to a cross, and the children be- 
headed, under Silvan, governor, they accom- 

* Aretmm. 



JUNE. 



161 



plished their martyrdom. There also, of S. 
Paula, virgin and martyr, who for gathering up 
the blood of the aforesaid martyrs, apprehended, 
whipped, and cast into the fire, but miraculously 
delivered, was at last also beheaded, in the same 
place where Lucillian was crucified. At Cordova, 
in Spain, of S. Isaac, monk, who died by the 
sword for the faith of Christ. At Carthage, of 
S. Caecilius, priest, who converted S. Cyprian to 
the faith of Christ. In the territory of Orleans, 
of S. Liphardus, priest and confessor. At Luca, 
in Tuscany, of S. Davin, confessor. At Paris, of 
S. Clotildis, queen, by whose prayers her hus- 
band king Clodoveus was converted to the faith 
of Christ. At Anagnia, of S. Oliva, virgin. 



A The Fourth Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Aretius and 
Dacian. At Siscy,* in Sclavonia, of S. Quirin, 
bishop, who under Galerius, president, having for 
the faith of Christ, [as Prudentius writes,] a mill- 
stone tied to his neck, was cast into a river, but 
the stone swimming above the water, after he 
had long exhorted the Christians not to be terri- 
fied with his punishment, nor yet to waver in 
their faith, by his prayers obtained of God that 
he might be drowned, thereby to attain the g]ory 
of martyrdom. At Brescia, of S. Clateus, bishop 
* Siscia. 

11 



162 



JUNE. 



and martyr, under the emperor Nero, In Panno* 
nia, of the holy martyrs Rutilus, and his compa- 
nions. At Arras,* of S. Saturnina, virgin and 
martyr. At Tivoli,t of S. Quirin, martyr. At 
Constantinople, of S, Metrophanes, bishop, and a 
renowned confessor. At Mela,J in Numidia, of 
S. Optatus, bishop, famous for his learning and 
sanctity. At Verona, of S. Alexander, bishop. 



B The Fifth Day. 

In Egypt, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Marcian, Nicanor, Apollonius, and others, who in 
the persecution of Galerius Maximian accom- 
plished a glorious martyrdom. At Perusia, of 
the holy martyrs Florent, Julian, Cyriacus, Mar- 
cellin, and Faustin, who in the persecution of 
Decius were beheaded. At Csesarea in Palestine, 
the passion of the Saints Zenaides, Cyria, Vale- 
ria, and Marcia, who after many torments joy- 
fully obtained the crown of martyrdom. At 
Tyrus, of S. Dorotheus, priest, who having suf- 
fered much under Dioclesian, and living until the 
time of Julian, under him, being an hundred and 
seven years old, adorned his venerable age with 
martyrdom. The same day, of S. Boniface, 
bishop of Mentz,§ who coming out of England to 
Rome, and sent back into Germany by pope Gre- 
gory the Second, to preach the faith of Christ to 
that nation, after he had converted a great num- 

* Attrebatura. f Tibur. t Olim Milevus. § Moguntium. 



JUNE. 



163 



ber, especially those of Friesland, to the Christian 
religion, deserved to be called the Apostle of the 
Germans : and finally being put to the sword by 
the furious Gentiles in Friesland, together with 
Eoban, and other servants of God, accomplished 
his martyrdom. At Cordova, in Spain, of S. San- 
cius, a young man, who though he had been 
trained up in the king's court, was not afraid not- 
withstanding to suffer martyrdom for the faith of 
Christ, in the persecution of the Arabians. 



C The Sixth Day. 

Of S. Norbert, bishop of Magdeburge, founder 
of the order called Prsemonstratensis. At Csesa- 
rea in Palestine, the birth-day of S. Philip, one of 
the first seven deacons ; who, renowned for mira- 
cles and prodigies, converted the country of 
Samaria to the faith of Christ, and baptized the 
eunuch of Candaces, queen of ^Ethiopia; and 
finally ending his blessed days in peace, lies 
buried at Caesarea, near unto three of his daugh- 
ters, prophetesses, for his fourth daughter, full of 
the Holy Ghost, died at Ephesus. At Rome, of 
S. Artemius, together with his wife Candida, and 
his daughter Paulina, who, converted unto Christ 
by the preaching and miracles of Saint Peter the 
exorcist, and with all his family baptized by S. 
Marcellin, priest, was by the command of Sere- 
mis, judge, cruelly scourged with leaden whips, 
and then beheaded: but his wife and daughter. 



164 



JUNE. 



thrust into a cave, were there overwhelmed with 
stones and rubbish. At Tharsus in Cilicia, of 
twenty holy martyrs, who in the days of Diocle- 
sian and Maximian, under Simplicius, judge, by 
divers torments glorified God in their bodies. At 
Noyon,* in France, of the holy martyrs Aman- 
tius, Alexander, and their companions. At Fie- 
soli,t in Tuscany, of S. Alexander, bishop and 
martyr. At Milan, the deposition of S. Eustor- 
gius the Second, bishop and confessor. At Vero- 
na, of S. John, bishop. At Besancon,J in France, 
of S. Claudius, bishop. 



D The Seventh Day. 

At Constantinople, the birth-day of S. Paul, 
bishop of the same city, who being often driven 
thence by the Arians for the Catholic faith, and 
restored again by S. Julius, bishop of Rome, at 
last by Constantius the Arian emperor sent into 
banishment to Cucusa, a little town in Cappado- 
cia, was there strangled barbarously by the craft 
of the Arians, and so went unto our Lord : whose 
body in the time of Theodosius the emperor, with 
great honour was translated to Constantinople. 
In Egypt, of S. Licarion, martyr, who, cut with 
knives, torn with whips of iron fiery hot, and hav- 
ing endured other most cruel torments, at last 
beheaded, accomplished his martyrdom. At Cor 
dova, of the holy martyrs Peter, priest, Walabon* ' 

* Noviodunum. f FsdsuIsd. $ Vesontio. 



JUNE. 



165 



sus, deacon, Sabinian, Wistremund, Habentius, 
and Jeremy, monks. In England, of S. Robert, 
abbot, of the order of Cisterce. 



E The Eighth Bay. 

At Aix,* in France, of S. Maximinus, the first 
bishop of that city, who is said to have been the 
disciple of our Lord. The same day, of S. Calli- 
opa, martyr, who having her breasts cut off for 
the faith of Christ, and the flesh seared with a 
burning iron, rolled also upon sharp potsherds, at 
last beheaded, received the palm of martyrdom. 
At Soissons,f in France, the birth-day of S. 
Medard, bishop of Noyon,J whose holy life and 
precious death are commended by renowned mi- 
racles. At Roan,§ of S. Gildard, bishop, brother 
to the same S. Medard, who both born upon one 
day, and upon one day ordained bishops, being 
also upon one and the self-same day taken out of 
this life, went together to heaven. At Sens,|| of 
S. Heraclius, bishop. At Metz,H of S. Clodul- 
phus, bishop. In Marc Ancona,** of S. Severin, 
bishop of Septempeda.tt In Sardinia, of S. Sal- 
lustian, confessor. At Camerino, of S. Victorin, 
confessor 



* Aquse. f Suessones. £ Noviomum. § Roto magus 
II Senones. f Metis. ** Olim Pitenum. 
tf San-Severino. 



166 



JUNE, 



F The Ninth Day. 

At Rome, upon Mount Celius, the birth-day of 
the holy martyrs Primus and Felician, under Dio- 
clesian and Maximian, emperors. These glorious 
martyrs having lived a long life in our Lord, and 
both together and severally endured divers and 
exquisite torments, at last, by sentence of Promo- 
tus, president of Nomento, being beheaded, ac- 
complished the course of their happy combat. 
At Agen,* in France, the passion of S. Vincent, 
deacon and martyr. At Antioch, of S. Pelagia, 
virgin and martyr, whose praises S. Ambrose and 
S. John Chrysostom have left written. At Syra- 
cosa,f of S. Maximian, bishop, of whom S. Gre- 
gory, pope, makes often mention. At Andria, in 
Apulia, of S. Richard, first bishop of the same 
city, famous for miracles. In Scotland, of S. 
Columb, priest and confessor. At Edessa, in 
Syria, of S. Julian, monk, whose worthy deeds S. 
Ephrem, deacon, has left written. 



a The Tenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Salaria, the pas- 
sion of S. Gretulius, a noble, and very learned 
man, and of his companions Cserealis, Amantius, 
and Primitivus, who by the command of Adrian 
the emperor, being apprehended by Licinius, that 

* Agennum. f Syracuse. 



JUNE. 



167 



had been consul, were first beaten, then cast into 
prison, and lastly into the fire, but receiving no 
hurt thereby, having their heads broken in pieces 
with cudgels, accomplished their martyrdom: 
whose bodies Symphorosa, wife to S. Getulius, 
gathering together, buried them honourably in a 
place belonging to her manor. At Rome, in the 
way called Aurelia, the birth-clay of SS. Basilides, 
Tripus, Mandales, and twenty other martyrs, 
under Aurelian, emperor, and Plato, governor of 
the city. At Nicomedia, of S. Zachary, martyr. 
At Prusias, in Bithynia, of S. Timothy, bishop 
and martyr, under Julian the Apostate. In 
Spain, of the holy martyrs Crispulus, and Resti- 
tutus. In Africa, of the holy martyrs Aresius, 
Rogatus, and fifteen others. At Cullen, of S. 
Maurin, abbot and martyr. At Petra, in Arabia, 
of S. Asterius, bishop, who having suffered much 
from the Arians for the Catholic faith, banished 
by Constantius the emperor into Africa, died a 
glorious confessor. At Auxerre,* of S. Censurius, 
bishop. In Scotland, of S. Margaret, queen, re- 
nowned for her charity to the poor, and voluntary 
poverty. 



A The Eleventh Day. 

The birth-day of S. Barnaby, apostle, who born 
in Cyprus, and ordained apostle of the Gentiles 
together with S. Paul, travelled with him into 
* Antisiodorum. 



168 



JUNE, 



many provinces, exercising the function of preach- 
ing the Gospel committed to his charge ; and 
lastly, going into Cyprus, there adorned his apos- 
tleship with a glorious martyrdom: whose body 
[himself revealing the same] was found in the 
time of Zeno the emperor, together with S. Mat- 
thew's Gospel, written with his own hand. At 
Aquileia, the passion of the Saints Felix and For- 
tunatus, brothers, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian and Maximian, after they had been racked 
upon the torture Eqiadeus, and burning torches 
put unto their sides, [which by the divine power 
were forthwith extinguished] and after boiling oil 
poured upon their bellies, they still persisting in 
the confession of Christ, at last were beheaded, 
At Bolonia, of S. Parisius, confessor, monk of 
the order of Camaldoli.* At Rome, the transla- 
tion of S. Gregory Nazianzen, whose holy body 
having been brought from Constantinople to 
Rome, and there kept a long time in the church 
of the mother of God in Campo-Martio, was by 
pope Gregory the Thirteenth with great solemnity 
translated into a chapel in the church of S. Peter, 
which for that purpose he had most sumptuously 
adorned, and the day after with due honour 
placed under the altar. 



* Camaldulum. 



JUNE. 



169 



B The Twelfth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Aurelia, the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, 
and Nazarius, soldiers, who in the persecution of 
Dioelesian and Maximian, under Aurelius, gover- 
nor, for the confession of Christ being cast into 
prison, and then torn with whips called scorpions, 
were at last beheaded. At Nice, in Bithynia, of 
S. Antonina, martyr, who in the same persecution, 
by the command of Priscillian, president, being 
sore beaten with cudgels, racked upon the tor- 
ture Equuleus, her sides torn and scorched with 
fire, was finally beheaded. In Thracia, of S. 
Olympius, bishop, who, expelled out of his bishop- 
ric by the Arians, died a confessor. In Cilicia, of 
S. Amphion, bishop and renowned confessor, in 
the time of Galerius Maximian. In Egypt, of S. 
Onuphrius, anchoret, who lived religiously three- 
score years in a vast desert, and famous for his 
great virtues and merits, rested in our Lord: 
whose memorable acts are written by Paphnutius, 
abbot. 



C The Thirteenth Day. 

At Padua, of S. Antony, confessor, born in 
Portugal, of the order of S. Francis, famous for 
preaching, holiness of life, and miracles. At 
Rome, in the way called Ardeatina, the birth-day 



170 



JUNE 



of S. Felicula, virgin and martyr, who refusing 
both to marry one called Flaccus, and to sacrifice 
unto idols, was convened before a certain judge, 
who seeing her remain constant in the confession 
of Christ, after she had endured a dark prison, 
and starving famine, caused her to be so long 
racked upon the torture Equuleus, until she gave 
up the ghost, and finally, her body to be taken 
down and thrown into a privy, which was by S. 
Nicomedes taken out, and buried in the same 
way. In Africa, of the holy martyrs Fortunatus 
and Lucian. At Biblus, in Palestine, of S. Aqui- 
lina, virgin and martyr, who being but twelve 
years of age, was under Dioclesian the emperor, 
and Volusian, judge, for the confession of her 
faith, buffeted, whipped, and had hot burning bod- 
kins thrust into her body, at last beheaded, conse- 
crated her virginity to God by martyrdom. In 
Abbruzzo,* of S. Peregrin, bishop and martyr, 
who by the Lombards was drowned for the Catho- 
lic faith in the river Pescara.f At Cordova, of S. 
Faudilas, priest and monk, who in the persecution 
of the Arabians being beheaded for the faith of 
Christ, obtained martyrdom. In Cyprus, of S. 
Tryphillius, bishop. 



D The Fourteenth Day. 

At Csesarea in Cappadocia, the ordination of 
S. Basil, bishop, who in the time of Yalens the 

* In Pelignis. f Olim Aternura. 



JUNE. 



171 



emperor, famous for learning and wisdom, and 
adorned with all sorts of virtues, wonderfully 
flourished, and with invincible constancy defend- 
ed the church against the Arians and Macedo- 
nians. At Samaria in Palestine, of S. Elizeus, 
prophet, at whose sepulchre [as S. Jerom writes] 
the devils tremble: where also lies buried the 
prophet Abdias. At Syracosa,* of S. Marcian, 
bishop, who, ordained bishop by S. Peter, after he 
had preached the Gospel, was killed by the Jews. 
At Soissons,t of the holy martyrs Valerius and 
Ruflinus, who in the persecution of Dioclesian, 
after many torments, by the command of Rictio- 
narus, president, were beheaded. At Cordova, of 
the holy martyrs Anastasius, priest, Felix, monk, 
and Digna, virgin. At Constantinople, of S. Me- 
thodius, bishop. At Vienna, of S. iEtherius, 
bishop. At Rhodes,^ of S. Quinctian, bishop. 



E The Fifteenth Day. 

In Lucania,§ at the river Silar, the birth-day of 
the holy martyrs Vitus, Modestus, and Crescentia, 
under Dioclesian the emperor, who being brought 
thither out of Sicily, after they had endured 
hot boiling lead, and by the power of God over- 
come the beasts, and other cruel torments, ended 
the course of their glorious combat. At Dorosto- 
rum, in Mysia, of S. Hesychius, a soldier, who 

* Syracuse. f Suessiones. J Rutheni, in France. 
§ Hodie Calabria. 



172 



JUNE- 



being apprehended with S. Julius, was a little 
after him, under Maximus, president, crowned 
with martyrdom. At Cordova, in Spain, of S. 
Benildes, martyr. At Zephyrium, in Cilicia, of 
S. Dulas, martyr, who under Maximian, president, 
for the name of Christ having been whipped, laid 
on a fiery gridiron, and scalded with boiling oil, 
and other ways tormented, obtained the palm of 
martyrdom. At Palmyra, in Syria, of the holy 
martyrs Libya and Leonides, sisters, and Eutro- 
pia, a girl of twelve years old, who by divers tor- 
ments attained the crown of martyrdom. At 
Valencene, the deposition of S. Landelin, abbot. 
At Auvergne,* of S. Abraham, confessor, renown- 
ed for holiness of life and miracles. 



F The Sixteenth Day. 

At Besancon,t in France, of the holy martyrs 
Ferreolus, priest, and Ferrutius, deacon, who 
being sent by Saint Irenseus, bishop of Lyons, to 
preach the word of God, were under a judge 
called Claudius, after many torments beheaded. 
At Tharsus, in Cilicia, of the holy martyrs Quiri- 
cus, and Julitta his mother, under Dioclesian, em- 
peror, of whom Quiricus, being but a child of 
three years old, and seeing his mother cruelly 
beaten with sinews in the presence of Alexander, 
president, pitifully crying, was dashed against the 
steps of the judgment-seat, and so died; but 

* Atuernum. f Vesontio. 



JUNE. 



173 



Julitta, after many most grievous stripes and tor- 
ments, ended the course of her martyrdom by the 
loss of her head. At Mentz,* the passion of the 
Saints Aureus, and Justina, his sister, and other 
martyrs, who being in the Church at Mass, were 
killed by the Huns, in their pillaging of Germany. 
At Amathusia,t in Cyprus, of S. Tychon, bishop, 
in the time of Theodosius the Founger. At 
Lyons, the deposition of S, Aurelian, bishop of 
Arles.J At Nantes, § in Little Brittany, of S. 
Similian, bishop and confessor. At Miessen,|| in 
Germany, of S. Benno, bishop. In Brabant, of 
S. Lutgard, virgin. At La Louvese, the birth-day 
of S. John Francis Regis, confessor, of the society 
of Jesus. 



G The Seventeenth Day. 

At Rome, the birth-day of two hundred three- 
score and two holy martyrs, who in the persecu- 
tion of Dioclesian were put to death for the faith 
of Christ, and buried in the old way of Salaria, at 
the foot of the hill Cucumer. At Tarracina, of 
S. Montanus, a soldier, who under Adrian the 
emperor, and Leontius, who had been consul, after 
many torments received the crown of martyrdom. 
At Venafri, of the holy martyrs Meander and 
Marcian, who in the persecution of Maximian 
were beheaded. At Chalcedon, of the holy mar^ 

* Moguntiaa. f Olim Amathus. £ Arelatum. 
Nannetes || Misna. 



174 



JUNE. 



tyrs Manuel, Sabel, and Ismael, who being sent to 
Julian the apostate as legates from the king of 
Persia to treat of peace, and constantly refusing 
to worship the idols, as the emperor commanded, 
were beheaded. At Apollonia, in Macedonia, of 
the holy martyrs Isaurus, deacon, Innocent, Felix, 
Jeremy, and Peregrin, Athenians by birth, who 
by Tripontius the tribune put to divers kind of 
torments, were lastly beheaded. At Ameria, in 
Umbria, of S. Himerius, bishop, whose body was 
translated to Cremona. In the territory of Bour- 
ges,* of S. Gundulph, bishop. At Orleans, of S. 
Avitus, priest and confessor. In Phrygia, of S. 
Hipatius, confessor. Also of S. Bessarion, ancho- 
ret. At Pisa in Tuscany, of S. Rainerius, con- 
fessor. 



A The Eighteenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Ardeatina, the 
birth-day of the holy martyrs Marcus and Marcel- 
lian, brothers, who in the persecution of Diocle- 
sian, being apprehended by Fabian, judge, and 
bound to a post, had sharp nails thrust into their 
feet ; and when they ceased not still to praise the 
name of Christ, having their sides pierced with 
lances, they went to the kingdom of heaven with 
the glory of martyrdom. At Malaga, in Spain, of 
the holy martyrs Cyriacus, and Paula, virgin, who 
being stoned to death, rendered up their souls to 

* Bituricae. 



JUXE. 



175 



God. At Tripoli, in Phoenicia, of S. Leontius, a 
soldier, who under Adrian, president, together 
with Hipatius, a tribune, and Theodulus, whom he 
had converted to Christ, by bitter torments at- 
tained the crown of martyrdom. The same day, 
of S. iEtherius, martyr, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, after fire and other torments, was be- 
headed. At Alexandria, the passion of S. Marina, 
virgin. At Bourdeaux, of S. Amandus, bishop 
and confessor. At Sacca, in Sicily, of S. Caloge- 
rus, hermit, whose sanctity appears most in free- 
ing possessed persons. At Sconaw,* of S. Eliza- 
beth, virgin, famous for observance of monastical 
discipline. 



B The Nineteenth Day. 

At Milan, of the holy martyrs Gervase and Pro- 
tase, brothers, of whom the former, by the com- 
mand of Astasius, judge, was so long beaten with 
leaden whips until he gave up the ghost; the 
other being all bruised with cudgels, was at last 
beheaded. Their bodies by revelation were found 
by S. Ambrose all besprinkled with blood, and as 
fresh as if they had been martyred the same day. 
At whose translation a blind man, touching their 
coffiin, recovered his sight, and many vexed with 
evil spirits were delivered. At Ravenna, of S. 
Ursicin, martyr, who under Paulinus, judge, after 
many torments constantly endured for the confes- 

* Sconaugia. 



176 



JUNE. 



sion of his faith, being beheaded, accomplished 
his martyrdom. At Sozopolis, of S. Zosimus, 
martyr, who in the persecution of Trajan, under 
Domitian, president, after bitter torments behead- 
ed, went triumphantly to our Lord. At Arezzo,* 
in Tuscany, of the holy martyrs Gaudentius, 
bishop, and Culmatius, deacon, who in the time 
of Valentinian were slain by the fury of the Gen- 
tiles. The same day, of S. Boniface, martyr, dis- 
ciple of S. Romuald, who being sent into Russia 
by the bishop of Rome to preach the Gospel, after 
he had passed through fire without harm, and 
baptized both the king and many of his people, 
being slain by the king's furious brother, received 
the crown of martyrdom which he desired. At 
Ravenna, of S. Romuald, anchoret, founder of the 
monks called Camaldulenses, who restored the 
eremitical discipline, much decayed in Italy, and 
greatly dilated the same. 



C The Twentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Silverius, pope and martyr, 
who refusing to restore Anthimus, an heretical 
bishop, deposed by his predecessor Agapitus, was, 
at the instigation of the wicked Theodora, em- 
press, banished into the island of Pontia by Belli- 
sarius, where, worn away with many miseries for 
the Catholic faith, he departed this life. At 
Rome, the deposition of S Novatus, son to bless- 

* Aretium. 



JUNE. 



177 



ed Pudens the senator, and brother to S. Timothy, 
priest, and to the holy virgins Pudentiana and 
Praxedes, who were all instructed in the faith by 
the apostles ; and their house, afterwards convert- 
ed into a church, was called by the title of Pastor. 
At Tomis, in Pontus, of the holy martyrs Paul 
and Cyriacus. At Petra, in Palestine, of S. Ma- 
carius, bishop, who having suffered much by the 
Arians, banished into Africa, there rested in our 
Lord. At Seville, in Spain, of S. Florentia, vir- 
gin, sister to the Saints Leander and Isidore, 
bishops. 



D The One-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Demetria, virgin, who was 
crowned with martyrdom under Julian the Apos- 
tate. At Siracosa,* in Sicily, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Rufinus and Martia. In Africa, of 
the holy martyrs Cyriacus and Apollinaris. At 
Mentz,t of S. Alban, martyr, who after many la- 
bours and hard conflicts for the faith of Christ, 
was made worthy the crown of life. The same 
day, of S. Eusebius, bishop of Samosata, who in 
the time of Constantius, the Arian emperor, dis- 
guised in a soldier's weed, visited the churches of 
God, that he might confirm them in the Catholic 
faith ; but afterwards under Valens he was ban. 
ished into Thracia, but the persecution ceasing in 

* Syracusa. + Moguntia. 

12 



178 



JUNE, 



the time of Theodosius, he was called back out of 
banishment, and as he was one day visiting again 
his diocese, having his head broken with a tile 
which an Arian woman let fall upon him from a 
window, finally died a martyr. At Iconium,* in 
Lycaonia, of S. Terentius, bishop and martyr. At 
Pavia, of S. Urciscenus, bishop and confessor. At 
Tungres, of S. Martin, bishop. In the territory 
of Evreux,f of S. Leutfrid, abbot. At Rome, the 
birth-day of S. Aloysius Gonzaga, confessor, of 
the Society of Jesus. 



E The Two-and- Twentieth Day, 

At Nola, in Campania, the birth-day of S. Pau- 
linus, bishop and confessor, who of a most noble 
and rich man, became poor and humble for Christ, 
yea, and which is more, sold himself to redeem a 
widow's son, whom the Vandals, having wasted Cam- 
pania, had led captive into Africa. He was fa- 
mous, not only for learning and abundant holiness 
of life, but also for his power over devils ; whose 
great praises S. Ambrose, S. Jerom, S. Augustin, 
and S. Gregory have left written. His body 
being translated to Rome, is kept with great hon- 
our in the church of S. Bartholomew, in the 
island of Tiber, together with the body of the 
same apostle. In the mount Ararat, the passion 
of ten thousand holy martyrs, there crucified. 
At Verulam,J in England, of S. Alban, martyr, 

* Now called Cogue, f Ebroicmm. % Now called S. Albans. 



JUNE. 



179 



who in the time of Dioclesian, delivering himself 
to the persecutors for the saving of a cleric whom 
he had lodged in his house, after blows and griev- 
ous torments was beheaded. There suffered with 
him one of the soldiers which led him to the place 
of execution, who by the way being converted 
unto Christ, deserved to be baptized in his own 
blood. In Samaria, of a thousand four hundred 
and fourscore holy martyrs, under Cosroes, king 
of Persia. The same day, of S. Niceas, bishop of 
Romatiana, famous for his learning and holy life. 
At Naples, in Campania, of S. John, bishop, who 
was called to the kingdom of heaven, by S. Pauli- 
nus, bishop of Nola. In the monastery of Cluni, 
of S. Confortia, virgin. 



F The Tliree-and- Twentieth Day. 

The vigil of S. John Baptist. At Rome, of S. 
John, priest, who under Julian the apostate was 
beheaded, in the old way called Salaria, before 
the idol of the Sun, and buried by S. Concordius, 
priest, near to the bodies of other martyrs. Also 
at Rome, of S. Agrippina, virgin and martyr, 
under Valerian, emperor, whose body being trans- 
lated into Sicily, is there honoured with many 
miracles. At Sutri,* in Tuscany, of S. Felix, 
priest, whose mouth by the command of Turcius, 
governor, was so long beaten with a stone, until 
he gave up the ghost. At Nicomedia, the com- 

* Sutrium. 



180 



JUNE. 



memoration of many holy martyrs, who in the 
time of Dioclesian the emperor, lying hidden in 
mountains and caves, joyfully endured martyrdom 
for the name of Christ. At Philadelphia, in Ara- 
bia, of the holy martyrs Zenon, and Zenas his 
servant, who kissing the chains of his master, and 
beseeching him to accept of him for a partner in 
his torments, apprehended by the soldiers, receiv- 
ed with his master the crown of martyrdom. In 
England, of S. Audry,* queen and virgin, who, 
renowned for sanctity and miracles, went to our 
Lord: whose body eleven years after her death 
was found uncorrupt. 



G The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

The Nativity of S. John Baptist, precursor of 
our Lord, son to Zachary and Elizabeth; who 
being yet in his mother's womb, was filled with 
the Holy Ghost. At Rome, the commemoration 
of many holy martyrs, who under Nero the empe- 
ror, being falsely accused for burning the city, 
were by his command cruelly put to divers kinds 
of death; of whom some, put in beasts' skins, 
were exposed to the fury of dogs, others were cru- 
cified, and others burned, to serve, as it were, for 
lights in the night. All these were disciples of 
the Apostles, and the first-fruits of martyrs which 
the Church of Rome, afterwards very fertile in 
that kind, sent unto our Lord before the death of 

* Ediltrudes, 



JUNE. 



181 



the said apostles. There also, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Faustus, and three-and-twenty others. At 
Satalis, in Armenia, of seven brothers, martyrs, 
Orentius ; Heroes, Pharnacius, Firminus, Firmus, 
Oyriacus, and Longinus, soldiers, who for that 
they were Christians, being by Maximian, empe- 
ror, first deprived of their military cincture, and 
then separated from each other, were carried 
away into divers places, where in great misery 
and affliction they ended their days. At Cristo- 
lium, in the territory of Paris, the passion of the 
holy martyrs Agoard and Aglibert, with innume- 
rable others, both men and women. At Aus- 
tum,* the deposition of S. Simplicius, bishop and 
confessor. At Lob,t of S. Theodulph, bishop. At 
Stylo, in Calabria, of S. John, surnamed Theres- 
tus, greatly renowned for his monastical and holy 
life. 



A The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Beroea, the birth-day of S. Sosipater, disci- 
ple to S. Paul the apostle. At Rome, of S. Lucy, 
virgin and martyr, with two-and-twenty others. 
At Alexandria, of S. Gallicanus, martyr, some 
time consul of Rome, who having been honoured 
with glorious triumphs, and dear to Constantine 
the emperor, being converted to the Christian 
faith by the Saints John and Paul, retired himself 
to Ostia, at the mouth of Tiber, where, together 
* Augustodunum. fLaubium. 



182 



JUNE. 



with S. Hilarinus, he gave himself wholly to hos- 
pitality and serving of the sick. The fame where- 
of being spread through the world, drew many 
thither from all parts, to see a man that had been 
senator and consul washing the feet of the poor, 
covering their table, pouring water on their hands, 
carefully serving the sick, and exercising all other 
works of mercy, but being driven thence under 
Julian the apostate, he went to Alexandria, where 
by Raucianus, judge, being urged to sacrifice unto 
idols, and contemning his command, by the loss 
of his head was made a martyr of Christ. At Si- 
bapolis, in Syria, of S. Febronia, virgin and mar- 
tyr, who in the persecution of Dioclesian, under 
Lysimachus, president, for defence of her faith 
and chastity, being first whipped, and racked 
upon the torture Equuleus, then torn with iron 
combs, and tormented by fire; having also her 
teeth struck out, and breasts cut off, at last 
being beheaded, adorned with so many jewels of 
her sufferings, went to her spouse. At Besancon,* 
in France, of S. Antidius, bishop and martyr, who 
was slain by the Vandals for the faith of Christ. 
At Rieux,f of S. Prosper of Aquitain, bishop of 
the same city, renowned for learning and piety; 
who stoutly defended the Catholic faith against 
the Pelagians. At Turino,t the birth-day of S. 
Maximus, bishop and confessor, very famous for 
learning and holiness. In Holland, of S. Adel- 
bert, confessor, disciple to S. Willebrord, bishop. 
In the territory of Guletto, near Nosca,§ of S. 

* Vesontio. + Rhegium. % Taurinum, § Nuscum. 



JUNE. 



183 



William, confessor, founder of the hermits of 
Mount- Virgin, 



B The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, in Mount Coelius, of the holy martyrs 
John and Paul, brothers, of whom the former 
being steward, the other chief secretary to Con- 
stantia, virgin, daughter to Constantine the em- 
peror: were under Julian the apostate both be- 
headed, and so obtained the palm of martyrdom. 
At Trent, of S. Vigilius, bishop, who whilst he en- 
deavoured wholly to root out the relics of idolatry, 
stoned to death by the barbarous people for the 
name of Christ, accomplished his martyrdom. 
At Cordova in Spain, the birth-day of S. Pelagius, 
a youth, who by the command of Abdaramenus, 
king of the Saracens, being pulled in pieces with 
tongs of iron, gloriously accomplished his mar- 
tyrdom. At Valencene,* the passion of the Saints 
Salvius, bishop of Angolesme, and Superius, mar- 
tyrs. Also the memory of S. Anthelm, bishop of 
Bellay.f At Poitiers,! of S. Maxentius, priest 
and confessor, famous for miracles. At Thessa- 
lonica, of S. David, hermit. The same day, of S. 
Perseveranda, virgin. 

* Valencenae. f Bellica. J Pictavium. 



184 



JUNE- 



C The Seven-and-Ticentietli Day. 

Lsr Galatia, of S. Crescens, disciple to S. Paul 
the apostle, who making a journey into France, 
did by his preaching convert many there to the 
faith of Christ ; but afterwards returning back to 
the Galatians, for whom he was specially ordained 
bishop, when he had confirmed that people, in the 
service of our Lord even to the end of his life, at 
last under Trajan accomplished his martyrdom. 
At Cordova, of the holy martyrs Zoilus, and nine- 
teen others. At Cassarea, in Palestine, of S. 
Anectus, martyr, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, under Urban, president, for exhorting 
others to martyrdom, having cast down certain 
idols by his prayers, was commanded to be whip- 
ped by ten soldiers ; having his hands and feet 
cut off, at last beheaded, received the crown of 
martyrdom. At Constantinople, of S. Sampson, 
priest, a great harbourer of the poor. In the ter- 
ritory of Tours,* of S. John, priest and confessor. 
At Varadin, in Hungary, of S. Ladislaus, king, 
who is greatly renowned for miracles, even until 
this day. 



D The Eight-and-Tiventieth Day. 

The vigil of the holy apostles S. Peter and Paul. 
At Rome, of S. Leo, pope, the second of that 
name. At Lyons, in France, of S. Irenaeus, 
* Turones. 



JUNE. 



185 



bishop and martyr, who, as S. Jerom writes, was 
disciple to S. Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna, and 
lived near the time of the apostles, after he had 
valiantly resisted the heretics, both by word and 
writing, was in the persecution of Severus, toge- 
ther with almost all the people of his city, crown- 
ed with a glorious martyrdom. At Alexandria, 
in the same persecution of Severus, of the holy 
martyrs, Plutarch, Serenus, Heraclides, a cate- 
chumen, Heron, a new-made Christian, and of 
another Serenus, of Rhais, also a catechumen, of 
Potamioena, and Marcella, her mother; amongst 
whom the most famous was Potamicana, virgin, 
who having first endured many and grievous con- 
flicts for the defence of her virginity, and after- 
wards put unto most exquisite and unheard-of tor- 
ments, at last for the Christian faith was, toge- 
ther with her mother, burned. The same day, of 
S. Papius, martyr, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian having been sore whipped, and cast into a 
caldron of boiling oil and tallow, and having suf- 
fered other most horrible torments, was at last 
beheaded. At Maestricht,* of S. Benignus, bi- 
shop and martyr. At Cordova, of S. Argymirus, 
monk and martyr, who in the persecution of the 
Arabians was slain for the faith of Christ. At 
Rome, of S. Paul, pope and confessor. 



* Trajectura. 



186 



JUNE. 



E The Nine-and-Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, the birth-day of the holy apostles S. 
Peter and S. Paul, who in the same year and 
same day suffered martyrdom under Nero the em- 
peror ; of whom S. Peter, crucified with his head 
downward, in the same city, and buried in the 
Vatican, near to the triumphal street, u honoured 
of the whole world : but S. Faul, being beheaded, 
and buried in the high way of Ostia, is also visited 
with like honour. At Argenton,* of S. Marcellus, 
martyr, who, together with Anastasius, a soldier, 
was beheaded for the faith of Christ. At Genua, 
the birth-day of S. Syrus, bishop. At Narni, of 
S. Cassius, bishop of the same city, of whom S. 
Gregory reports, that scarce any day of his life 
passed in which he did not offer the Holy Sacri- 
fice of the Altar to Almighty God; and his life 
agreed well therewith, for, giving all he had to 
the poor, in the time of his mass he used to be 
wholly dissolved into tears: at last, upon the 
birth-day of the apostles, on which every year he 
was accustomed to come to Rome, having said 
mass, and given the body of our Lord and his be- 
nediction to every one present, he went forthwith 
unto our Lord. In Cyprus, of S. Mary, mother of 
John, surnamed Mark. In the territory of Sens,t 
of S. Benedicta, virgin. 

* Castrum Argentomacham. f Senones. 



JUNE. 



187 



F The Thirtieth Day. 

The commemoration of S. Paul the apostle. 
At Limoges,* in France, of S. Martial, bishop, 
with two priests, Alpinian and Austriclinian, 
whose life was very renowned for miracles. The 
same daj, of the Saints Caius, priest, and Leo, 
subdeacon. At Alexandria, the passion of S. 
Basilides, under Severus, emperor, who for de- 
fending S. Potamioena, virgin, from the wantons 
of unchaste persons whilst he led her to execution, 
deserved to receive from her the reward of that 
religious deed : for three days after she appearing 
unto him, and putting a crown upon his head, did 
not only convert him to Christ, but after a short 
combat, by her prayers made him a glorious mar- 
tyr. At Rome, of S. Lucina, disciple of the apos- 
tles, who with her goods relieved the necessities 
of the saints, visited the Christians that were in 
prison, and buried the martyrs, and was buried in 
a cave near unto the said martyrs, which herself 
had made. There also, of S. ^Emiliana, martyr. 
In the territory of Viviers, of S. Ostian, priest and 
confessor. 



* Lemovicea, 



188 



G The First Day. 

The octave of Saint John Baptist. In the 
mountain of Hor, the deposition of S. Aaron, the 
first priest of the Levitical order. In England, of 
the holy martyrs Julius and Aaron, who suffered 
after S. Alban in the persecution of Dioclesian. 
At which time very many also in that island, suf- 
fering divers and most cruel torments, having 
accomplished their agonies, obtained the joys of 
heaven. At Mechlin, the passion of S. Rumold, 
martyr, son to the king of Scotland, and bishop 
of Dublin. At Sinvessa,* of the holy martyrs 
Castus and Secundinus, bishops. At Vienna, of 
S. Martin, bishop, disciple of the apostles. At 
Auvergne, of S. Gallus, bishop. In the territory 
of Lyons, the deposition of S. Domitian, abbot, 
who was the first that there led an eremitical life, 
and having gathered together many servants of 
God in that place, renowned for virtues and mira- 
cles, in a venerable old age he went to rest in our 
Lord. In the territory of Rheims, of S. Theodo- 
ricus, priest, disciple to S. Remigius, bishop. At 
Angolesme, of S. Bparchius, abbot. At Emesa, 
of S. Simeon, confessor, surnamed Salus, who 
became an idiot for Christ, but God manifested 
his high wisdom by many great miracles. 



* Rocca di Mon-Dragone. 



JULY. 



189 



A The Second Day, 

The visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, when 
she went to S. Elizabeth. At Rome, in the way 
called Aurelia, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Processus and Martinian, who, baptized by S. 
Peter the apostle in the prison called Mamertin, 
after they had endured the bruising of their 
mouths, the torture Equuleus, whips of sinews, 
beating with cudgels, burning with fire, and scor- 
pions, under Nero the emperor, at last beheaded, 
were crowned with martyrdom. Also at Rome, 
the passion of three holy soldiers, who being con- 
verted to Christ by the martyrdom of S. Paul the 
apostle, were together with him made partakers 
of heavenly glory. The same day, of the holy 
martyrs Ariston, Crescentian, Eutychian, Urban, 
Vitalis, Justus, Felicissimus, Felix, Marcia, and 
Symphorosa, who all in the raging persecution of 
Dioclesian the emperor, were in Campania crown- 
ed with martyrdom. At Winchester, in England, 
of S. Swithin, bishop, renowned for holiness of life 
and grace of miracles. At Bamberge, of S. Otho, 
bishop, who preaching the Gospel to the people of 
Pomerania, converted them to the faith. At 
Tours,* the deposition of S. Monegundes, a de- 
vout religious woman. 

* Turones. 



190 



JULY. 



B The Third Day. 

At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Tryphon, 
and twelve others. At Constantinople, of the 
holy martyrs Eulogius, and his companions in 
martyrdom. At Caesarea in Cappadocia, of S. 
Hyacinthus, chamberlain unto Trajan the empe- 
ror, who accused for being a Christian, and sorely 
whipped, was cast into prison, and there, consum- 
ed with hunger and famine, gave up the ghost. 
At Chiusi,* in Tuscany, of the holy martyrs Ire- 
nseus, deacon, and Mustiola, a grave matron, who 
under Aurelian, emperor, enduring sundry and 
cruel torments, deserved the crown of martyrdom. 
The same day, of the holy martyrs Mark and 
Mucian, who for the confession of Christ were 
beheaded, whom when a little youth with a loud 
voice admonished not to sacrifice unto idols, he 
was for that cause commanded to be whipped, but 
he more earnestly than before confessing Christ, 
together with one called Paul, who in like manner 
had encouraged the said martyrs, he was put to 
death. At Laodicea, in Syria, of S. Anatolius, 
bishop, whose writings were admired not only of 
religious persons, but even of philosophers. At 
Altino,t of S. Heliodore, bishop, famous for his 
learning and holiness. At Ravenna, of S. Dathus, 
bishop and confessor. At Edessa, in Mesopota- 
mia, the translation of S. Thomas the apostle out 
of India, whose relics were afterwards translated 
to Ortona. 

* Clusium. f Altinum. 



JULY. 



191 



C The Fourth Day. 

Of Oseas and Aggseus, prophets. In Africa, 
the birth-day of S. Jucundian, martyr, drowned in 
the sea for Christ. In the territory of Bourges,* 
of S. Laurian, bishop of Seville, and martyr, whose 
head was afterwards carried to Seville in Spain. 
At Sirmium, of the holy martyrs Innocent and 
Sebastia, with thirty others. At Madaura, in 
Africa, of S. Namphanion, martyr, and his compa- 
nions, whom he encouraged in their combat, and 
conducted to the crown of martyrdom. At Cy- 
rene, in Lybia, of S. Theodore, bishop and confes- 
sor, who in the persecution of Dioclesian, under 
Dignian, president, having been sore scourged 
with leaden whips, and having had his tongue cut 
out, went at last to rest in our Lord. The same 
day, the festivity of the Saints Flavian, the 
second bishop of Antioch, and Elias, bishop of 
Jerusalem, who for defence of the holy Council of 
Chalcedon, being sent into banishment by Anas- 
tasius, emperor, went conquerors to our Lord. 
At Ausburge,t in Rhetia, of S. (Jldaricus, bishop, 
renowned for abstinence, liberality, vigilancy, and 
the grace of working miracles. At Tours, the 
translation of S. Martin, bishop and confessor, and 
the dedication there of his church; upon which 
day also some years before he had been ordained 
bishop. At Lisbon, of S. Elizabeth, widow, queen 
of Portugal, whom, famous for virtues and mira- 
cles, Urban the Eighth canonized for a saint. 
* Bituricae. f Augusta Vindelicorum. 



192 



JULY. 



D The Fifth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Zoa, martyr, wife to S. Nicos- 
tratus, also a martyr, who, praying at S. Peter's 
body, under Dioclesian, emperor, was apprehended 
by the persecutors, and cast into a dark prison ; 
afterwards hanged on a tree by her hair and neck, 
a most loathsome smoke being raised under her, 
in the confession of our Lord gave up the ghost. 
In Syria, the birth-day of S. Domitius, martyr, 
who by his miracles bestows many benefits upon 
the inhabitants thereabout. At Cyrene, in Lybia, 
of S. Cyrilla, martyr, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, held a great while hot burning coals 
with incense in her hand, lest by letting the coals 
fall she might seem to offer the incense to idols, 
and afterwards most cruelly slashed with knives, 
in the purple of her own blood went to her Spouse. 
At Jerusalem, of S. Athanasius, deacon, who for 
defence of the holy Council of Chalcedon appre- 
hended by the heretics, after he had suffered all 
kind of torments, at last died by the sword. In 
Sicily, of the holy martyrs Agatho and Triphina. 
At Tomis, in Scythia, of the holy martyrs Mari- 
nus, Theodotus, and Sedopha. At Trevers, of S. 
Numerian, bishop and confessor. At San-Seve- 
rino,* in Marc-Ancona, of S. Philomena, virgin. 



* Septempeda. 



JULY. 



193 



E The Sixth Day. 

The octave of the holy apostles S. Peter and 
Paul. In Judaea, of S. Isaias, prophet, who 
under king Manasses being sawn in two, so died, 
and was buried under the Oak Rogel, near to the 
passage of the Waters. At Rome, the birth-day 
of S. Tranquillin, martyr, father of the Saints 
Marcus and Marcellian, who by the preaching of 
S. Sebastian, martyr, being converted to the 
Christian faith, and baptized by S. Polycarp, 
priest, was afterward ordained priest by S. Caius, 
pope ; and as he was praying at the tomb of S. 
Paul, upon the octave-day of the said apostle, 
under Dioclesian, emperor, being apprehended 
and stoned to death by the pagans, accomplished 
his martyrdom. At Fiesoli,* in Tuscany, of S. 
Romulus, bishop and martyr, disciple to S. Peter 
the apostle, who being by him sent to preach the 
Gospel, and having preached it in many parts of 
Italy, returning to Fiesoli, was, under Domitian, 
emperor, with divers others, crowned with mar- 
tyrdom. In Campania, of S. Dominica, virgin 
and martyr, who under Dioclesian, emperor, for 
breaking in pieces certain idols, being cast unto 
the beasts, but not hurt by them, at last beheaded, 
went unto our Lord : whose body is kept at Tro- 
pea in Calabria with great honour and veneration. 
The same day, of S. Lucy, martyr, born in Cam- 

* Fesulse. 

13 



194 



JUNE. 



pania, who being apprehended by Rixius, lieu- 
tenant, and sorely tormented, at last converted 
him to Christ: to whom were joined Antoninus, 
Severin, Diodore, Dion, and seventeen others, who 
were all made partakers of the same crown of 
martyrdom. In the territory of Trevers, of S. 
Goar, priest and confessor. 



F The Seventh Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Claudius, notary, 
Nicostratus, Master of Requests, Castorius, Vic- 
torin, and Symphorian, who being converted to 
the faith of Christ by S. Sebastian, and baptized 
by S. Polycarp, priest, were, for seeking out the 
bodies of holy martyrs, by Fabian, judge, com- 
manded to be apprehended, and after ten days' 
trial, both by flatteries and threats, when, as he 
could by no means move them to forsake their 
faith, after they had been thrice tortured, they 
were finally thrown headlong into the sea. At 
Durazzo,* in Macedonia, of the holy martyrs, 
Peregrin, Lucian, Pompey, Hesychius, Papius, 
Saturninus, and German, all Italians by birth, 
who flying the persecution of Trajan, came to that 
city, where seeing S. Astius, bishop, hanging upon 
a cross for the faith of Christ, openly professed 
themselves to be Christians, for which cause they 
were apprehended by the command of the presi- 
dent, and drowned in the sea. At Alexandria, 

* Dyrrachium. 



JULY. 



195 



the birth-day of S. Pantaenus, an apostolical man, 
and adorned with all kind of wisdom; who had 
such a zeal for the word of God, that with the 
fervour of faith and devotion he went and preach- 
ed the Gospel to those nations which lay unknown 
in the furthermost parts of the east, and at last 
returning to Alexandria, under Antoninus Cara- 
calla, rested in peace. At Brescia, of S. Apollo- 
nius, bishop and confessor. In Saxony, of S. 
Willibald, the first bishop of Eystet, who, labour- 
ing in preaching the Gospel with S. Boniface, con- 
verted many nations to the faith of Christ. At 
Auvergne, of S. Illidius, bishop. At Urgella, in 
Tarraconia, in Spain, of S. Odo, bishop. In Eng- 
land, of S. Hedda, bishop of the West-Saxons. 
There also, of S. Edelburga, virgin, daughter to a 
king of the English. The birth-day of S. Pul- 
cheria, virgin. 



G The Eighth Bay. 

In the Lesser Asia, of the Saints Aquila, and 
Priscilla, his wife, of whom mention is made in 
the Acts of the Apostles. At Porto,* of fifty holy 
soldiers, who being converted to the faith of 
Christ by the martyrdom of S. Bonosa, and bap- 
tized by S. Felix, pope, were put to death in the 
persecution of Aurelian, In Palestine, of S. Pro- 
copius, martyr, who under Dioclesian, emperor, 
being brought from Scythopolis to Ceesarea, was, 

* Portus Romanus. 



196 JULY. 

upon his first resolute answer, by Fabian the 
judge beheaded, At Constantinople, the passion 
of the holy monks called Abrahamites, who for 
opposing themselves against Theophilus, emperor, 
for the worship of holy images, were crowned with 
martyrdom. At Wirtzburge,* in Germany, of S. 
Kilian, bishop, who being sent thither by the 
bishop of Rome to preach the Gospel, and having 
brought many to the faith of Christ, was there, 
together with his companions Colman, priest, 
and Totnan, deacon, killed. At Trevers, of S. 
Auspicius, bishop and confessor. 



A The Ninth Day. 

At Rome, near the place called The Continu- 
ally-flowing Waters, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Zeno, and ten thousand two hundred and 
three others. At Gortina, in Candia,t of S. Cyril, 
bishop, who in the persecution of Decius, under 
Lucius, president, being cast into the fire, and the* 
bands where with he was bound burnt, but himself 
nothing hurt, so moved the judge by that strange 
miracle, that he then dismissed him: but after- 
wards, for zealously and confidently again preach- 
ing the faith of Christ, was by the same judge be- 
headed. At Thora, by the lake Velino, the pas- 
sion of S. Anatolia and Audax; of whom Ana- 
tolia, a virgin of Christ, after she had cured many 
In the province of Marc-Ancona that were sick of 

* Herbipolis. f Creta. 



JULY. 



197 



divers infirmities, and brought them to the faith 
of Christ, by the command of Faustinian, judge, 
being put to divers torments, and delivered from 
a serpent that was set upon her, at last, stretch- 
ing out her hands in prayer, was thrust through 
with a sword ; but Audax, that was converted by 
seeing her delivered from the aforesaid serpent, 
being taken and committed to prison, was forth- 
with sentenced to die, and so crowned a martyr. 
At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Patermuthius, 
Copres, and Alexander, who were slain under 
Julian the apostate. At Martula, of S. Brictius, 
bishop and confessor, who having suffered much 
for the confession of our Lord under Marcian, 
judge, and converted a great multitude of people 
to Christ, rested in peace. At Citta di Castello, 
the birth-day of S. Veronica Giuliani, virgin, a 
Capuchin nun. 



B The Tenth Day. 

At Rome, the passion of seven holy brothers, 
sons to S, Felicitas, martyr, to wit, Januarius, 
Felix, Philip, Sylvan, Alexander, Vitalis, and 
Martial, in the time of Antoninus, emperor, under 
Publius, governor of the city; of whom Janua- 
rius, after he had been scourged with rods, and 
pined in prison, was killed with leaden whips: 
Felix and Philip were beaten to death with cud- 
gels ; Sylvan was thrown down headlong from a 
steep place ; Alexander, Vitalis, and Martial were 



198 



JULY. 



beheaded. Also at Rome, of the holy virgins and 
martyrs Ruffina and Secunda, sisters, who in the 
persecution of Valerian and Gallienus, after many 
torments endured, at last the one having her 
brains struck out, the other beheaded, departed to 
heaven: whose bodies are kept with due honour 
and reverence in the church of S. John Lateran, 
near to the font. In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Januarius, Marinus, Nabor, and Felix, who were 
all beheaded. At Nicopolis, in Armenia, of the 
holy martyrs Leontius, Maurice,, Daniel, and their 
companions, who under Licinius, emperor, and 
Lisias, president, having endured divers torments, 
finally cast into the fire, accomplished their mar- 
tyrdom. In Pisidia, of the holy martyrs Bianor 
and Silvan, who having endured most cruel tor- 
ments for the name of Christ, were lastly behead- 
ed. At Iconium, of S. Apollonius, martyr, who 
by the death of the cross obtained a renowned 
martyrdom. At Gaunt, of S. Amelberga, virgin. 



C The Eleventh Day, 

At Rome, of S. Pius, pope and martyr, who in 
the persecution of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, 
was crowned with martyrdom. At Nicopolis, in 
Armenia, the birth-day of the holy martyrs Janu- 
arius and Pelagia, who being four days together 
racked upon the torture Eqimleus, and tormented 
with claws of iron and sharp potsherds, accom- 
plished their martyrdom. In the territory of 



JULY. 



199 



Sens,* of S. Sidronius, martyr. At Iconium, of 
S. Marcian, martyr, who under Perennius, presi- 
dent, by many torments obtained the palm of 
martyrdom. At Sida, in Paraphilia, of S. Cin- 
deus, priest, who under Dioclesian, emperor, and 
Stratonicus, president, after many torments, being 
cast into the fire, and nothing hurt, at last gave 
up his soul to God in prayer. At Brescia, of the 
holy martyrs Savin and Cyprian. At Bergamo,! 
of S. John, bishop, who was killed by the Arians 
for defending the Catholic faith. At Cordova, of 
S. Abundius, priest, who for inveighing against 
the sect of Mahomet, was crowned with martyr- 
dom. In the territory of Poitiers, f of S, Sabin, 
confessor. 



D The Twelfth Day, 

At Milan, of the holy martyrs Nabor and Felix, 
who suffered in the persecution of Maximian. In 
the monastery of Passiniano, near Florence, of S. 
John Gualbert, abbot, founder of the order of Val- 
lis-Umbrosa. In Cyprus, of S. Jason, an ancient 
disciple of Christ. At Aquileia, the birth-day of 
S. Hermagoras, disciple to S. Mark the evangelist, 
and the first bishop of that city, who amidst his 
miraculous cures, and diligent preaching, and con- 
version of people to the faith of Christ, having 
endured divers kind of torments, at last, together 
with his deacon Fortunatus, by the loss of his life 

* Senones. f Bergomum. £ Pictavium. 



200 



JULY. 



deserved a perpetual crown. At Luca, in Tus- 
cany, of S. Paulinus, who being ordained the first 
bishop of that city by S. Peter, after many com- 
bats under Nero the emperor, at the foot of the 
hill Pisa, accomplished his martyrdom, with others 
his companions. The same day, the passion of 
S. Proclus and Hilarion, who under Trajan the 
emperor, and Maximus, president, by most bitter 
torments attained the palm of martyrdom. At 
Lentini,* of S. Epiphania, who under Diociesian 
the emperor, and Tertillus, president, having her 
breasts cut off, gave up her soul to God. At 
Toledo,! of S. Marciana, virgin and martyr, who 
for the faith of Christ being cast unto the beasts, 
and torn in pieces by a bull, was crowned with 
martyrdom. At Lyons, of S. Viventiolus, bishop. 
At Bolonia, of S. Paternian, bishop. 



E The Thirteenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Anacletus, pope and martyr, 
who after S. Clement governed the Church of 
God, and adorned the same by a glorious martyr- 
dom. The same day, of the Saints Joel and 
Esdras, prophets. In Macedonia, of S. Silas, one 
of the first Christians, who being sent by the apos- 
tles with S. Paul and Barnaby to the churches of 
the Gentiles, full of the Holy Ghost, having dili- 
gently performed his office of preaching, and 
endured many, afflictions for the glory of Christ, 



* Leontmi. 



f Toletum. 



JULY. 



201 



rested at last in peace. Also of S. Serapion, mar- 
tyr, who under Severus, emperor, and Aquila, 
president, by fire obtained the crown of martyr- 
dom. In the island of Chio, of S. Myrops, mar- 
tyr, who under Decius, emperor, and Nunierian, 
president, beaten to death with bars, went unto 
our Lord. In Africa, of the holy confessor Euge- 
nius, bishop of Carthage, renowned for his faith 
and other virtues, and of all the clergy of that 
Church, who to the number of about five hundred 
or more, [amongst which were many little chil- 
dren who served as lectors] in the persecution of 
the Vandals, under Hunnericus, the Arian king, 
after blows and famine, rejoicing in our Lord, were 
sent into a far and cruel banishment. Amongst 
whom also were the most noble Salutaris, arch- 
deacon, and Murittas, the second amongst the 
officers of the Church, who being now the third 
time confessors, made themselves illustrious by 
their glorious perseverance in the faith of Christ. 
In Little Brittany, of S. Turian, bishop and con- 
fessor, a man of great simplicity and innocency of 
life. 



F The Fourteenth Day. 

At Lyons, the deposition of S. Bonaventure, 
cardinal, bishop of Alba, confessor, and doctor of 
the church, of the order of the Minorites, much 
renowned for his learning, and holiness of life. 
At Bamberge, of S. Henry, emperor, the first of 



202 



JULY. 



that name, who with his wife Chunegundes kept 
perpetual virginity, and persuaded S. Stephen, 
king of Hungary, with almost all his realm, to 
receive the faith of Christ. At Rome, of S. Jus- 
tus, a soldier under Claudius the tribune, who by 
the miraculous appearing of a cross being conver- 
ted to the Christian faith, and forthwith baptized, 
bestowed all his goods upon the poor; and after- 
wards apprehended by Magnetius, governor, and 
beaten with sinews, tormented also with a hot 
burning helmet put upon his head, and cast into 
the fire, (but not the least hair of his head touched 
with the flame) in the confession of our Lord gave 
up the ghost. At Synope, in Pontus, of S. Pho- 
cas, martyr, bishop of the same city, who under 
Trajan the emperor, having overcome imprison- 
ment, fetters, iron, and fire for Christ, went to 
heaven: whose holy relics were translated to 
Vienne, in France, and there placed in the church 
of the holy apostles. At Alexandria, of S. Hera- 
clas, bishop, whose fame was so renowned, that 
African the historian writes of himself, how he 
went on purpose to Alexandria to see him. At 
Carthage, of S, Cyrus, bishop, upon whose feast 
S. Augustin made a sermon to the people. At 
Como,* of S. Felix, the first bishop of that city. 
At Brescia, of S. Optatian, bishop. At Daventry, 
in Gelderland, of S. Marcellin, priest and con- 
fessor. 



* Novocomum. 



JULY. 



203 



G The Fifteenth Day. 

At Porto,* the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Eutropius, Zosima and Bonosa, sisters. At Car- 
thage, of S. Catulin, deacon, (in whose praise S. 
Augustin made a sermon to the people) and of the 
Saints Januarius, Florentius, Julia, and Justa, 
martyrs, who were buried in the church of S. 
Faustus. At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs 
Philip, Zeno, Narsseus, and ten children. In the 
isle of Tenedos, of S. Abudemius, martyr, who 
suffered under Dioclesian. At Sebaste, of S. 
Antiochus, a physician, who was beheaded under 
Adrian, president; and when instead of blood 
there issued milk from his neck, Cyriacus the 
executioner being converted by that miracle, 
became also a martyr. At Pavia, of S. Felix, 
bishop and martyr. At Nisibis, the birth-day of 
S. James, bishop of that city, a man of great sanc- 
tity ; who, famous for learning and miracles, was 
one of those confessors in the persecution of Gale- 
rius Maximian, who in the Nicene Council con- 
demned the perverse opinion of Arius, by oppos- 
ing against it the word Homousion; by whose 
prayers, and by the prayers of Alexander, bishop, 
Arius himself, by voiding out his bowels at Con- 
stantinople, received the worthy reward of his ini- 
quity. At Naples, in Campania, of S. Athanasius, 
bishop of that city, who having suffered much, 
and been driven out of his episcopal seat by his 

* Portus Romanus. 



204 



JULY. 



wicked nephew Sergius, spent with miseries, died 
at Verulo, in the days of Carolus Calvus. At 
Palermo, the invention of the body of S. Rosalia, 
virgin, of the said city, which being found by 
divine revelation in the time of pope Urban the 
Eighth, in the jubilee year freed Sicily from the 
plague. 



A The Sixteenth Bay. 

The birth-day of S. Faustus, martyr, who under 
Decius, emperor, being crucified on a cross, lived 
five days hanging thereon, and at last shot with 
arrows, went to heaven. At Sebaste, in Armenia, 
of the holy martyrs Athenogenes, bishop, and ten 
of his disciples, under Dioclesian the emperor. 
At Antioch, in Syria, the birth-day of S. Eusta- 
thius, bishop and confessor, renowned for his 
learning and holiness, who under Constantius, the 
Arian emperor, for defence of the Catholic faith 
banished to Trajanople, in Thracia, there rested 
in our Lord. The same day, of S. Hilarin, monk, 
who, together with S. Donatus, being apprehended 
in the persecution of Julian, and refusing to sacri- 
fice unto idols, sore beaten with cudgels, was 
finally at Arezzo,* in Tuscany, made a -martyr: 
whose body was afterwards translated to Ostia. 
At Trevers, of S. Valentine, bishop and martyr. 
At Cordova, in Spain, of S. Sisenand, deacon and 
martyr, who for the faith of Christ was strangled 
* Aretium. 



JULY. 



205 



by the Saracens. At Saints,* in France, of the 
holy martyrs Raineldes, virgin, and her compa- 
nions, who were slain for the faith of Christ by 
the barbarous people. At Bergamo, of S. Dom- 
nion, martyr. At Capua, of S. Vitalian, bishop 
and confessor. 



B The Seventeenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Alexius, confessor, son to 
Euphemian, a senator, who the first night of his 
marriage, leaving his spouse untouched, forsook 
his house, and after a long peregrination return- 
ing to the city, was harboured for seventeen years 
together as a poor beggar in a corner of his 
father's house, unknown, deluding the world by a 
new device : but after his death, by a voice heard 
in the churches of the city, and also by a writing 
of his own being known, was, Innocent the First 
being pope, with great honour carried to the 
church of S. Boniface, where he wrought many 
miracles. At Carthage, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Scillitains Speratus, Narzalis, Cythin, 
Veturius, Felix, Acyllinus, Letantius, Januaria, 
Generosa, Vestina, Donata, and Secunda, who by 
the command of Saturninus, governor, after their 
first confession of the faith being cast into prison, 
and nailed unto pieces of wood, were afterwards 
beheaded. But the relics of S. Speratus, together 
with the bones of S. Cyprian, and the head of S. 

* Santis. 



206 



JULY. 



Pantaleon, martyr, were afterwards translated out 
of Africa into France, and honourably placed in 
the church of S. John Baptist at Lyons. At 
Amastris, in Paphlagonia, of 8. Hyacinthus, mar- 
tyr, who having suffered much under Castritius, 
president, died in prison. At Tivoli,* of S. Gene- 
rosus, martyr. At Constantinople, of S. Theo- 
dota, martyr, under Leo the Iconoclastf At 
Rome, the deposition of S. Leo, pope, the fourth 
of that name. At Pavia, of S. Ennodius, bishop 
and confessor. At Auxerre.J of S. Theodosius, 
bishop. At Milan, of S. Marcellina, virgin, sister 
to S. Ambrose, bishop, who at Rome in the church 
of S. Peter, received the holy veil from the hands 
of pope Liberius: whose sanctity the same 5. 
Ambrose in his writings has witnessed. At Venice, 
the translation of S. Marina, virgin. 



C The Eighteenth Day. 

At Tivoli,§ of S. Symphorosa, wife to S. Getu- 
lius, martyr, with her seven sons, Crescens, Julian, 
Nemesius, Primitivus, Justin, Stacteus, and Euge- 
nius ; whose mother, under Adrian, emperor, for 
her invincible constancy, was first for a long time 
buffeted, and then hanged up by the hair ; at last, 
having a stone tied to her neck, was thrown into 
a river : but her sons, tied to stakes and stretched 
out with pulleys, by divers kinds of death accom- 
plished their martyrdom. Their bodies, after- 

* Tibur. + Image-breaker. J Antisiodorum. § Tibur. 



JULY. 



207 



wards translated to Rome, were, in the days of 
pope Pius the Fourth, found in the sacristy of the 
church of S. Angelus, in the Piscina. At Car- 
thage, of S. Gundenes, virgin, who by the com- 
mand of Ruffinus, proconsul, being for the confes- 
sion of Christ four several times racked, and 
cruelly torn with claws of iron, and kept a long 
time in a filthy prison, was at last beheaded. At 
Dorostorum, in Mysia, of S. -^milian, martyr, who 
in the time of Julian the apostate, under Capi- 
tolinus, president, being cast into a burning fur- 
nace, received the palm of martyrdom. At Maes- 
tricht,* of S. Frederick, bishop and martyr. In 
Galicia of Spain, of S. Marina, virgin and mar- 
tyr. At Milan, of S. Maternus, bishop, who 
under Maximian, emperor, for the faith of Christ, 
and defence of the Church committed to his 
charge, being cast into prison, and often whipped, 
at length, renowned for the many confessions of 
his faith, went to rest in our Lord. At Brescia, 
the birth-day of S. Philastrius, bishop of the same 
city, who by word and writing greatly opposing 
the heretics, especially the Arians, by whom he 
was much persecuted, at last, famous for miracles, 
died a confessor. At Metz,t in France, of S. 
Arnulph, bishop, who, renowned for holiness and 
miracles, embracing an eremitical life, made a 
blessed end. At Segni ; t of S. Bruno, bishop and 
confessor. 



* Trajectum, f Metae. 



t Signia. 



208 



JULY 



D The Nineteenth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Epaphras, whom S. Paul the 
apostle calls his fellow-prisoner, who by the same 
apostle being ordained bishop of Colossi, renowned 
for his virtues, stoutly defending the flock com- 
mitted to his charge, he there received the trium- 
phant palm of martyrdom. His body lies at 
Rome, in the church of S. Mary Major. At 
Seville, in Spain, the passion of the holy virgins 
Justa and Ruffina, who being apprehended by Dio- 
genian, and first stretched upon the rack, and 
torn with iron claws, afterwards afflicted with 
imprisonment, hunger, and divers other miseries, 
at length Justa died in prison; but Ruffina, for 
the confession of our Lord, had her neck broken. 
At Cordova, of S. Aurea, virgin, who repenting 
her for having once fallen from the faith, entered 
the combat the second time, and overcame the 
enemy by the shedding of her blood. At Trevers, 
of S. Martin, bishop and martyr. At Rome, of S. 
Symmachus, pope, who, afflicted a long time with 
the faction of schismatics, at last, renowned for 
sanctity, went unto our Lord. At Verona, of S. 
Felix, bishop. At Mount Scetis, in Egypt, of S. 
Arsenius, deacon of the Roman Church, who in 
the time of Theodosius retiring himself into a wil- 
derness, endowed with the perfection of all vir- 
tues, and grace of tears, gave up his soul to God. 
In Cappadocia, of S. Macrina, virgin, sister to S. 
Basil the Great, and S. Gregory Nyssen. 



JULY. 



209 



E The Twentieth Day. 

At Antioch, tlie passion of S. Margaret, virgin 
and martyr. In mount Carmel, of S, Elias, pro- 
phet. The same day, the birth-day of S. Joseph, 
surnamed the Just, whom the apostles appointed 
to stand in election with Matthias, to supply the 
place and apostleship of Judas the traitor: but 
when the lot fell upon Matthias, he notwithstand- 
ing, by preaching and teaching, persisted in the 
service of our Lord; and having suffered great 
persecution of the Jews for the faith of Christ, 
made a victorious end in Jewry: of whom it is 
recorded, that having drunk poison, through his 
faith in our Lord he received no hurt. At Damas- 
co, of the holy martyrs Sabin, Julian, Maximus, 
Macrobius, Cassia, and Paula, with ten others. 
At Cordova, of S. Paul, deacon and martyr, who, 
reprehending infidel princes for their Mahometi- 
cal impiety and cruelty, and preaching Christ 
very constantly, was slain by their command, and 
so ascended to heaven for his reward. In Portu- 
gal, of S. Wilgefort, virgin and martyr, who com- 
bating for the Christian faith, and conservation of 
her chastity, deserved a most glorious triumph by 
the death of the cross, In the territory of Bul- 
len, in France, of S. Wulmarus, abbot, a man of 
wonderful holiness. At Trevers, of S. Severa, 
virgin. 

14 



210 



JULY. 



F The One-and- Twentieth Day, 

At Rome, of S. Praxedes, virgin, who being 
brought up in all chastity, and knowledge of the 
law of God, giving herself wholly to prayer, watch- 
ing, and fasting, went to rest in our Lord, and 
was buried near unto her sister Pudentiana, in the 
way called Salaria. At Babylon, of S. Daniel, 
prophet. At Marseille,* the birth-day of S. Vic- 
tor, who being a soldier, and refusing either to 
follow the wars, or to sacrifice unto idols, first 
cast into prison, and there comforted by an angel, 
then diversly tormented, at last, ground to pieces 
in a mill, accomplished his martyrdom. There 
suffered with him three other soldiers, Alexander, 
Felician, and Longinus. At Troys, t of S. Julia, 
virgin and martyr. There also, the passion of the 
Saints Claudius, Justus, Jucundinus, and five 
more, their companions, under Aurelian, emperor. 
At Comana, in Armenia, of S. Zoticus, bishop and 
martyr, who was crowned under Severus. At 
Strasburge,J of S. Arbogastus, bishop, renowned 
for miracles. In Syria, of S. John, monk, compa- 
nion to S. Simeon. 



D The Two-and- Tiventieth Day, 

At Marseille,§ the birth-day of S. Mary Mag- 
dalen, out of whom our Lord cast seven devils, 
and who deserved first to see our Saviour after he 

* Massilia. + Treese. % Argentoratum. § Massilia. 



JULY. 



211 



^as risen from death. At Philippi, of S. Synty- 
ches, of whom S. Paul the apostle makes mention. 
At Ancyra, in Galatia, the birth-day of S. Plato, 
martyr, who under Agrippinus, lieutenant, being 
whipped, torn with iron claws, and otherwise most 
cruelly tormented, at last beheaded, rendered up 
his unvanquished soul to God : whose miracles in 
helping of captives, the acts of the second Council 
of Nice do testify. In Cyprus, of S. Theophilus, 
pre tor, who, apprehended by the Arabians, when 
neither by gifts nor threats he could be induced 
to deny Christ, was beheaded. At Antioch, of S. 
Cyril, bishop, renowned for his learning and holi- 
ness. In the territory of Auvergne,* of S. Men- 
eleus, abbot. In the monastery called Blandine, 
of S. Wandregesilius, abbot, famous for miracles. 
At Scythople, in Palestine, of S. Joseph, earl. 



A The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Apoliinaris, who being 
ordained at Rome by S. Peter the apostle, and 
sent to Ravenna, suffered there manifold and 
divers torments for the faith of Christ: after- 
wards going into iEmilia, and there preaching the 
Gospel, he drew many from the worship of idols : 
at length returning to Ravenna, under Vespasian, 
emperor, he there accomplished a glorious martyr- 
dom. At Rome, of S. Rasyphus, martyr. There 
also, the passion of S. Primitiva, virgin and mar- 
* Aruernum. 



212 



JULY. 



tyr. Also of the holy martyrs Apollonius and 
Eugenius. The same day, the birth-day of the , 
holy martyrs Trophimus and Theophilus, who 
under Dioclesian the emperor, being first beaten 
with stones, then scorched with fire, at last 
beheaded, were crowned with martyrdom. In 
Bulgaria, of very many holy martyrs, whom Nice- i 
phorus the impious emperor, spoiling the churches 
of God, caused to be killed by divers kinds of 
death, by the sword, by halters, arrows, long 
imprisonment, and famine. At Mans,* in France, 
of S. Liborius, bishop and confessor. At Rome, of 
the holy virgins Romula, Redempta, and Herun- 
dines, of whom S. Gregory, pope, makes mention. 



B The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

The vigil of S. James the apostle. At Tyro, in 
Tuscany, by the lake Vulsino, of S. Christina, 
virgin and martyr, who, believing in Christ, and 
breaking in pieces the gold and silver idols of her 
father, and giving them to the poor, was by his 
command first cruelly whipped, and other ways 
most grievously tormented ; then being tied to a 
weighty stone, and cast into a lake, but delivered 
by an angel, was after all this, under another 
judge, successor to her father, yet more cruelly 
tormented, but she bore all courageously; and 
lastly, by Julian, president, after she had been 
shut up five days in a burning furnace without 

* Cenomani. 



JULY. 



213 



any hurt, and by the power of Christ overcome 
serpents, having her tongue cut out, shot full of 
arrows, she ended the course of her martyrdom. 
At Rome, in the way called Tiburtina, of S. Vin- 
cent, martyr. At Amiterno, in Abbruzzo,* the 
passion of fourscore and three holy soldiers, mar- 
tyrs. At Merida,t in Spain, of S. Victor, soldier, 
who with his two brothers Stercatius and Antino- 
genes, in the persecution of Dioclesian, by divers 
kind of torments accomplished his martyrdom. 
In Lycia, of the holy martyrs Niceta and Aqui- 
lina, who being converted to Christ by the preach- 
ing of S. Christopher, martyr, obtained the palm 
of martyrdom by loss of their heads. Also of the 
holy martyrs Meneus and Capito. At Sens,J of 
S. Ursicin, bishop and confessor. 



C The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

Of S. James the Apostle, brother to S. John 
the evangelist, who about the feast of Easter was 
beheaded by Herod Agrippa. His holy relics 
were upon this day translated from Jerusalem to 
Galicia in Spain, and there are had in great vene- 
ration of that nation, and much frequented by the 
great concourse of people from all parts, who for 
devotion, and to fulfil their vows, go thither on pil- 
grimage. In Lycia, of S. Christopher, martyr, 
who under Decius being sorely bruised with rods 
of iron, and cast into the burning fire, but pre- 



* In Vestinis. 



f Emerita. 



£ Senonse. 



214 



JULY. 



served by the power of Christ, at last, shot fall of 
arrows, accomplished his martyrdom by being 
beheaded. At Barcelona,* in Spain, the birth- 
day of 8. Cucuphas, martyr, who in the persecu- 
tion of Dioclesian, under Dacian, president, hav- 
ing overcome many torments, by the loss of his 
head went triumphantly to heaven. In Palestine, 
of S. Paul, martyr, who in the persecution of 
Maximian Galerius, under Firmilian, president, 
being condemned to death, and obtaining a short 
space to pray, first made intercession with all his 
heart for his own countrymen; then for the Jews 
and Gentiles, that they might come to the know- 
ledge of the truth ; after for the whole multitude 
there present; lastly for the judge that condemn- 
ed him, and the hangman that was to execute the 
sentence ; and then beheaded, received the crown 
of martyrdom. There also, of S. Valentina, vir- 
gin, who, carried to an altar to sacrifice unto the 
idols, and overthrowing it with her foot, cruelly 
tormented, together with another virgin, her com- 
panion, cast into the fire, went joyfully unto her 
spouse. At Forcono,t in Abbruzzo, of the holy 
martyrs Florentius and Felix, citizens of Siponto. 
At Cordova, of S. Theodemire. monk and martyr. 
At Trevers, of S. Magnericus, bishop and con- 
fessor. 



*Barcinone. 



f Furconium in Vestiuis, 



JULY. 



215 



D The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

The departure out of this life of S. Anne, 
mother of the B. Virgin Mary, mother of God. 
At Philippi, in Macedonia, the birth-day of S. 
Erastus, who being left bishop there by S. Paul 
the apostle, was there crowned with martyrdom. 
At Rome, in the way Latina, of the holy martyrs 
Simphronius, Olympius, Theodulus, and Exuperia ; 
who, as it is recorded in the acts of S. Stephen, 
pope, obtained the palm of martyrdom by fire. 
At Porto,* of S. Hyacinthus, martyr, who being 
first cast into the fire, and then thrown headlong 
into a river, but escaping without any hurt, was 
afterward by Leontius, who had been consul 
under Trajan the emperor, beheaded; whose 
body Julia, a noble matron, buried in her manor, 
near to the city. Also at Rome, of S. Pastor, 
priest, whose name serves for a title to a cardinal 
at the church of S. Pudentiana, upon the hill 
Viminalis. At Verona, of S. Valens, bishop and 
confessor. In the monastery of S. Benet, near 
Mantua, of S. Simeon, monk and hermit, who, 
renowned for many miracles, in a good old age 
rested in our Lord. 



E The Seven-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Nicomedia, the passion of S. Pantaleon, phy- 
sician, who being apprehended by Maximian, 
emperor, for the faith of Christ, and racked upon 
* Portus Romanus. 



216 



JULY. 



the torture Equuleus, and tormented with burning 
lamps, in the midst whereof he was comforted by 
our Lord appearing unto him, at last by the sword 
accomplished his martyrdom. In the same place, 
of S. Hermolaus, priest, by whose doctrine S. Pan- 
taleon was converted to the faith. Also of the 
Saints Hermippus and Hermocrates, brothers, who 
after many torments were by the same Maximian 
killed for the confession of Christ. At Nola, of 
the holy martyrs Felix, Julia, and Jucunda. At 
Bisegli,* in Apulia, of the holy martyrs Maurus, 
bishop, Pantaleemon and Sergius, who suffered 
under Trajan. In the country of the Homerits, 
the commemoration of the holy martyrs, who were 
burnt under Dunaan the tyrant for the faith of 
Christ. At Cordova, in Spain, of the holy mar- 
tyrs George, deacon, Felix, Aurelius, Natalia, and 
Liliosa, in the persecution of the Arabians. At 
Ephesus, the birth-day of the seven holy sleepers, 
Maximian, Malchus, Martinian, Denys, John, Sera- 
pion, and Constantine. At Auxerre,t the deposi- 
tion of S. iEtherius, bishop and confessor. At 
Constantinople, of S. Anthusa. virgin, who under 
Constantine Copronymus, for the worship of holy 
images whipped and sent into banishment, rested 
in our Lord. 



F Hie Eight-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, the passion of S. Victor, pope and 
martyr. There also, of S. Innocent, pope and 
* Vigiliae. + Antisiodorum. 



JULY. 



217 



confessor. At Milan, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Nazarius, and Celsus, a boy, who in the 
fury of the persecution under Nero, after long 
pining and affliction in prison, were by Anolinus 
beheaded. At Thebais, in Egypt, the commemo- 
ration of many holy martyrs, who suffered in the 
persecution of Decius and Valerian. At which 
time, the Christians desiring to die by the sword 
for the name of Christ, the crafty enemy of man- 
kind devised certain slow torments to put them to 
death, whereby he meant rather to kill their souls 
than their bodies. Of which number one, after 
that he had overcome the torture Fquuleus, hot 
fiery plates, and frying pans anointed over with 
honey, and his hands bound behind him, was 
placed in the hot scorching sun to be stung of 
wasps and flies: another, gently bound and laid 
among flowers, being by an impudent harlot pro- 
voked to lust, biting off his tongue, did spit it in 
her face. At Ancyra, in Galatia, of S. Eusta- 
chius, martyr, who after divers kind of torments 
being thrown into a river, but delivered by an 
angel, was at last, by a dove descending from hea- 
ven, invited to life everlasting. At Melasso,* of 
S. Acatius, martyr, who under Licinius, emperor, 
after divers torments being thrown into a burning 
furnace, but by the help of God preserved from 
hurt, accomplished his martyrdom by loss of his 
head. In Little Brittany, of S. Sampson, bishop 
and confessor. At Lyons, of S. Peregrin, priest, 
whose happiness is attested by glorious miracles. 

* Miletus. 



218 



JULY. 



G The Mne-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Tarascon,* in Provence of France, of S. 
Martha, virgin, harbourer of our Saviour, and sis- 
ter to Blessed Mary Magdalen, and Lazarus. At 
Rome, in the way called Aurelia, of S. Felix the 
Second, pope and martyr, who for defending the 
Catholic faith, being cast out of his see by Con- 
stantius, the Arian emperor, and slain privately 
at Cera in Tuscany, made a glorious end. His 
body being taken thence by the clergy, and buried 
in the same way, was after translated to the 
church of S. Cosmas and Damian: and in the 
time of pope Gregory the Thirteenth the same 
was found there under the altar, together with the 
relics of the holy martyrs Marcus, Marcellian, and 
Tranquillinus, and with them decently laid again 
in the same place, the one-and-thirtieth day of 
July. Under which altar were also found the 
bodies of the holy martyrs Abundius, priest, and 
Abundantius, deacon, which not long after were 
solemnly translated to the church of the Society 
of Jesus, upon the eve of their feast. Also at 
Rome, in the way Portuensis, of the holy martyrs 
Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrix, under Diocle- 
sian, emperor, of whom the two former, after 
many and different torments, were beheaded. 
But Beatrix their sister, for the confession of 
Christ, was strangled in prison. Moreover at 
Rome, of the holy martyrs Lucilla and Flora, vir- 

* Tarascum. 



JULY. 



219 



gins, Eugenius, Antoninus, Theodore, and eighteen 
others, their companions, who suffered a glorious 
martyrdom under Gallienus, emperor. At Gangra, 
in Paphlagonia, of S. Calinicus, martyr, who, whip- 
ped with rods of iron, and divers other ways tor- 
mented, at last cast into a burning furnace, gave 
up his soul to God. In Norway, of S. Olaus, king 
and martyr. At Troys,* in France, of S. Lupus, 
bishop and confessor, who went into England with 
S. German to expel the Pelagian heresy thence ; 
and by his continual prayers defended the city of 
Troys from the fury of Attalus, that spoiled all 
France; and finally, having venerably executed 
the function of priesthood for fifty-two years, 
rested in our Lord. At S. Brieu,t of S. William, 
bishop and confessor. Also the deposition of S. 
Prosper, bishop of Orleans. At Todi,]: of S. Faus- 
tin, confessor. At Mamia, of S. Seraphina. 



A The Thirtieth Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Abdon and Sen- 
nen, Persians, who under Decius, emperor, being 
brought to Rome bound in chains, were for the 
faith of Christ first whipped with leaden whips, 
and afterward beheaded. At Turburbum Lucer- 
narium, in Africa, of the holy virgins and mar- 
tyrs Maxima, Donaiilla, and Secunda, of whom 
the two first, in the persecution of Valerian and 
Gallienus, being constrained to drink vinegar and 

* Trecse. f Briocum, X Tudertum. 



220 



JULY. 



gall, then cruelly beaten, and racked upon the 
torture Uquuleus; broiled also upon a gridiron, 
and rubbed with hot lime, were afterwards, toge- 
ther with Secunda, a girl of twelve years old, cast 
unto the beasts, who refusing to touch them, they 
were finally beheaded. At Assisi,* in Umbria, 
of S. Rufinus, martyr. At Csesarea in Cappado- 
cia, of S. Julitta, martyr, who claiming in justice 
the restitution of her goods, which were unjustly 
detained from her by a certain nobleman, and he 
excepting against her that she was a Christian, 
and therefore not to be heard, was commanded by 
the judge to offer incense to the idols, that so her 
cause might be heard; which she constantly 
refusing to do, being cast into the fire, gave up 
her soul to God ; but her body was nothing at all 
hurt thereby. Her renowned praises are celebra- 
ted by S. Basil the Great with most high com- 
mendation. At Auxerre,t of S. Ursus, bishop 
and confessor. 



B The One-and- Thirtieth Bay. 

At Rome, the birth-day of S. Ignatius, confes- 
sor, founder of the Society of Jesus, renowned for 
sanctity and miracles, and most zealous in propa- 
gating all over the world the Catholic religion. 
At C.sesarea, the passion of S. Fabius, martyr, who 
refusing to carry the ensign of his garrison, was 
for some few days cast into prison, and after once 

* Assisium. + Antisiodorum. 



AUGUST. 



221 



or twice examined, still persisting in the confes- 
sion of Christ, was by the judge condemned to 
die. At Milan, of S. Calimerius, bishop and mar- 
tyr, who apprehended in the persecution of Anto- 
ninus, after many wounds, and a sword run 
through his neck, cast headlong into a well, fin- 
ished the course of his martyrdom. At Synnada, 
in Phrygia Pacatiana, of the holy martyrs Demo- 
critus, Secundus, and Denys. In Syria, of three 
hundred and fifty holy monks, martyrs, who for 
defending the Council of Chalcedon, were slain by 
the heretics. At Ravenna, the departure out of 
this world of S. German, bishop of Auxerre, 
greatly renowned for his parentage, faith, learn- 
ing, and glorious miracles, who absolutely freed 
England* from the heresies of the Pelagians. At 
Tagasta, in Africa, of S. Firmus, bishop, renown- 
ed for the glorious confession of his faith. At 
Sienna, in Tuscany, the birth-day of S. John 
Columbini, founder of the order called Jesuati, 
renowned for holiness of life and miracles. 



August 

The First Day. 

At Rome, in the mount Esquiline, the dedication 
of the Church of S. Peter ad Vincula. At Antioch, 
the passion of the seven holy brethren Machabees, 
with their mother, who suffered under king Anti- 

* Britannia. 



222 



AUGUST. 



ochus, surnamed Epiphanes. Their relics being 
translated to Rome, are kept with great reverence 
in the aforesaid church of S. Peter ad Vincula. 
At Rome, the passion of the holy virgins Faith, 
Hope, and Charity, who under Adrian, emperor, 
obtained the crown of martyrdom. Also at Rome, 
in the way Latina, of the holy martyrs Bonus, 
priest, Faustus, and Maurus, with nine others, 
recorded in the acts of S. Stephen, pope. At 
Philadelphia, in Arabia, of the holy martyrs Cyril, 
Aquila, Peter, Domitian, Rufus, and Menander, 
all crowned upon one day. At Pergen, in Pam- 
phylia, of the holy martyrs Leontius, Attius, Alex- 
ander, and of six husbandmen, who in the perse- 
cution of Dioclesian, under Flavian, president, 
were beheaded. At Girona,* in Spain, the birth- 
day of S. Felix, martyr, who after divers torments, 
by the command of Dacian, president, was so long 
cut with knives, until he gave up his undaunted 
soul to God. At Yercelli,t of S. Eusebius, bishop 
and martyr, who for the confession of the Catholic 
faith, being banished first into Scythople, and 
thence into Cappadocia, by Constantius, emperor, 
and afterwards being returned home to his own 
church, was by the Arians that persecuted him 
put to death. In the territory of Paris, of S. 
Justin, martyr. At Vienna, of S. Verus, bishop. 
At Winchester, in England, of S. Ethelwold, 
bishop. In the territory of Lis win, of S. Neine- 
sius, confessor. At St. Agatha di Goti, the birth- 
day of S. Aifonsus Maria Liguori, bishop and con- 

* Gerimda. +Vercell3e. 



AUGUST, 



223 



fessor, and founder of the Congregation of our 
Blessed Redeemer. He was renowned for his 
preaching and writings. 



D The Second Day. 

At Rome, in the church-yard of Callistus, the 
birth-day of S. Stephen, pope and martyr, who in 
the persecution of Valerian, being at the altar, 
and the soldiers rushing in upon him, with an 
undaunted courage making an end of his mass, 
was beheaded in his own seat. At Nice, in Bithy- 
nia, the passion of S. Theodota, with her three 
sons, of whom the eldest, called Evodius, confess- 
ing with great courage the name of Christ, by the 
command of Nicetius, who had been consul of 
Bithynia, being sore beaten with cudgels, was 
finally, together with his mother and his other 
brothers, consumed by fire. In Africa, of S. 
Rutilius, martyr, who, flying from place to place 
to avoid the persecution, and sometimes also 
redeeming his present danger with money, being 
unexpectedly apprehended, and presented before 
the president, was put to many torments, and 
lastly, cast into the fire, was crowned with a glo- 
rious martyrdom. At Padua,* of S. Maximus, 
bishop of the same city, who, renowned for mira- 
cles, ended his, blessed days. 

* Patavium. 



224 



AUGUST. 



E The Third Bay. 

At Jerusalem, tne invention of the body of 
most happy S. Stephen the protomartyr, and of 
the Saints Gamaliel, Nicodemus, and Abibo, 
revealed by God to a priest called Lucian, in the 
days of Honorius the emperor. At Constantino- 
ple, the birth-day of S. Hermellus, martyr. In 
India, near to the Persians, the passion of the holy 
monks, and other Christians, who by the command 
of king Abenner, persecuting the Church of God, 
after they had been afflicted with divers tor- 
ments, were killed. At Naples, in Campania, of 
S. Aspren, bishop, who being cured of a sickness 
by S. Peter the apostle, and afterwards baptized, 
was ordained bishop of the same city. At Aus- 
tum,* the deposition of S. Euphronius, bishop and 
confessor. At Anagnia, of S. Peter, bishop, who, 
first renowned for monastical discipline, and after- 
wards for his pastoral vigilancy, went to rest in 
our Lord. At Philippi, in Macedonia, of S. Lydia, 
a seller of purple, who, by the preaching of S. 
Paul the apostle, first of all in that city believed 
in Christ. At Beroea, in Syria, of the holy women 
Marana and Cyra. 



F The Fourth Bay. 

At Bologna, of Dominick, confessor, founder of 
the order of Friars Preachers, renowned for sanc- 
* Augustodunum. 



AUGUST. 



tity and learning, who kept his virginity undefiled 
to the end of his life, and by his singular merits 
raised three dead men to life. And when he had 
by his preaching repressed heresies, and instructed 
many in religious and godly life, the sixth day of 
this month he went to rest in peace: but his 
feast is kept on this day, by the ordination of pope 
Paul the Fourth. At Thessalonica, the birth-day 
of S. Aristarchus, disciple, and inseparable compa- 
nion to S. Paul the apostle, of whom in his epistle 
to the Colossians he writes thus: " Aristarchus, 
my fellow-prisoner, salutes you." Being ordained 
bishop of the Thessalonians by the same apostle, 
after he had suffered much under Nero, crowned 
by Christ, he rested in peace. At Rome, in the 
way called Latina, the passion of Saint Tertullin, 
priest and martyr, who under Valerian, emperor, 
after he had been most cruelly bruised with cud- 
gels, after the burning of his sides with fire, after 
buffeting upon the face, racking upon the torture 
Equuleus, and the cutting of his sinews, accom- 
plished his martyrdom, sentenced to die by the 
loss of his head. At Constantinople, of S. Eleu- 
therius, a senator, martyr, who for Christ died by 
the sword, in the persecution of Maxiinian. In 
Persia, of the holy martyrs Ja, and her compa- 
nions, who, together with nine thousand Christian 
captives, under Sapor, king, by divers torments 
obtained the palm of martyrdom. At Cullen, of 
S. Protase, martyr. At Verona, of S. Agabius, 



15 



226 



AUGUST, 



bishop and confessor. At Tours,* of S. Euphro- 
nius, bishop. At Rome, of S. Perpetua, who bap- 
tized by S. Peter the apostle, converted Nazarius, 
her son, and African, her husband, to the faith of 
Christ ; and buried the bodies of many holy mar- 
tyrs, and finally loaded with merits, went to out 
Lord. 



G The Fifth Day. 

At Rome, in the mount Esquiline, the dedica- 
tion of the church of S. Mary ad Nives. Also at 
Rome, the passion of three-and-twenty holy mar- 
tyrs, who in the persecution of Dioclesian being 
beheaded in the old way Salaria, lie there buried, 
at the descent of the hill Cucumer. At Aus- 
burge,t the birth-day of S. Afra, martyr, who of 
an infidel being made a Christian, converted by 
S. Narcissus, bishop, and baptized with all her 
house, was for the confession of Christ burnt. At 
AscoliJ, in Marc-Ancona, of S. Emygdius, martyr, 
who, ordained bishop by S. Marcellus, pope, and 
sent thither to preach the gospel, in the confession 
of Christ, under Dioclesian, emperor, received the 
crown of martyrdom. At Antioch, of S. Eusig- 
nius, a soldier, who, being an hundred and ten 
years of age, for objecting to Julian the apostate 
the faith of Constantine the Great, whom he had 
served in the wars, and reprehending him as a 
forsaker of his ancestor's piety, was by his com- 

* Turones. + Augusta Vindelicorum. % Asculum. 



AUGUST. 



227 



maad bebeaded. Also of the holy martyrs Can- 
tidius, Cantidian, and Sobel, Egyptians. At 
Chaallon,* in France, of S. Memmius, a citizen of 
Rome, who, ordained bishop of that city by S. 
Peter the apostle, brought the people committed 
to his charge to the truth of the Gospel. At 
Austum,t of S. Cassian, bishop. At Teano,J of S. 
Paris, bishop. In England, of S. Oswald, king, 
whose acts are recounted by Venerable Bede, 
priest. The same day, of S. Nonna, mother to S. 
Gregory Nazianzen. 



A The Sixth Day. 

Upon the mountain of Thabor, the transfigura- 
tion of our Lord Jesus Christ. At Rome, in the 
way called Appia, in the church-yard of Callistus, 
the birth-day of S. Sixtus the Second, pope and 
martyr, who in the persecution of Valerian, by 
being beheaded, received the crown of martyrdom. 
Also of the holy martyrs Felicissimus and Agapi- 
tus, deacons of the same S. Sixtus, Januarius, 
Magnus, Innocent, and Stephen, subdeacons, who 
were all with him beheaded, and lie buried in the 
church-yard of Prsetextatus. There suffered also 
with them blessed Quartus, as writes S. Cyprian. 
At Alcala,§ in Spain, of the holy martyrs Justus 
and Pastor, brothers, who being young youths, 
and going yet to learn, casting down their books 

* Catalaunum. + Augustodunum. % Theanum, 
§ Complutimi. 



228 



AUGUST, 



in the school, did of their own accord run to mar- 
tyrdom, and forthwith by the command of Dacian, 
president, being apprehended and beaten with 
cudgels, thej mutually exhorting one another to 
constancy, were led out of the city, and there 
strangled by the hangman. At Rome, of S. Hoi*- 
misda, pope and confessor. At Amida, of S. 
James, hermit, renowned for miracles. 



B The Seventh Day. 

At Arezzo,* in Tuscany, the birth-day of S. 
Donatus, bishop and martyr, who, amongst other 
of his miracles, as writes S. Gregory, pope, by his 
prayers made whole again a sacred chalice that 
had been broken by the pagans. He in the per- 
secution of Julian the apostate, being apprehended 
by Quadratian, captain of the guard, for refusing 
to sacrifice unto idols was beheaded, and so 
accomplished his martyrdom. There suffered 
also with him S. Hilarin, a monk, whose feast is 
kept upon the sixteenth day of July, when his 
body was translated to Ostia. At Rome, of the 
holy martyrs Peter and Julian, with eighteen 
others. At Milan, of S. Faustus, a soldier, who 
under Aurelius Commodus, after many combats 
obtained the crown of martyrdom. At Como,t 
the passion of the holy martyrs Carpophorus, 
Exanthus, Cassius, Severin, Secundus, and Lici- 
nius, who for the confession of Christ were behead 

* Are:ium. f NovGComuiru 



AUGUST. 



229 



ed. At Nisibis, in Mesopotamia, of S. Dometius, 
a Persian monk, who, with two of his disciples, 
was stoned to death under Julian the apostate. 
At Roan, of S. Victricius, bishop, who being jet a 
soldier, and under the same Julian casting away 
his military cincture for Christ, was by the tri- 
bune put to divers torments, and after condemn- 
ed to be beheaded; but the executioner being 
struck blind, and his fetters loosed, he escaped 
away. Afterwards being made bishop, by preach- 
ing the Gospel he brought the fierce and barbar- 
ous people of Tervane* and Tournayt to the faith 
of Christ, and finally died a confessor in peace. 
At Chaallon 5 J in France, of S. Donatian, bishop. 
At Messina, in Sicily, of S. Albert, confessor, of 
the order of Carmelites, renowned for miracles. 
At Naples, in Campania, of blessed Cajetan, a 
Thienean, confessor, founder of the Cleric Regu- 
lars. 



C The Eighth Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Cyriacus, deacon, 
Largus, and Smaragdus, with twenty others, who 
in the persecution of Dioclesian and Maximian 
suffered upon the sixteenth of March. Their 
bodies being buried by one John, a priest, in the 
way called Salaria, S. Marcellus, pope, on this 
day translated them into the manor of Lucina, in 
the way to Ostia ; which afterwards were brought 

* Morini. f Nervii, £ Catalaimum. 



230 



AUGUST. 



into the city, and placed in the diacony or sacristy 
of S. Mary in Via Lata. At Axara,* in Cilicia, of 
S. Marinus, an old man, who under Dioclesian, 
emperor, and Lisias, president, being whipped, 
racked, and slashed with knives, at last, cast 
unto the beasts, ended his life. Also of the holy 
martyrs Eleutherius and Leonides, who by fire 
accomplished their martyrdom. In Persia, of S. 
Hormisda, martyr, under king Sapor. At Cyzi- 
cus, in Hellepont, of S. iEmilian, bishop, who 
having suffered much for the worship of holy 
images, by Leo the emperor at last ended his life 
in banishment. In Candia,f of S. Myro, bishop, 
renowned for miracles. At Vienne, in France, of 
S, Severus, priest and confessor, who, taking a 
long and painful journey out of India to preach 
the Gospel, and coming to the aforesaid city, con- 
verted there a great multitude of pagans to the 
faith of Christ by his sermons and miracles. 



D The Ninth Bay. 

The vigil of S. Laurence, martyr. At Rome, 
of S. Romanus, a soldier, who greatly moved with 
the torments of S. Laurence, desired to be bap- 
tized by him; for which cause being forthwith 
accused, and beaten with cudgels, was finally 
beheaded. In Tuscany, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Secundian, Marcellian, and Verian, who 
in the time of Decius being first whipped by Pro- 
* Anazarbum. + Creta. 



AUGUST. 



231 



motus, who had been consul, and then racked 
upon the torture Equuleus, torn with iron claws, 
and their sides cruelly scorched with fire applied 
to them, at last beheaded, deserved the trium- 
phant palm of martyrdom. At Verona, of the 
holy martyrs Firmus and Rusticus, in the time of 
Maximian, emperor. In Africa, the commemora- 
tion of many holy martyrs, who in the persecution 
of Valerian being encouraged by S. Numidicus, 
were cast into the fire, and so obtained the palm 
of martyrdom. But Numidicus, although himself 
was cast also into the fire with the rest, and over- 
whelmed with stones, yet being dug out by his 
own daughter, and found half alive, was cured; 
and afterward deserved for his virtue to be admit- 
ted by S. Cyprian for a priest of the church of 
Carthage. At Constantinople, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Julian, Marcian, and eight others, who for 
setting up our Saviour's image at the brazen gate, 
by the command of wicked Leo the emperor, after 
many torments were beheaded. At Chaallon,* in 
France, of S. Domitian, bishop and confessor. 



E The Tenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way Tiburtina, the birth-day 
of S. Laurence, archdeacon, who in the persecu- 
tion of Valerian, after he had endured many tor- 
ments for Christ, as imprisonment, beating with 
scorpions, cudgels, and leaden whips, and burning 

* Catalaunum. 



232 



AUGUST, 



with fiery plates, at last, broiled upon a gridiron, 
accomplished his martyrdom: whose body was 
buried by blessed Hippolytus, and Justin, priest, 
in the church-yard of Cyriaca, in the field Verano. 
Also at Rome, the passion of one hundred, three- 
score and five holy soldiers, martyrs, under Aure- 
lian, emperor. At Bergamo,* of S. Asteria, vir- 
gin and martyr, in the persecution of Dioclesian 
and Maximian, emperors. At Alexandria, the 
commemoration of the holy martyrs, who in the 
persecution of Valerian, under iEmilian, presi- 
dent, having been long tormented with sundry 
and exquisite torments, by divers kinds of death 
obtained the crown of martyrdom. At Carthage, 
of the holy virgins and martyrs, Bassa, Paula, 
and Agathonica. At Rome, of S. Deus-dedit, 
confessor, who every Saturday gave unto the poor 
whatsoever he gained by the labour of his hands 
all the week. 



F The Eleventh Day. 

At Rome, between the two bay-trees, the birth- 
day of S. Tiburtius, martyr, who under Fabian, 
judge, in the persecution of Dioclesian, after he 
had walked barefoot upon hot burning coals, con- 
fessing Christ with greater constancy, was com- 
manded to be led three miles out of the city, and 
there beheaded. Also at Rome, of S. Susanna, 
virgin, who, descended of a noble parentage, and 
niece to Caius, pope, being beheaded in the time 
* Bergornum. 



AUGUST. 



233 



of Dioclesian, deserved the palm of martyrdom. 
At Comana, in Pontus, of Saint Alexander, bish- 
op, surnamed Carbonarius, who of a most eloquent 
philosopher having attained to the eminent know- 
ledge of Christian humility, was by S. Gregory 
Thaumaturgus advanced to the see of that church, 
where, famous for preaching, at last he accom- 
plished his martyrdom by the fire. The same 
day, the passion of S. Rufinus, bishop of the 
Marsi in Italy, and his companions, under Maxi- 
mums, emperor. At Evreux,* in France, of S. 
Taurin, who being ordained bishop of that city by 
S. Clement, pope, greatly dilated the Christian 
faith by his many labours and preaching of the 
Gospel, and finally, renowned for miracles, went 
to rest in our Lord. At Cambray, in France, of 
S. Gaugericus, bishop and confessor. In the pro- 
vince of Valeria, of S. Equitius, abbot, whose holi- 
ness is approved by the testimony of S. Gregory, 
pope. At Todi,t of S. Digna, virgin. 



G The Twelfth Day. 

At Assisi, in Umbria, of S. Clare, virgin, first 
plant of the poor women of the order called Mino- 
rites, who, reD owned for sanctity of life and mira- 
cles, was by pope Alexander the Fourth put in 
the catalogue of holy virgins. At Catana, in 
Sicily, the birth-day of S. Euplius, deacon, under 
Dioclesian and Maximian, emperors, who, after he 
* Ebroicum. f Tudertum. 



234 



AUGUST. 



had been long tortured for the confession of our 
Lord, at last obtained the palm of martyrdom by 
the sword. At Ausburge,* of S. Hilaria, mother 
to S. Afra, martyr, who, watching and praying 
at the sepulchre of her daughter, was for the faith 
of Christ by the persecutors there cast into the 
fire, and burned, together with her maid-servants 
Digna, Euprepia, and Eunomia. There suffered 
also the same day, in the same city, Quiriacus, 
Largius, Crescentian, Nimmia, and Juliana, with 
twenty others. In Syria, of the holy martyrs 
Macarius and Julian. At Nicomedia, of the holy 
martyrs Anicetus, an earl, and Photinus, his bro- 
ther, with many others, under Dioclesian, empe- 
ror. At Falari,f in Tuscany, the passion of the 
Saints Grascilian, and Felicissima, virgin, who 
for their confession of the faith having their 
mouths sore bruised with stones, received the 
palm of martyrdom by the sword, which they had 
long before desired. The same day, of the holy 
martyrs Porcarius, abbot of the monastery of 
Lirina, and of five hundred monks, who being 
slain by the barbarous people for the Catholic 
faith, were crowned with martyrdom. At Milan, 
the deposition of S. Eusebius, bishop and confes- 
sor. At Brescia, of S. Herculan, bishop. 



* Augusta Vindelicorum. 



f Faleria. 



AUGUST. 



235 



A The Thirteenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Hippolytus, martyr, who for 
his glorious confession, under Valerian, emperor, 
after other torments, being tied by the feet to the 
necks of wild horses, and so dragged through 
briars and brambles, his body all torn, gave up 
the ghost. There suffered also the same day S. 
Concordia, his nurse, who, being beaten before 
him with leaden whips, went unto our Lord, toge- 
ther with nineteen others of his house, who were 
beheaded without the gate Tiburtina, and buried 
with him in the field Verano. At Iinola,* the 
birth-day of S. Cassian, martyr, who for refusing 
to worship idols, was commanded to be killed 
with penknives by his own scholars, to whom he 
was made hateful by teaching them; whose 
strength how much the weaker it was, so much 
more grievous was the pain of his martyrdom by 
a lingering death. At Todi,f of S. Cassian, bishop 
and martyr, under Dioclesian, emperor. At Bur- 
gos, in Spain, of the Saints Centolla and Helena, 
martyrs. At Constantinople, of S. Mazimus, 
monk, renowned for his learning and zeal of the 
Catholic faith, who for valiantly oppugning the 
Monothelites, having his hands cut off, and his 
tongue plucked out by Constans, the heretical 
emperor, was finally banished into Chersonesus, 
and there ended his life. At which time also two 
of his disciples, both called Anastasius, with many 

* Forum Syllae. f Tuderttun. 



238 



AUGUST 



others, endured divers torments and hard banish- 
ments. In Germany, of S. Wigbert, priest and 
confessor. At Poitiers,* of S. Radegundes, queen, 
renowned for her sanctity and miracles. 



B The Fourteenth Day. 

The vigil of the assumption of the Blessed Vir- 
gin Mary. At Rome, the birth-day of S. Euse- 
bius, priest, who for defending the Catholic faith, 
being shut up in a chamber of his own house, by 
the command of Constantius, the Arian emperor, 
and there persevering constantly seven months 
together in prayer, went to rest in our Lord: 
whose body Gregory and Orosius, priests, buried 
in the church-yard of Callistus, in the way Appia. 
In Sclavonia,t of S. Ursicius, martyr, who under 
Maximian, emperor, and Aristides, president, after 
many and divers torments for the name of Christ, 
was beheaded. In Africa, of S. Demetrius, mar- 
tyr. At Apamea, in Syria, of S. Marcellus, bish- 
op and martyr, who for pulling down the temple 
of Jupiter, was killed by the furious Gentiles 
At Todi, of S. Callistus, bishop and martyr. In 
the island iEgina, of S. Athanasia, widow, renown- 
ed for monastical discipline, and grace of mira- 
cles. 



* Pictavium. 



f Illiricum. 



AUGUST. 



237 



C The Fifteenth Bay. 

The assumption of the most holy Mother of 
God, the Virgin Mary. At Rome, in the way 
Appia, of S. Tharsicius, acolyte, who being appre- 
hended by the Paynims as he was carrying the 
holy sacrament of Christ's body, and examined 
what he carried: he, judging it an unworthy 
thing to cast pearls unto swine, was so long 
beaten by them with cudgels and stones, until he 
gave up the ghost; the sacrilegious wretches 
turning and searching his body in every place, 
could find no part of the holy sacrament, either 
in his hands or garments. But the Christians 
took the body of the martyr, and honourably 
interred the same in the church-yard of Callistus. 
At Tagasta, in Africa, of S. Alipius, bishop, who 
having been some time scholar to S. Augustin, 
was afterwards his companion in his conversion, 
his colleague in his pastoral function, and his 
valiant fellow-soldier in his combats against here- 
tics, and finally his partner in celestial glory. At 
Soissons,* in France, of S. Arnulph, bishop and 
confessor. 



D The Sixteenth Day. 

At Craconia, in Polonia, of S. Hyacinthus, con- 
fessor, of the order of S. Dominick, who was can- 
onized for a saint by pope Clement the Eighth. 

♦Suessio. 



238 



AUGUST. 



At Rome, of S. Titus, deacon, who when the city 
was taken by the Goths, for distributing certain 
money to the poor, by the command of a barbar- 
ous tribune was killed. At Nice, in Bithynia, of 
S. Diomedes, a physician, who in the persecution 
of Dioclesian, for the faith of Christ being be- 
headed, accomplished his martyrdom. Also of 
thirty-three holy martyrs. At Florentino,* in 
Campania, of S. Ambrose, centurion, who in the 
persecution of Dioclesian being divers ways tor- 
mented, and also cast into the fire without hurt, 
was finally drowned, and so brought unto the 
place of rest. At Milan, the deposition of S. 
Simplician, bishop, famous by the testimony both 
of S. Ambrose and S. Augustin. At Auxerre, of 
S. Eleutherius, bishop. At Mcomedia, of S. 
Arsacius, confessor, who being a soldier under 
Licinius the persecutor, left that employment, and 
became an hermit, and was so potent in working 
miracles, that he is said to have driven out devils 
by his prayers, as also to have killed a huge dra- 
gon; and finally, foretelling the destruction of 
that city, in prayer gave up his soul to God. At 
Montpellier,f in Provence of France, the deposi- 
tion of S. Roch, confessor, who by the sign of the 
cross delivered many cities in Italy from the 
plague. His body was afterwards translated to 
Venice. At Rome, of S. Serena, sometime wife 
to Dioclesian the Emperor. 



* Ferentinum. f Mons Pessulanus. 



AUGUST. 



239 



E The Seventeenth Day. 

The octave of S. Laurence, martyr. At Car- 
thage, in Africa, of the holy martyrs, Liberatus, 
abbot, Boniface, deacon, Servus and Rusticus, 
subdeacons, Rogatus and Septimus, monks, and 
Maximus, a boy, who in the persecution of the 
Vandals, under king Hunnericus, for the confes- 
sion of the Catholic faith, and defence of one only 
Baptism, being put to divers and unheard-of tor- 
ments, at length, nailed upon the wood wherewith 
they were to be burned, and the fire oftentimes 
kindled, but always put out again by the power of 
God, were finally, by the tyrant's command, brain- 
ed to death with cleavers, and so finished the glori- 
ous course of their combat, and received the crown 
of eternal glory. At Caesarea, in Cappadocia, the 
birth-day of S. Mamas, martyr, who from his child- 
hood to his old age endured a long martyrdom, and 
at length, in the time of Aurelian, emperor, and 
Alexander, president, happily finished the same : 
whose great praises S. Basil and S. Gregory Na- 
zianzen have left written. In Achaia, of S. Myron, 
priest and martyr, who under Decius, emperor, and 
Antipater, president, after many torments was 
beheaded at Cyzicus. At Nicomedia, of the holy 
martyrs Strato, Philip, and Eutycliian, who, con- 
demned to the beasts, and not touched by them, 
accomplished their martyrdom by fire. At Ptole- 
mais in Palestine, of the holy martyrs Paul, and 
Juliana his sister, who suffered under Valeriana 



240 AUGUST. 

At Teramo,* of S. Anastasius, bishop and confes- 
sor. 



The Eighteenth Day. 

At Palestrina,t the birth-day of S. Agapitus, 
martyr, who being but fifteen years of age, and 
fervent in the love of Christ, was apprehended by 
the command of Aurelian, emperor, and cruelly 
whipped with raw sinews ; but afterwards, under 
Antiochus, governor, enduring more grievous tor- 
ments, and by the command of the said emperor 
cast also unto the lions without any hurt, was 
finally beheaded, and so crowned. At Rome, of 
the Saints John and Crispus, priests, who in the 
persecution of Dioclesian, very carefully interred 
many bodies of Saints ; to whose merits them- 
selves being afterward associated, deserved the 
joys of eternal life. There also, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Hermas, Serapion, and Polysenus, who being 
dragged through narrow, stony and craggy places, 
gave up their souls to God. In Sclavonia, of the 
holy martyrs Florus and Laurus, gravers in stone, 
whose masters, Proculus and Maximus, being first 
martyred under Lician, president, after many tor- 
ments, themselves were drowned in a deep well. 
At Myra, in Lycia, of the holy martyrs Leo and 
Juliana. At Metz,J in France, of S. Firmin, 
bishop and confessor. At Rome, in the way call- 
ed Lavicana, of S. Helen, mother to the most 

* Interamna. f Prseneste. % Met83. 



AUGUST. 



241 



pious emperor Constantine the Great, who first 
gave example to other princes, to maintain and 
amplify the holy Church. 



G The Nineteenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Julius, senator and martyr, who, 
delivered unto Vitellius, judge, and by him cast 
into prison, by the command of Commodus the 
emperor was so long beaten with cudgels, until he 
gave up the ghost. His body was buried in the 
church-yard of Calepodius, in the way called 
Aurelia. In Cilicia, the birth- day of S. Andrew, 
colonel, and his fellow-soldiers, who having ob- 
tained a miraculous victory against the Persians, 
were converted to the faith of Christ ; for which 
cause being accused, they were killed by the army 
of Seleucus, president, under Maximian, emperor, 
in the straits of the mountain Taurus. In Pales- 
tine, of S. Timothy, martyr, who in the persecu- 
tion of Dioclesian, under Urban, president, after 
he had overcome many torments, was burned with 
a slow fire, There also suffered in the same place, 
Tecla and Agapius ; of whom Tecla, being cast 
unto the beasts, and torn in pieces with their 
teeth, went to her heavenly Spouse : but Agapius, 
after he had endured many torments, his death 
was deferred to greater combats. At Anagnia, 
of S. Magnus, bishop and martyr, who was killed 
in the persecution of Decius. In the castle of 
16 



242 



AUGUST. 



Brimoigne,* in Provence, of S. Lewis, bishop of 
Tolosa, renowned for his holiness of life and mira- 
cles, whose body being translated thence to Mar- 
seille, lies honourably interred there, in the church 
of the Franciscans. In the territory of Sisteron, 
in France, of S. Donatus, priest and confessor, 
who even from his infancy endued with wonderful 
graces and favours from God, lived an anchoret 
many years, and finally, renowned for miracles, 
went unto our Lord. In the territory of Bourges,t 
of S. Marian, confessor. At Mantua, of S. Rufi- 
nus, confessor. 



A The Twentieth Day. 

In the territory of Langres,J the deposition of 
S. Bernard, the first abbot of Clarevallis, renown- 
ed for his life, learning, and miracles. At Alba, 
in Hungary, of S. Stephen, king, who, endued 
with divine graces, first converted the Hungarians 
to the faith of Christ. In Jewry, of S. Samuel, 
prophet, whose holy bones (as S. Jerom writes) 
were translated to Constantinople by Arcadius, 
emperor, and there honourably placed in a church, 
near to the place Septimus. The same day, of S. 
Lucius, senator, who by seeing the constancy of 
Theodore, bishop of Cyrene, at his martyrdom, 
was converted to the faith of Christ, whereunto 
he also brought Dignian the president, with whom 
going to Cyprus, and there seeing other Christians 

* Brincola. f Bituricse. £ Lingones. 



AUGUST. 



243 



put to death for the confession of Christ, offered 
himself also thereunto of his own accord, and by 
being beheaded, deserved the same crown of mar- 
tyrdom. In Thracia, of thirty-seven holy mar- 
tyrs, who under Appellian, president, having their 
hands and feet cut off for the faith of Christ, were 
cast into a burning furnace. Also of the holy 
martyrs Severus, and Memnon, a centurion, who 
by one and the same kind of death went both con- 
querors to heaven. At Cordova, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Leonigildus and Christopher, monks, who in 
the persecution of the Arabians, being cast into 
prison for defence of the Christian faith, and 
straight beheaded, and their bodies burned, they 
obtained the palm of martyrdom. At Rome, of 
S. Porphyry, a holy man, who instructed S. Aga- 
pitus the martyr in the faith and doctrine of 
Christ. In the island Herion, of S. Philibert, 
abbot. In the castle of Chinon, of S. Maximus, 
confessor, disciple of S. Martin, bishop. 



B The One-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, in the field Verano, of S. Cyriaca, 
widow and martyr, who in the persecution of Va- 
lerian, when she had long employed herself and 
all her substance in the service of the saints, gave 
also at last her life most willingly, by suffering 
martyrdom for Christ. At Salona, of S. Anasta- 
sius, a cornet in the army, who seeing S. Agapitus 
so constantly endure martyrdom, and thereby con- 



244 



AUGUST. 



verted to the faith, was for the same put to death 
by Aurelian, emperor, and so went a martyr to 
our Lord. In Sardinia, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Luxorius, Cisellus, and Camerinus, who 
in the persecution of Dioclesian, under Delphius, 
president, were beheaded. In the territory of 
Vicarez * of S. Privatus, bishop and martyr, who 
suffered in the persecution of Valerian and Galli- 
enus. The same day, of the holy martyrs Bono- 
sus and Maximian. At Fundi, in Italy, of S. 
Paternus, martyr, who coming from Alexandria to 
Rome to visit the Apostles' sepulchres, and thence 
retiring himself near to Fundi, apprehended by a 
colonel as he was burying the bodies of certain 
martyrs, and cast into prison, and there died. 
At Edessa, in Syria, of the holy martyrs Bassa, 
and her sons Theogonius, Agapius, and Fidelis, 
whom their godly mother exhorting to constancy, 
in the persecution of Maximian, sent before her 
to receive their crowns by martyrdom ; and her- 
self being beheaded, joyfully followed after. At 
Verona, of S. Euprepius, bishop and confessor. 
Also of S. Quadratus, bishop. 



C The Two-and- Twentieth Bay, 

The octave of the Assumption of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary. At Rome, in the way to Ostia, the 
birth -day of S. Timothy, martyr, who, apprehend- 
ed by Tarquinius, governor of the city, and pined 

* Gavalita, 



AUGUST. 



245 



with long imprisonment, for refusing to sacrifice 
unto idols was three times whipped, and otherwise 
grievously tormented, and at last beheaded. At 
Porto,* of S. Hippolytus, bishop, greatly renowned 
for his learning, who under Alexander the empe- 
ror, for the worthy confession of his faith, tied 
hand and foot, and cast headlong into a deep 
ditch full of water, received the palm of martyr- 
dom ; whose body was buried by the Christians in 
the same place. At Austum,t of S. Symphorian, 
martyr, who in the time of Aurelian, emperor, for 
refusing to sacrifice unto idols, was first sore 
whipped, and after cast into prison, and at last 
beheaded, accomplished his martyrdom. At Rome, 
of S. Antoninus, martyr, who freely professing 
himself a Christian, was condemned to be behead- 
ed by Vitellius, judge, and lies buried in the way 
called Aurelia. Also at Porto, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Martialis, Saturninus, Epictetus, Maprilis, 
and Felix, with their companions. At Nicomedia, 
the passion of the Saints Agathonicus, Zoticus, 
and their fellow-martyrs, under Maximian, empe- 
ror, and Eutholomius, president. At Tharsus, of 
the Saints Athanasius, bishop and martyr, and 
Anthusa, a noblewoman whom he had baptized, 
and of two of her servants, who suffered under 
Valerian, emperor. At Rheims, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Maurus, and his companions. In Spain, of 
the holy martyrs Fabrician and Philibert. At 
Pavia, of S. Gunifort, martyr. 

* Portus Roimums. f Augustodunum. 



246 



AUGUST. 



D The Three-and- Twentieth Day, 

The Vigil of S. Bartholomew, apostle. At 
Antioch, the birth-day of the holy martyrs Resti- 
tutus, Donatus, Valerian, and Fructuosa, with 
twelve others, who were crowned with the honour 
of a most renowned martyrdom. At Ostia, of the 
holy martyrs Quiriacus, bishop, Maximus, priest, 
Archelaus, deacon, and their companions, who 
under Ulpian, governor, suffered in the time of 
Alexander. At iEgea, in Cilicia, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Claudius, Asterius, and Neon, brothers, who 
being accused by their stepmother to be Chris- 
tians, under Dioclesian, emperor, and Lisias, pre- 
sident, after cruel torments, nailed to a cross, tri- 
umphed victoriously with Christ. There suffered 
after them Donvina and Theonilla. At Rheims in 
France, the birth-day of the Saints Timothy and 
Apollinaris, who there suffering martyrdom, de- 
served the kingdom of heaven. At Lyons, of the 
holy martyrs Minervus, and Eleazar, with his 
eight sons. Also of S. Luppus, martyr, who from 
a servile condition being made partaker of Chris- 
tian liberty, was honoured also with the crown of 
martyrdom. At Jerusalem, of S. Zachseus, bishop, 
who governed the Church of Jerusalem the fourth 
after S. James the apostle. At Alexandria, of S. 
Theonas, bishop and confessor. At Utica, in 
Africa, of S. Victor, bishop. At Austum,* of S. 
Flavian, bishop. At Auvergne,f of S. Sidonius, 

* Augustodunum. f Arvernum. 



AUGUST. 



247 



bishop, famous for his learning and holiness of 
life. At Todi,* of Blessed Philip of Florence, pro- 
pagator of the Order of the Servants of the Bless- 
ed Virgin Mary. 



E The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

Of Saint Bartholomew, apostle, who having 
preached the Gospel of Christ in India, and pass- 
ing thence into the Greater Armenia, after he 
had there converted many to the faith, was by 
the barbarous people flayed alive, then command- 
ed by Astyages, the king's brother, to be behead- 
ed, accomplished his martyrdom. His holy body 
being brought first to the island of Lipara, was 
afterward translated to Benevento, and lastly to 
Rome, where the same is greatly honoured in the 
island of Tibur by the faithful. At Carthage, of 
three hundred holy martyrs, in the days of Vale- 
rian and Gallienus, who amongst other torments, 
when the president had commanded a limekiln to 
be kindled, and coals and frankincense to be 
brought him, he said unto them : Choose one of 
these two, either offer incense upon these coals to 
Jupiter, or cast yourselves into the burning lime ; 
they, armed with faith, and confessing Christ to 
be the Son of God, with great speed cast them- 
selves into the fire ; where amongst the smoke and 
vapours of the lime they were turned into dust ; 
whence that pure troop of Saints deserved to be 
* Tudertum. 



248 



AUGUST. 



called Massa Candida, the white troop or heap. 
At Ostia, of S. Aurea, virgin and martyr, who 
having a great stone tied to her neck, was drown- 
ed in the sea. Her body being cast upon the 
shore, was buried by S. Nonnus. In Isauria, of 
S. Tation, martyr, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, under Urban, president, being beheaded, 
received the crown of martyrdom. The same day, 
of S. Eutychius, disciple of S. John the Evangelist, 
who for preaching the Gospel, in many countries 
endured both imprisonment, whipping, and fire, 
and at last went to rest in peace. Also of S. 
George, surnamed Limniota, monk, who for repre- 
hending the wicked emperor Leo for breaking of 
holy images, and burning the relics of Saints, hav- 
ing by his command his hands cut off, and head 
burnt, accomplished his martyrdom. At Rouen, of 
S. Owen, bishop and confessor. At Nevers, of S. 
Patrick, abbot. 



F The Five-and- Twentieth Day 

At Paris, of S, Lewis, confessor, and king of 
France, renowned for holiness of life and miracles. 
At Rome, of the holy martyrs Eusebius, Pontia- 
nus, Vincentius, and Peregrin, who under Com- 
modus, emperor, being first racked upon the Equu- 
leus, and stretched out with sinews, then beaten 
with cudgels, and their sides burned, and still per- 
sisting most constant in praising of Christ, were 
beaten with leaden whips till they gave up the 



AUGUST. 



249 



ghost. Also at Rome, of S. Genesius, martyr, 
before his conversion a jester, who on a time upon 
the stage, in presence of Dioclesian the emperor, 
scoffing at the mysteries of Christians, being sud- 
denly by God's holy inspiration converted to the 
faith, and baptized, was forthwith, by the com- 
mand of the said emperor, cruelly beaten with 
cudgels, racked upon the torture Equuleus, a long 
time torn with claws of iron, burned with torches, 
and still persisting constant in his faith, saying, 
" There is no king but Christ, for whom if I be 
killed a thousand times, you shall not be able to 
take Him from my mouth, nor my heart;" being 
beheaded, deserved the palm of martyrdom. At 
Italica,* in Spain, of S. Geruntius, bishop, who in 
the time of the Apostles preaching the Gospel oi 
Christ in that province, after many labours died 
in prison. At Aries, t in France, of another S. 
Genesius also, who being a notary, and refusing 
to register the wicked edicts by which it was com- 
manded that Christians should be tormented, cast- 
ing down the records, and professing himself to be 
a Christian, was apprehended, and beheaded ; and 
so being baptized in his own blood, obtained the 
glory of martyrdom. In Syria, of S. Julian, mar- 
tyr. At Tarragona, of S. Maginus, martyr. At 
Constantinople, of S. Mennas, bishop. At Utrecht, t 
of S. Gregory, bishop. At Naples, of S. Patricia, 
Virgin. 

* Hispalis Vetus. f Arelatum. ^ t Tra J ectum . 



250 



AUGUST, 



G The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Zepherin, pope and martyr. 
There also, of the holy martyrs Irenseus and Abun- 
dius, who in the persecution of Valerian, for tak- 
ing the body of S. Concordia out of a privy, were 
themselves cast into the same: whose bodies 
being drawn out by Justin, a priest, were buried 
in a cave near to S. Laurence. At Vintimiglia,* 
a city in Liguria, of S. Secundus, martyr, a man 
of great renown, and captain of the Theban 
Legion. At Bergamo, in Lombardy, of S. Alex- 
ander, martyr, who being also one of the same 
legion, for the constant confession of the name of 
Christ being beheaded, accomplished his martyr- 
dom. Amongst the Marcians, of the Saints Sim- 
plicius, and his sons, Constance and Victorian, 
who under Antoninus, emperor, first diversly tor- 
mented, and at last beheaded, obtained the crown 
of martyrdom. At Nicomedia, the passion of S. 
Adrian, son to Probus, emperor, who reproving 
Licinius for the persecution he had raised against 
the Christians, was by his command killed. His 
body was buried at Agyropolis, by his uncle, 
Domitius, bishop of Byzantium. In Spain, of S. 
Victor, martyr, who being slain by the Moors for 
the faith of Christ, was crowned with martyrdom. 
At Capua, of S. Rufinus, bishop and confessor. 
At Pistorium, of S. Felix, priest and confessor. 

i 

* Albintimeliura, 



AUGUST. 



251 



A The Seven-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Capua in Campania, the birth-day of S. 
Rufus, bishop and martyr, who, being a senator, 
was baptized by S. Appollinaris, disciple of S. 
Peter, together with all his family. There also, 
of the holy martyrs Rufus and Carpophorus, who 
suffered under Dioclesian and Maximian. At 
Tomis, in Pontus, of the holy martyrs Marcelli- 
nus, tribune, and his wife Mannea, and of his 
sons John, Serapion, and Peter. In Sicily, of S. 
Euthalia, virgin, who for being a Christian, was 
by her own brother Sermilian killed by the sword, 
und so went unto her Spouse. The same day, the 
passion of S. Anthusa the younger, who for the 
faith of Christ being drowned in a well, received 
the palm of martyrdom. At Bergamo, of S. Nar- 
nus, who being baptized by S. Barnaby. was by 
him ordained the first bishop of that city. At 
Aries,* of S. Cesarius, bishop, a man of wonderful 
holiness and piety. At Austum,f of S. Syagrius, 
bishop and confessor. At Pavia, of S. John, 
bishop. At Lerida,t in the kingdom of Arragon, 
in Spain, of S. Licerius, bishop. In Thebais, of 
S. Pcemon, anchoret. At San-Severino,§ in Marc- 
Ancona, of S. Margaret, widow. 

* Arelate. + Augustodunum. 1 Ilerda. 

§ Septempeda. 



252 



AUGUST. 



B The Eight-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Hippo-Regius, in Africa, the birth-day of S. 
Augustine, bishop, and famous doctor of the Church, 
who being converted by S. Ambrose to the Catho- 
lic faith, and by him baptized, defended the same 
most stoutly against the Manichees, and other here- 
tics : and after many other labours sustained for 
the Church of God, went finally to heaven for his 
reward : whose relics were conveyed from his own 
city first to Sardinia, for fear of the barbarous 
people ; and afterward by Luitprandus, king of 
the Lombards, translated to Pavia,* where they 
are still honourably kept. At Rome, the birth- 
day of S. Hermes, a nobleman, who (as we read in 
the acts of blessed Alexander, pope,) being first 
cast into prison, was afterward with many others 
slain by the sword, and so accomplished his mar- 
tyrdom, under Aurelian, judge. At Brioude,t in 
Auvergne, the passion of S. Julian, martyr, who 
being companion to S. Ferreolus, tribune, and 
secretly serving Christ in a soldier's habit, was 
apprehended by the soldiers in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, and having his throat cut, died a 
cruel death. At Constance,! in France, of S. 
Pelagius, martyr, who under Numerian, emperor, 
and Evilasius, judge, received the crown of mar- 
tyrdom. At Salerno, of the holy martyrs Fortu- 
natus, Caius, and Anthes, who were beheaded 
under Dioclesian, emperor, and Leontius, procon- 

* Ticinum. + Brivas. % Constantia. 



AUGUST. 



253 



sul. At Constantinople, of S. Alexander, bishop, 
a renowned old man, by whose prayers Arius, con- 
demned by the judgment of God, burst in the 
midst, and voided forth his bowels. At Saints,* 
of S. Vivian, bishop. Also of S. Moses, an Ethi- 
opian, who of a famous thief became a renowned 
anchoret, and having converted many thieves, 
carried them with him to a monastery. 



C The Nine-and- Tioentieth Bay, 

The decollation of Saint John Baptist, whom 
Herod about the feast of Easter beheaded ; though 
his memory be kept on this day with great solem- 
nity, when his venerable head was found the 
second time ; which being afterward translated to 
Rome, is there kept with great devotion of the 
people, in the church of S. Sylvester, near unto 
Campus Martius. At Rome, in the mount Aven- 
tine, the birth-day of S. Sabina, martyr, who 
being beheaded under Adrian, emperor, obtained 
the crown of martyrdom. Also at Rome, of S. 
Candida, virgin and martyr, whose body pope 
Paschalis the First translated to the church of S. 
Praxedes. At Antioch, in Syria, the birth-day of 
the holy martyrs Nicaeas and Paulus. At Con- 
stantinople, of the holy martyrs Hypatius, an 
Asian bishop, and Andrew, a priest, who for the 
worship of holy images, under Leo Isauricus, hav- 
ing their beards besmeared with pitch, and after 
* Santoaes. 



254 



AUGUST. 



set on fire, and the skin of their heads plucked off, 
were finally strangled. At Perugia, of S. Euthy- 
mius, a Roman, who flying the persecution of 
Dioclesian, together with his wife, and Crescen- 
tius his son, there rested in our Lord. At Metz,* 
of S. Adelph, bishop and confessor. At Paris, the 
deposition of S. Medericus, priest. In England, of 
S. Seb, king. At Smyrna, the birth-day of S. 
Basilla. In the territory of Troys, of S. Sabina, 
virgin, renowned for her virtues and miracles. 



D The Thirtieth Day. 
At Rome, in the way to Ostia, the passion of S. 
Felix, priest, under Dioclesian and Maximian, 
emperors, who having endured the torture of 
Equuleus, and received the sentence of death, as 
he was led to execution, was met by a certain man 
who professed himself a Christian, who for that 
cause was forthwith beheaded with him. This 
man's name the Christians not knowing, called 
him Adauctus, because he was added to S. Felix 
as partaker of his crown. Also at Rome, of S. 
Gaudentia, virgin and martyr, with three others. 
There also, of S. Pammachius, priest, greatly 
renowned for holiness of life and learning. At 
Colonia Suffetulana, in Africa, of threescore holy 
martyrs, slain by the fury of the Gentiles. At 
Mahometta,t also in Africa, of the Saints Boni- 
face and Thecla, who were the parents of twelve 
* Metse. f Adrumetum. 



AUGUST. 



255 



sons, all martyrs. At Thessalonica, of S. Fan- 
tinus, confessor, who having suffered much by tho 
Saracens, and driven out of his monastery, where 
he lived in great abstinence, after he had brought 
many to the way of salvation, rested at last in a 
good old age. In the territory of Meaux,* of S. 
Fiaker, confessor. At Bolonia, of S. Bononius, 
abbot 



E The One-and- Thirtieth Bay. 

At Cardona, in Spain, of S. Raymundus Nonna- 
tus, cardinal and confessor, of the order of Bless- 
ed Mary of the Reward of Redeeming Captives, 
famous for sanctity of life and miracles. At Tre- 
vers, the birth-day of S. Paulinus, bishop, who in 
the time of the Arian troubles being banished for 
the Catholic faith by Constance, the Arian empe- 
ror, and, even beyond the name of Christendom, 
wearied out unto death with change of banish- 
ments, at last, dying in Phrygia, received of our 
Lord the crown of his blessed passion. Also of 
the holy martyrs Robu3tian and Mark. At Tran- 
saqua, amongst the Marcians, near to the lake of 
Rossiglion,t the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Cesidius, priest, and his companions, who in the 
persecution of Maximinus were crowned with 
martyrdom. At Caesarea in Cappadocia, of the 
Saints Theodotus, Rufina, and Ammia, of whom 
the two first were parents to Mamas the martyr, 
* Meldi. f Fucinum. 



258 



SEPTEMBER. 



born in prison, and Ammia brought him up. At 
Athens, of S. Aristides, renowned for his faith and 
wisdom, who gave up a book to Adrian the empe- 
ror, treating of the Christian Religion, and contain- 
ing reasons of our doctrine ; as also made an ora- 
tion in the presence of the said emperor, wherein 
he manifestly proved that Christ Jesus was the 
onlj true God. At Auxerre,* of S. Optatus, bishop 
and confessor. In England, of S. Aidan, bishop 
of Lindisfarne, whose soul when S. Cuthbert, being 
then a shepherd, saw carried up to heaven, forsak- 
ing his sheep, he became a monk. At Nosca,t of 
S. Amatus, bishop. 



F The First Day. 

In Provence of France, of S. Giles, abbot and 
confessor. At Benevento, of twelve holy martyrs, 
brothers. In Palestine, of the Saints Josue and 
Gedeon. At Jerusalem, of S. Anna, prophetess, 
whose sanctity the holy Gospel relates. At Capua, 
in the way called Aquaria, of S. Prisons, martyr, 
an ancient disciple of Christ. At Rheims,> in 
France, of S. Xystus, disciple of S. Peter the 
apostle, who being by him ordained the first 
bishop of that city, under Nero received the crown 
of martyrdom. At Todi,$ in Umbria, of S. Teren- 
tian, bishop and martyr, who under Adrian, empe- 

* Antisiodorum. f Nuscum. % Tudertum. 



SEPTEMBER. 



257 



ror, by the command of Letian, proconsul, being 
racked upon the torture Equuleus, and whipped 
with scorpions, having at last his tongue cut out, 
and beheaded, accomplished his martyrdom. At 
Heraclea, of S. Ammon, deacon, and forty holy 
virgins whom he instructed in the faith, and 
under Licinius the tyrant conducted with him to 
the glory of martyrdom, In Spain, of the holy 
martyrs Vincentius and Leetus. At Populonium, 
in Tuscany, of S. Regulus, martyr, who coming 
thither out of Africa, under Totilas accomplished 
his martyrdom. At Sens,* of S. Lupus, bishop 
and confessor, of whom it is recorded, that on a 
certain day, whilst in presence of the clergy he 
said mass at the altar, there fell from heaven a 
jewel into his holy chalice. Also at Capua, of 
another Priscus, bishop, who was one of those 
priests which in the persecution of the Vandals, 
being diversly tormented for the Catholic faith, 
and put into an old ship, came from Africa to the 
shore of Campania, and there being dispersed into 
divers places, and made rulers of sundry churches, 
greatly dilated the Christian religion. His com- 
panions were Castrensis, Tammarus, Rosius, Hera- 
clius Secundinus, Adjutor, Marcus, Augustus, 
Elpidius, Canion, and Vindonius. At Aquino, of 
S. Constance, bishop, famous for the gift of pro- 
phecy, and many virtues. At Mans,t of S. Victo- 
rius, bishop. In the territory of Constance, at 
Aquaeduree, of S, Verena, virgin. 

Senones. f Cenomaimm. 

. 17 



258 



SEPTEMBER. 



G The Second Day, 

At Rome, of S. Maxima, martyr, who together 
with S. Ansan, confessing of Christ, in the perse- 
cution of Dioclesian, whilst she was beaten with 
cudgels, gave up the ghost. At Pamiers,* in 
France, of S. Antoninus, martyr, whose relics are 
kept with great veneration in the church at Palen- 
tia. Also of the holy martyrs Diomedes, Julian, 
Philip, Eutychian, Hesychius, Leonides, Philadel- 
phus, Menalippus, and Pantagapas, of whom some 
by fire, some by water, others by the sword and 
cross, accomplished their martyrdom. At Nico- 
media, of the holy martyrs Zeno, and of Concor- 
dius and Theodore, his sons. The same day, the 
passion of the Saints Evodius, Hermogenes, and 
Callista, brothers and sister. At Lyons, in France, 
the birth-day of S. Justus, bishop and confessor, 
renowned for holiness of life and the spirit of pro- 
phecy. He resigning up his bishopric, and with- 
drawing himself, together with Viator, his lector, 
into the wilderness of Egypt, after he had for 
some years led there an angelical life, and the 
worthy end of his labours was come, he went unto 
our Lord to receive the crown of justice, upon the 
fourteenth day of October. His holy body, toge- 
ther with the relics of blessed Viator, his lector, 
was afterwards on this day brought unto Lyons. 
There also, of S. Elpidius, bishop and confessor. 
Also in Marc-Ancona, of another S. Elpidius, 

* Paraia. 



SEPTEMBER. 



259 



abbot, whose holy body with great devotion is 
kept in a town of his own name. In the Mount 
Soractes, of S. Nonnosius, abbot, who by his pray- 
ers removed a mighty great stone, and was famous 
for other miracles. 



" A The Third Day. 

At Rome, of S. Serapia, virgin, who under Adrian, 
emperor, being delivered over unto two lascivious 
young men, and could not be corrupted by them, 
nor yet burned with flaming torches, by the com- 
mand of Berillus, judge, beaten with cudgels, was 
lastly beheaded. She suffered upon the twenty- 
ninth day of July, and was interred by S. Sabina, 
in her own sepulchre, joining to the place called 
Vindician ; but her memory is kept more solemn- 
ly on this day, when their tomb was finished and 
adorned, and the place itself dedicated to God for 
prayer. At Corinth, the birth-day of S. Phoebe, 
of whom S. Paul the apostle, writing to the 
Romans, makes mention. At Aquileia, of the 
holy virgins and martyrs, Euphemia, Dorothy, 
Tecla, and Erasma, who under Nero, after many 
torments, were beheaded, and buried by S. Her- 
magoras. At Capua, of the holy martyrs Aris- 
teus, bishop, and Antoninus, a youth. At Nico- 
media, the passion of S. Basilissa, virgin and mar- 
tyr, who being but nine years of age, in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian, under Alexander, president, 
having by divine power overcome stripes, fire, and 



260 



SEPTEMBER. 



the beasts, rendered up her soul to God in prayer. 
Also of the holy martyrs Zeno and Chariton, of 
whom the one was cast into a cauldron of boiling 
lead, the other into a burning furnace. At Cor- 
dova, of S. Sandalus, martyr. The same day, of 
the holy martyrs Aigulphus, abbot of Lerina, and 
his companions, monks, who having their tongues 
cut, and eyes plucked out, were at last beheaded. 
At Toul,* in France, of S. Mansuetus, bishop and 
confessor. At Milan, the deposition of S. Auxa- 
nus, bishop. The same day, of S. Simeon, sur- 
named Stylita the younger. At Rome, the ordi- 
nation and installing of S. Gregory the Great, 
pope, a man of incomparable worth, who being 
compelled to take upon him that burden, seated 
in a higher throne, spread forth much brighter 
beams of sanctity throughout the world. 



B The Fourth Day. 

Upox Mount Nebo, in the land of Moab, of S. 
Moses, the lawgiver and prophet. At Ancyra, 
in Galatia, the birth-day of three holy children, 
Rufinus, Silvan, and Vitalicus, martyrs. At 
Chaalons,f in France, of Marcellus, martyr under 
Antoninus, emperor, who being invited by Priscus, 
president, to an idolatrous banquet, and detesting 
such kind of meats, reprehended with great liber- 
ty all that were present for worshipping of idols ; 
for which cause, by an unheard-of kind of cruelty, 
*Tullum. fCabillo, 



SEPTEMBER. 



261 



being by the same president buried in tlie ground 
up to the girdle, and remaining in that manner 
three days, continually praising God, gave up his 
undefiled soul to God. The same day, of the holy 
martyrs Magnus, Castus, and Maximus. At Tre- 
vers, of S. Marcellus, bishop and martyr. The 
same day, of Saint Thameles, who had been some 
time an idolatrous priest, with his fellow-martyrs, 
under Adrian the emperor. Also of the holy 
martyrs Theodore, Oceanus, Ammian, and Julian, 
who under Maximian, emperor, having their feet 
cut off, cast into the fire, accomplished their mar- 
tyrdom. At Rimini,* of S. Marinus, deacon. At 
Palermo,t the birth-day of S. Rosalia, virgin, of 
the same city, of the blood royal from Charles the 
Great, who for the love of Christ flying from her 
father's princely greatness and court, all alone in 
mountains and caves led a heavenly life. At 
Naples, in Campania, the birth-day of S. Candida, 
who first met S. Peter coming to that city, and 
being baptized by him, afterward rested in our 
Lord. There also, of S. Candida the younger, 
renowned for miracles. At Viterbo, of S, Rose* 
virgin. 



C The Fifth Day. 

At Rome, in the suburbs, of S. Vietorinus, 
bishop and martyr, renowned for holiness and 
miracles, who by the election of all the people 

* Ariminum, + Panormus. 



282 



SEPTEMBER. 



was chosen bishop of Amiterno; but afterward, 
under Nerva-Trajan, being banished, with other 
servants of God, to Cutilia, where the stinking 
brimstone-waters do spring forth, was by the com- 
mand of Aurelian, judge, hanged up by the feet 
with his head downward, which when he had 
endured for Christ's sake three days, he went 
triumphantly crowned to our Lord. His body 
was taken away by the Christians, and by them 
honourably buried at Amiterno. At Porto,* 
the birth-day of S. Herculan, martyr. At Capua, 
of the holy martyrs Quinctius, Arcontius, and 
Donatus. The same day, of S. Romulus, presi- 
dent of Trajan's court, who for detesting the em- 
peror's cruelty against Christians, being first 
whipped with rods, was after beheaded. At Meli- 
tine, in Armenia, the passion of the holy soldiers 
Eudoxius, Zeno, and Macarius, together with a 
thousand one hundred and four, their companions, 
who casting off their military cincture, in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian were killed for the confes- 
sion of Christ. At Constantinople, of the holy 
martyrs Urban, Theodore, Menedemus, and seven- 
ty-seven more of the clergy, who by the command 
of Valens, emperor, being put into a ship, were 
burned in the sea for the Catholic faith. In the 
territory of Tervane, in the monastery of Sithieu, 
of S. Bertin, abbot. At Toledo, of S. Obdulia, 
virgin. 



* Tortus Rom anus. 



SEPTEMBER. 



263 



D The Sixth Day. 

Of Zachary, prophet, who in his old age return- 
ing from Chaldea home to his country, lies buried 
near to the prophet Aggeus. In Hellespont, of S> 
Onesiphorus, disciple to the apostles, of whom S. 
Paul makes mention writing to Timothy: who 
there, together with S. Porphyry, by the command 
of Adrian the proconsul, being sorely whipped, 
and drawn to pieces with wild horses, gave up his 
soul to God. At Alexandria, the passion of the 
holy martyrs Faustus, priest, Macarius, and ten 
more, their companions, who under Decius, empe- 
ror, and Valerius, president, being all beheaded 
for the name of Christ, accomplished their mar- 
tyrdom. In Cappadocia, of the holy martyrs Cot- 
tidus, deacon, Eugenius, and their companions. 
In Africa, of the holy bishops Donatian, Praesidius, 
Mansuetus, German, and Fusculus, who in the 
persecution of the Vandals, by the command of 
Hunnericus, the Arian king, for defence of the 
Catholic verity, being all most cruelly beaten 
with cudgels, were afterward sent into banish- 
ment ; amongst whom a bishop, also called Lsetus, 
a valiant and most learned man, after a long and 
troublesome imprisonment was burned. At Vero- 
na, of S. Petronius, bishop and confessor. At 
Rome, of S. Eleutherius, abbot, a servant of God, 
who, as S. Gregory, pope, writes, raised a dead 
man to life by his prayers and tears. 



264 



SEPTEMBER, 



E The Seventh Day. 

At Nicoinedia, the birth-day of S. John, mar- 
tyr, who seeing the cruel edicts against Christians 
to hang up in the market-place, inflamed with a 
zeal for the true faith, pulled them down, and tore 
them in pieces, for which fact being by the com- 
mand of Dioclesian and Maximian, emperors, then 
resident in that city, put to all kind of cruel tor- 
ments, endured them with such cheerfulness of 
countenance and mind, as he seemed not to be 
any whit troubled or sad therefore. At Caesarea, 
in Cappadocia, of S. Eupsychius, martyr, who 
under Adrian, emperor, being accused for a Chris- 
tian, was cast into prison: and after a while being 
delivered, he forthwith sold his patrimony, and 
gave the price thereof partly to the poor, and 
partly to his accusers, as his great benefactors ; 
but after this being apprehended again, under 
Sapritius, judge, torn in pieces, and thrust through 
with a sword, accomplished his martyrdom. At 
Pompeiople, in Cilicia, of S, Sozon, martyr, who 
under Maximian, emperor, being thrown into the 
fire, gave up the ghost. At Aquileia, of S. Anas- 
tasius, martyr. In the territory of Austum,* of 
S. Regina, virgin and martyr, who under Oly- 
brius, proconsul, having endured imprisonment, 
the torture of Fquuleus, and burning with torches, 
at last beheaded, went joyfully to her Spouse. 
At Trois,t of S. Nemorius, deacon, and his com- 



* Augustodunum. 



f Trecae. 



SEPTEMBER. 



265 



panions, martyrs, who were slain by Attilas, king 
of the Huns. At Orleans, in France, the deposi- 
tion of S. Evortius, bishop, who being first sub- 
deacon of the Church of Eome, was afterwards, by 
a special favour of God, by a dove, designed 
bishop of that city. In France, of S. Augustalis, 
bishop and confessor. At Capua, of S. Pamphi- 
lus, bishop. In the territory of Paris, of S. Clo- 
doald, priest and confessor. 



F The Eighth Day. 

The Nativity of the most Blessed and ever vir- 
gin Mary, the mother of God. At Nicomedia, of 
S. Adrian, martyr, with three-and-twenty others, 
who after many torments under Dioclesian and 
Maximian, emperors, by having their thighs bro- 
ken, accomplished their martyrdom, upon the 
fourth day of March. Their relics were by the 
Christians transported to Constantinople, and 
there honourably buried ; from whence the body 
of S. Adrian was afterwards upon this day trans- 
lated to Rome, upon which his feast is chiefly kept. 
At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Ammon, Theo- 
philus, Neoterius, and two-and-twenty others. At 
Antioch, of the holy martyrs Timothy and Faus- 
tus. At Gaza in Palestine, of the holy martyrs 
Eusebius, Nestabus, and Zeno, brothers, who 
under Julian the Apostate, by a multitude of 
Pagans violently rushing upon them, were hewed 
in pieces and killed. There also, of S. Nestor, 



266 



SEPTEMBER. 



martyr, who under the same Julian, being by the 
said furious Gentiles most cruelly tormented, 
gave up the ghost. At Frisinghen,* of S. Corbi- 
nian, the first bishop of that city, who, ordained 
by pope Gregory the Second, and sent to preach 
the Gospel, reaped a most plentiful harvest in 
France and Germany, and finally, renowned for 
his virtues and miracles, rested in peace. 



G The Ninth Bay. 

At Nicomedia, the passion of the holy martyrs 
Dorotheus and Gorgonius, who having been ad- 
vanced by Dioclesian the emperor to very great 
honours, were, for detesting his cruelty against 
the Christians, commanded to be first hanged up 
in his presence, and all torn with whips, then 
their skin to be pulled off, so as one might see 
their entrails, and rubbed over with salt and vine- 
gar, to be broiled upon a gridiron, and last of all 
to be strangled. The body of S. Gorgonius was 
afterward brought to Rome, and buried in the 
way Latina, and thence translated unto S. Eeter's 
church. Amongst the Sabins, thirty miles from 
Rome, of the holy martyrs Hyacinthus, Alexan 
der, and Tiburtius. At Sebasta, of S. Severian, 
a soldier, under Licinius, emperor, who for often 
visiting the forty martyrs whilst they were in pri- 
son, by the command of Lysias, president, being 
hanged up with a great stone tied at his feet, and 

* Frisinga. 



SEPTEMBER, 



267 



cruelly beaten and torn with whips, amidst his 
torments gave up the ghost. The same day, the 
passion of S. Strato, who for Christ being tied to 
the boughs of two trees, and so, drawn in pieces, 
accomplished his martyrdom. Also of the holy 
martyrs Ruffinus and Ruffinian, brothers. At 
Rome, of S. Sergius, pope and confessor. In the 
territory of Tervane, of S. Omar,* bishop. In 
Scotland, of S, Queran, abbot. 



A The Tenth Day. 

At Tolentino, in Marc-Ancona,t the deposition 
of S. Nicolas, confessor, of the eremitical order of 
S. Augustin. In Africa, the birth-day of the holy 
bishops Nemesian, Felix, Lucius, and another 
Felix, Litteus, Polian, Victor, Jader, Dativus, and 
others: who in the furious persecution under 
Valerian and Gallienus, for their constant confess- 
ing of Christ, being first cruelly beaten with cud- 
gels, then bound with fetters, and appointed to 
dig in the metal mines, accomplished the combat 
of their glorious confession. At Chalcedon, of 
the holy martyrs Sosthenes and Victor, who in 
the persecution of Dioclesian, under Priscus, pro- 
consul of Asia, after they had overcome fetters 
and the beasts, were condemned to be burned ; 
but they saluting each other with a holy kiss, 
whilst they prayed gave up the ghost. In Bithy- 
nia, of the holy virgins Menodora, Metrodora, and 

* Audomarus. f Picenum. 



268 



SEPTEMBER. 



Nymphodora, sisters, who under Maximian, empe- 
ror, and Fronto, president, crowned with martyr- I 
dom, went to eternal glory. Also of the holy 
martyrs Apellius, Lucas, and Clement. At Liege, 
in the Lower Germany, of S. Theodard, bishop and 
martyr, who gave his life for his flock, and after 
his death was renowned for miracles. At Rome, 
of Saint Hilary, pope and confessor. At Compos- 
tella, in Spain, of S. Peter, bishop, renowned for 
his many virtues and miracles. In the city of 
Albi,* of S. Salvius, bishop and confessor. At 
Novaria, of S. Agapius, bishop. At Constantino- 
ple, of S. Pulcheria, empress and virgin, renowned 
for her piety and devotion. 



B The Eleventh Day. 

At Rome, in the old way of Salaria, in the 
church-yard of Basilla, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Protus and Hyacinthus, eunuchs to bless- 
ed Eugenia, who under Gallienus, emperor, being 
discovered to be Christians, and refusing to sacri- 
fice unto idols, were first sore whipped, and after- 
ward beheaded. At Laodicea, in Syria, the pas- 
sion of the Saints Diodore, Diomedes, and Didi- 
mus. At Leon,t in Spain, of S. Vincent, abbot 
and martyr. In Egypt, of S. Paphnutius, bishop, 
who was one of those confessors, which under 
Maximian, emperor, having their right eye pulled 
out, and maimed in the left leg, were condemned 

* Albiga. f Legio. 



SEPTEMBER. 



269 



to dig in the metal mines ; and afterwards, under 
Constantine the Great valiantly defending the 
Catholic faith against the Arians, adorned with 
many crowns, rested in peace. At Lyons, the 
deposition of S. Patiens, bishop. At Versailles, 
of S. Emilian, bishop. At Alexandria, of S. Theo- 
dora, who having unadvisedly committed a fault, 
and becoming truly penitent for the same, in a 
religious weed continued unknown, in wonderful 
abstinence and patience, until her dying day. 



C TJie Twelfth Bay. 

At Alexandria, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Hieronides, Leontius, Serapicn, Selesius, 
Valerian, and Strato, who under Maximinus, em- 
peror, were drowned in the sea for the confession 
of Christ. In Bithynia, of S. Antonomus, bishop 
and martyr, who declining the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, came out of Italy thither, where having 
converted very many to the Christian faith, was 
by the furious Gentiles killed at the altar whilst 
he said mass, and so became a sacrifice of Christ. 
At Meri, in Phrygia, the passion of the holy mar- 
tyrs Macedonius, Theodulus, and Tatian, who 
under Julian the Apostate, after other torments, 
by the command of Almachius, president, being 
laid upon a hot burning gridiron, joyfully accom- 
plished their martyrdom. At Iconium, in Lyca- 
onia, of S. Curonotus, bishop, who being beheaded 
under Perennius, president, received the palm of 



270 



SEPTEMBER. 



martyrdom. At Pavia,* of Juventius, bishop, of 
whom mention is made upon the eighth day of 
February: who being sent by S. Hermagoras, dis- 
ciple to S. Mark the evangelist, together with S. 
Syrus, unto that city, they both preached the Gospel 
there, and by their holy life and miracles, spread 
abroad the light thereof also to other cities near 
adjoining; and so, in episcopal dignity, they glo- 
riously rested in peace. At Lyons, the deposition 
of S. Sacerdos, bishop. At Verona, of S. Silvin, 
bishop. At Anderlec,t of S. Guido, confessor. 



D The Thirteenth Day. 

At Alexandria, the birth-day of S. Philip, father 
to S. Eugenia, virgin, who resigning up the gov- 
ernment of Egypt, obtained the grace of baptism ; 
and was afterward, by the command of Terence, 
his successor in that office, as he was in prayer, 
run through the throat with a sword. Also of the 
holy martyrs Macrobius and Julian, who suffered 
under Licinius. The same day, of S. Ligorius, 
martyr, who living in the desert, was killed by 
the Gentiles for the faith of Christ. At Alexan- 
dria, of S. Eulogius, bishop, renowned for his 
learning and sanctity. At Angiers,f in France, 
of S. Maurilius, bishop, famous for innumerable 
miracles. At Sens,§ of S. Amatus, bishop and 
confessor. The same day, of S. Venerius, confes- 

*Ticinum. f Anderlacum, J Andegavum. §Senones. 



SEPTEMBER. 



271 



sor, a man of wonderful holiness, who led an ere- 
mitical life in the island of Palmaria. In the 
monastery of Remiremont,* in France, of S. Ama- 
tus, priest and abbot, greatly renowned for the 
virtue of abstinence and gift of miracles. 



E The Fourteenth Day. 

The Exaltation of the Holy Cross, when Hera- 
clius, emperor, having overcome Cosroes, king, 
brought the same out of Persia back to Jerusalem. 
At Rome, in the way Appia, of S. Cornelius, pope 
and martyr, who in the persecution of Deciu^ 
after he had been banished, was commanded to be 
beaten with leaden whips, and after, with one-and- 
twenty others, men and women, beheaded. The 
same day also were beheaded Cerealis, a soldier, 
and Salustia, ,his wife, whom the same Cornelius 
had instructed in the faith. In Africa, the pas- 
sion of S. Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, very famous 
for his sanctity and learning, who under the em- 
perors Valerian and Gallienus, after a hard ban- 
ishment, was beheaded six miles from Carthage, 
near to the sea, and so accomplished his martyr- 
dom. There suffered also in the same place, the 
holy martyrs Crescentian, Victor, Rosula, and 
Generalis. At Rome, of S. Crescentius, a child, 
son to S. .Euthymius, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, under Turpilius, judge, in the way 
Salaria, ended his life by the sword. At Trevers, 
* Romaricum. 



272 



SEPTEMBER. 



of S. Maternus, bishop, disciple to S. Peter the 
apostle, who converted to the faith of Christ the 
inhabitants of Tongres, Cullen, Trevers, and other 
people adjoining. Also the same day, the birth- 
day of S. John Chrysostom, bishop of Constanti- 
nople, who by a faction of his adversaries being 
sent into banishment, and recalled by a decree of 
pope Innocent the First, having suffered much 
from the soldiers that guarded him in the way 
homeward, gave up his soul to God. But his 
feast is kept the seven-and-twentieth of January, 
upon which day his holy body was, by Theodosius 
the Younger, translated unto Constantinople. 



F The Fifteenth Day. 

The octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary. At Rome, in the way called Numentana, 
the birth-day of S. Nicomedes, priest and martyr, 
who for saying to those that would compel him to 
sacrifice, " I offer no sacrifice but to God Almigh- 
ty, who reigns in heaven ; ' was a long time beaten 
with leaden whips, and so went unto our Lord. 
In the territory of Chaalons,* of S. Valerian, mar- 
tyr, who by Priscus the president being hanged up, 
and torn with iron claws, and persisting immove- 
able in the confession of Christ, joyfully praising 
His holy name, was finally, by the said president's 
command, beheaded. At Marcianople, in Thra- 

*Cabilo. 



SEPTEMBER. 



273 



cia, of S. Melitina, martyr, who under Antoninus, 
emperor, and Antiochus, president, being drawn 
once or twice to the idolatrous temples of the 
Gentiles, and the idols still falling down at her 
presence, hanged up and cruelly torn, was at last 
beheaded. At Adrianople, of the holy martyrs 
Maximus, Theodore, and Asclepiodotus, who were 
crowned under the emperor Maximian. Also of 
S. Porphyry, a jester, who in presence of Julian 
the apostate, being on a time baptized in jest, 
was by the power of God suddenly changed, and 
professed himself a Christian; for which, being 
forthwith commanded by the same Julian to be 
beheaded, was crowned with martyrdom. The 
same day, of S. Nicetas, a Goth, who by king 
Athanaricus was commanded to be burned for the 
Catholic faith. At Cordova, of the holy martyrs 
Emilas, deacon, and Jeremy, who in the persecu- 
tion of the Arabians, after long imprisonment 
beheaded, accomplished their martyrdom. At 
Toul,* in France, of S. Aprus, bishop. Also of S. 
Leobin, bishop of Chartres.t At Lyons, of S. 
Albin, bishop. The same day, the deposition of 
S. Aichard, abbot. In France, of S. Eutropia, 
widow. 



G The Sixteenth Day. 

At Chalcedon, the birth- day of S. Euphemia, 
virgin and martyr, who for the confession of 

* Tullum. f Carnutum. 

18 



274 



SEPTEMBER. 



Christ, under Dioclesian, emperor, and Priscus 
proconsul, having overcome torments, imprison- 
ment, stripes, wheels, fire, weight of stones, beasts, 
whips, sharp saws, and burning-hot frying-pans, 
being again brought into the theatre, and exposed 
to the beasts, after she had prayed to our Lord 
that he would please to receive her soul, one of 
the beasts fastening upon her holy body, and the 
rest licking her feet, gave up her unspotted soul 
to God. At Rome, of the holy martyrs Lucia, a 
noblewoman, and Geminian, who under Diocle- 
sian, emperor, after they had been sore afflicted 
with grievous pains and long torments, at length 
beheaded, obtained the renowned victory of mar- 
tyrdom. Also at Rome, in the way Flaminia, of 
the holy martyrs Abundius, priest, and Abundan- 
tius, deacon, who under the same Dioclesian, to- 
gether with Marcian, a nobleman, and John his 
son, whom by their prayers they had raised from 
death, were carried ten miles from the city, and 
beheaded. At Heraclea, in Thracia, of S. Sebasti- 
ana, martyr, who, converted to the faith of Christ 
by S. Paul the apostle, under Domitian, emperor, 
and Sergius, president, having been divers ways 
tormented, was finally beheaded. At Cordova, of 
the holy martyrs Rogell and ServLDeus, who having 
their hands and feet cut off, were at last behead- 
ed. In Scotland, of S. Ninia, bishop and confes- 
sor. In England, of S. Editha, virgin, daughter 
to king Edgar, who being consecrated to God in a 
monastery from her tender years, was rather igno- 
rant of the world, then forsook it. 



SEPTEMBER. 



275 



A The Seventeenth Day, 

At Rome, in the way Tiburtina, the birth-day 
of S. Justin, priest and martyr, who in the perse- 
cution of Valerian and Gallienus, renowned for 
his glorious confession of the faith, having buried 
the bodies S. Xystus, pope, S. Laurence, Hippoly 
tus, and of many other saints, at last under Clau" 
dius accomplished his martyrdom. Also at Rome, 
of the holy martyrs Narcissus and Crescentio. In 
Phrygia, of S. Ariadna, martyr, under Adrian, 
emperor. In England,* of the holy martyrs Soc- 
rates and Stephen. At Nevers,t of the holy mar- 
tyrs Valerian, Macrinus, and Gordian. At Aus- 
tum, of S. Flocellus, a boy, who having suffered 
much under Antoninus, emperor, and Valerian, 
governor, at last, torn in pieces by wild beasts, 
obtained the crown of martyrdom. At Liege, of 
S. Lambert, bishop of Maestricht, who out of zeal 
reprehending certain abuses in the king's court, 
was for that cause slain by certain wicked men, 
and so entered into the court of heaven, there to 
live for ever. The same day, of S. Agathoclia, 
maid-servant to an infidel woman, who being by 
her cruelly whipped a long time, and otherwise 
afflicted to make her deny Christ, at length she 
was presented to the judge, and more cruelly 
slashed with knives, but persevering still in the 
confession of her faith, having her tongue cut out, 
she was cast into the fire. At Cordova, of S, 

* Britannia. + Noviodumim. 



276 



SEPTEMBER. 



Columba, virgin and martyr. At Milan, the depo- 
sition of S. Satyrus, confessor, whose renowned 
acts are recounted by his brother S. Ambrose. 
At Rome, of S. Theodora, matron, who in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian, diligently served the holy 
martyrs. At Binghen, in the diocese of Mentz, of 
S. Hildegardes, virgin. The same day, the com- 
memoration of the holy marks imprinted by the 
wonderful favour of God, in the hands, feet, and 
side of S. Francis, founder of the order of the 
Minorites, which happened in the mountain of 
Alverne in Tuscany. 



B The Eighteenth Day, 

The birth-day of S. Methodius, bishop of Olym- 
pia in Lycia first, and after of Tyrus, renowned 
for eloquence and learning ; who in the end of the 
last persecution, as S. Jerom writes, at Ghalcis in 
Greece was crowned with martyrdom. In the 
territory of Vienne, of S. Ferreolus, martyr, who 
having the authority of a tribune, was by the com- 
mand of Crispin, the wicked president, first appre- 
hended and cruelly whipped, then loaded with a 
great weight of chains, thrust into a filthy prison, 
out of which, his bands being miraculously loosed, 
and the doors opened, he escaped; but being 
taken again by those that pursued him, by loss of 
his head he received the palm of martyrdom. 
Also of the holy martyrs Sophia and Irenes. At 
Milan, of S. Eustorgius, the first bishop of that 



SEPTEMBER. 2 it 

city, much commended by S. Ambrose. At Gor- 

tina, in Candia, of S. Eumenus, bishop and con- 
fessor. 



C The Nineteenth Day. 

At Puzzoli,* in Campania, of the holy martyrs 
Januarius, bishop of Eeneyento, Festus, his deacon, 
and Desiderius, lector, together with Sosius, dea- 
con of the Church of Misenas, Proculus, deacon of 
Puzzoli, Eutyches, and Acutius, who after chains 
and imprisonment, were beheaded under Biocle- 
sian, emperor. The body of S. Januarius was 
brought to Naples, and there honourably interred 
in the church, where his holy blood is kept in a 
vial of glass, even until this day ; which being set 
near to his head, waxeth liquid, and bubbles up, 
as though it were fresh. At Nocera,f the birth- 
day of the holy martyrs Felix and Constantia, 
who suffered under Nero. In Palestine, of the 
holy martyrs Peleus, Nilus, and Elias, bishops of 
Egypt, who in the persecution of Dioclesian, with 
many others of the clergy, were burned for Christ. 
The same day, of the holy martyrs Trophimus, 
Sabbatius, and Dorimedon, a senator, under Pro- 
bus, emperor; of whom Sabbatius, by the com- 
mand of Atticus, president, was so long whipped 
at Antioch, until he gave up the ghost: but Tro- 
phimus, being sent to the president Perennius at 
Synnada, after many torments, together with 



* PuteoIL 



f Nuceria. 



278 SEPTEMBER. 

Dorimedon being beheaded, accomplished his mar- 
tyrdom. At Cordova, in the persecution of the 
Arabians, of S. Pomposa, virgin and martyr. At 
Canterbury, in England, of S. Theodore, bishop, 
who being sent thither by Vitalian, pope, was 
renowned for his learning and sanctity. At 
Tours,* of S. Eustochius, bishop, a man of great 
virtue. In the territory of Langres, f of S. 
Sequan, priest and confessor. 



D The Twentieth Day. 

The vigil of S. Matthew, apostle and evange- 
list. At Rome, the passion of the holy martyrs 
Eustachius, and Theopistes, his wife, with their 
two sons Agapius and Theopistus, who under 
Adrian, emperor, being condemned to the beasts, 
but by the power of God not touched by them, 
were shut up in a fiery brazen ox, and so accom- 
plished their martyrdom. At Cyzicus, in Propon- 
tis, the birth-day of the holy martyrs Fausta, vir- 
gin, and Evilasius, under Maximian, emperor, of 
whom Fausta was made bald, and shamefully 
shaved, hanged up and tortured by the same Evi- 
lasius, at that time an idolatrous priest, who when 
he would have cut her in two, and the executioners 
could not hurt her, being thereat astonished, be- 
lieved in Christ ; and whilst by the command of 
the emperor he was cruelly tortured, Fausta being 
bored through the head, and her whole body stuck 
* Turones. + Lingonce. 



SEPTEMBER. 



279 



with sharp nails, and put into a hot burning pan, 
called by a voice from heaven, together with the 
said Evilasius, went unto our Lord. In Phrygia, 
of the holy martyrs Denys and Prinatus. Also of 
S. Priscus, martyr, who after he had been pricked 
all over his body with sharp-pointed daggers, was 
beheaded. At Pergen, in Pamphylia, of the Saints 
Theodore, and Philippa, his mother, and their fel- 
low martyrs, under Antoninus, emperor. At Car- 
thage, of S. Candida, virgin and martyr, who 
under Maximian, emperor, having her body all 
torn with whips, was crowned a martyr. Also of 
the holy martyrs Susanna, daughter to Arthe- 
mius, an idolatrous priest, and also of Martha. 
The same day, of S. Agapitus, pope, whose holiness 
is commemorated by S. Gregory the Great. At 
Milan, of S. Clicerius, bishop and confessor 



E The One-and-Twentiefh Day, 

The birth-day of S. Matthew, apostle and evan- 
gelist, who preaching in Ethiopia, was martyred. 
The Gospel written by him in Hebrew, was by his 
own revelation found, together with the body of 
S. Barnaby, apostle, in the time of Zeno, emperor. 
In the land of Saar, of S. Jonas, prophet, who was 
buried in Geth. At Rome, of S. Pamphilus, mar- 
tyr. There also, in the way called Claudia, 
twenty miles from the city, the passion of S. Alex- 
ander, bishop, who under Antoninus, emperor, for 
the faith of Christ having overcome fetters, cud- 



280 



SEPTEMBER. 



gels, the torture Equuleus, burning with torches, 
tearing with iron hooks, beasts, and the fiery fur- 
nace, at last beheaded, obtained a glorious crown. 
His body was afterward translated into the city, 
by S. Damasus, pope, upon the six-and-twentieth 
day of November, on which day he ordained that 
his feast should be kept. In Phoenicia, of S. Eu- 
sebius, martyr, who going of his own accord to the 
governor, and professing himself a Christian, after 
many torments was beheaded. In Cyprus, of S. 
Isacius, bishop and martyr. There also, of S. 
Meletius, bishop and confessor. In Ethiopia, of 
S. Iphigenia, virgin, who, baptized and consecra- 
ted to God by S. Matthew the apostle, made a 
holy end. 



F The Two-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Sitten,* in Switzerland, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Maurice, Exuperius, Candidus, Vic- 
tor, Innocent, and Vitalis, with their companions 
of the Theban Legion, who being killed for Christ 
under Maximian, illustrated the world with their 
glorious martyrdom. At Rome, the passion of the 
holy virgins and martyrs, Digna and Emerita, 
under Valerian and Gallienus, whose relics are 
kept in the church of S. Marcellus. In the terri- 
tory of Chartres, of S. Jonas, priest and martyr, 
who coming into France with S. Denys, by the 
command of Julian, governor, having been cruelly 

* Sedunum. 



SEPTEMBER. 



281 



whipped, accomplished his martyrdom by the 
sword. At Ratisbon, in Bavaria, of S. Emeram, 
bishop and martyr, who to free others, for Christ's 
cause patiently endured a most cruel death. At 
Antinoople, in Egypt, of S. Irais, a virgin of Alex- 
andria, with her fellow-martyrs, who going forth 
of the city to draw water at a fountain, and seeing 
a ship laden with confessors of Christ pass by, 
leaving her bucket, forthwith joined herself unto 
them ; and being brought with them, to Antinoo- 
ple, first of all, after many torments was behead* 
ed; and after her the priests, deacons, virgins, 
and all the rest died the same death. At Meaux,* 
of S. Sanctin, bishop, disciple to S. Denys the 
Areopagite, who being by him ordained bishop of 
that city, first preached the Gospel there. In the 
territory of Constance, of S. Lauton, bishop. At 
Poitiers,t of S. Florentius, priest. In the terri- 
tory of Bourges, of S. Sylvan, confessor. At 
Laon,J of S. Salaberga, abbess. 



G The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Linus, pope and martyr, who 
governed the Church of Rome next after S. Peter 
the apostle; and, crowned with martyrdom, was 
buried in the Vatican, near to the same apostle. 
At Iconium, in Lycaonia, of S. Thecla, virgin and 
martyr, who, converted to the faith by S. Paul the 
apostle, under Nero, emperor, having for the con- 

* Melda. f Pictavium. £ Laudunum. 



282 



SEPTEMBER. 



fession of Christ, and instruction of many, over- 
come the fire, beasts, and many other torments, 
coming to Seleucia, there finally rested in peace ; 
whom the holy Fathers, in their writings, have 
highly extolled. In Campania, the commemora- 
tion of S. Sosius, deacon of the Church of Mese- 
nas, from whose head the holy bishop Januarius 
seeing a fiery flame to ascend whilst he read the 
Gospel, foretold he should be a martyr ; and not 
many days after, at the age of thirty years, toge- 
ther with the said bishop, he suffered martyrdom 
by being beheaded. In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Andrew, John, Peter, and Antony. In the terri- 
tory of Constance, of S. Paternus, bishop and 
martyr. At Ancona, of S. Constantius, mansion- 
ary of the Church, renowned for miracles. In 
Spain, of the holy women Xantippa and Polyxena, 
disciples of the apostles. 



A The Four-and- Twentieth Bay. 

At Austum,* the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Andochius, priest, Thyrsus, deacon, and Felix, who 
being sent into Prance by S. Polycarp, bishop of 
Smyrna, out of the East to preach the Gospel, 
after they had been sore whipped, and hanged up 
a whole day together by the hands, cast also into 
the fire, but not burnt, at length, having their 
necks broken with bars, ended their martyrdom. 

* Augustodunum. 



SEPTEMBER. 



283 



In Egypt, the passion of S. Paplmutius, and his 
companions, martyrs ; who living a solitary life in 
the wilderness, and hearing that many Christians 
were imprisoned, moved by the Spirit of God, vol- 
untarily offered himself to the governor, profess- 
ing the same Christian faith, by whom being first 
bound in iron chains, and long tortured upon the 
rack Equuleus, was finally, with many others, sent 
to Dioclesian the emperor, and by his command 
was nailed to a palm tree, and the rest killed 
with a sword. At Chalcedon, of forty-nine holy 
martyrs, who after the passion of S. Euphemia, 
under Dioclesian, emperor, being condemned to 
the beasts, and miraculously delivered from them, 
at last beheaded, went to our Lord. In Hun- 
gary,* of S. Gerard, bishop and martyr, called the 
apostle of the Hungarians, a nobleman of Venice, 
who first of all illustrated his country with an 
honourable martyrdom. At Auvergne, the depo- 
sition of S. Rusticus, bishop and confessor. In 
the territory of Beauvais,t of S. Geremar, abbot. 
At San-Severino, the birth-day of S. Pacificus. 



B The Five-and- Twentieth Day, 

Itf the castle of Emmaus, the birth-day of S. 
Cleophas, disciple of our Lord, who by tradition is 
said to have been killed by the Jews for the con- 
fession of Christ, in the same house in which he 
had entertained him, and was there honourably 
* Pannonia. f Belovacum. 



234 



SEPTEMBER. 



buried. At Rome, of S. Herculan, a soldier and 
martyr, who converted to Christ by the miracles 
which he saw at the martyrdom of S. Alexander, 
bishop, after many torments under Antoninus, 
emperor, died by the sword. At Amiens, in 
France, of S. Firmin, bishop, who in the persecu- 
tion of Dioclesian, under Rictionarus, president, 
after divers torments was beheaded, and so ob- 
tained the crown of martyrdom. At Damasco, of 
the holy martyrs Paul, and Tatta his wife, Sabi- 
nian, Maximus, Rufus, and Eugenius, their chil- 
dren: who being accused to be Christians, cruelly 
whipped, and otherwise tormented, gave up their 
souls to God. In Asia, the passion of the Saints 
Bardomian, Eucarpus, and twenty-six others, mar- 
tyrs. The same day, of S. Anathalon, bishop, 
who being disciple to S. Barnaby the apostle, suc- 
ceeded him in the bishopric of Milan. At Lyons, 
the deposition of S. Lupus, who of an anchoret 
was ordained bishop. At Auxerre,* of S. Ana- 
charius, bishop and confessor. At Blois,f of S. 
Solemnius, bishop of Chartres, renowned for mira- 
cles. The same day, of S, Principius. bishop of 
Soissons, brother to S. Remigius, bishop. At 
Anagnia, of the holy virgins Aurelia and Neo- 
misia. 



* Antisiodoram. 



SEPTEMBER. 



285 



C The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Nicomedia, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Cyprian, and Justina, virgin, who under Dio- 
clesian, emperor, and Eutholmius, president, hav- 
ing endured many torments for Christ, and con- 
verted Cyprian to the faith, who before was a 
magician, and had by his magical practices at- 
tempted to bewitch her, was finally martyred with 
him. Their bodies being cast out to the beasts, 
were taken away in the night by certain Christian 
mariners, and brought to Rome, afterwards were 
honourably placed in the church of Constantine, 
near unto the font. At Rome, of S. Callistratus, 
martyr, and forty-nine others, soldiers, who in the 
persecution of Dioclesian, by seeing Callistratus 
sewed up in a sack, and cast into the sea, to have 
by the power of God escaped drowning, were con- 
verted unto Christ, and together with him endur- 
ed martyrdom. Also at Rome, of S. Eusebius, 
pope. At Bolonia, of S. Eusebius, bishop and 
confessor. At Brescia,* of S. Vigilius, bishop. 
At Albano, of S. Senator. In the territory of 
Frescati,t of S. Nilus, abbot, founder of the monas- 
tery of Cripta-Ferrata, a man of great holiness. 
At Citta di Castello,t of S. Amantius, priest, fa- 
mous for the gift of miracles. 

* Brixia, f Tusculum. £ Tiphernum, 



286 



SEPTEMBER. 



D The Seven-and- Twentieth Day. 

At JEgsea, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Cosmas and Damian, brothers, who in the perse- 
cution of Dioclesian, after many torments, fetters* 
prisons, sea, fire, crosses, stoning, and arrows, 
overcome by them, were beheaded; with whom 
are said to have suffered three of their brothers, 
Anthimus, Leontius, and Euprepius. At Rome, 
of S. Epicharis, a senator's wife, who in the same 
persecution, after she had been beaten with leaden 
whips, was beheaded. At Todi,* of the holy mar- 
tyrs Fidentius and Terence, under the same Dio- 
clesian. At Cordova, of the holy martyrs Adulph 
and J ohn, brothers, who in the persecution of the 
Arabians were crowned for Christ. At Sitten,t 
in France, of S. Florentin, martyr, who, together 
with S. Hilary, after he had his tongue cut out, 
died by the sword. At Byblus, in Phoenicia, of 
S. Mark, bishop, who is called also John by S. 
Luke. At Milan, of S. Caius, bishop, disciple to 
S. Barnaby the apostle, who having suffered much 
in the persecution of Nero, went to rest in peace. 
At Ravenna, of S. Aderitus, bishop and confessor. 
At Paris, of S. Eleazar, earl. In Hennault,J of 
S. Hiltrude, virgin. 



E The Eight-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Privatus, martyr, who being full 
of ulcers, and healed by S. Callistus, pope, was 
* Tudertum, f Sedunum. £ Hannonia. 



SEPTEMBER. 



287 



after, under Alexander, emperor, beaten with 
leaden whips for the faith of Christ, until he gave 
up the ghost. There also, of S. Stacteus, martyr. 
In Africa, of the holy martyrs Martial, Laurence, 
and twenty others. At Antioch, in Pisidia, of the 
holy martyrs Mark, a shepherd, Alphius, Alexan- 
der, and Zosimus, his brothers ; also of Nicon, 
Neon, Heliodore, and thirty soldiers, who believ- 
ing in Christ through the miracles wrought by the 
aforesaid Mark, were in sundry places, and differ- 
ent manners, crowned martyrs. The same day, 
the passion of S. Maximus, under Decius, empe- 
ror. In Bohemia, of S. Wenceslaus, duke of the 
Bohemians, and martyr, renowned for his sanctity 
and miracles, who, killed in his brother's house, 
went triumphantly to heaven. At Tolosa, of S. 
Exuperius, bishop and confessor, who how sparing 
he was in regard of himself, and how liberal to- 
wards others, S. Jerom has left a memorable tes- 
timony. At Genua, of S. Salomon, bishop and 
confessor. At Brescia, of S. Silvin, bishop. The 
same day, of S. Eustochium, virgin, daughter to 
blessed Paula, who being brought up at the man- 
ger of our Lord with other virgins, renowned for 
merits, went to her spouse. In Germany, of S. 
Lioba, virgin, famous for miracles. 



F The Nine-and-Twentieth Day. 



In the mount Garganus, the famous memory of 
S, Michael, archangel, at what time a church was 



288 



SEPTEMBER. 



there consecrated in his name ; mean in respect 
of the exterior form, but endowed with a celestial 
virtue. In Thracia, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Eutychius, Plautus, and Heraclea. In 
Persia, of S. Gudelia, martyr, who having convert- 
ed very many to the faith of Christ, and refusing 
to adore the sun and the fire, under Sapor, king, 
after many torments, the skin being plucked off 
her head, and she nailed to a post, deserved a tri- 
umphant crown. There also, of the holy martyrs 
Dadas, kinsman to king Sapor, Casdoa, his wife, 
and Gabdelas, his son, who, spoiled of their hon- 
ours and dignity, and put to divers torments, after 
long imprisonment, were beheaded. In Armenia, 
of the holy virgins Ripsimes, and her fellow-mar- 
tyrs, under king Tiridates. At Auxerre, of S. 
Fraternus, bishop and martyr. At Pontecurvo, 
near to Aquino, of S. Grimoald, priest and con- 
fessor. In Palestine, of S. Quiriacus, anchoret. 



G The Thirtieth Day. 

In Bethlehem-Juda, the deposition of S. Jerom, 
priest, and doctor of the Church, who, excelling in 
all kind of learning, and a diligent imitator of the 
most approved monks, having with the sword of 
his doctrine slain many monsters of heresies, at 
length, in a very old age, went fco rest in peace, 
and was buried at the manger of our Lord: whose 
body being afterwards brought to Rome, was hon- 



OCTOBER, 



289 



ourably placed in the church of S. Mary Major. 
The same day, of S. Leopard, martyr, one of 
Julian the Apostate's retinue, who being beheaded 
at Rome, his body was afterward translated to 
Aquisgrane. At Solothurne,* in France, the pas- 
sion of the holy martyrs Victor and Ursus, two of 
the renowned Theban Legion, who first under 
Maximian, emperor, having been cruelly tormen- 
ted, were, through a bright light shining from 
heaven, and the executioners falling to the ground, 
delivered : afterwards cast into the fire, but with- 
out any hurt, were finally beheaded. At Placen- 
tia, of S. Antoninus, martyr, one also of the same 
Legion. The same day, of S. Gregory, bishop of 
Great Armenia, who having suffered much under 
Dioclesian, at last went to rest in peace. At Can- 
terbury, in England, of S. Honorius, bishop and 
confessor. At Rome, of S. Sophia, widow, mother 
to the holy virgins Faith, Hope, and Charity. 



A The First Day. 

At Rheims, in France, of S. Remigius, bishop 
and confessor, who converted the Frenchmen to 
Christ, and baptized and instructed in the faith 
Clodoveus, their king ; and when he had been 
bishop for many years, renowned for holiness and 
* Solodorum. 19 



290 



OCTOBER. 



miracles, departed this life upon the thirteenth 
day of January, but his feast is kept on this day, 
when his holy body was afterwards translated. 
At Rome, of S. Aretas, martyr, and of five hun- 
dred and four others. At Tomis, in Pontus, of 
the holy martyrs, Priscus, Crescens, and Evagrius, 
At Lisbon,* in Portugal, of the holy martyrs Ver- 
issimus, and Maxima and Julia, his sisters, who 
suffered in the persecution of Dioclesian. At 
Tournay, of S. Piato, priest and martyr, who 
came from Rome into France with S. Quinctin 
and his companions, to preach the faith of Christ, 
and afterwards, in the persecution of Maximian, 
having accomplished his martyrdom, went to our 
Lord. At Thessalonica, of S. Dominus, martyr, 
under the same Maximian. At Gant, of S. Bavo, 
confessor. At Orvieto,t of S. Severus, priest and 
confessor. 



B The Second Bay. 

At Nicomedia, of S. Eleutherius, a soldier and 
martyr, with innumerable others, who being 
falsely accused for setting on fire the palace of 
Dioclesian, were by the command of that most 
cruel emperor, confusedly killed ; of whom, some 
were beheaded, others burned in the fire, and 
others cast into the sea ; but the chiefest of them, 
Eleutherius, being long tortured, and after every 
torment found more courageous than before, 
* Ulissipo. f Urbs Vetus. 



OCTOBER. 



291 



finally, as gold tried by the fire, accomplished 
his victorious martyrdom. In the territory of 
Arras,* the passion of S. Leodegarius, bishop of 
Austum,t whom Ebroinus, high steward to king 
Theodoricus, killed, after he had been diversly 
injured and tormented for the truth. There also, 
of S. Gerin, martyr, brother to the said S. Leode- 
garius, who was stoned to death in the same 
place. At Antioch, of the holy martyrs Primus, 
Cyril, and Secundarius. At Constantinople, of 
S. Theophilus, monk, who, cruelly beaten by Leo 
Isauricus, for defending holy images, and cast 
into banishment, went to our Lord. At Hereford, 
in England, of S. Thomas, bishop and confessor. 



C The Third Day. 

At Rome, in the place called Ursus Pileatus, of 
S. Candidus, martyr. The same day, of the holy 
martyrs Denis, Faustus, Caius, Peter, Paul, and 
four others, who, first under Decius, having 
endured great persecution, at last, under Vale- 
rian, tormented a long time by iEmilian, presi- 
dent, received the palm of martyrdom. Amongst 
the old Saxons, the passion of two holy martyrs of 
the same name, called Ewaldi, priests, who, preach- 
ing there the gospel of Christ, were apprehended 
and killed by the pagans ; over whose bodies 
appeared a great light in the night, showing 

* Atrebatum + Augustodunuzn. 



292 



OCTOBER 



where they were, and of what merit and favour 
they were with God. In Africa, of S. Maximian, 
bishop of Bagaia, who being often and sorely 
vexed by the Donatists, at last thrown down head- 
long from a high tower, and left for dead, re- 
nowned for his glorious confession, went after- 
wards to rest in our Lord. In Palestine, of S. 
Hesychius, confessor, disciple to S. Hilarion, and 
his companion in his travels. In the Lower Ger- 
many, in the diocese of Namures,* of S. Gerard, 
abbot. 



D The Fourth Day. 

At Assisi, t in Umbria, the birth-day of S. 
Francis, confessor, founder of the order of the 
Minorites, whose life, replenished with sanctity 
and miracles, is left written by S. Bonaventure. 
At Corinth, the birth-day of the Saints Crispus 
and Caius, of whom S. Paul the apostle makes 
mention, writing to the Corinthians. In Egypt, 
of the holy martyrs Mark and Marcian, brothers, 
and of almost innumerable others, of both sexes, 
and all ages ; of whom, some after whipping, 
others after horrible torments of divers kinds, 
being cast into the fire, others thrown headlong 
into the sea, some beheaded, very many starved, 
some nailed to gibbets, and others hanged up by 
the feet with their heads downward, deserved the 
most happy crown of martyrdom. At Damasco, 

* Namurcum. f Assisiuui. 



OCTOBER. 



293 



of S. Peter, bishop and martyr, who being accused 
to the prince of the Saracens for preaching the 
faith of Christ, having his tongue, hands, and feet 
cut off, nailed to a cross, accomplished his mar- 
tyrdom. At Alexandria, of the holy priests and 
deacons Caius, Faustus, Eusebius, Chseremon, 
Lucius, and their companions, of whom some were 
martyred in the persecution of Valerian, others, 
by serving the martyrs, received the reward of 
martyrs. At Athens, of S. Hierotheus, disciple 
to S. Paul the apostle. At Bolonia, of S. Petro- 
nius, bishop and confessor, famous for learning, 
miracles, and holiness. At Paris, of S. Aurea, 
virgin. 



E The Fifth Bay, 

At Messina, in Sicily, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Placidus, monk, disciple to S. Benet, 
and his two brothers, Eutychius and Victorinus^ 
and Flavia, a virgin, their sister ; also of Donatus 
and Firmatus, deacon, Faustus, and thirty other 
monks, who were killed for the faith of Christ by 
Manuchas the pirate. The same day, the birth- 
day of S. Thraseas, bishop of Eumenia, who was 
martyred at Smyrna. At Trevers, of the holy 
martyrs Palmatius and his companions, who in 
the persecution of Dioclesian, under Rictiovarus, 
president, suffered martyrdom. The same day, 
the passion of S. Charitina, virgin, who under 



294 



OCTOBER. 



Dioclesian, emperor, and Domitius, who had been 
consul, tortured by fire, and cast into the sea, but 
by the power of God receiving no hurt, having 
her hands and feet cut off, and her teeth beaten 
out, gave up her soul in prayer. At Auxerre, the 
deposition of the saints Firmatus, deacon, and 
Flaviana, virgin, his sister. At Ravenna, of S. 
Marcellinus, bishop and confessor. At Valence, 
in France, of S. Apollinaris, bishop, whose life 
was renowned for virtues, and death honoured 
with prodigies and miracles. The same day, of 
S. Attilan, bishop of Zamora, who was canonized 
for a saint by Pope Urban II. At Rome, of S. 
Galla, widow, daughter to Symmachus the consul, 
who, after the death of her husband, persevered 
many years at S. Peter's church in prayer, alms, 
fasting, and other good works, whose most happy 
departure S. Gregory, pope, has left written. 



F The Sixth Day. 

In Calabria, of S. Bruno, confessor, founder of 
the order of Carthusians. At Laodicea, of S. 
Sagares, bishop and martyr, an ancient disciple 
of S. Paul the apostle. At Capua, the birth-day 
of the holy martyrs Marcellus, Castus, iEmilius, 
and Saturninus. At Agen,* in France, the birth- 
day of S. Faith, virgin and martyr, by whose ex- 
ample blessed Caprasius, encouraged to martyr- 
dom, happily accomplished his agony. Also of S. 
* Agennum. 



OCTOBER. 



295 



Erotis, martyr, who, inflamed with the love of 
Christ, overcame the heat of the fire into which 
she was cast. At Trevers, the commemoration of 
almost innumerable holy martyrs, who, in the 
persecution of Dioclesian, under Rictiovarus, pre- 
sident, by divers kinds of death were killed. At 
Auxerre, of S. Romanus, bishop and martyr. At 
Uderzo,* of S. Magnus, bishop, whose body lies 
buried at Venice. 



G The Seventh Day. 

At Rome, in the way Ardeatina, the deposi- 
tion of S. Mark, pope and confessor. In the pro- 
vince of Augusta Euphratesia, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Sergius and Bacchus, noble Romans, under 
Maximian, emperor, of whom Bacchus was so long 
beaten with raw sinews, until his whole body 
being rent and torn, confessing Christ, he gave 
up the ghost ; but Sergius, being forced to wear 
shoes stuck full of sharp nails, remaining constant 
in his faith, was finally beheaded. His body is 
kept at a place called of his name Sergiople, and 
honoured with frequent concourse of Christians, 
for the famous miracles wrought thereat. At 
Rome, of the holy martyrs Marcellus and Apu- 
lejus, who were first disciples of Simon Magus, 
but seeing the wonders which God wrought by 
the apostle S. Peter, forsaking Simon they em- 

* Opitergium. 



296 



OCTOBER. 



braced the apostolical doctrine, and, after the 
death of the apostles, under Aurelian, who had 
been consul, obtained the crown of martyrdom, 
and were buried near to the city. Also, at 
Augusta Euphratesia, of S. Julia, virgin, who 
under Marcian, president, accomplished her mar- 
tyrdom. At Padua, * of S. Justina, virgin and 
martyr, who, baptized by S. Prosdocimus, disciple 
to S. Peter, and persisting constant in the faith of 
Christ, by the command of Maximus, president, 
thrust through with a sword, went to our Lord. 
At Bourges,t of S. Augustus, priest and confessor. 
In the territory of Rheims, of S. Helan, priest. 
The same day, the commemoration of Sancta 
Maria de Victoria, ordained by Pope Pius V. 
every year to be observed, in memory of a famous 
victory obtained this day at sea, by the Chris- 
tians, against the Turks, through the help of the 
same Mother of God ; and Pope Gregory XIII. 
ordained likewise the annual solemnity of the 
Rosary of the same most Blessed Virgin, to be 
kept upon the first Sunday of this month, for the 
same cause. 



A The Eighth Day. 

Of S. Brigit, widow, who after many pilgrim- 
ages made by her to holy places, filled with the 
Holy Ghost, died at Rome, upon the three-and- 
* Patavium. + Bituricae. 



OCTOBER. 



297 



twentieth of July ; but her body was, as upon 
yesterday, translated into Sweden. The same 
day, the birth-day of blessed old Simeon, who in 
the gospel is read to have taken our Lord Jesus 
in his arms. At Csesarea, in Palestine, the passion 
of S. Reparata, virgin and martyr, who, for refus- 
ing to sacrifice to idols, being put to divers tor- 
ments under Decius the emperor, was finally 
beheaded ; whose soul was seen to go out of her 
body, and ascend up to heaven in the form of a 
dove. At Thessalonica, of S. Demetrius, procon- 
sul, who, after he had brought many to the faith 
of Christ, by the command of Maximian, emperor, 
being thrust through the body with lances, accom- 
plished his martyrdom. There also, of S. Nestor, 
martyr. At Seville, * in Spain, of S. Peter, mar- 
tyr. At Laodicea, of S. Artemon, priest, who 
under Dioclesian received the crown of martyr- 
dom by fire. In the territory of Lyons, of S. 
Benedicta, virgin and martyr. At Ancona, of the 
Saints Palatias and Laurentia, who in the perse- 
cution of Dioclesian, under Dion, president, being 
sent into banishment, worn out with labours and 
miseries, went unto our Lord. At Rouen, of S. 
Evodius, bishop and confessor. At Jerusalem, 
of S. Pelagia, surnamed the penitent. 



* Hispalis, 



298 



OCTOBER. 



B The Ninth Day. 

At Paris, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Denis, the Areopagite bishop, Rusticus, priest, and 
Eleutherius, deacon ; of whom, S. Denis, being 
baptized by S. Paul the apostle, and ordained the 
first bishop of Athens, going after to Rome, was 
sent thence into France, by S. Clement, pope, to 
preach the Gospel ; and coming to Paris, when he 
had for some years faithfully fulfilled the office 
committed to his charge, at last, together with 
his foresaid companions, after most grievous tor- 
ments, by the governor Fescenninus being be- 
headed, accomplished his martyrdom. The same 
day, the commemoration of S. Abraham, patri- 
arch, and father of all faithful believers. At Julia, 
in the territory of Parma, in the way called Clau- 
dia, of S. Domninus, martyr, under Maximian, 
emperor, who, whilst he would have declined the 
fury of the persecution, thrust through with a 
sword by those that pursued him, made a glorious 
end. At Cassino, of S. Deus-Dedit, abbot, who, 
being cast into prison by Sicardus the tyrant, 
there consumed with hunger and other miseries, 
rested in peace. In Hennault, * of S. Gislen, 
bishop and confessor, who, resigning up his bish- 
oprick, and leading a monastical life in a monas- 
tery which himself had built, was famous for many 
virtues. At Jerusalem, of the saints Andronicus, 
and Athanasia his wife. At Antioch, of S. Publia, 
*Hannonia. 



OCTOBER, 



299 



abbess, who singing together with her religious 
that verse of the psalm, The idols of the Gentiles 
are silver and gold, and, Let them that make them 
become like unto them, as Julian the Apostate passed 
by, was by his command sorely buffeted, and 
sharply checked. 



C The Tenth Day. 

In the island of Candia, * of S. Pinytus, the 
most noble amongst the bishops. He being bishop 
of Cnosia, flourished under Marcus Antoninus 
Verus, and Lucius Aurelius Commodus, leaving 
behind him in his writings, as it were in a glass, 
the lively image of himself. At Cullen, of S. 
Gereon, martyr, with three hundred and eighteen 
others, who, in the persecution of Maximian, 
patiently submitted their necks to the sword for 
the true religion. In the territory of the same 
city, of the saints Victor and his companions, 
martyrs. At Bonna, in Germany, of the holy 
martyrs Cassius and Florentius, with very many 
others. At Nicomedia, of the holy martyrs 
Eulampius, and Eulampia, a virgin, his sister, 
who, hearing that her brother was tortured for 
Christ, pressing into the midst of the people, and 
embracing him, joined herself unto his company ; 
and, being both cast into a cauldron of boiling 
oil, but by the power of God being nothing hurt 



* Creta. 



300 



OCTOBER. 



thereby, were, together with two hundred others, 
who, moved by that miracle, believed in Christ, 
beheaded, and so accomplished their martyrdom. 
At York, in England, of S. Paulinus, bishop, dis- 
ciple to S. Gregory, pope, who, being by him sent 
thither, with others, to preach the gospel, con- 
verted king Edwin and his people to the faith of 
Christ. At Piombino,* in Tuscany, of S. Cerbo- 
nius, bishop and confessor, who, as S. Gregory 
writes, was renowned for miracles, both alive and 
dead. At Verona also, of another S. Cerbonius, 
bishop. At Capua, of S. Paulinus, bishop. At 
Rome, the birth-day of S. Francis Borgia, confes- 
sor, general of the Society of Jesus. 



D The Eleventh Day. 

At Tharsus, in Cilicia, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Tharacus, Probus, and Andronicus, who 
in the persecution of Dioclesian, enduring a long 
and miserable imprisonment, and thrice diversly 
tormented, at last beheaded for the confession of 
Christ, obtained a triumphant crown. In the ter- 
ritory of Vilcassine, the passion of the holy mar- 
tyrs Nicasius, bishop of Rouen, Quirinus, priest, 
Scubiculus, deacon, and Pientia, virgin, under the 
president Fescenninus. Also the passion of the 
Saints Anastasius, priest, Placidus, Genesiu3, and 
their companions. In Thebais, of S. Sarmatas, 

* Populonium. 



OCTOBER. 



301 



disciple to S. Antony, abbot, who was killed for 
Christ by the Saracens. At Besancon,* in France, 
of S. German, bishop and martyr. At Uzecia, in 
the part of France called Narbonoise, of S. Fir- 
min, bishop and confessor. In Scotland, of S. 
Canick, abbot. At Lyre, in the Lower Germany, 
the deposition of S. Gunimar, confessor. At 
Renes,t in France, of S. iEmilian, confessor. At 
Tharsus, in Cilicia, of the holy women Zenais and 
Philonilla, sisters, who being kinswomen to S. 
Paul the apostle, were also his disciples in faith. 
At Verona, of S. Placidia, virgin. 



E The Twelfth Bay. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Evagrius, Pris- 
cian, and their companions. At Ravenna, in the 
way Lauretina, the birth-day of S. Edistius, mar- 
tyr. In Lycia, of S. Domnina, martyr, under 
Dioclesian, emperor. In Africa, of four thousand 
nine hundred threescore and six holy confessors 
and martyrs, in the persecution of the Vandals, 
under Hunnericus, the Arian king ; of whom 
some being bishops, some priests, and others dea- 
cons, with great troops of faithful people joining 
themselves unto them, they were banished into a 
vast wilderness for defence of the Catholic verity ; 
who, whilst they were in a barbarous manner led 
thither by the Moors, many being forced forward 
*Vesontio. ^Rhedones. 



302 



OCTOBER. 



with sharp points of spears, and beaten with 
stones, others tied by the feet, and as if they had 
been dead carcases, drawn through hard and 
craggy places, their bodies being rent in pieces, 
at last by divers cruel torments, they obtained 
a glorious martyrdom. The chief of these were 
the priests of our Lord, Felix and Cyprian, 
bishops. At Celena, in Pannonia, of S. Maximi- 
lian, bishop of Laureacum.* At York, in Eng- 
land, of S. Wilfrid, bishop and confessor. At 
Milan, of S. Monas confessor, who was chosen 
bishop of that church by a miraculous light from 
heaven that environed him, whilst they were in 
consultation who should be ordained. At Verona, 
of S. Salvin, bishop. In Syria, of S. Eustachius, 
priest and confessor. 



F Tlie Thirteenth Day. 

At Troas, in the lesser Asia, of S. Carpus, dis- 
ciple to S. Paul the apostle. At Cordova, in 
Spain, the birth-day of the holy martyrs Faustus, 
Januarius, and Martial, who being first tormented 
upon the rack Equuleus, and after having their 
eye-lids shaven, their teeth plucked out, their 
ears and noses cut off, by fire accomplished their 
martyrdom. At Thessalonica, of S. Florentius, 
martyr, who after divers torments was burned. 
In Austria, of S. Colmannus, martyr. At Ceuta,t 
in the part of Mauritannia called Tingitana, the 
* Now called Ens. f Septa. 



OCTOBER. 



303 



passion of seven holy martyrs, of the order of S. 
Francis, Daniel, Samuel, Angelus, Domnus, Leo, 
Nicolas, and Hugolin, who for preaching the Gos- 
pel of Christ, and confuting the sect of Mahomet, 
after they had suffered reproaches, imprisonment, 
and torments, by the Saracens, at last beheaded, 
obtained the palm of martyrdom. At Antioch, of 
S. Theophilus, bishop, the sixth in that see after 
S. Peter the apostle. At Tours,* of S. Tenant, 
abbot and confessor. At Subiaco,t in Italy, of S. 
Chelidonia, virgin. 



G The Fourteenth Day. 

At Rome, in the way called Aurelia, the birth- 
day of S. Callistus, pope and martyr, who by the 
command of Alexander, emperor, being long starv- 
ed with hunger in prison, and every day beaten 
with cudgels, at last thrown headlong out of the 
window of a house in which he was kept into a 
well, and drowned, deserved the triumph of his 
victory. At Caesarea in Palestine, of S. Fortu- 
nata, virgin and martyr, who in the persecution 
of Dioclesian, after she had overcome the torture 
Equuleus, fire, beasts, and other torments, gave 
up her soul to God ; whose body was afterward 
translated to Naples, in Campania. Also of the 
Saints Carponius, Evaristus, and Priscian, bro- 
thers to the same blessed Fortunata, who having 
their throats cut, received in like manner the 
* Turones. f Sublacum. 



304 



OCTOBER. 



crown of martyrdom. Also of the Saints Satur- 
ninus and Lupus. At Rimini,* of S. Gaudentius, 
bishop and martyr. At Todi,t of S. Fortunatus, 
bishop, who, as St. Gregory writes, had a great 
gift of casting out devils. At Wirtzburge,J of 
S. Burchard, the first bishop of that city. At 
Bruges, in Flanders, of S. Donatian, bishop of 
Rheims. At Trevers, of S. Rusticus, bishop. 
The same day, the deposition of S. Dominick, sur- 
named Loricatus. In Italy, of S. Bernard, con- 
fessor. 



A The Fifteenth Bay. 

At Alba, of S. Teresa, virgin mother and mis- 
tress of the brothers and sisters of the order of 
Carmelites, of more strict observance. At Rome, 
in the way called Aurelia, of S. Fortunatus, mar- 
tyr. At Cullen, the birth-day of three hundred 
holy martyrs, who in the persecution of Maximian 
accomplished the course of their combat. At 
Carthage, of S. Agileus, martyr, upon whose feast 
S. Augustine made a sermon of him to the people. 
In Prussia, of S. Bruno, bishop of the Ruthenians, 
and martyr, who preaching the Gospel in that 
country, being apprehended and his hands and 
feet cut off, was finally beheaded. At Lyons, of 
S. Antiochus, bishop, who after he had diligently 
governed the flock committed to his charge, ob- 
tained a heavenly crown. At Trevers, of S. Seve- 
* Ariminura. f Tudertum. £ Herbipolis. 



0CT0BEK. 



305 



rus, bishop and confessor. At Strasburge,* of S. 
Aurelia, virgin. At Craconia, of S. Hedwiges, 
duchess of Polonia, renowned for her charity to 
the poor, and working of miracles; whom pope 
Clement the Fourth canonized for a saint. In 
Germany, of S. Tecla, abbess. 



B The Sixteenth Day. 

In Africa, of two hundred and seventy holy 
martyrs, crowned together. There also, of the 
Saints Martinian and Saturian, with their two 
brothers, who in the persecution of the Vandals, 
under Geisericus, the Arian king, being slaves to 
a certain Vandal, were converted to the faith of 
Christ by S. Maxima, virgin, their fellow-slave : 
for their constancy in the Catholic faith, they 
were first beaten with knotted cudgels, and their 
flesh torn to the very bones ; but having suffered 
these torments a long time, and the day following 
they being miraculously healed again, were at 
length sent into banishment; where, after they 
had converted many barbarous people to the faith 
of Christ, and obtained of the bishop of Rome a 
priest, and others of the clergy, which might bap- 
tize them, at last, tied by the feet to the end of 
swift-running chariots, and dragged through a 
thorny wood, accomplished their martyrdom : but 
Maxima, after she had endured many conflicts, by 

* Argentoratum. 
20 



306 



OCTOBER. 



the power of God set free, being made mother of 
many virgins, in a monastery happily rested in our 
Lord. Also of the Saints Saturninus and Nereus, 
with three hundred threescore and five martyrs. 
At Cullen, of S. Eliphius, martyr, under Julian the 
apostate. Also of S. Bercharius, abbot and mar- 
tyr. In the territory of Bourges, of S. Ambrose, 
bishop of Cahors * At Mentz, of S. Lullus, bishop 
and confessor. At Trevers, of S. Florentin, bishop. 
At Arbone, in Germany, of S. Gallus, abbot, dis- 
ciple to S. Columban. 



C The Seventeenth Bay, 

At Antioch, the birth-day of S. Heron, disciple 
to S. Ignatius, who being ordained bishop after 
him, like a diligent follower of his master's foot- 
steps, and true lover of Christ, gave his life for the 
flock committed to his charge. The same day, 
the passion of the Saints Victor, Alexander, and 
Marian. In Persia, of S. Mamelta, martyr, who 
being converted from idolatry to the faith of 
Christ by an angel, was by the Gentiles stoned, 
and cast into a deep lake. At Constantinople, of 
S. Andrew of Candia, monk, who for the worship 
of holy images, under Oonstantine Copronymus, 
being oftentimes beaten, at last, having one of his 
feet cut off, gave up his soul to God. At Orange,t 
in France, of S. Florentine, bishop, who, renowned 



* Caturcum. 



+ Arausica. 



OCTOBER. 



307 



for many virtues, rested in peace. At Capua, of 
S. Victor, bishop, famous for his learning and 
sanctity. 

D The Eighteenth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Luke, evangelist, who hav- 
ing endured many afflictions for the name of 
Christ, full of the Holy Ghost, died in Bithynia ; 
whose bones were brought to Constantinople, and 
thence translated to Padua. At Antioch, of S- 
Asclepiades, bishop, one of those renowned mar- 
tyrs that gloriously suffered under Macrinus. In 
the territory of Beauvais,* of S. Justus, martyr, 
who being but a child, was killed by Rictiovarus, 
governor, in the persecution of Dioclesian. At 
Neocaesarea, in Pontus, of S. Athenodore, bishop, 
brother to S. Gregory Thaumaturgus, who in the 
persecution of Aurelian, renowned for his learning, 
suffered martyrdom. In Mesopotamia, at the 
bank of the river Euphrates, of S. Julian, hermit. 
At Rome, of S. Triphonia, some time wife to 
Decius, emperor, who lies buried in a vault near 
to S. Hippolytus. 



E The Nineteenth Day. 

At Rome, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Ptolomy and Lucius, under Marcus Antoninus; 
of whom Ptolomy, as Justin the martyr writes, 
* Belvacum. 



308 



OCTOBER. 



having converted a lewd woman to the faith of 
Christ, and taught her to embrace chastity, being 
therefore accused by a certain shameless fellow 
before Urbicius the governor, was kept a long 
time in a loathsome prison, at last, openly pro- 
fessing Christ his master, received the sentence of 
death ; the which Lucius freely reproving, and 
professing himself a Christian, he received the 
like sentence from the same Urbicius. To whom 
was also joined a third, who also was condemned 
to suffer the same death. At Antioch, of the holy 
martyrs Beronicus, and Pelagia, virgin, and nine- 
and-forty others. In Egypt, of S. Varus, a sol- 
dier, who, under Maxiniinus, emperor, visiting 
and relieving seven holy monks that lay in prison ; 
one of them dying, he would needs succeed in his 
place; and after most cruel torments endured 
together with them, obtained the palm of martyr- 
dom. At Evreux,* of S. Aquilin, bishop and con- 
fessor. In the territory of Orleans, the deposition 
of S. Veran, bishop. At Salerno, of S. Eusterius, 
bishop. In Ireland, of S. Ethbin, abbot, At 
Oxford, in England, of S. Fredeswind, virgin. 



F The Twentieth Day, 

At Abia,t near Aquila, in Abruzzo, the birth- 
day of S. Maximus, deacon and martyr, who for 
the desire he had to suffer, freely offered himself 
to the persecutors that sought him, and after a 
* Ebrolcae. fAvia : 



OCTOBER. 



309 



constant confession of his faith, being racked upon 
the torture Equuleus, and cruelly beaten with cud- 
gels, at last, thrown headlong from a high place, 
obtained the crown of martyrdom. At Agen,* in 
France, of S. Caprasius, martyr, who to avoid the 
fury of persecution hiding himself in a cave, and 
hearing what S. Faith, virgin, endured for Christ, 
animated hereby to suffer torments, prayed unto 
God, that if he thought him worthy of the glory 
of martyrdom, a spring of water might flow out of 
a stone in the cave where he lay; which God 
granting, he went confidently to the place of com- 
bat, and under Maximian, emperor, behaving him- 
self courageously, deserved the palm of martyr- 
dom. At Antioch, of S. Artemius, prime-captain 
of the emperor, who under Constantine the Great 
having had chief command in the wars, was by 
Julian the apostate, whom he had accused of 
cruelty towards Christians, beaten with cudgels, 
and otherwise grievously tormented, and finally 
beheaded. At Cullen, the passion of the holy vir- 
gins Martha and Saula, with many others. At 
Minden, the birth-day of S. Felician, bishop and 
martyr. At Paris, of the Saints George, deacon, 
and Aurelius, martyr. In Portugal, of S. Irenes, 
virgin and martyr. In the territory of Rheims, 
of S. Sindulph, confessor. 



Agennum, 



310 



OCTOBER. 



G The One-and- Twentieth Day. 

In Cyprus, the birth-day of S. Hilarion, abbot, 
whose life, full of virtues and miracles, S. Jerom 
has left written. At Cullen, the birth-day of the 
Saints Ursula, and her companions, who for the 
Christian religion, and constant in keeping their 
virginity, being killed by the Huns, ended their 
lives by martyrdom; and very many of their 
bodies were buried at Cullen. At Ostia, of S. 
Asterius, priest and martyr, who, as is recorded 
in the martyrdom of S. Callistus, pope, suffered 
under Alexander, emperor. At Nicomedia, the 
birth- day of the Saints Dasius, Zoticus, and 
Caius, and twelve others, soldiers, who after divers 
torments were drowned in the sea. At Maronia, 
in Syria, near Antioch, of S. Malchus, monk. At 
Lyons, of S. Viator, deacon to S. Justin, bishop of 
the same city. At Laon,* of S. Cilinia, mother to 
S. Remigius, bishop of Rheims. 



A The Two-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Jerusalem, of S. Mark, bishop, a man of 
great renown and learning, who first of all the 
Gentiles governed the Church of Jerusalem, and 
not long after deserved the palm of martyrdom, 
under Antoninus, emperor. At Adrianople, in 
Thracia, the birth-day of the holy martyrs Philip, 



* Laudumim. 



OCTOBER. 



311 



bishop, Severus, priest, Eusebius, and Hermes, 
who after prisons and whips, under Julian the 
Apostate were burned. Also of the holy martyrs 
Alexander, bishop, Heraclius, a soldier, and their 
companions. At Fermo, in Marc-Ancona, of S. 
Philip, bishop and martyr. At Huesca,* in 
Spain, of the holy virgins Nunilo and Alodia, sis- 
ters, who for confession of Christ being beheaded 
by the Saracens, finished their martyrdom. At 
Cullen, of S. Cordula, virgin, one of S. Ursula's 
company, who being terrified with the torments 
and slaughter of her companions, hid herself, but 
on the morrow repenting her thereof, discovered 
herself to the Huns, and last of all received the 
crown of martyrdom. At Hierapolis, in Phrygia, 
of S. Abercius, bishop, who flourished under Mar- 
cus Antoninus, emperor. At Rouen, of S. Mela- 
nius, bishop, who being ordained by S. Stephen, 
pope, was sent thither to preach the Gospel. In 
Tuscany, of S. Donatus, a Scotchman, and bishop 
of Fiesoli. At Verona, of S. Verecundus, bishop 
and confessor. At Jerusalem, of S. Mary Salome, 
who, as the holy Gospel records, was very careful 
about the burial of our Lord. 



B The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

In Spain, near unto Cales, of the holy martyrs 
Servandus and German, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, under Viator, lieutenant, after tor- 



* Osca, 



312 OCTOBER. 

menis, a loathsome prison, affliction of hunger and 
thirst, and the toil of a long voyage which they 
endured, being sore loaded with irons, finally 
ended the course of their martyrdom by being 
beheaded. Of whom German was buried at 
Merida,* and Servandus at Seville. At Antiocli, 
in Syria, the birth-day of S. Theodore, priest, 
who being apprehended in the persecution of 
wicked JuHan, after he had endured the torture 
of Eqiiuleus, and many other most cruel torments, 
having also his sides burned with fiery lamps, and 
still persisting in the confession of Christ, finally 
ended his martyrdom by the sword. At Constan- 
tinople, of S. Ignatius, bishop, who was many 
ways injured, and driven also into banishment by 
Bardas the emperor f whom he had reprehended 
for putting away his wife ; but called back again, 
and restored to his bishopric by Nicolas, pope of 
Rome, finally died in peace. At Bourdeaux,t of 
S. Severin, bishop of Cullen, and confessor. At 
Rouen, of S. Romanus, bishop. At Salerno, of S. 
Yerus, bishop. In the territory of Amiens, of S. 
Domitius, priest. In the territory of Poitiers, of 
S. Benet, confessor. 



C The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Venosa,t in Apulia, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Felix, an African bishop, Audactus 
and Januarius, priests, Fortunatus and Septimus, 

♦ Emerita. f Burdi^ala. % Venusia. 



OCTOBER. 



313 



lectors, who, in the persecution of Dioclesian, 
having been a long time vexed and afflicted with 
imprisonment and fetters, both in Africa and 
Sicily, by Magdellianus, governor, when Felix 
would by no means deliver up the sacred books, 
according to the emperor's edict, were all at 
length beheaded. At Xagran, a city in the coun- 
try of the Homerites, the passion of the Saints 
Aretas, and three hundred and forty, his compa- 
nions, in the time of Justin, emperor, under 
Dunaan, a Jewish tyrant. After whom also a 
Christian woman was burned, whose little son, 
being but five years old, and starameringly con- 
fessing Christ, when, neither by fear nor flattery, 
he could be stayed from running into the fire, 
was finally burned with his mother. At Cullen, 
of S. Evergistus, bishop and martyr. At Con- 
stantinople, of S. Proclus, bishop. In Little Brit- 
tany, the departure of S. Maglorius, bishop, whose 
body lies buried at Paris. In the monastery of 
Vertan, of S. Martin, abbot. In Campania, of S. 
Mark, anchoret, whose worthy deeds S. Gregory 
has written. 



D The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of the holy martyrs Chrysanthus, 
and Daria his wife, who, after many afflictions 
which they endured for Christ, under Celerin, 
governor, were commanded by Numerian, emperor, 
to be cast into a sandpit, in the way Salaria, and 



314 



OCTOBER. 



there to be overwhelmed alive with earth and 
stones. Also at Rome, the birth-day of forty- 
six holy soldiers, who, being all baptized together 
by S. Denis, pope, were, by the command of 
Claudius, emperor, immediately beheaded, and 
buried in the way Salaria, where also were 
buried an hundred and twenty-one other martyrs, 
amongst whom were four soldiers of Christ, Theo- 
dosius, Lucius, Mark, and Peter. At Soissons,* 
in France, of the holy martyrs Crispin and Cris- 
pinian, noble Romans, who, in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, under Rictiovarus, president, after 
most cruel torments, killed with a sword, obtained 
the crown of martyrdom ; whose bodies were 
afterwards transported to Rome, and honourably 
interred in the church of S. Lawrence, in Palis- 
perna.t At Florence, the passion of S. Minias, a 
soldier, who under Decius, emperor, behaving 
himself valiantly for the faith of Christ, was 
crowned with a glorious martyrdom. At Torre,! 
in Sardinia, of the holy martyrs Protus, priest, 
and Januarius, deacon, who being sent by S. 
Oaius, pope, into that island, under Dioclesian, by 
Barbarus, the president, were put to death. At 
Constantinople, the passion of the Saints Mar- 
tyrius, subdeacon, and Marcian, chanter, who, 
under Constantius, emperor, were killed by the 
heretics. At Rome, of S. Boniface, pope and con- 
fessor. At Perigueux, § in France, of S. Fronto, 
who, being ordained bishop by S. Peter the 

* Suessones. f In Pane and Perna. t Turres. 
§ Petragoricum. 



OCTOBER. 



315 



apostle, with one George, a priest, converted a 
great multitude of that nation to Christ, and, 
famous for miracles, rested in peace. At Brescia, 
the birth-day of S. Gaudentius, bishop, renowned 
for his learning and sanctity. At Maudes,* of S. 
Hilary, bishop. 



E The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Evaristus, pope and martyr, 
who, under Adrian, emperor, adorned the Church 
of God with his blood. In Africa, of the holy 
martyrs Rogatian, priest, and Felicissimus, who, 
in the persecution of Valerian and Gallienus, 
were crowned with a glorious martyrdom : of 
whom S. Cyprian also writes, in his epistle to the 
confessors. At Nicomedia, of the holy martyrs 
Lucian, Florius, and their companions. The same 
day, of S. Quod-Vault-Deus, bishop of Carthage, 
who, together with his clergy, being by Geisericus, 
an Arian king, put into broken ships, without oars 
or sails, beyond all expectation arrived at Naples, 
and there, in banishment, died a confessor. At 
Narbonne, of S. Rusticus, bishop and confessor, 
who flourished in the days of Valentinian and 
Leo, emperors. At Salerno, of S. Gaudiosus, 
bishop. At Pavia,f of S. Fulk, bishop. Also of 
S. Quadragesimus, subdeacon, who raised a dead 
man to life. 



* Gavalis. + Papia. 



316 



OCTOBER. 



F The Seven-and-T 'twentieth Day. 

The vigil of the holy apostles Simon and Jude. 
At Avila, in Spain, the passion of the saints Vin- 
cent, Sabina, and Christeta, who were first most 
cruelly racked upon the torture Equuleus until all 
their joints were loosed, and then having stones 
laid upon their heads, their brains were beaten 
out with great bars, and so they accomplished 
their martyrdom, under Dacian, president. At 
the Castle of Tile, of S. Florentius, martyr. In 
Cappadocia, of the holy martyrs Capitolina, and 
Erotheis, her handmaid, who suffered under Dio- 
clesian. In India, of S. Frumentius, bishop, who, 
being there first a captive, and afterwards ordained 
bishop by S. Athanasius, did propagate the gos- 
pel in those parts. In Ethiopia, of S. Elesbaan, 
king, who, when he had overcome the enemies of 
Christ, sending his crown to Jerusalem, in the 
time of Justin, emperor, and living a monastical 
life, as he had vowed, finally went to our Lord. 



G Tlie Eight-and- Tiventieth Day. 

The birth-day of the blessed apostles Simon the 
Cananean, and Thaddeus, who is also called Jude ; 
of whom, Simon preached the gospel in Egypt, 
and Thaddeus in Mesopotamia ; and afterwards 
going together into Persia, when they had con- 
verted an infinite multitude of that nation to the 



OCTOBER, 



317 



faith of Christ, they accomplished their martyr- 
dom. At Rome, of S. Cyrilla, virgin, daughter to 
S. Triphonia, who, under Claudius, emperor, had 
her throat cut for Christ. There also, of S. Anas- 
tasia the elder, virgin, and Cyril, martyrs, of 
whom Anastasia, in the persecution of Valerian, 
under Probus, governor, being bound with chains, 
buffeted, tormented with fire and whips, and still 
persisting constant in the confession of Christ, 
having her breasts cut off, her nails plucked off, 
her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, 
finally beheaded, went triumphantly to her spouse, 
adorned with so many jewels of her several tor- 
ments ; and one called Cyril, giving her, at her 
request, a cup of water to drink, for his reward 
received the crown of martyrdom. At Como, of 
S. Fidelis, martyr, under Maximian, emperor. 
At Mentz, of S. Ferrutius, martyr. At Meaux,* 
of S. Faron, bishop and confessor. At Naples, of 
S. Gaudiosus, an African bishop, who, to avoid the 
persecution of the Vandals, coming thence into 
Campania, in a monastery at Naples made a holy 
end. At Versailles, of S. Honoratus, bishop. 



A The Nine-and- Twentieth Day. 

In Lucania, of the holy martyrs Hyacinthus, 
Quinctus, Felician, and Lucius. At Sidon, in 
Phoenicia, of S. Zenobius, priest, who, in the rage 

* Melda. 



318 



OCTOBER. 



of the last persecution, exhorting others to mar- 
tyrdom, was himself also made worthy of martyr- 
dom. The same day, of the holy bishops Maxi- 
milian, martyr, and Valentine, confessor. At 
Bergamo,* of S. Eusebia, virgin and martyr. At 
Jerusalem, the birth-day of S. Narcissus, bishop, 
greatly renowned for holiness, patience, and faith, 
who, being an hundred and sixteen years old, 
departed to our Lord. At Austum,t of S. John, 
bishop and confessor. At Cassiope, in the island 
of Corcyra, of S. Donatus, of whom S. Gregory, 
pope, writes. At Vienna, the deposition of S. 
Theodore, abbot. 



B The Thirtieth Day. 

In Africa, the birth-day of two hundred and 
twenty holy martyrs. At Tanger,J in Maurita- 
nia, the passion of S. Marcellus, a centurion, who 
under Agricolaus, lieutenant to the governor, 
being beheaded, accomplished his martyrdom. 
At Alexandria, of thirteen holy martyrs, who 
with the same Julian, Eunus, and Macarius, suf- 
fered under Decius, emperor. There also, of S. 
Eutropia, martyr, who visiting the holy martyrs, 
was with them so cruelly tormented, that she 
gave up the ghost. At Callari, § in Sardinia, of 
S. Saturninus, martyr, who in the persecution of 

* Bergomum. f Augustodunum. J Tingis. 
§ Caralis. 



OCTOBER. 



319 



Dioclesian was beheaded, under Barbaras, presi- 
dent. At Apamea, of S. Maximus, martyr, under 
the same Dioclesian. At Leon,* in Spain, of the 
holy martyrs Claudius, Lupercus, and Victorius, 
sons of S. Marcellus the centurion, who in the 
persecution of Dioclesian and Maximian, under 
Diogenian, president, were commanded to be 
beheaded. At iEgsea, in Cilicia, the passion of 
the Saints Zenobius, bishop, and Zenobia, his sis- 
ter, under Dioclesian, emperor, and Lysias, presi- 
dent. At Altino,t of S. Theonestus, bishop and 
martyr, who was slain by the Arians. At Paris, 
of S. Lucan, martyr. At Antioch, of S. Serapion, 
bishop, much renowned for his learning. At 
Capua, of S. German, bishop and confessor, a man 
of great holiness, whose soul in the hour of his 
death, was by S. Benet seen carried up to heaven 
by angels. At Potenza,f in Lucania, of S. Gerard, 
bishop. At Rome, the birth-day of S. Alphonsus 
Rodriguez, confessor, of the Society of Jesus. 



C The One-and-Thirtieth Day. 

The vigil of All Saints. At Rome, the birth- 
day of S. Nemesius, deacon, and of Lucilla, his 
daughter, a virgin, who, when they could by no 
means be brought to forsake the faith of Christ, 
were by the command of Valerian, emperor, 
beheaded, upon the five-and-twentieth day of 
August ; whose bodies being buried by S. Ste- 

* Legio. + Altinum. t Potentia. 



320 



OCTOBER. 



phen, pope, and afterward, on this day, more 
decently entombed by S. Xystus, in the way called 
Appia ; Pope Gregory V. translated them into the 
sacristy of Sancta Maria Nova, together with the 
Saints Symphronius, Olympius, a tribune, Exupe- 
ria his wife, and Theodolus his son, who, being all 
converted by the industry of Symphronius, and 
baptized by the same S. Stephen, were crowned 
with martyrdom ; all whose bodies, being there 
found in the time of Pope Gregory XIII. were 
more honourably placed under the altar of the 
same church, upon the eighth day of December. 
The same day, of the Saints Ampliatus, Urban, 
and Narcissus, of whom S. Paul makes mention, 
writing to the Romans, who for the gospel of 
Christ were slain by the Jews and Gentiles. At 
S. Quintin's,* in France, of S. Quinctin, a citizen 
and senator of Rome, martyred under Maximian, 
emperor ; whose body, after fifty-five years, was 
by the revelation of an angel found incorrupt. 
At Constantinople, of S. Stachys, bishop, who 
was ordained the first bishop of that city by S. 
Andrew the apostle. At Milan, of S. Antoninus, 
bishop and confessor. At Ratisbon, of S, Wolf- 
gangus, bishop. 



* Augusta Veromanduorum. 



321 



D The First Day. 

The festivity of All Saints, which, in honour of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, the mother of God, and 
of all holy martyrs, Pope Boniface IV. (having 
first dedicated to that use the temple of Pan- 
theon) ordained to be kept solemnly every year in 
the city of Rome ; and afterward Pope Gregory IV. 
decreed, that the same festivity, which at that time 
was diversly kept in sundry churches, should on 
this day perpetually be observed with solemnity of 
the Universal Church, in honour of All Saints. At 
Terracina, in Campania, the birth-day of S. Caesa- 
reus, deacon, who having for many days been pined 
in prison, was, together with S. Julian, priest, put 
into a sack, and cast headlong into the sea. At 
Dijon,* of S. Benignus, priest, who being sent 
into Prance by S. Polycarp to preach the gospel, 
after he had been divers ways most cruelly tor- 
mented, under Marcus Aurelius, emperor, by 
Terentius, judge, had his neck broken with an 
iron bar, and his body thrust through with a 
lance. The same day, of S. Mary, a servant, who 
being accused for a Christian, under Adrian, 
emperor, first cruelly whipped, then racked upon 
the torture Equuleus, and torn with iron hooks, 
accomplished her martyrdom. At Damasco, the 
passion of the Saints Caesarius, Dacius, and five 
others. In Persia, of the holy martyrs John, 
* Divio. 

21 



322 



NOVEMBER, 



bishop, and James, priest, under Sapor, king. 
At Tharsus, of the Saints Syrenia and Juliana, 
under Maximian, emperor. At Auvergne, of S. 
Austremonius, the first bishop of that city. At 
Paris, the deposition of S. Marcellus, bishop. At 
Bayeux,* of S. Vigor, bishop, who lived in the 
time of king Childebert, of France. At Tivoli,f of 
S. Severin, monk. In Gastinois,}: of S. Maturinus, 
confessor. 



E The Second Day. 

The commemoration of all the faithful departed. 
The same day, the birth-day of S. Victorinus, 
bishop of Poictiers, who after he had written many 
books, as S. Jerom witnesses, in the persecution 
of Dioclesian was crowned with martyrdom. At 
Trieste, § the passion of Justus, who in the same 
persecution accomplished his martyrdom, under 
Manasius, president. At Sebasta, of the holy 
martyrs Carterius, Styriacus, Tobias, Eudoxius, 
Agapius, and their companions, under Licinius, 
emperor. In Persia, of the holy martyrs Acindi. 
nus, Pegasius, Aphthonius, Elpidephorus, and 
Anempodistus, with many others, their compa- 
nions. In Africa, the birth-day of the holy mar- 
tyrs Publius, Victor, Hermes, and Papias. At 
Tharsus, in Cilicia, of S. Eustochium, virgin and 
martyr, who under Julian the Apostate, after 
most cruel torments, gave up her soul in prayer. 

* Baioca. + Tibur. % Wastinum. § Tergeste. 



NOVEMBER. 



323 



At Laodicea, in Syria, of S. Theodotus, bishop, 
renowned not only for his words, but also for his 
works and virtues. At Vienna, of S. George, 
bishop. In the monastery of S. Maurice,* in Swit- 
zerland, of S. Ambrose, abbot. At Cyrus, in 
Syria, of S. Marcian, confessor. 



F The Third Day. 

The birth-day of S. Quartus, disciple of the 
apostles. At Ceesarea, in Cappadocia, of the holy 
martyrs German, Theophilus, Oesareus, and Vita- 
lis, who in the persecution of Decius, suffered 
a famous martyrdom. At Saragossa,t of innu- 
merable holy martyrs, who under Dacian, presi- 
dent of Spain, with wonderful fervour gave their 
lives for Christ. At Viterbo, of the holy martyrs 
Valentine, priest, and Hilary, deacon, who in the 
persecution of Maximian, were for the faith of 
Christ cast into the river Tiber, with a great stone 
tied to their necks, but being miraculously deli- 
vered by an angel, finally, by being beheaded, re- 
ceived the crown of martyrdom. In England, of 
S. Winefride, virgin and martyr. In the monas- 
tery of Clarevallis, the deposition of S. Malachy, 
bishop of Connerthen, in Ireland, renowned in his 
time for many virtues, whose life is written by S. 
Bernard, abbot. The same day, of S. Hubert, 
bishop of Tungres. At Vienna, of S. Domnus 3 

* Agaunum. f Caesar-Augusta. 



324 



NOVEMBER. 



bishop and confessor. Also the deposition of S. 
Firmin, bishop of Meaux.* At Urgella, in Spain, 
of S. Hermenguadius, bishop. At Rome, of S. 
Sylvia, mother to S. Gregory, pope. 



G The Fourth Day, 

At Milan, of S. Charles Borromeus, cardinal, 
and bishop of the same city, whom, glorious for 
sanctity, and famous for miracles, Paul the Fifth 
canonized for a Saint. At Bolonia, of the holy 
martyrs Vitalis and Agricola, of whom the former, 
having been servant to the latter, was made wor- 
thy to be his colleague and companion in martyr- 
dom ; upon whom the executioners exercised all 
kinds of torments, so that there was not left one 
place in his body without a wound ; the which he 
suffering most constantly, in prayer gave up his 
soul to God: but Agricola being fastened to a 
cross with many nails, ended his life. At the 
translation of whose bodies S. Ambrose being pre- 
sent, writes that himself gathered up the martyr's 
nails, triumphant blood, and wood of his cross, 
and laid them under the holy altars. The same 
day, the birth-day of the Saints Philologus and 
Patrobas, disciples of S. Paul the apostle. At 
Austum,t of S. Proculus, martyr. In the terri- 
tory of Vilcassine, of S. Clarus, priest and martyr. 
At Ephesus, of S. Porphyry, martyr, under Aure- 



* Melda. 



f Augustodunum. 



NOVEMBER. 



325 



lian, emperor. At Mjra, in Lycia, of the holy 
martyrs Meander, bishop, and Hermes, priest, 
under Libanius, president. The same day, the 
birth-day of S. Pierius, priest of Alexandria, who 
being excellently learned in the holy Scriptures, 
and renowned for purity of life, and that he might 
better attend to Christian philosophy, wholly dis- 
charged of all worldly impediments, under Cams 
and Dioclesian, emperors, (Theonas then govern- 
ing the Church of Alexandria) taught the people 
with great applause, and set forth divers books ; 
but after the persecution ended, spending the 
rest of his life at Rome, he finally rested in peace. 
At Rhodes,* in France, of S. Amantius, bishop, 
renowned for holiness of life and miracles. In 
Bithynia, of S. Joannicius, abbot. At Alba-Re- 
galis, in Hungary, the deposition of S. Emericus, 
confessor, son to S. Stephen, king of Hungary. 
At Trevers, of S. Modesta, virgin. 



A The Fifth Day. 

Of S. Zachary, priest and prophet, father of S. 
John Baptist. Also of S. Elizabeth, mother of 
the same most holy precursor. At Terracina, in 
Campania, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Felix, priest, and Eusebius, a monk, who having 
buried the bodies of the holy martyrs Julian and 
Cesareus, and converted many to the faith of 
Christ, which were baptized by S. Felix, being at 

* Ruthenum. 



326 



NOVEMBER. 



length apprehended together, and both brought to 
the tribunal of the judge, and not yielding, they 
were cast into prison, and refusing to sacrifice to 
idols, the same night beheaded. At Emesa,* in 
Phoenicia, of the holy martyrs Galation, and 
Epistemes, his wife, who in the persecution of 
Decius being whipped, and then deprived of their 
hands, feet, and tongue, were finally beheaded. 
Also of the holy martyrs Domninus, Theotimus, 
Philotheus, Silvan, and their companions, under 
Maximinus, emperor. At Milan, of S. Magnus, 
bishop and confessor. At Brescia, of S. Domina- 
tor, bishop. At Trevers, of S. Fibitius, of abbot 
made bishop of the same city. At Orleans, in 
France, of S. Lsetus, priest and confessor. 



B The Sixth Day. 

At Thinis, in Africa, the birth-day of S. Felix, 
martyr, who, confessing himself to be a Christian, 
and his torments deferred, was the day following 
(as relates Saint Augustin, in his exposition of a 
psalm upon his feast-day to the people) found dead 
in prison. At Theopolis, of ten holy martyrs, who 
are said to have suffered death by the Saracens. 
At Barcelona, f of S. Severus, bishop and martyr, 
who for the Catholic faith having a nail struck 
into his head, received the crown of martyrdom. 
In Phrygia, of S. Atticus. At Berges, of S. 
Winock, abbot, renowned for his virtues and mi- 
* Now called Haman. f Barcino. 



NOVEMBER, 



327 



racles, who served for a long time the religious of 
his monastery, being his subjects. At Fundi, in 
Campania, of S. Felix, monk. At Limoges,* in 
Aquitaine, of S. Leonard, confessor, disciple of S. 
Remigius, bishop, who being nobly born, and 
making choice of a solitary life, was famous for 
holiness and miracles, especially in delivering of 
captives. 



C The Seventh Day. 

At Padua, the deposition of S. Prosdocimus, 
the first bishop of that city, who being ordained 
bishop by S. Peter the apostle, was sent thither to 
preach the Gospel: where, renowned for many 
virtues and miracles, he rested happily in our 
Lord. At Perugia, of S. Herculan, bishop and 
martyr. The same day, of S. Amaranthus, mar- 
tyr, who being buried in the city of Alby,t after 
he had ended the course of his faithful agony, 
lives gloriously in heaven. At Melitine, in Arme- 
nia, the passion of the Saints Hieron, Nicander, 
Hesychius, and thirty others, who were crowned 
in the persecution of Dioclesian, under Lysias, 
president. At Amphipolis, in Macedonia, of the 
holy martyrs Auctus, Taurio, and Thessalonica. 
At Ancyra, the passion of the Saints Melasippus, 
Antony, and Carina, under Julian the Apostate. 
At Cullen, of S. Engelbert, bishop, who for de- 
fence of the liberties of the Church, and obedience 
* Lemovica. t Albiga. 



328 



NOVEMBER. 



to the Roman See, doubted not to suffer martyr- 
dom. At Alexandria, of S. Achillas, bishop, re- 
nowned for his learning, faith, conversation, and 
manners. In Friesland, the deposition of S. Wil- 
lebrord, bishop of Maestricht,* who being ordained 
bishop by S. Sergius, pope, preached the Gospel 
in Friesland and Denmark. At Metz, of S. 
Rufus, bishop and confessor. At Strasburge,t of 
S. Florentius, bishop. 



D The Eighth Day. 

The octave of All Saints. At Rome, in the 
way Lavicana, three miles from the city, the pas- 
sion of the holy martyrs Claudius, Nicostratus, 
Symphorian, Oastorius, and Simplicius, who being 
first cast into prison, and afterwards grievously 
beaten with whips called scorpions, when they 
could not be drawn from the faith of Christ, were 
commanded by Dioclesian, emperor, to be cast 
headlong into the river. Also in the way Lavi- 
cana, the birth-day of four holy brothers, Severus, 
Severian, Carpophorus, and Victorinus, called the 
four crowned, who under the same emperor were 
beaten to death with leaden whips. The names of 
these four (which after many years were miracu- 
lously revealed) when they could not then be 
known, it was ordained that their yearly festivity 
should be celebrated upon this day, together with 
the former five, under the name of the four 

* Trajectum. + Argentoratum. 



NOVEMBER. 



329 



crowned, which custom also still continued in the 
Church, after their names were revealed, At 
Rome, of S. Deus-Dedit, pope, who was of so great 
merit with G-od, that with a kiss he cured a leper. 
At Bremen,* of S. Willehad, the first bishop of 
that city, who, together with S. Boniface, whose 
disciple he was, propagated the Gospel in Fries- 
land and Saxony. At Soissons,t in France, of S. 
Godfrey, bishop of Amiens, a man of great holi- 
ness. At Verdun, of S. Maurus, bishop and con- 
fessor. At Tours, of S. Clarus, priest, whose epi- 
taph was written by S. Paulinus. 



E The Ninth Day. 

At Rome, the dedication of the church of our 
Saviour. At Aniasea, in Pontus, the birth-day of 
S. Theodore, a soldier, who in the time of Maxi- 
mian, emperor, being first most cruelly beaten 
for the confession of Christ, and cast into prison, 
he was comforted by our Lord himself, who ap- 
peared unto him, and bade him behave himself 
courageously and constantly ; afterwards, after he 
had been racked upon the torture Equuleus, and 
torn with iron hooks, even till his bowels appear- 
ed, he was finally burned : whose praises S. Gre- 
gory Nyssen has celebrated in an excellent ora- 
tion. At Tyana, in Cappadocia, the passion of S 
Orestes, under Dioclesian, emperor. At Thessa- 

* Brema. t Suessio. 



330 



NOVEMBER. 



lonica, of S. Alexander, martyr, under Maximian, 
emperor. At Bourges,* of S. Ursin, confessor, 
who being ordained at Rome by the successors of 
the apostles, was the first bishop sent to that city. 
At Naples, in Campania, of S. Agrippinus, bishop, 
renowned for miracles. At Constantinople, of the 
holy virgins Eustolia? a Roman, and Sopatra, 
daughter of Mauritius the emperor. At Beritus, 
in Syria, the memory of our blessed Saviour's 
image, which being crucified by the Jews, did 
pour out such plenty of blood, that both the 
East and West Churches received abundantly 
thereof. 



F The Tenth Day. 

The birth- day of the holy martyrs Triphon and 
Respicius, and Nympha, virgin. In the territory 
of Agde,t of the holy martyrs Tyberius, Modestus, 
and Florentia, who in the time of Dioclesian, hav- 
ing endured divers torments, ended their martyr- 
dom. At Antioch, of the Saints Demetrius, 
bishop, Anian, deacon, Eustosius, and twenty 
others, martyrs. At Ravenna, of S. Probus, 
bishop, famous for miracles. At Orleans, of S. 
Monitor, bishop and confessor. In England, of S. 
Justus, bishop, who, together with S. Augustine, 
Mellitus, and others, being sent into that island 
by S. Gregory, pope, to preach the Gospel, re- 
nowned for sanctity of life, reposed there in our 
* Bituricae. f Agaselta, 



NOVEMBER, 



331 



Lord. At Mellun,* of S. Leo, confessor. At 
Iconium, in Lycaonia, of the holy women Try- 
phenna and Tryphosa, who by the preaching of S. 
Paul, and example of Tecla, greatly profited in 
Christian perfection. In the island of Pario,f of 
S. Theoctistes, virgin. 



G The Eleventh Bay. 

At Tours, in France, the birth-day of S. Mar- 
tin, bishop and confessor, whose life was so re- 
nowned for miracles, that he was made worthy to 
be the raiser of three dead men to life. At Co- 
tyseum, in Phrygia, the famous passion of S. Men- 
nas, an Egyptian soldier, who in the persecution 
of Dioclesian, having cast off his military cincture, 
retired himself into the wilderness, there secretly 
to serve the King of heaven : afterwards coming 
abroad, and with a free voice professing himself a 
Christian, he was first most cruelly tormented, 
and then at length, as he was upon his knees in 
prayer, giving thanks to our Lord Jesus Christ, 
was beheaded ; and after his death was renowned 
for many miracles. At Ravenna, of the holy 
martyrs Valentine, Felician, and Victorin, who 
were crowned in the persecution of Dioclesian. 
In Mesopotamia, of S. Athenodore, martyr, who 
under the same Dioclesian, and Eleusius, presi- 
dent, having been tortured with fire, and other 
torments, at last being condemned to be beheaded, 
* Milledunum. + Pares. 



332 



NOVEMBER. 



the executioner falling down, and no other daring 
to cut off his head, in prayer he reposed in our 
Lord. At Lyons, of S. Veranus, bishop, whose 
life was renowned for faith, and other virtues. 
In the monastery of Cripta-Ferrata, near Fres- 
cati,* of S. Bartholomew, abbot, companion to 
blessed Nilus, whose life he wrote. In the pro- 
vince of Abbruzzo,t of S. Mennas, anchoret, whose 
virtues and miracles are commemorated by S. 
Gregory, pope. 



A The Twelfth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Martin, pope and martyr, 
who, gathering a council at Rome, and condemn- 
ing Sergius, Paul, and Pyrrhus, heretics, was by 
the command of Constans, the heretical emperor, 
apprehended by deceit, and brought prisoner to 
Constantinople, and thence banished into Cherso- 
neseus, where, for the Catholic faith, consumed 
with many miseries, he ended his life, and was 
famous for many miracles. His 'body was after- 
ward translated to Rome, and buried there in a 
church dedicated to S. Silvester and himself. In 
Asia, the passion of the Saints Aurelius and Pub- 
lius, bishops. In the territory of Sens, J of S. 
Paternus, martyr. At Cant, of S. Livin, bishop 
and martyr. In Polonia, of the holy martyrs 
Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac, and Christin, 

* Tusculum. f Olim Samnium. J Senones. 



NOVEMBER. 



333 



hermits. At Avignon, of S. Rufus, the first 
bishop of that city. At Cullen, the deposition of 
S. Cunibert, bishop. At Tarazona,* in the king- 
dom of Arragon, in Spain, of blessed iEmilian, 
priest, renowned for infinite miracles, whose ad- 
mirable life is written by S. Braulio, bishop of 
Saragossa.t At Constantinople, of S. Nilus, abbot, 
who being governor of a city, became a monk, and 
was famous for learning and holiness of life, in the 
days of Theodosius the Younger. Also at Con- 
stantinople, of S. Theodore, surnamed Studita, 
who courageously contesting for the Catholic faith 
against image-breakers, became famous all over 
the Catholic Church. At Alcala,J in Spain, of S. 
Didacus, confessor, of the order of S. Francis, who 
was canonized for a saint by Xystus the Fifth. 



B The Thirteenth Day. 

At Ravenna, the birth-day of the holy martyrs 
Valentine, Solutor, and Victor, who suffered under 
Dioclesian, emperor. At Aix,§ in Provence, of S. 
Mitrius, a most renowned martyr. At Caesarea in 
Palestine, the passion of the Saints Antoninus, 
Zebinas, German, and Ennatha, virgin, who, after 
that she had been under Galerius Maximian griev- 
ously whipped, was burned : but the others, for 
freely reprehending ^Emilian the president whilst 
he sacrificed to the idols, were beheaded. In 

* Turiaso. f Cassar- Augusta. % Complutum. 



334 



NOVEMBER. 



Africa, of the holy martyrs Arcadius, Paschasius, 
Probus, and Eutychian, Spaniards, who in the 
persecution of the Vandals, when they would in 
no wise yield unto the Arian heresy, by Geiseri- 
cus, the Arian king, had first their goods confis- 
cated, and then were sent into banishment, and 
after most grievous torments, were finally killed 
by divers kinds of death. At which time also 
appeared the constancy of Paulillus, a little boy, 
brother to the aforesaid Paschasius and Euty- 
chian, who when he could by no means be drawn 
from the Catholic faith, was a long while beaten 
with cudgels, and condemned to a most base ser- 
vitude. At Rome, of S. Nicolas, pope, of a spirit 
truly apostolical. At Tours,* of S. Britius, 
bishop, disciple to S. Martin, bishop. At Toledo, 
of S. Eugenius, bishop. At Auvergne, of S. 
Quinctian, bishop. At Cremona, of S. Homobo- 
nus, confessor, who, renowned for miracles, was 
canonized for a saint by pope Innocent the Third. 
At Rome, the birth-day of S. Stanislaus Kostka, 
confessor, novice of the Society of Jesus. 



C The Fourteenth Day. 

At Heraclea, in Thracia, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Clementinus, Theodotus, and Philo- 
menus. At Alexandria, of S. Serapion, martyr, 
who under Decius, emperor, being so long tor- 
mented, until all the joints of his body were 



* Turones. 



NOVEMBER. 



335 



loosed, and then thrown headlong from the top of 
his own house, ended his martyrdom. At Trois,* 
in France, of S. Venerandus, martyr, under Aure- 
lian, emperor. Also in France, of S. Veneranda, 
virgin, who under Antoninus, emperor, and Ascle- 
piades, president, received the crown of martyr- 
dom. At Gangra, in Paphlagonia, of S. Hypatius, 
bishop, who as he returned from the great council 
of Nice, being stoned in the way by the Novatian 
heretics, died a martyr. At Emesa,t the passion 
of many holy women, who under Mady, a bloody 
captain of the Arabians, were for the faith of 
Christ most cruelly tormented, and put to death. 
At Bolonia, of S. Jucundus, bishop and confessor. 
In Ireland, of S. Laurence, bishop of Dublin. 



D The Fifteenth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Eugenius, bishop of Toledo, 
and martyr, disciple to S. Denys the Areopagite, 
who having ended the course of his martyrdom in 
the territory of Paris, received of our Lord a glo- 
rious crown for his sufferings. His body was 
afterwards translated to Toledo. At Nola, in 
Campania, of S, Felix, bishop and martyr, who 
from the fifteenth year of his age was renowned 
for miracles, and finished the course of his mar- 
tyrdom, together with thirty others, under Mar- 
cian, president. At Edessa, in Syria, of the holy 
martyrs Gurias and Samonas, under Dioclesian^ 

* Trecse. f Now Hainan. 



336 



NOVEMBER. 



emperor, and Antoninus, president. There also, 
the passion of S. Abibus, deacon, who under Lici- 
nius, emperor, and Lysanias, president, being first 
torn with iron claws, was after cast into the fire. 
In Africa, of the holy martyrs Secundus, Fiden- 
tian, and Various. In Brittany, the birth-day of 
S. Machutus, bishop, who even from his tender 
years was renowned for miracles. At Verona, of 
S. Luperius, bishop and confessor. In Austria, of 
S. Leopold, marquis of the same province, who 
was canonized for a saint by pope Innocent the 
Eighth. 



E The Sixteenth Day, 

In Africa, of the holy martyrs Rufinus, Mark, 
Valerius, and their companions. The same day, 
of the holy martyrs Elpidius, Marcellus, Eusto- 
chius, and their companions ; of whom Elpidius, 
being a senator, and constantly confessing the 
name of Christ before Julian the apostate, was, 
together with his companions, first dragged at the 
tails of wild horses, and afterwards cast into the 
fire, accomplished a glorious martyrdom. At 
Lyons, the birth-day of S. Eucherius, bishop and 
confessor, a man of wonderful faith and learning, 
who being of the noble order of senators, took a 
religious habit, and of his own accord shut himself 
up in a cave, where a long time serving Christ 
with fasting and prayer, was at last by the revela- 
tion of an angel solemnly placed in the bishop's 



NOVEMBER. 



337 



see of the aforesaid city. At Padua, of S. Fiden- 
tius, bishop. At Canterbury in England, of S. 
Edmund, bishop, whose holiness of life God testi- 
fied by the greatness of his miracles. The same 
day, the deposition of S. Othmar. 



F The Seventeenth Day. 

At Neocaesarea, in Pontus, the birth-day of S. 
Gregory, bishop, renowned for learning and sanc- 
tity: who, for the signs and miracles which he 
has wrought to the great glory of divers churches, 
is surnamed Thaumaturgus. In Palestine, of the 
holy martyrs Alphseus and Zacchseus, who in the 
first year of the persecution of Dioclesian, after 
many torments were condemned to die. At Cor- 
dova, of the holy martyrs Acisclus and Victoria, 
brother and sister, who in the same persecution, 
by the command of Dion the president being most 
cruelly tormented, deserved to be crowned by our 
Lord for their glorious sufferings. At Alexan- 
dria, of S. Denys, bishop, a man of very great 
learning, who, famous for his many confessions of 
the faith, and illustrious for the diversity of tor- 
ments and afflictions he endured, in extreme old 
age died a confessor, in the time of Valerian and 
Gallienus, emperors. At Orleans, of S. Anian, 
bishop, whose death how precious it was in the 
sight of our Lord, frequent miracles do testify. 
In England, of S. Hugh, bishop, who of a charter- 
22 



338 



NOVEMBER. 



house monk being ordained bishop of Lincoln^ 
renowned for many miracles, made a holy end. 
At Tours,* of S. Gregory, bishop. At Florence, 
of S. Eugenius, confessor, and deacon to S. Zeno- 
bius, bishop of the same city. 



G The Eighteenth Day. 

At Rome, the dedication of the churches of the 
holy apostles S. Peter and S. Paul ; the former of 
which being made larger, was upon this very day 
consecrated in a solemn manner by Urban the 
Eighth. At Antioch, the birth-day of S. Roma- 
nus, martyr, who in the time of Galerius, emperor, 
exhorting the Christians to withstand Asclepiades 
the governor, who broke violently into the church, 
and endeavoured to ruin the same, after most 
grievous torments, and cutting out of his tongue, 
[without which nevertheless he uttered the praises 
of God] being finally strangled in the prison, was 
crowned with a glorious martyrdom. There suf- 
fered also before him a little boy named Barulas, 
who being asked by the saint whether it were 
better to worship one God or many, when he 
answered that men ought to believe in one God, 
whom the Christians do serve, after he had been 
whipped, was commanded to be beheaded. Also 
at Antioch, of S. Hesychius, martyr, who being a 
soldier, and hearing it commanded that whoso- 
ever would not sacrifice to idols, should put oS 
* Turones. 



NOVEMBER. 



339 



his military cincture, he presently cast away the 
same ; for which cause, having a great stone tied 
to his right hand, he was commanded to be thrown 
headlong into a river. The same day, of the 
Saints Oriculus, and his companions, who in the 
persecution of the Vandals suffered for the Cath- 
olic faith. At Mentz, of S. Maximus, bishop, who 
in the time of Constantius having suffered much 
by the Arians, died a confessor. At Tours, the 
deposition of S. Odo, abbot of Cluni. At Anti- 
och, of S. Thomas, monk, whose festivity the peo- 
ple of Antioch do yearly solemnize, for that by 
his prayers he ceased a great plague in that city. 
At Luca, in Tuscany, the translation of S. Frigi- 
dian, bishop and confessor. 

A The Nineteenth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Pontian, pope and martyr, 
who by Alexander, emperor, being carried away 
into Sardinia, together with Hippolytus, priest, 
and there, beaten to death with cudgels, finished 
his martyrdom ; but his body was afterwards 
brought back to Rome by S. Fabian, pope, a,nd 
buried in the church-yard of Callistus. At Sama- 
ria, of S. Abdias, prophet. At Rome, in the way 
called Appia, the birth-day of S. Maximus, priest 
and martyr, who suffering in the persecution of 
Valerian, was buried near to S. Xystus, At 
Csesarea, in Cappadocia, of S. Barlaam, martyr, 
who although rude and ignorant, yet armed with 
the wisdom of Christ, overcame the tyrant, and 



340 



NOVEMBER. 



vanquished even the fire itself with the constancy 
of his faith : upon whose festivity S. Basil the 
Great made a famous sermon. At Eccia,* of S. 
Crispin, bishop, who being beheaded, obtained the 
glory of martyrdom. At Vienne, in France, of 
the holy martyrs Severin, Exuperius, and Feli- 
cian ; whose bodies after many years being found 
out, themselves revealing them, were by the 
bishop, clergy, and people of that city taken up, 
and more honourably interred, as they deserved. 
The same day, of S. Faustus, deacon of Alexan- 
dria, who first in the persecution of Valerian, 
being sent into banishment with S. Denys, was 
afterward under Dioclesian, in his old age behead- 
ed, and so accomplished his martyrdom. In 
Isauria, the passion of the Saints Azas, and an 
hundred and fifty soldiers, his companions, under 
Dioclesian, emperor, and Aquilinus, tribune. At 
Marspurge, in Germany, the deposition of S. Eli- 
zabeth, widow, daughter to Andrew, king of Hun- 
gary, who giving herself continually to works of 
piety, and also famous for miracles, departed to 
our Lord. 



B The Twentieth Day. 

At Messina, in Sicily, of the holy martyrs Am- 
petus and Caius. At Turino,t of the holy mar- 
tyrs Octavius, Solutor, and Adventor, soldiers of 
the Theban Legion, who under Maximian, empe- 
ror, fighting valiantly, were crowned with mar- 

* Astiagis. f Tauriimin. 



NOVEMBER, 



341 



tjrdom. At Csesarea, in Palestine, of S. Agapius, 
martyr, who under Galerius Maximian, emperor, 
being condemned to be devoured of the beasts, 
and nothing at all hurt by them, was cast into the 
sea with stones tied to his feet. In Persia, the 
passion of the Saints Nersas, bishop, and his com- 
panions. At Dorostorum, in Mysia, of S. Dasius, 
bishop, who for not consenting to the impurities 
upon the feast of Saturn, was under Bassus, pre- 
sident, put to death. At Nice, in Bithynia, of the 
holy martyrs Eustachius, Thespesius, and Anato- 
lius, in the persecution of Maximinus. At Hera- 
clea, in Thracia, of the holy martyrs Bassus, 
Denys, Agapitus, and forty others. In England, 
of S. Edmund, king and martyr. At Constantino- 
ple, of S. Gregory of Decapolis, who suffered many 
afflictions for the worship of holy images. At 
Milan, of S. Benignus, bishop, who governed the 
Church committed to his charge with great con- 
stancy and piety, amidst many troubles caused by 
the barbarians. At Chaalons,* of S. Sylvester, 
bishop, who in the two-and-fortieth year of his 
priesthood, full of years and virtues, departed to 
our Lord. At Verona, of S. Simplicius, bishop 
and confessor. 



C The One-and'Twentieih Day. 

At Jerusalem, the Presentation of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, mother of God, in the temple. The 
same day, the birth-day of S, Rufus, of whom S. 
* Cabilo. 



342 



NOVEMBER. 



Paul the apostle writes to the Romans. At Rome, 
the passion of the Saints Celsus and Clement. 
At Ostia, of the holy martyrs Demetrius and 
Honorius. At Rheims, of S. Albert, bishop of 
Liege, and martyr, who was killed for defending 
the liberties of the Church. In Spain, of the 
holy martyrs Honorius, Eutychius, and Stephen. 
In Pamphylia, of S. Heliodore, martyr, in the 
persecution of Aurelian, under Actius, president ; 
after whose martyrdom his executioners being 
converted to the faith, were drowned in the sea. 
At Rome, of S. Gelasius, pope, renowned for his 
learning and holiness. At Verona, of S. Maurus, 
bishop and confessor. In the monastery of Bobi, 
the deposition of S. Columban, abbot, founder of 
many monasteries, and the father of many monks, 
who, renowned for many virtues, in a good old 
age reposed in our Lord. 



D The Two-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Cecily, virgin and martyr, by 
whose counsel and exhortation Valerian, her 
spouse, and his brother Tiburtius came to believe 
in Christ, and for the same suffered martyrdom ; 
after whose death Almachius, governor of the 
city, caused her to be apprehended, and after she 
had gloriously overcome the torment of fire, to be 
beheaded, in the time of Marcus Aurelius Seve- 
rus Alexander, emperor. At Colossis, in Phrygia, 
of the Saints Philemon and Apphias, disciples o>f 
S. Paul the apostle, who under Nero, emperor. 



NOVEMBER. 



313 



the Gentiles rushing into the church upon the 
feast day of Diana, the rest flying, were taken, 
and by the command of Artocles, president, whip- 
ped, and put into a pit up to the middle, over- 
whelmed with stones. Also at Rome, of S. Mau- 
rus, martyr, who coming out of Africa to visit the 
sepulchres of the apostles, under Numerian, em- 
peror, and Celerin, governor of the city, was 
there martyred. At Antioch, in Pisidia, the pas- 
sion of the Saints Mark and Stephen, under Dio- 
clesian, emperor. At Austurn,* of S. Pragmatius, 
bishop and confessor. 



E The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Clement, pope, who in the 
third place after S. Peter the apostle held the see 
of Rome, and in the persecution of Trajan ban- 
ished into Chersonesus, and there thrown into the 
sea with an anchor tied to his neck, was crowned 
with martyrdom : whose body, under pope Nicho- 
las the First, being brought to Rome, was honour- 
ably placed in a church built before in his honour. 
At Rome, of S. Felicitas, the mother of seven 
sons, martyrs ; who after them, by the command 
of Marcus Antoninus, emperor, was beheaded for 
Christ. At Merida,* in Spain, of S. Lucretia, 
virgin and martyr, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, under Dacian, president, accomplished her 
martyrdom. At Cyzicus, in Hellespont, of S. 
Sisinius, martyr, who in the same persecution, 
* Augustodunum. + Emerita. 



344 



NOVEMBER. 



after many torments, was beheaded. At Iconium, 
in Lycaonia, of S. Aniphilochius, bishop, who 
being companion to S. Basil and S. Gregory Na- 
zianzen, both in the desert and episcopal dignity, 
after many combats sustained for the Catholic 
faith, renowned for sanctity and learning, reposed 
in peace. At Girgenti,* the deposition of S. Gre- 
gory, bishop. In the village of Sainct-Trone, of 
S. Trudo, priest and confessor. 



F The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

The birth-day of S. Chrysogonus, martyr, who 
having most constantly endured long imprison- 
ment, fetters, and torments, for the confession oi 
Christ, being by the command of Dioclesian, 
emperor, brought to Aquileia, and there beheaded; 
and his body cast into the sea, finished his mar. 
tyrdom. At Rome, of S. Crescentian, martyr, oi 
whom mention is made in the passion of bless- 
ed Marcellus, pope. At Ameria, in Umbria, 
of S. Firmina, virgin and martyr, who in the per- 
secution of Dioclesian, having been diversly tor- 
mented, at last hanged up by the hands, and 
scorched with burning lamps, gave up her soul to 
God. At Corinth, of S. Alexander, martyr, who 
under Julian the Apostate, and Salust, president, 
contested for the faith of Christ even unto death. 
At Cordova, of the holy virgins and martyrs Flora 
and Mary, who after long imprisonment in the 
* Agrigentum. 



NOVEMBER. 



345 



persecution of the Arabians, were killed by the 
sword. At Perugia, of S. Felicissimus, martyr. 
At Milan, of S. Protasius, bishop, who, both in 
presence of the emperor Constance, and also in 
the Council of Sardica, stoutly defended the cause 
of Athanasius, and finally, having taken very 
great pains for the faith and church committed 
to his charge, departed to our Lord. In the cas- 
tle of Blaie,* of S. Romanus, priest, the praise of 
whose sanctity is declared by the glory of mira- 
cles. In the territory of Auvergne, of S. Portian, 
abbot, who in the time of king Theodoricus, was 
famous for miracles. 



G The Five-and- Twentieth Day 

The birth-day of S. Catharine, virgin and mar- 
tyr, who for confession of the Christian faith, 
being first cast into prison at Alexandria, under 
Maximinus, emperor, and afterwards for a long 
time beaten with whips called Scorpions, at length 
beheaded, accomplished her martyrdom; whose holy 
body being miraculously carried by angels unto 
Mount Sinai, is there honoured with great reve- 
rence, through the frequent concourse of Chris- 
tians. At Rome, of S. Moses, priest and martyr, 
whom S. Cyprian often comforted by his letters, 
whilst he was, with others, detained in prison ; 
who when he had with invincible fortitude and 
courage, withstood not only the Gentiles, but 
* Blaium. 



346 



NOVEMBER. 



the schismatics also, and Novatian heretics, was 
finally, (as S. Cornelius, pope, witnesses,) in the 
persecution of Decius, crowned with a famous and 
most renowned martyrdom. At Antioch, of S. 
Erasmus, martyr. At Csesarea, in Gappadocia, 
the passion of S. Mercury, a soldier, who by pro- 
tection of his angel-keeper, having vanquished the 
barbarians, and also overcome the cruelty of 
Decius, emperor, enriched with the many trophies 
of his torments, crowned with martyrdom, went 
to heaven. In iEniilia, a province of Italy, of S. 
Jucunda, virgin. 



A The Six-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Alexandria, the birth-day of S. Peter, bishop 
of the same city, who adorned with all kind of 
virtues, was by the command of Galerius Maxi- 
mian, emperor, beheaded. There suffered also at 
Alexandria, in the same persecution, the holy 
martyrs, Faustus, priest, Didius, and Ammonius, 
and also Phileas, Hesychius, Pachomius, and 
Theodore, bishops of Egypt, with six hundred and 
three-score others, who by the sword of persecu- 
tion were all sent to heaven. At Nicomedia, of 
S. Marcellus, priest, who in the time of Constan- 
tius, being cast down headlong from a rock by 
the Arians, died a martyr. At Padua, of S. Bel- 
linus, bishop and martyr. At Austum,* of S. 
Amator, bishop. At Constance, of S. Conrad, 
* Augustodimum. 



NOVEMBER. 



347 



bishop. At Fabriano, in Marc-Ancona,* of S. Sil- 
vester, abbot, founder of the congregation of the 
monks called Silvestrines. In the territory of 
Rheims, the birth-day of S. Basolus, confessor. 
At Adrianople, in Paphlagonia, of S. Stilian, 
anchoret, famous for miracles. In Armenia, of S. 
Nicon, monk. 



B The Seven-and-Tiventieth Day. 

At Antioch, of the holy martyrs Basil, bishop, 
Auxilius, and Saturninus. In Persia, of S. James, 
snrnamed Intercisus, a renowned martyr, who in 
the time of Theodosius the younger, having denied 
Christ to please Isdegerdes, king of Persia, for 
which cause his mother and his wife had with- 
drawn themselves from his company, but by the 
goodness of God returning to himself, he went 
unto the king and confessed again his faith ; the 
king therewith extremely offended, commanded him 
to be cut in pieces, and beheaded ; at which time 
innumerable other martyrs suffered in the same 
place. At Sebasta, in Armenia, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Hirenarchus, Acacius, a priest, and of seven 
women, by whose constancy Hirenarchus being 
converted unto Christ, under Dioclesian, emperor, 
and Maximus, president, was, together with Aca- 
cius, beheaded. In Gallicia, at the river Csea, of 
the Saints Facundvus, and Primitius, who suffered 
under Dioclesian, emperor, and Atticus, president. 
* Picenum. 



348 



NOVEMBER. 



At Aquileia, of S. Valerian, bishop. At Ries,* in 
Provence, of S. Maximus, bishop and confessor, 
who from his tender years being adorned with all 
kinds of virtues, was first abbot of the monastery 
of Lirinum, and afterwards bishop of the Church 
of Ries, was famous for miracles and prodigies. 
In India, near to the Persians, of the Saints Bar- 
laam and Josaphat, whose admirable acts S. John 
Damascen has left written. At Paris, the deposi- 
tion of S. Severin, monk and anchoret. 



C The Eight-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Rufus, who with all his family 
was martyred by Dioclesian. At Corinth, the 
birth-day of S. Sosthenes, disciple to S. Paul, the 
apostle, of whom he makes mention, writing to 
the Corinthians. This man, of a prince of the 
synagogue, being converted unto Christ, and cru- 
elly beaten before the proconsul Gallion, by a 
glorious beginning consecrated the first fruits of 
his faith. In Africa, of the holy martyrs Papi- 
nian and Mansuetus, bishops, who in the persecu- 
tion of the Vandals, under Geisericus, the Arian 
king, having their whole bodies burned with hot 
fiery plates, ended their glorious combat. At 
which time also the holy bishops Valerian, Urban, 
Crescens, Eustachius, Cresconius, Crescentian, 
Felix, Hortulan, and Florentian, being sent into 
banishment, finished the course of their lives. At 

* Rhegium Galliae Narbonensis. 



NOVEMBER. 



349 



Constantinople, of the holy martyrs Stephen the 
younger, Basil, Peter, Andrew, and of three hun- 
dred and thirty-nine monks, their companions, 
who under Constantine Copronymus, for the wor- 
ship of holy images* having been sundry ways tor- 
mented, confirmed the Catholic verity with the 
effusion of their blood. At Rome, of S. Gregory, 
pope, the third of that name, who renowned for 
his sanctity and merits went to heaven. 



D The Nine-and- Twentieth Day. 

The vigil of the holy apostle S. Andrew. At 
Rome, in the way Salaria, the birth-day of the holy 
martyrs Saturninus, an old man, and Sisinius, 
deacon, under Maximian, emperor ; who after 
they had been long affiicted in prison, were by 
the governor of the city commanded first to be 
put upon the torture Equuleus, and to be stretched 
out with sinews, to be beaten with clubs and 
scorpions, and then to have fire applied to them, 
and taken down from the rack, to be beheaded. 
At Tolosa, of S. Saturninus, bishop, who in the 
time of Decius, being kept prisoner by the pagans, 
in the capitol of that city, was thrown down the 
stairs from the highest tower of the same capitol, 
whereby, having his head broken in pieces, and 
brains dashed out, and his body all bruised, he 
rendered up his worthy soul to God. Also the 
passion of the Saints Paramon, and of three hun- 
dred and seventy-five more, his companions, under 



350 



NOVEMBER. 



Deems, emperor, and Aquilinus, president. At 
Ancyra, of S. Philomenus, martyr, who in the 
persecution of Aurelian, emperor, under Felix, 
president, being first tried by fire, and then 
having his hands, feet, and at last his head, 
pierced with nails, finished his martyrdom. At 
Verulo, of the holy martyrs Blasius and Deme- 
trius. At Todi,* of S. Illuminata, virgin. 



E The Thirtieth Day. 

At Patras, in Achaia, the birth-day of S. 
Andrew the apostle, who preached the gospel of 
Ohrist in Thracia and Scythia; he was appre- 
hended by iEgeas, the proconsul, and first cast 
into prison, afterwards most cruelly beaten, and 
lastly fastened to a cross, and hanging alive 
thereon for two whole days together, he preached 
to the people, and having besought our Lord that 
he might not be taken down from the cross, being 
environed with a great light from heaven, which 
afterwards vanished, he gave up his holy soul to 
God. At Rome, the passion of the Saints Castu- 
lus and Euprepis. At Constantinople, of S. 
Maura, virgin and martyr ; also of S. Justina, 
virgin and martyr. At Saints,! of S. Trojanus, 
bishop, a man of great holiness, who buried in 
earth, does by his many miracles evidently 
declare he lives in heaven. At Rome, of S. Con- 
stantius, confessor, who stoutly resisting the Pela- 

* Tuderium. + Santones. 



DECEMBER 



351 



gians, suffered much from their faction, for which 
he deserved to be numbered amongst the holy 
confessors. In Palestine, of S. Zosimus, confes- 
sor, who under Justin, emperor, was renowned for 
holiness of life and miracles. 



F The First Day. 

Of Nahum the prophet, who was buried in 
Begabar. At Rome, of the holy martyrs Diodore, 
priest, and Marian, deacon, with many others, 
who by the command of Numerian, emperor, were 
crowned with martyrdom. There also, the passion 
of the Saints Lucius, Rogatus, Cassian, and Can- 
dida. The same day of S. Ansan, martyr, who 
under Dioclesian, emperor, for the confession of 
Christ, being cast into prison at Rome, was after- 
wards brought to Siena, in Tuscany, and there 
beheaded, ended the course of his martyrdom. 
At Ameria, in Umbria, of S. Olympias, sometimes 
consul, who, converted to the faith by S. Finnina, 
under Dioclesian, being racked upon the torture 
Equuleus, finished his martyrdom. At Arbele, in 
Persia, of S. Ananias, martyr. At Narni, of S. 
Proculus, bishop and martyr, who, after he had 
done many famous works, was commanded by 
Totilas, king of the Goths, to be beheaded. In 
the city of Casala, of S. Evasius, bishop and mar- 
tyr. At Milan, of S. Castritian, bishop, famous 
for his virtues* and the works of religious piety 



352 



DECEMBER. 



which he did in the greatest troubles of the 
Church. At Brescia, of S. Ursicin, bishop. At 
Tournay,* in Flanders, of S. Eligius, bishop, whose 
holy life is manifested by the number of miracles 
which he wrought. At Verdun, of S. Agericus, 
bishop ; the same day, of S. Natalia, wife to S. 
Adrian, martyr, who under Dioclesian, emperor, 
did a long time serve the holy martyrs in prison, 
at Nicomedia, and after their passion, she went to 
Constantinople, and there peaceably reposed in 
our Lord. 



G The Second Day, 

At Rome, the passion of S. Bibiana, virgin, who 
under the sacrilegious emperor Julian, was beaten 
with leaden whips until she gave up the ghost. 
There also of the holy martyrs Eusebius, priest, 
Marcellus, deacon, Hippolytus, Maximus, Adria, 
Paulina, Neon, Mary, Martana, and Aurelia, who 
in the persecution of Valerian, under Secundian, 
judge, finished their martyrdom. Also, at Rome, 
of S. Pontian, martyr, with four others. In Africa, 
the birth-day of the holy martyrs Severus, Secu- 
rus, Januarius, and Victorinus, who were there 
crowned, with martyrdom. At Aquileia, of S. 
Chromatius, bishop and confessor. At Imola,t of 
S. Peter, bishop of Ravenna, surnamed Chrysolo- 
gus, renowned for his learning and holiness. At 
Verona, of Lupus, bishop and confessor. At 

* Olim Noviomum. f Forum Cornelii. 



DECEMBER. 



353 



Edessa, of S. Nonnus, bishop, by whose prayers 
Pelagia the Penitent was. converted to Christ. At 
Troas, in Phrygia, of S. Sylvan, bishop, famous for 
miracles. At Brescia, of S. Evasius, bishop. 



A The Third Day. 

In Sanciano, an island of China, of S. Francis 
Xaverius, of the Society of Jesus, apostle of the 
Indies, renowned all over the world for the multi- 
tude of infidels which he converted to Christ, and 
for his great miracles, especially in raising dead 
men to life, and for the spirit of prophecy ; who, 
worn out with the labours he took for the faith, 
full of merits, departed in our Lord, upon the 
second of December ; yet his feast, by the com- 
mand of Pope Alexander VIL, is celebrated upon 
this day. In Jewry, of the holy prophet Sophonias. 
At Rome, of the holy martyrs Claudius, tribune, 
and Hilaria, his wife, and their sons Jason and 
Maurus, with seventy soldiers, of whom Claudius, 
by the command of Numerian, emperor, being 
tied to a great stone, was thrown headlong into 
the river ; his sons, together with the soldiers, 
were beheaded, but blessed Hilaria, when she had 
buried her sons' bodies, praying at their sepul- 
chre, being apprehended by the infidels, a little 
after departed to our Lord. At Tanger,* in Mau- 
ritania, the « passion of S. Cassian, martyr, who 



* Tingis. 



22 



354 



DECEMBER. 



having been a long time a notary, at length, 
inspired from heaven, esteemed it a detest- 
able thing to be an instrument and actor in the 
slaughter of Christians ; whereupon, renouncing 
his office, and confessing himself a Christian, he 
deserved to obtain the triumph of martyrdom. 
Also in Africa, of the holy martyrs Claudius, 
Crispin, Maginas, John, and Stephen. In Hun- 
gary,* of S. Agricola, martyr. At Nicomedia, 
the passion of the Saints Ambicus, Victor, and 
Julius. At Milan, of S. Mirocles, bishop and con- 
fessor, of whom S. Ambrose makes mention. In 
England, of S. Birin, the first bishop of Dorchester. 
At Curia, in Germany, of S. Lucius, king of Brit- 
tany, who was the first king of that island that 
received the faith of Christ, in the time of Pope 
Eleutherius. At Siena, in Tuscany, of S. Gal- 
gan, hermit. 



B The Fourth Day. 

At Nicomedia, the passion of S. Barbara, vir- 
gin and martyr, who in the persecution of Max- 
imums, after sore pining in prison, burning with 
lamps, cutting off of her breasts, and other tor- 
ments, finished her martyrdom by the sword. At 
Constantinople, of the Saints Theophanes and his 
companions. In Pontus, of S. Meletius, bishop 
and confessor, who though eminent for his singu- 
lar learning, yet his magnanimity and integrity of 

* Pannonia. 



DECEMBER. 



355 



life was far more illustrious. At Bolonia, of S, 
Felix, bishop, who had been deacon before of the 
Church of Milan, under S. Ambrose. In Eno-- 
land, of S. Osmund, bishop and confessor. At 
Cullen of S. Annon, bishop. In Mesopotamia, of 
S. Maruthas, bishop, who repairing the churches 
of God ruined in Persia, through the persecution 
of king Isdegerdes, and famous for many mira- 
cles, deserved to be honoured even by his ene- 
mies. At Parma, of S. Bernard, cardinal, and 
bishop of the same city. 



C The Fifth Day. 

At Mutala, in Cappadocia, of S. Sabas, abbot, 
who was greatly renowned in Palestine, for his 
wonderful holy life, and stoutly laboured in 
defence of the Catholic faith, against the impugn- 
ers of the holy Council of Chalcedon. At The- 
besta, in Africa, of S. Crispina, a noble woman, 
who under Dioclesian and Maximian, for refusing 
to sacrifice unto idols, was, by the command of 
Anolinus, proconsul, beheaded, whose praises S. 
Augustine often celebrates. At Thagura, in 
Africa, of the holy martyrs, Julius, Potamia, 
Crispin, Felix, Gratus, and seven others. At 
Nice,* upon the river Varus, of S. Bassus, bishop, 
who, in the persecution of Decius and Valerian, 
being racked upon the torture Equideus for the faith 
of Christ by Perennius, president, burned also with 
* Nicsea, 



356 



DECEMBER. 



fiery plates, beaten with cudgels, and whips called 
scorpions, and cast into the fire without any hurt ; 
finally, pierced through the body with two nails, 
ended his glorious martyrdom. At Pavia, of S. 
Dalmatius, bishop and martyr, who suffered in 
the persecution of Maximian. At Pentinia,* 
in Abruzzo, of S. Pelinus, bishop of Brindisi,t 
who under Julian the apostate, when the temple 
of Mars, by the power of his prayers, fell to the 
ground, being cruelly beaten by the idolatrous 
priests, and stabbed with fourscore and five 
wounds, deserved the crown of martyrdom. Also, 
of S. Anastasius, martyr, who, out of the ardent 
desire he had of martyrdom, offered himself 
voluntarily to the persecutors. At Trevers, of S. 
Nicetius, bishop, a man of great holiness. At 
Polybotum in Asia, of S. John, bishop, surnamed 
Thaumaturgus. 



D The Sixth Day. 

At Myra, the metropolis of Lycia, the birth-day 
of S. Nicolas, bishop and confessor, of whom, 
amongst many miracles, this memorable one is 
recorded, that being far distant, he dissuaded by 
admonitions and threats the emperor Constantine 
in a vision, from putting to death certain persons, 
who called upon him for succour in their necessity. 
In Africa, of the holy women Dionysia, Dativa, 
Leontia, and of a religious man called Tertius; 

* Corsinum. f Brimdisium. 



DECEMBER. 



357 



also, of jEmilian, a physician, Boniface, and 
three others, who, in the persecution of the Van- 
dals, under Hunnericus, the Arian king, for 
defence of the Catholic faith, having all suffered 
most grievous and innumerable torments, deserved 
to be added to the number of confessors. There, 
also, of S. Majoricus, son to S. Dionysia, who, 
being a young youth, and trembling at the tor- 
ments, was so encouraged and animated with the 
words and looks of his mother, that he became 
more strong than the rest, and in the midst of 
his torments gave up his soul to God ; whom his 
pious mother, taking up in her arms, buried in 
her own house, and daily used to pray at his 
sepulchre. The same day, of S. Polychronius, 
priest, who, in the time of Gonstantius, emperor, 
whilst he said Mass at the altar, was killed by 
the Arians. At Rome, of S. Asella, virgin, who, 
as S. Jerome writes, being blest even from her 
mother's womb, lived to her old age in fasting 
and prayer. 



E The Seventh Day. 

At Milan, the ordination of S, Ambrose, bishop 
and doctor of the Church ? by whose sanctity 
and learning the universal Church of Christ is 
greatly adorned. At Alexandria, the birth-day of 
S. Agatho, a soldier, who in the persecution of 
Decius, for hindering those who would have 
abused the martyrs' bodies, a sudden outcry of 



358 



DECEMBER. 



all the common peoplfe being raised against him, 
was apprehended and brought before the judge, 
and persisting constant in the confession of Christ, 
he was condemned to die. At Antioch, of the 
holy martyrs Polycarp and Theodore. At Tu- 
burbum, in Africa, of S. Severus, martyr, who in 
the persecution of the Vandals, under Hunneri- 
cus, the Arian king, having been very long beaten 
with cudgels, and oftentimes lifted up on high 
with pulleys, and suddenly with the whole weight 
of his body let fall upon hard flints, and rubbed 
with sharp stones, obtained the palm of martyrdom. 
At Theano,* in Campania, of S. Urban, bishop and 
confessor. At Saints,! in France, of S. Martin, 
abbot, at whose sepulchre, by the power of God, 
miracles are frequently wrought. In the territory 
of Meaux,J °f S. Phara, virgin. 



F The Eighth Day. 

The conception of the glorious and ever-blessed 
virgin Mary, mother of God. At Rome, of S. Euty- 
chian, pope, who having buried with his own 
hands in divers places the bodies of one hundred 
and forty-two martyrs, was under Numerian, em- 
peror, himself also crowned with martyrdom, and 
buried in the church-yard of Callistus. At Alex- 
andria, of S. Macarius, martyr, who in the time of 
Decius, when the judge with many words went 
about to persuade him to deny Christ, and he 
with so much the more constancy did profess his 
* Theanurn. + Santones. $ Melda. 



DECEMBER. 



359 



faith, was at last commanded to be burned alive. 
At Trevers, of S. Eucharius, disciple to S. Peter 
the apostle, and the first bishop of the. same city. 
In Cyprus, of S. Sophronius, bishop, a most re- 
nowned defender of pupils, orphans, and widows, 
and a helper of all poor and oppressed persons. 
In the monastery of Lisieux,* of S. Romaricus, 
abbot, who being the chief nobleman in the court 
of king Theodobert, renouncing the world, sur- 
passed others also in the observance of monasti- 
cal discipline. At Constantinople, of S. Patapius, 
hermit, renowned for his virtues and miracles. 
At Verona, the ordination of S. Zeno, bishop. 



G The Ninth Day. 

At Toledo, in Spain, the birth-day of S. Leoca- 
dia, virgin and martyr, who in the persecution of 
Dioclesian, emperor, by Dacian, governor of Spain, 
being sore pined in prison, when she heard of the 
cruel torments of S. Eulalia and other martyrs, 
putting herself upon her knees in prayer, gave up 
her undefiled soul to Christ. At Carthage, of S. 
Restitutus, bishop and martyr, upon whose feast 
S. Augustin made a sermon of him to the people. 
Also in Africa, of the holy martyrs Peter, Succes- 
sus, Bassian, Primitivus, and twenty others. At 
Limoges,t in France, of S. Valeria, virgin and mar- 
tyr. At Verona, of S. Proculus, bishop, who in 
the persecution of Dioclesian, being buffeted, and 
beaten with cudgels, and driven out of the city, 
* Luxovium. + Lemovices. 



380 



DECEMBER. 



at length restored to his church, reposed in peace. 
At Pavia, of S. Syrus, the first bishop of that city, 
renowned for his apostolical miracles and virtues. 
At Apamoa, in Syria, of S. Julian, bishop, who in 
the time of Severus was very famous for his sanc- 
tity. At Perigneux,* in France, of S. Cyprian, 
abbot, a man of great sanctity. At Nazianzum, 
of S. Gorgonia, sister to S. Gregory surnamed the 
Divine, who himself has written her virtues and 
miracles. 

A The Tenth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Melchiades, pope, who having 
suffered great persecution under Maximian, peace 
being restored to the Church, reposed in our 
Lord. The same day, of the holy martyrs Carpo- 
phorus, priest, and Abundius, deacon, who in the 
persecution of Dioclesian, being first most cruelly 
beaten with cudgels, and then cast into prison, 
and denied both meat and drink, and again racked 
upon the torture Equuleus, and afterwards long 
pined in prison, at last died by the sword. At 
Merida,t in Spain, the passion of S. Eulalia, vir- 
gin, who under Maximian, emperor, by the com- 
mand of Dacian, president, having suffered many 
torments for the confession of Christ at twelve 
years old; at length, racked upon the torture 
Equuleus, rent with iron claws, and burning 
torches being put to her sides, and having swal- 
lowed down fire, she gave up her soul to God, 
* Petragorici. f Emerita. 



DECEMBER. 



361 



There also, of S. Julia, virgin and martyr, the 
companion of S. Eulalia, who also would needs go 
along with her to her martyrdom. At Alexan- 
dria, of the holy martyrs Mennas, Hermogenes, 
and Eugraphus, who suffered under Galerius 
Maximian. At Lentini,* of the holy martyrs 
Mercury, and his fellow-soldiers, who under Ter- 
tyllus, president, and Licinius, emperor, were 
beheaded. At Ancyra, in Galatia, of S. Gemel- 
lus, martyr, who after most grievous torments 
under Julian the apostate, was crucified, and so 
accomplished his martyrdom. At Vienna, of S 
Sindulph, bishop and confessor At Brescia, of 
S. Deus-Dedit, bishop. 



B The Eleventh Day, 

At Rome, of S. Damasus, pope and confessor, 
who condemned Apollinaris, the arch-heretic, and 
restored Peter, bishop of Alexandria, that had 
been driven out of his see. He also found out the 
bodies of many holy martyrs, and adorned their 
tombs with verses. Likewise at Rome, the pas- 
sion of S. Thraso, who nourishing and maintain- 
ing with his own goods the Christians that labour- 
ed in the hot baths, and other public works, as 
also those that were in prison, being apprehended 
by the command of Maximian, with two others, 
Pontian and Pretextatus, was crowned with mar- 
tyrdom. At Amiens, of the holy martyrs Victo- 

* Leontinum. 



362 



DECEMBER. 



ricus and Fuscian, under the same emperor, who 
by the command of Rictiovarus, president, having 
their nostrils and ears first bored with certain 
steels, their temples pierced with burning nails, 
their eyes pulled out, and afterwards their bodies 
shot full of arrows, were, together with S. Gen- 
tian, their host, beheaded, and so went to our 
Lord. In Persia, of S. Barsabas, martyr. In 
Spain, of S. Eutychius, martyr. At Piacenza,* 
of S. Sabin, bishop, renowned for miracles. At 
Constantinople, of S. Daniel, surnamed Stylita. 



C The Twelfth Day. 

At Rome, of S. Synesius, martyr, who being 
ordained lector in the time of S. Xystus, pope, 
when he had converted many to the faith of 
Christ, accused to Aurelian, emperor, being be- 
headed, received the crown of martyrdom. At 
Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Epimachus and 
Alexander, who under Decius, emperor, after they 
had lain a long time in fetters, and been diversly 
tormented, still persevering in the faith, were at 
length burned. There also, of the holy women 
Ammonaria, virgin, Mercuria, Dionysia, and ano- 
ther Ammonaria ; of whom the first, in the same 
persecution of Decius, having overcome unheard- 
of torments, beheaded, made a happy end; but 
the three others, for that the judge being ashamed 
to be overcome by women, and fearing lest by 



* Placentia. 



DECEMBER. 



363 



using the same torments against them, he should 
be vanquished by their constancy, they were with ? 
out more ado beheaded. The same day, of the 
holy martyrs Hermogenes, Donatus, and two-and- 
twenty others. At Trevers, of the holy martyrs 
Maxentius, Constantius, Crescentius, Justin, and 
their companions, who in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian, suffered under the president Rictiovarus. 

D The Thirteenth Day. 

At Syracosa,* in Sicily, the birth-day of S. 
Lucy, virgin and martyr, who in the persecution 
of Dioclesian being delivered over, by the com- 
mand of Paschasius, that had been sometimes 
consul, to certain naughty fellows, corruptors of 
chastity, thereby to make her infamous to the 
people, they were not able in any wise to move 
her out of the place where she stood, neither with 
ropes, nor yet with many yokes of oxen: then 
having overcome pitch, rosin, and boiling oil, 
without being hurt thereby, being finally thrust 
through the throat with a sword, she accomplished 
her martyrdom. In Armenia, the passion of the 
holy martyrs Eustratius, Auxentius, Eugenius, 
Mardarius, and Orestes, in the persecution of Dio- 
clesian ; of whom Eustratius, being under Lisias 
first, and afterwards at Sebasta, under Agrico- 
laus, presidents, together with Orestes, afflicted 
with exquisite torments, at length cast into a fur- 

* Syracusa. 



364 



DECEMBER. 



nace, gave up his soul ; but Orestes, being laid 
upon a fiery bed of iron, departed to our Lord : 
the rest being most cruelly tormented, under the 
president Lysias, by divers deaths finished their 
martyrdom. Their bodies being afterwards tran- 
slated to Rome, were very honourably placed in 
the church of S. Apollinaris. In Sardinia, in the 
island Sulcitana, the passion of S. Antiochus, 
under Adrian, emperor. At Cambray, in France, 
of S. Authbert, bishop and confessor. In the ter- 
ritory of Ponthieu,* of S. Judocus, confessor. In 
the territory of Strasburge,t of S. Othilia, virgin. 



E The Fourteenth Day. 

At Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Heron, 
Arsenius, Isidore, and Dioseorus, a boy : of whom 
the three first, in the persecution of Decius, being 
by the judge diversly tormented, when he saw 
them all armed alike with constancy, he com- 
manded them to be burned ; but Dioseorus, being 
divers ways whipped, was by God's permission set 
free, for the comfort of the Christians. At Anti- 
och, the birth-day of the holy martyrs Drusus, 
Zosimus, and Theodore. The same day, the pas- 
sion of the Saints Justus and Abundius, who 
under Numerian, emperor, and Olybrius, presi- 
dent, being cast into the fire, but nothing hurt 
thereby, were beheaded. At Rheims, the passion 
of the Saints Nicasius, bishop, Eutropia, virgin, 
* Pontinum. f Argentoratum. 



DECEMBER. 



365 



his sister, and their fellow-martyrs, who were 
slain by certain barbarous people, enemies of the 
Church. In the isle of Cyprus, the birth-day of 
S. Spiridion, bishop, who was one of those confes- 
sors whom Galerius Maximian, having their right 
eye pulled out, and their left knee cut, condemned 
to the metal-mines. This holy man, renowned 
for the gift of prophecy and miracles, confounded 
an Ethnic philosopher, in the council of Nice, that 
in an insulting manner scoffed at the Christian 
religion, and brought him to the faith. At Ber- 
gamo,* of S. Viator, bishop and confessor. At 
Pavia, of S. Pompey, bishop. At Naples, in Cam- 
pania, of S. Agnellus, abbot, famous for the grace 
of miracles, who has been often seen with the 
standard of the cross to deliver that city besieged 
from the enemies. At Milan, of S. Matronian, 
hermit. 



F The Fifteenth Day. 

Of S. Eusebius, bishop of Versailles, and mar. 
tyr. At Home, of the holy martyrs Irenseus, 
Antony, Theodore, Saturninus, Victor, and seven- 
teen others, who in the persecution of Valerian 
suffered for Christ. In Africa, the passion of the 
Saints Faustinus, Lucius, Candidus, Caelian, Mark, 
Januarius, and Fortunatus. There also, of S. 
Valerian, bishop, who being above fourscore years 
of age, in the persecution of the Vandals, under 

* Bergomum. 



366 



DECEMBER. 



Geisericus, the Arian king, for not delivering up 
the utensils of his church, was commanded to be 
all alone driven out of the city, and all men for- 
bidden to harbour him, either in their houses or 
fields ; wherefore lying a long time in the high- 
way, in the open air, he finished the course of his 
blessed life, in the confession and defence of the 
Catholic verity. In the territory of Orleans, of S. 
Maximinus, confessor. In the country of the 
Georgians,* beyond the Euxine sea, of S. Christi- 
ana, a hand-maid, who by miracles converted that 
nation to the faith of Christ, in the time of Con- 
stantine the Great. 



G The Sixteenth Day. 

Of the three children Ananias, Azarias, and 
Misael, whose bodies were buried in Babylon in a 
certain cave. At Ravenna, of the holy martyrs 
Valentine, a general of soldiers, Concordius, his 
son, Navalis and Agricola, who suffered for Christ 
in the persecution of Maximian. At Mola,f in 
Campania, of S. Albina, virgin and martyr, under 
Decius, emperor. In Africa, the passion of many 
holy virgins, who in the persecution of the Van- 
dals, under Hunnericus, the Arian king, after they 
had endured the torments of hanging up by the 
hands with weights tied to their feet, and hot 
burning plates, happily accomplished the combat 
of their martyrdom. At Vienna, of S. Ado, bishop 

* Iberi. f Formiae. 



DECEMBER. 



367 



and confessor. At Aberdine, in Scotland,* of S. 
Bean, bishop. At Gaza, in Palestine, of S. Ire- 
nion, bishop. 



A The Seventeenth Day. 

At Eleutherople, in Palestine, of the holy mar- 
tyrs Flavian, Calanicus, and fifty-eight, their com- 
panions, who in the time of Heraclius, emperor, 
were slain by the Saracens for the faith of Christ. 
At Marseille,! in France, of S. Lazarus, bishop, 
whom our Lord is said in the Gospel to have 
raised from death. At Bigard, near Bruxels, of 
S. Vivina, virgin, whose great sanctity is testi- 
fied by her many miracles. At Constantinople, 
of S. Olympiades, widow. At Andan, at the 
Seven Churches, of S. Begga, widow, sister to S. 
Gertrude. The same day, the translation of S. 
Ignatius, bishop and martyr, who the third after 
S. Peter the apostle, governed the Church of An- 
tioch : his body being brought from Rome, where 
he suffered in the persecution of Trajan, to Anti- 
och, was there buried in the church-yard of the 
church without the gate of Daphnis : in which 
solemnity S. John Chrysostom made a sermon to 
the people : but afterwards his relics were again 
translated to Rome, and with great honour and 
veneration placed in the church of S. Clement, 
together with the body of that most blessed pope 
and martyr. 

* Hibernia. + Massilia. 



368 



DECEMBER. 



B The Eighteenth Day. 

At Philippi, in Macedonia, the birth-day of the 
holy martyrs Rufus and Zosimus, two of the num- 
ber of those disciples by whom the primitive 
Church was founded amongst the Jews and Gre- 
cians ; of whose happy martyrdom S. Polycarp 
writes in an epistle to the Philippians. At Lao- 
dicea, in Syria, the passion of the Saints Theoti- 
mus and Basilian. In Africa, of the holy martyrs 
Quinctus, Simplicius, and others, who suffered in 
the persecution of Decius and Valerian. There 
also, of S. Moysetes, martyr. Also in Africa, of 
the holy martyrs Victurus, Victor, Victorinus, 
Adjutor, Quartus, and thirty others. At Mop- 
suestia, in Cilicia, of S. Auxentius, bishop, who 
having been sometimes a soldier, under Licinius, 
emperor, chose rather to cast off his military 
cincture, than to offer grapes to Bacchus : and 
being afterwards ordained bishop, renowned for 
merits, reposed in peace. At Tours,* of S. Gra- 
tian, bishop, who being ordained the first bishop of 
that city by S. Fabian, pope, famous for many 
miracles, rested in our Lord. 



C The Nineteenth Day. 

At Alexandria, in Egypt, of S. Nemesius, mar- 
tyr, who through calumniation being presented to 
the judge as a thief, and absolved from that crime, 

* Turones. 



DECEMBER. 



369 



was shortly after, in the persecution of Decius, 
accused to iEmilian the judge for a Christian ; by 
whom having been often cruelly tormented, he 
was commanded to be burned with thieves, herein 
resembling our Blessed Saviour, who together with 
thieves was crucified. At Nice, of the Saints 
Darius, Zosimus, Paul, and Secundus, martyrs. 
At Nicomedia, of the holy martyrs Cyriacus, 
Paulillus, Secundus, Anastasius, Syndimius, and 
their companions. In Mauritania, of S. Timothy, 
deacon, who after most cruel imprisonment, being 
cast into the fire for the faith of Christ, accom- 
plished his martyrdom. At Gaza, in Palestine, 
the passion of the Saints Meuris and Thea. At 
Auxerre,* of S. Gregory, bishop and confessor, 
At Orleans, of S. Adjutus, abbot, famous for the 
spirit of prophecy. At Rome, of S. Fausta, 
mother of S. Anastasia, renowned for her noble 
birth and piety. 

D The Twentieth Day. 

The vigil of S, Thomas, apostle. At Rome, of 
the holy martyrs Liberatus and Bajulus. At 
Alexandria, of the holy martyrs Ammon, Zeno, 
Ptolomey, Ingenes, and Theophilus, soldiers, who 
being present at the torments of a certain Chris- 
tian, and seeing him afraid, and even ready to 
deny his faith, endeavouring with their looks and 
gestures to encourage him, were exclaimed against 
by the people : wherefore, coming forth into the 
* Antisiodorum. 2i 



370 



DECEMBER, 



midst, they openly declared themselves to be 
Christians ; and Christ, who gave them that cou- 
rage and constancy, triumphed most gloriously by 
their victory. At Gelduba, of S. Julius, martyr. 
In Arabia, of the holy martyrs Eugenius and 
Macarius, priests, who by Julian the apostate, for 
reprehending his impiety, being first most cruelly 
beaten, and then banished into a vast wilderness, 
were finally beheaded. At Antioch, the birth-day 
of S. Philogonius, bishop, who of an advocate 
being called by God to govern that Church, did, 
together with S. Alexander, bishop, and their 
companions, first enter into combat for the Cath- 
olic faith against Arius, and renowned for mira- 
cles, reposed in our Lord : whose yearly festivity 
S. John Chrysostom did use to celebrate, with an 
excellent sermon in praise of his virtues. At 
Brescia,* of S. Dominick, bishop and confessor. 



E The One-and- Twentieth Bay. 

At Calamina, the birth-day of S. Thomas, apos- 
tle, who having preached the Gospel to the Par- 
thian s, Medes, Persians, and Hyrcans, went at 
length into India, where, when he had instructed 
that people in the Christian faith, being by the 
king's command thrust through the body with 
lances, he died. His relics were first brought to 
the city of Edessa, and afterwards translated to 
Ortona. In Tuscany, of the holy martyrs John 
and Festus. In Lycia, of S. Themistocles, mar- 



* Brixia. 



DECEMBER. 



371 



tyr, who under Decius, emperor, offering himself 
to the persecutors in the place of Dioscorus, who 
was sought for to be put to death, being racked 
upon the torture Equuleus, dragged about, and 
beaten with cudgels, obtained the crown of mar- 
tyrdom. At Nicomedia, of S. Glycerius, priest, 
who in the persecution of Dioclesian, being many 
ways tormented, at length, cast into the fire, end- 
ed his martyrdom. At Antioch, of S. Anastasius, 
bishop and martyr, who in the time of Phocas, 
emperor, was most barbarously slain by the Jews. 
At Trevers, of S. Severin, bishop and confessor. 



F The Two-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rome, in the way Lavicana, betwixt the two 
Bay-trees, the birth- day of thirty holy martyrs, 
who all on one day were crowned with martyr- 
dom, in the persecution of Dioclesian. At the 
same place, of S. Flavian, who having been some 
time governor of the city, was by Julian the 
apostate first ignominiously marked in the face 
for Christ, and then banished to the waters 
called Taurine, where in prayer he gave up his 
soul to God. At Ostia, of the holy martyrs De- 
metrius, Honoratus, and Florus. At Alexandria, 
of S. Ischyrion, martyr, who for refusing to sacri- 
fice unto idols, after many injuries and reproaches, 
being thrust through the bowels with a sharp 
stake, ended his martyrdom. In Egypt, of S. 
Chaeremon, bishop of Nilople, and very many 



372 



DECEMBER. 



other martyrs ; of whom some, in the persecution 
of Decius, being dispersed abroad by flight, and 
wandering in the wilderness, were slain by wild 
beasts ; others, consumed with famine, cold, and 
sickness — others, killed by barbarous people and 
thieves — were crowned with the glory of martyr- 
dom. At Nicomedia, of S. Zeno, a soldier, who 
deriding Dioclesian the emperor for sacrificing 
unto Ceres, having his jaw-bones broken, and his 
teeth struck out, was finally beheaded. 



G The Three-and- Twentieth Day. 

At Rom*e, of S. Victoria, virgin and martyr, 
who in the persecution of Decius, emperor, being 
betrothed to Eugenius, an infidel, whom she 
would neither marry, nor sacrifice unto idols, 
after she had wrought many miracles, by which 
she gathered many virgins to God, was at the 
request of her spouse, by the executioner struck 
through the heart with a sword. At Nicomedia, 
the birth-day of twenty holy martyrs, whom the 
persecution of Dioclesian, after most grievous^tor- 
ments, made martyrs of Christ. In the same 
place, the passion of the Saints Migdonius and 
Mardonius, in the same persecution, of whom one 
was burned, and the other, thrown into a pit, 
died. At which time also suffered a deacon of S. 
Anthimus, bishop of Nicomedia, who as he carried 
letters to the martyrs, being apprehended by the 
Gentiles, and stoned, departed to our Lord. In 



DECEMBER. 



373 



Candia,* of the holy martyrs Theodulus, Saturni- 
nus, Euporus, Gelasius, Eunician, Zeticus, Cleo- 
menes, Agathopus, Basilides, and Evaristus, who 
in the persecution of Decius, after cruel torments, 
were beheaded. At Rome, of S. Servulus, of 
whom S. Gregory, pope, writes, that from his 
tender years until the end of his life, lying sick of 
the palsy in a porch near to S. Clement's church, 
at length invited by the harmony of angels, ho 
went thence to the glory of Paradise : at whoso 
sepulchre it pleased God to work often miracles. 



A The Four-and- Twentieth Day. 

The vigil of the Nativity of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. At Antioch, the birth-day of forty holy 
virgins, who in the persecution of Decius ended 
their martyrdom by divers kinds of torments. At 
Spoleto, of S. Gregory, priest and martyr, who 
in the time of Dioclesian and Maximian, emperors, 
being first beaten with knotted cudgels, and then 
after the gridiron and imprisonment, having his 
knees struck with iron cards, and his sides 
scorched with burning lamps, was finally behead- 
ed. At Tripolis, of the holy martyrs Lucian, 
Matrobius, Paul, Zenobius, Theotimus, and Dru- 
sus. At Nicomedia, of S. Euthymius, martyr, 
who in the persecution of Dioclesian, having sent 
many before him to martyrdom, being thrust 
through with a sword, followed them himself to 
* Creta. 



374 



DECEMBER. 



the same crown. At Bourdeaux,* of S. Delphin, 
bishop, who in the time of Theodosius was famous 
for sanctity. At Rome, the birth-day of S. Thar- 
silla, virgin, aunt to S. Gregory, pope, of whom 
he writes, that in the hour of her death she saw 
Jesus coming to her. At Trevers, of S. Irmina, 
virgin, daughter to king Dagobert. 



B The Five-and- Twentieth Day. 

In the year from the creation of the world, 
when in the beginning God created heaven and 
earth, five thousand one hundred and ninety-nine : 
from the flood of Noe two thousand nine hundred 
and fifty-seven: from the nativity of Abraham, 
two thousand and fifteen: from Moses, and the 
coming forth of the people of Israel out of Egypt, 
one thousand five hundred and ten: from the 
anointing of David, king, one thousand and thirty- 
two : in the sixty-fifth week according to the pro- 
phecy of Daniel : in the one hundred and ninety- 
fourth Olympiad : in the year from the building 
of the city of Rome, seven hundred and fifty-two : 
in the two-and-fortieth year of the empire of 
Octavian Augustus, when the whole world was in 
peace, in the sixth age thereof, Jesus Christ, 
eternal God, and Son of the eternal Father, 
intending to sanctify the world with his most 
blessed Presence, having been conceived of the 
Holy Ghost, and nine months being past after his 

* Burdigala 



DECEMBER. 



375 



Conception, is made man, born in Bethle- 
hem Judaea, of the Virgin Mary. The Nativity 
of our Lord Jesus Christ, according to the flesh. 
The same day, the festivity of S. Anastasia, who 
under Dioclesian, emperor, having first suffered a 
harsh and rigorous restraint by her husband Pub- 
lius, (in which nevertheless she was greatly com- 
forted and encouraged by S. Chrysogonus, a con- 
fessor of Christ,) and afterwards by Florus, presi- 
dent of Sclavonia, starved with a long imprison- 
ment, at length, having her hands and feet stretch- 
ed out, she was tied to stakes, and a fire kindled 
about her, in which she accomplished her martyr- 
dom, in the island of Palmaria, whither she had 
been carried, with two hundred men, and seventy 
women, who by divers kinds of death ended their 
martyrdom. At Barcelona, in Spain, the birth- 
day of S. Peter Nolasco, confessor, founder of the 
order of Blessed Mary of the Reward for Re- 
deeming of Captives, famous for virtues and mira- 
cles. At Rome, in the church-yard of Apronian, 
of S. Eugenia, virgin, who in the time of 
Gallienus, emperor, after she had wrought many 
miracles, and gathered together many holy vir- 
gins to the service of Christ, having suffered much 
under Nicetius, governor of the city, was finally 
run through the throat with a sword. At Nico- 
media, the passion of many thousand martyrs, 
who when upon the day of our Lord's nativity 
they were assembled together in the church to 
hear mass, Dioclesian the emperor commanded 
the church doors to be shut, and a fire to be made 



376 



DECEMBER. 



round about it, as also a vessel with incense to be 
placed before the doors, and the common crier 
to proclaim with a loud voice, that such as would 
escape burning, should go forth and offer incense 
to Jupiter; and when they all with one voice 
answered, that they would rather and more wil- 
lingly die for Christ, the fire being kindled, they 
were all burned, and deserved to be born in hea- 
ven the same day that Christ vouchsafed to be 
born in earth for the salvation of the world. 



C The Six~and-Tiventieth Day. 

At J erusalem, the birth-day of S. Stephen, the 
first martyr, who was there stoned to death by 
the Jews, not long after the ascension of our Lord. 
At Rome, of S. Marinus, a senator, who under 
Numerian, emperor, and Marcian, governor, being 
apprehended for the Christian faith, and after a 
base manner racked upon the torture Equuleus, 
and torn with iron claws, then cast into a frying- 
pan, but the fire turning into dew, and he deliver- 
ed, thrown also unto wild beasts, but nothing 
hurt by them, at length brought again unto the 
altar of the idols, which by his prayers falling to 
the ground, being there beheaded, he obtained 
the palm of martyrdom. Also at Rome, in the 
way Appia, the deposition of S. Denys, pope, who 
having sustained many labours for the Church, 
was much renowned for his documents in matters 
of faith. There also, of S. Zosimus, pope and 



DECEMBER. 



377 



confessor. In Mesopotamia, of S. Arclielaus, 
bishop, famous for learning and holiness of life. 
At Maluma, of S. Zeno, bishop. At Rome, of S. 
Theodore, mansionary of the church of S. Peter, 
of whom S. Gregory, pope, makes mention. 



D The Seven-and-Tivcntieth Day. 

At Ephesus, the birth-day of S. John, the 
apostle and evangelist, who, after the writing 
of his gospel, and after he had been sent into 
banishment, and after the writing of the divine 
apocalypse, down to the time of the emperor 
Trajan, he founded and governed the churches 
of all Asia, and then worn out by old age, he 
died in the sixty-eighth year after the passion of 
our Lord, and was buried near the same city. At 
Alexandria, the birth-day of S. Maximus, bishop, 
who was rendered illustrious and renowned by 
his confession of the faith. At Constantinople, 
of Saints Theodorus and Theophanes, brothers, 
who, having been brought up in the monastery of 
S. Sabbas in angelic purity, when afterwards, on 
account of their defence of holy images against 
the strenuous decrees of Leo Armenius, they 
were first whipped, and then sent into exile ; 
but Leo being dead, and Theophilus being empe- 
ror, and he being a man filled with the same 
impiety, and the saints still resisting, again they 
suffered stripes, and were driven into exile, where 
Theodorus expired in a dungeon ; but Theophanes, 



378 



DECEMBER. 



peace having been again restored to the church, 
having become bishop of Nice, reposed happily 
in the Lord, On the same day, S. Niceras, 
virgin, who in the reign of the emperor Arcadius, 
flourished in sanctity. 



E The Eight -and- Twentieth day. 

In Bethlehem, of Juda, the birth-day of the 
holy Innocents, who were put to death for Christ 
by king Herod. At Ancyra, in Galatia, of the 
holy martyrs, Eutychius, priest, and Domitianus, 
deacon. In Africa, of the holy martyrs, Castor, 
Victor, and Rogatianus. In Nicomedia, of the 
holy martyrs, Indus, an eunuch, Domna, Agapes, 
and Theophila, virgins, with their companions, 
who, during the persecution of Diocletian, after 
long combats, by various modes of death, obtained 
the crown of martyrdom. At Neocsesarea, in 
Pontus, of S. Troadius, martyr, who flourished 
during the persecution of Decius, and to whom, 
when in his agony, S. Gregory Thaumaturgus 
appeared in spirit, and strengthened him to 
undergo his martyrdom. At Ambrissus, in Lower 
Armenia, S. Csesarius, martyr, who suffered under 
Galerius Maximianus. At Lyons, in Gaul, S. 
Francis de Sales, bishop of Geneva, who on account 
of his most burning zeal for the conversion of 
heretics, was numbered among the saints by 
Alexander the Seventh. His festival, by com- 
mand of the same pope, is kept on the fourth of 



DECEMBER. 



379 



the kalends of February, on which day his body 
was translated to Annecy. At Rome, S. Domnise, 
priest. In Egypt, S. Theodorus, monk, a disciple 
of S. Pachomius. In the monastery of Lirinensis, 
S. Antonius, monk, renowned for his miracles. 



F The Nine-and-Ticentieth Day. 

At Canterbury, in England, the birth-day of S, 
Thomas, bishop and martyr, who, by reason of 
the defence of justice, and the liberty of the 
church, by the faction of impious men, being 
struck by a sword in his own cathedral, went to 
heaven. At Jerusalem, S. David, king and pro- 
phet. At Aries, S. Grophimius, of whom mention 
is made by S. Paul, writing to S. Timothy, who, 
having been consecrated bishop by the same 
apostle, was the first sent to preach the gospel of 
Christ in the fore-named city, from the fountain 
of whose preaching, (as S. Zosimus, pope, writes,) 
all France received the streams of the faith. At 
Rome, the holy martyrs, Callistus, Felix, and 
Bonifacius. In Africa, the passion of the holy 
martyrs, Do* amicus, Victor, Primianus, Lybosus, 
Saturninus, Crescentius, Secundus, and Honora- 
tus. At Vienna, in France, S. Crescens, disciple 
of the holy apostle Paul, and the first bishop of 
that city. At Constantinople, S. Marcellus, 
abbot. In the territory of Hiesmes, S. Ebrulphus, 
abbot and confessor, who flourished in the reign 
of king Childebertus. 



380 



DECEMBER. 



G The Thirtieth Day. 

At Spoleto, the birth-day of the holy martyrs, 
►Sabinus, bishop, Exuperantius, and Marcellus, 
deacons, and Venustianus, president, with his wife 
and children, who suffered under the emperor, 
Maximianus, of whom, Marcellus and Exuperan- 
tius, having been first suspended from an instru- 
ment of torture, and then having been cruelly 
beaten with cudgels, and afterwards having been 
torn by iron claws, and having had their sides 
broiled, completed their glorious martyrdom ; but 
not long afterwards, Venustianus, with his wife 
and children, were put to death by the sword ; 
but S. Sabinus, after having his hands cut off, 
and after being worn out by a protracted impri- 
sonment, was cruelly put to death. Although 
these martyrs suffered death on different days, 
their festival is observed on the same day. At 
Alexandria, the holy martyrs, Mansu6tus, Severus, 
Appianus, Donatus, Honorius, and their compan- 
ions. At Thessalonica, S. Anysia, martyr. At 
the same place, S. Anysius, bishop of that city. 
At Milan, S. Eugenius, bishop and confessor. 
At Ravenna, S. Liberius, bishop. At Aquila, 
in the Abbruzzi, S. Rainerius, bishop. 



A The One-and- Thirtieth Day. 

At Rome, the feast day of S. Silvester, pope, 
who baptized the emperor Constantine the Great, 
and confirmed the synod of Nice, and having 



DECEMBER. 



381 



most holily performed many other things, died in 
peace. Also, at Rome, in the Via Salaria, in the 
cemetery of Priscilla, the holy martyrs, Donata, 
Paulina, Rustica, Nominanda, Serotina, Hilaria, 
and their companions. At Sens, the blessed 
Sabinianus, bishop, and Potentianus, who, having 
been sent by the Roman pontiff to preach the 
gospel in that place, rendered that metropolis 
illustrious by their martyrdom. At the same 
place, S. Columba, virgin and martyr, who, having 
overcome the fire by which she was tortured 
during the persecution of the emperor Aurelianus, 
was beheaded. At Rhsetiaria, S. Hermes, exor- 
cist. At Catania, in Sicily, the passion of saints 
Stephanus, Pontianus, Attalus, Fabianus, Corne- 
lius, Sextus, Plorus, Quinctianus, Minervinus, and 
Simplicianus. On the same day, S. Zoticus, a 
priest of Rome, who, having gone to Constantino- 
ple, took upon himself the care of bringing up 
orphans. At Ravenna, S. Barbatianus, priest 
and confessor. On the same day, S. Melania, the 
younger, who, with her husband, Pinianus, going 
from Rome, and proceeding to Jerusalem, she, 
amongst the women dedicated to God, he amongst 
the monks, led each a religious life, and they 
both died in the odour of sanctity. . 

P. And in other places, of many other holy 
martyrs, and confessors, and holy virgins. 

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